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Now were some of them sallied out of the gates alreadie: The fillibeg or lower garment is still very common.

And why that spiteful character given to all crowds ? micro and others followed hard after at their heeles, keeping their

Johnson. Journey to the Western Islands. fillings of his own, without warrant from his original array, and every man commyng orderly into his file and

Bentley. Free Thinkiny, $ 54. rank - !Iolland. Livirs, p. 129.

FI'LIGRANE, or Fr. Filigrane, from the

Content is better, all the wise will grant,
The horsemen closely among the rankes and files of the

It. Filigrana, word

Than any earthly good that thou canst want;
footmen, gat againe to their horses, and from thence roue

FI'LIGRAINED. composed of filum, and And Discontent, with which the foolish fill
sperdily unto the other side, reporting to their fellowes the
granum, (a very old invention,) Menage. “ Sp.

Their minds, is worse than any earthly ill.
victorie.--. Ib. p. 131,

Byron. Miscellaneous Pieces.
Filigrana, filiyran-work; which is curious fine
The military mound

work in silver or gold, or any other metal; as fine FI'LLET, v. 2 Fr. Filet, a little thread, string
The British files transcend, in evil hour
as threads, and therefore has its name from filum, FI'LLET, n.

For twist; from Lat. Filum, à
For their proud foes, that fondly brav'd their fate.
J. Philips. Blenheim. thread,” (Delpino.)

thread; a slight bandage, (redimiculum,) says In the mean time I may be bold to draw this corollary

Filigrained, or (as there written) filgrain'd (work) Skinner, wrought of threads. from what has been already said, that the file of heroick poets is described (by Evelyn) in the Fop's Dictionary, Fillet of veal,—the more muscular part of the la very short. ---Dryden. Discourse un Epick Poelry. (1690,) to be “ Dressing boxes, baskets, or what thigh, perhaps so called, because large and strong Achilles ! yes ! this day at least we bear

ever else is made of silver wire work." And Mr. tendons and nerves, exhibiting the appearance of Thy rage in safety through the files of war:

Todd has produced a quotation from Dr. Brown's threuds, present themselves in that part, (Skin-
But come it will, the fatal time must come,
Travels, (1685.)

Nor ours the fault, but God decrees thy doom.

To bind, surround or cover with a fillet, A curious filigrane handkerchief, and two fair Aligrane

a Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xx.

plates brought out of Spain.--Dr. Browne. Travels, p. 147.
Taste were sacrilege,

Here fillet brode of silk, and set full hye.
If, lifting there the axe, it dar'd invade
Adam and Eve in bugle-work, without fig-leaves, upon

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3243
Those spreading oaks that in fraternal files
canv398, curiously wrought with her ladyship's own hand;

And of the 1775 shekels, he made hooks for the pillars, Hare pair'd for centuries, and heard the strains

several filagrain curiosities.-Tatler, No. 245. or Sidney's, nay, perchance, of Surry's reed.

and overlaid their chapiters, and Alleled them, (Bible, 1551, Alason. The English Garden, b. i. The churches of our ancestors shot up into spires, towers, whoped them; Geneva, 1561, made fillets.] pinnacles, and filigree-work, and no such thing as a cupola

Exodus, xxxviii. 28 Persons who are nurtured in office, do admirably well, as seems ever to have been attempted.


I am for yoti, long as things go on in their common order; but when the

Swinburne. Spain, Let. 44.

It most concerns my heart, my credit, high roads are broken up, and the waters out, when a new

FILL, v.
and troubled scene is opened, and the file affords no prece-

Quick fillet both his arms.
Goth. Fulljan ; A. S. Fyllan;

Ford. The Broken Heart, Act v. sc. 2 ent, then it is a greater knowledge of mankind, and a far

FILL, n. Dut. Vollen; Ger. Fullen, imnore extensive comprehension of things is requisite than

Binde your fillets faste

FILLER. plere. See FULL.
ever office gave, or than office can ever give.

And gird in your waste.
Burke. Ond merican Taxation. FI'LLING, n. To occupy or take possession

Spenser. Shepherd's Calendar. April,
of void, vacant, or empty space; as to fill a glass,
FILIAL. Fr. and Sp. Filial; It. Filiale, i.e. the cavity or hollow of a glass; to take pos- bottell or fillet in any part of a pillar, but I take a fitted to be

Our Englisher of Hans Bloome names it (the Astragal) a FILIALLY. from the Lat. Filius, a son. To

, this more and say) like. session, to possess,--space unoccupied ; (met.) the FiliA'TION. this adjective formed from the mind, i.e. to occupy all its thoughts; to occupy or

Evelyn. On Architecture. Latin noun, we have not any equivalent from engage, completely, wholly, entirely; so as to leave

There frame a town, and fix a tent with cords,
our own English noun “son."

The town be Shiloh call'd, the tent the Lord's;
no vacuity, no deficiency or want.
Oi or pertaining to a son ; relating to, having

Carv'd pillars, filletted with silver, rear,

To close the curtains in an outward square.
the character of a son.

And with the bandes of bakun his baly for to fillen.
Piers Plouhman. Crede.

Purnell. The Gift of Poetry.
Bearinge as nature requireth all filial reuerence to the

Go, Barce, call my sister; let her care duchess his mother.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 63.

And Jhesus saith to hem, fille ye the pottes with water, The solemn rites of sacrifice prepare :
and thei filliden hem up to the mouth.-Þiclif. Jon, c. 2.

The sheep, and all the atoning offerings bring,
He said, ayd on his Son with rayes direct

Sprinkling her body from the crystal spring
And Jesus sayde ynto them: fyl the water pottes we
Shon full, he all his father full exprest

With living drops: then let her come, and thou
Inelably into his face receiv'd;

water. And they fylled them vp to the brimme.

Bible. 1551. 16.

With sacred fillels bind thy hoary brow.
And thus the filial Godhead answering spake.

Dryden. Virgil, Æneid, b. iv.
Millon. Paradise Lost, b. vi.
Anone as filled is your lust many of you be so trew, that

We cannot hardly help comparing this the ligament of
little heede take ye of suche kindnesse. but with traisoun
The Father knows the Son; therefore secure

the knee) with the binding up of a fracture, where the fillet Ventures his filial vertue, though untried, anone ye thinke hem beguile, and let light of that thing

is almost always strapped across, for the sake of giving which first ye maked to you wonders deare. Against whate'er may tempt, whate'er seduce,

firmness and strength to the bandage.

Chaucer. The Test, of Loue, b. ii.
Allure, or terrifie, or undermine.--Id. Par. Regained, b. i.

Puley. Natural Theology, c. 8.
Indeed the worst kind of feare, is that we call servile : Gode spede you; goth forth and lay on fast
but the best feare, is the feare of servants. For there is no
With longe swerde and with mase fighteth your fill.

FI'LLIP, v. Skinner (adopted by Lye)
servant of God, but feares filially.
Goth now your way; this is the lorde's will.


vox a sono ficta. And so also Bp. Hall. Works. A Holy Panegyricke.

Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2561.

FI'LLIPING, N. Minshew.
Whan he thirto his tyme sigh
Consequently the relation of paternity and filiation between

To throw out the finger or thumb,--the one the first Affiliale and second person, and the relation between

All priueliche, that none it wist,
His owne hondes that one chist

from the other-withholding it: applied, (met.) to the sacred persons of the I'rinity, and the denomination

or fine golde, and of fyne perie,

a quick, suddon, helping action or motion. thereof must needs be eternal.

The whiche out of his tresorie
Ilale. Origin. of Mankind, p. 127.

Was take, anone he fielde full.-Gower. Con. 4. b. v. Therefore they, which by nature haue a promptnesse, shall
The sire then shook the honours of his head,

soner attaine perfection, than any other can doe, if by labour Full on the filial dulness.--Dryden. Mac-Flecknoe.

And hauing rydden hys fyl, brought backe the horse agayn. and earnest trauaile, they will stretche to attaine that,

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 6. whereunto they are apt, and, with good endeuour, fillip na. The first and most proper filiation and generation, is his

ture forwards.-- Wilson. The Arte of Logike, fol. 10. eternally existing in and of the Father; the eternal Aogos,

Rich. They do me wrong, and I will not endure it,
of the eternal mind.
Who is it that complaines vnto the king.

When we try a false lute-string, we use to extend it hard
That I (forsooth) am sterne, and loue them not !

between the fingers, and to fillip it, and it giveth it a double Waterland. A. Defence of some Queries, Q. 7. By holy Paul, they loue his grace but lightly

species, it is true ; but if it giveth a trebble, or more it is I now return, and quit the martial strife, That fill his eares with such dissentious rumors,

false. --Bacon. Naturall Historie, s. 117.
My sire to succour on the verge of life;

Shakespeare, Rich. III. Act i. sc. 3.
Whose seeble age the present aid demands,

Let them look neuer so demurely, one fillip chokes them.
And kind assistance of any filial hands.
But thou hast promis'd from us two a race

Ford. Love's Sacrifice, Act i. sc. 1.
Wilkie. The Epigoniad, b. vi.

To fill the earth, who shall with us extoll
Thy goodness infinite, both when we wake,

Tush, all these tortures are but fillipings,
He (Dr. John Edwards) is persuaded, that all of them And when we seek, as now, thy gift of sleep.

Flea-bitings.-Massinger. Virgin Martyr, Act v. sc. I. have been mistaken by the misapplication of the common

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. iv. and received notion of paternity and filiation, in the trans

They (spirits) ought never to be used, but as spurs and lation of these from man to God.

My teares shall wipe away these bloody markes :

whips, to push on and stimulate the bluggish organs for a Nelson. Life of Bp. Bull, p. 269. And no more words, till they have flow'd their fill. time, and make them carry off the over-load with a short

Shakespeare. 3 Part Henry VI. Act ii. sc. 5. vigour; and so are only proper in extremities, as a present FI'LIBEG, FEILREG, Philibeg. Gael. Filleadh,

filip.-Cheyne. Philosophical Theory, Dis. 3.
a fold, plait, or cloth, and beg, little; or perhaps had his fill of both fortunes, are content to accept of con-

You are ald, and therefore for your part, as one that hath
Goth. Isl. Fila, a light garment, and beig-a, to

FI'LLY, i. e. a Foal, &c. applied to the female,
ditions.--Sarile. Tacitus. Historie, p. 129.

or, as North expresses it, the mare-colt; (met.) A piece of dress worn by men in the (Scottish) Highlands instead of breeches, (Jamie

Pet. Braue soldier yield ; thou stock of arms and honor, to a wanton young woman.

Thou filler of the world with fame and glory. son,) who gives the following extract from Pen

Beaum. & Fletch. Bonduca, Act iv. sc. I. A young mare-colt or filly, breaking by chance from other nant's Tour in Scotland, 1769, p. 210, “ The

mares running and flinging through the camp, came to stay

Home when she came, her secret woe she vents, fri-bey, i. c. little plaid, also called kelt, is a

right against them.-North. Plutarch, p. 247.

And fills the palace with her loud laments;
sort of short petticoat reaching only to the
Those loud laments her echoing maids restore,

My first wife
knees, and is a modern substitute for the lower
And Hector, yet alive, as dead deplore.

Which was indeed a fury to this filly,
part of the plaid, being found to be less cumber-

Dryden. Homer. Iliad, b. vi. After my twelve strong labours to reclaim her.

Beaum. & Fletch. The Woman's Prize, Act I. sc. 2, some, especially in time of action, when the High

Horrentia is such a flat epithet as Tully would have Sanders used to tuck their breeches into their in the hexameter and connect the preface to the work of given us in his verses. It is a mere filler, to stop a vacancy

How much did Stalion spend girl!a.'

To have his court-bred fillie there commend il.-Id Dedication to the Æneid

His lace and starch-B. Jonson. Epistle to Master Colly.



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FILM, v.

A. S. Film, cutis, a skinne, a The first season for pulling the hemp is usually about the And ye other knyghtes, as Syr Taynboton, Sir Other of Film, n.

Grantson, and Johan of Gruners, were put to their fynauce, filme. Filmes, pelliculæ; skales, thin

middle of August, when they begin to pull what they call
the fimble hemp, which is the male plant.

and by the meanes of Sir Olyuer of Manny, they passed with FILMY. skinnes, i Somner.)

Miller. Gardener's Dictionary, in v. Cannabis, easy and courtesse raùsome. A cover with a thin, slight skin.

Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. I. c. 312. FIMBRIATE, v. Lat. Fimbriæ et fibræ, ex

In like robes followed the lordes of the chamber of acMy dull'd setises

tremitates rci, non cujusvis, sed incisæ; sic ut Relish no oljects. Colours do not take

counts and of the finaunce-Hall. Hen. VI. an. 10. My filmed eyes. Nabhes. Microcosmus, Act iv. nunc accedat, nunc recedat, ( Vossius.) Applied

All the finances or revenues of the imperial crown of this in Heraldry to a bordler; as a cross, having a How long hare I heen blind! Yet on the sudden,

realm of England, be either extraordinary or ordinary. Ry this blest means, I feel the films of error narrow border or hem, of another tincture, is

Bacon. The Ofice of Alienatione. Ta'en from my soul's eyes called, A fimbriated cross.

I therefore, whom only love and duty to your majesty and Massinger. The Renegado, Act v. sc. 3.

Besides the divers tricking or dressing (heraldick crosses] your royal line, hath made a financier, do intend to present If our understanding have a film of ignorance over it, or as piercing, voiding, fimbriating. &c. insomuch that crosses

unto your majesty a perfect book of your estate, like a perne plear with gazing on other false glisterings, what is that alone, as they are variously disguised, are enough to distin

spective glass, to draw your estate nearer to your sight. to truth!-- Afillon. Of Reformation in England, b. i. guish all the several families of gentlemen in England.

Id. ib. Letter to the King,

Fuller. Holy War, p. 271.
Hence at eve,

Historians inform us, that one of the chief causes of the Steam'd eager from the red horizon round,

FIN, n,
A. S. Finna ; Dut. Vinne; per-

destruction of the Roman state, was the alteration which With the fierce rage of winter deep suffus'd,

Constantine introduced into the finances, by substituting as

Fi'nNED. haps, as Junius and Skinner think, universal poll-tax, in lieu of almost all the tithes, customs, An icy gale, oft shifting, o'er the pool

FI'NLESS. from the Lat. Pinnce or penne ; Breathes a blue film, and in its mid career

and excises, which formerly composed the revenue of the Arrests the bickering stream.-Thomson. Winter.

FI'NNY. since the fins (pinnæ) are to fish, empire.- Hume, vol. i. Ess. 8. Of Taxes.

what the wings are to birds. The fins areLoose to the wind their airy garments flew,

Though their proud assumption might justify the severest Thin glittering textures of the filmy dew,

The organs by which fish balance and move tests, yet in trying their abilities on their financial proceedDipp'd in the richest tinctures of the skies, themselves. See the quotation from Paley.

ings, I would only consider what is the plain obvious duty Where light disports in ever-iningling dyes.

of a common finance minister, and try them upon that, and Pope. The Rape of the Lock, c. 2.

The which fish had on euery side a wing, and toward the not upon models of ideal perfection. taile two other lesser as it were finnes, on either side one,

Burke. Reflections on the French Revolution. What shall we do with this film then? for, till it is re- but in proportion they were wings, and of a good length. moved, the man might as well be without eyes. This was

Hackluyt. l'oyages, vol. ii. pt. i. p. 107.

I consider therefore the stopping of the distillery, æconothe very case of the Heathen world.--Sherlock, vol. i. Dis.4.

mically, financially, commercially, medicinally, and in some They will swim you their measures, like whiting-mops, as degree morally too, as a measure rather well meant than But gasping heav'd the breath that Lara drew,

if their feet were finns, and the hinges of their knees oil'd. well considered.--Id. Thoughts and Details on Scarcity. And dull the film along his dim eye grew;

Beaum. & Fletch. The Varlial Maid, Act ii. sc. I. His linbs stretch'd fluttering, and his head droop'd o'er,

The objects of a financier are, then, to secure an ampe

Sometime he angeres me, The weak yet still untiring knee that bore.

With telling me of the moldwarpe and the ant,

revenue ; to impose it with judgment and equality ; to emByron. Lara, c. 2. of the dreamer Merlin and his prophecies;

ploy it economically; and when necessity obliges him to

make use of credit, to secure its foundations in that instance, Thee. Pallas, skill'd in every work divine,

And of a dragon, and a finnclesse fish.

and for ever, by the clearness and candour of his proceedFoolish Arachne at the loom defied;

Shakespeare. 1 Pl. Hen. IV Act iii. sc. I.

ings, the exactness of his calculations, and the solidity of his Inressant thence she draws the filmy twine,

It fortuned, whilest thus she stifly stroue,

funds. Id. Refiections on the French Revolution. Memorial of her fond presumptuous pride.

And the wide sea importuned long space
West. Triumphs of the Gout.
With shrilling shriekes, Proteus abroade did roue,

Was I right? The house sees whether I was: the house
FILTER, v. A.S. Felt. Pannus, vel lana
Along the fomy waves driuing his finny droue.

sees the finance-post is now totally abandoned, and for the Filter, n.

best reason in the world, because it is no longer tenable. coactilis; Barb. Lat. Feltrum ;

Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. iii. c. 8.

Fox. Speech on the East India Bill, Dec. 1, 1783. FiltraTE. Ger. Fil: ; Dut. Vilt; It. Feltro;

The sounds and seas, with all their finny drove,

Now to the moon in wavering morrice move. FilTRATION. « Fr. Feutre, a filter ; a piece of

FINCH. To pull a finch (says Mr. Tyrwhitt)

Millon. Comus. jelt, or thick woollen cloth to distil, or strain

was a proverbial expression, signifying, to strip a

Do scales and fins bear price to this excess! things through," (Cotgrave.) See Filz in Wach

man, by fraud, of his money, &c.

You might have bought the fisherman for less. ter, Feltrum in Du Cange, and Martinius.

Duke. Imitation of Juvenal, Sat. 4.

In Dut. Vincke, and so called, says Lye, from To strain or pass through felt ; to strain, gene

the sound rink, vink, which this bird utters.

They plough up the turf with a broad finned plough. raily.

Morlimer. Husbandry.

Ful prively a finch eke coude he pull.
Having for trial-sake Altred it through cap-paper, there
Such creatures as are whole-fonted or fin-toed, viz. some

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 654, remained in the filtre a powder of very deep and lovely birds, and quadrupeds, are naturally directed to go into the

Bot. The finch, the sparrow, and the larke, colour, but in so little quantity, that we could not attempt water and swim there, as we see ducklings, though hatch'd

The plain-song cuckow gray; any experiment upon it to make it confess its nature. and led by a hen.-Ray. On the Creation, pt. i. p. 147.

Whose note full many a man doth marke,

And dares not answere nay.
Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 365.

Nor look on,

Shakespeare. Midsummer Night's Dream, Act iii. sc. I. All I could do, was to take a good decoction of cabbage, Shamefully passive, while Batavian fleets and fillrate it through cap-paper, that it might be, though Defraud us of the glittering finny swarms,

FIND, v.

A.S. Findan; Dut. Vinden, yellow, yet clear.--Id. 16. vol. ii. p. 652. That heave our friths, and crowd upon our shores,

FIND, n.

Ger. Finolen; Sw. Finna. Hel.

Thomson. Autumn. From hence it appears, that the expressed juices of vege

FI'NDER. vigius (says Wachter) prefers tables, not filtrated very clear, contain their whole specifick

The balancing use of these organs is proved in this man- FI'NDING, N,
of the large headed fish. if you cut off the pectoral self suggests the Lat. Ven-ire, quomodo invenire

the Lat. Vid-ere ; Wachter him. virtues.-Arbuthnol. On Aliments, c. 3.

fins; i.e. the pair which lies close behind the gills, the head The nature of suction, the cause of filtration, and the falls prone to the bottom; if the right pectoral fin only be

est in rem venire. The A. S. Findan, invenire, rising of water in siphons.-Glanvill, Ess. 3.

cut oil. the fish leans to that side ; if the ventral fin on the
same side be cut away, then it loses its equilibrium entirely: (Somner,) are the same word, and mean, to seek

and fund-ian, niti, to labour to come to a thing, Also the cause of filtration, and of the rising of water in

if the dorsal and ventral fins be cut off, the fish reels to the small glass pipes above the surface of the stagnating water right and left.--Paley. Natural Theology, c. 12.

or search or look for, and consequently to come they are dipped into, &c.-Boyle. Works, voki. p. 112. Life.

As thi' immense Leviathan, [o'erwhelms)

to, (invenire,) or find. And thus find may be What more artificial, or more commodious instrument of The finny brood, when near lerne's shore

explained to meanselection, could have been given to it, than this natural Out-stretch'd, unwieldy, his island length appears

To seek, and, consequentially, to see or perceive; fillet, (the bills of a duck.)-Paley. Natural Thenlogy, c. 12. Above the foainy flood. Dyer. The Ruins of Rome.

to come to or meet with ; to reach, attain or ac** Durst we make a single movement," asks a lively French writer, " or stir a step from the place we were in, if

FINANCE, Fr. Finance ; Sp. Finanza. quire, to discover, to detect, to invent; to obtain, we saw our blood circulating, the tendons pulling, the lungs

FINANCIAL (See Du Cange, Wachter, and to procure, to provide. blowing, the humours filtrating, and all," &c.-Id. Ib. c. li. FINANCIALLY. Menane.) Skinner says, from

Spenser and some others write the old pret. The salts being separated by filtration through the strata,

FINA'NCIER. and the rising waters being opposed by a clayey substance obsolete Fr. Finance, finis, an end; 9.d. Fi- An slowe al that hii founde, bote wuch (who] so mygte file. that generally lies near the surface of the lower lands, they nantia. Bollokar has Finance, an end; and

And astored hem of her tresour, as me mygte yse. proceed to the mountains. from whence, by the advantage of Menage. (Dict. Etymol.) Finance, pecunia, quâ

R. Gloucester, p. 403. a descent, they spread wealth and pleasure round all the earth. --Brooke. Üniversal Beauty, b. ii. (Note, v. 123.) exsolutà lis finitur ; in his Oriy, della Ling. Ital.

For werre withouten hede is not wele, we fynde.

R. Brunne, p. 2. (MS. note,) Finance, q. medium ad finem, (sc.) FILTH. See File. ways and means to a final settlement. The old And fyndeth folke to fighte. and Cristene blod to spille.

Piers Ploukman, p. 389. FIMBLE. Grose says.--" The female hemp : It. Finanza is, finis. Menage, however, suggests

And so saue me God I hold it greate synne, soonest ripe and fittest for spinning, but it is not the Sw. Finna ; Ger. Finden, invenire, to find,

To gyuen hem any good, swiche glotones to fynde. worth half so much as the carle with its seed." (A. S. Findan.) The Lat. Finis, a fine, (sce Du

To mayntaynen swiche maner me ye michel good de(Essex and Susser.) Miller calls it the male, anu Cange,) seems sufficiently to account for the ap- struieth.

Id. Crede, he is probably right; though it may have taken plication of the word in French, as in English,

And the freres hadden a fyndynge. that for neode dateren, to

Id. Vision, p. 411. its name ( fimble, corrupted from female) from a silpposition that it was the female plant. It is " Wealth, substance, riches, goods; also a Are ye and it schal be gyven to you ; seke yee, and yo

prince's revenue, or treasure,” (or that of any schulen fynde.- Wiciif. Maitheu, c.7. the male plant that is barren. other person or persons,) Cotgrave.

Aske & it shal be geuen you. Seke & ye shal funde. Good fax and good hemp, to have of her own, In May a good huswife will see it be sown;

So then he was put to his Sunanse to pay xxii. thousande And afterwaris trim it, to serve at a need,

frankes of France, and the companyons of the Englysshe Afterward Jhesus fond him in the temple, and seide to The Amble to spin, and the carl for her seed. garysons in Champaigne payed the sayd ransaume.

hym, lo, thou art maad hoo! : nyle thou do synne, leste ony Tusser. Jay's Husbandry, p. 16.

Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol i. c. 202. worse thing bilalle to thee.-Wiclif. Jon, c. 5.


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Ac? after that, Jesus founde hym in the temple, & sayd And whan they had whole her tale fined

nihilnm, where the pensilenesse of the earth, the pole of in anto him : beno.d, thou art made whole, sinne no more. Ethiocles fully is enclined,

North, and the finitenesse or convexity of heaven, are mant Bible, 1551. John, c. 5. Whatsoeuer thereat laugh or weepe

festly touched. --Bacon. On Learning, by G. Wals, b. l. c. 6.

Like her counsaile possession to kepe.
Or elles he meste tellen his tale untrewe,

Lidgate. Story of Thebes, pt. fi.

Thus then the late creation, and finiteness of the world, Or feinen thingis, or finden wordes newe.

seem to confiict with the undoubted oracle of truth as Chaucer. The Prologue, v.738. How oft time may men rede and seen

well as with mine argument.
But Grekes saine of Pithagoras
The treason, that to women hath be doe

Glanvill. Pre-existence of Souls, c. 9.
To what fine is such loue, I can not seen,
That he the first finder was
Or where becometh it whan it is go.

In fine, nothing is more evident, then that the design,
Or the art.
Id. Dreame.

Chaucer. Troilus, b. ii.

both of the Law and the Gospel, was to establish this great My good dere sonne,

truth, and to root out creature-worship.

This is the final end of all this thing.
If thou woil fonde a siker weie

if acerland. Works, vol. i. pr. ii. p. 171.

Id. Legend of Ariadne.
To loue, put enuie awaye.--Gower. Con. A. b. ii.

They are all created in and by him; not only so, but for
But finally, thus at the last it stond
O mearum roluptatum omnium inuentor, inceptor, per- That fortune wolde that he muste twin

him, or to hiin; he is the final as well as eflicient cause; as sector. O thou that hast been ye deniser and fynder out, the

much as to say, that they are made for his service and for Out of that place, which that I was in.

his glory, the ultimate end of their creation. begynner & also the finisher of al iny pleasures.

Id. The Squitres Tale, v. 10,890.

Id. 16. vol. ii. p. 36.
Udal. Flowers of Latine Speaking, fol. 104.
For the contrarie of his estate

When he four Saviour) commands us to seek the king-
Howbeit Paule (whose disciple I was, and did long time Stant euermore in suche debate,

dom of God, and directs us to seek it in the way of right. folow and atted vpon hym.) had more mind to labour with Tyll that a parte be ouercome

eousness, and warns us that many who seek it shaii :ot be hys owne handes, then to liue at the finding of other folkes. There maie no finall peas be nome.Gower. Con. A. Prol.

able to find it; he cannot but be understood as exhorting us Id. Luke, c. 8, But finally no spede it dooth.--Id. lb. b. i.

to seek it earnestly and effectually, and in such a manner, For in old time whé mē at the incursion of infydels did

as that we may not finally fail to attain it.

In fine obtaining the roume of a rascall souldiour loke hyde holy sayntes relikes, at the funding agayre the names

Clarke, vol. ii. Ser, 16.
how dishonest he was in his liuing before, euen as seditious
happely decayed, some relyques might rest vnknowen, or

was he in his doinges ther, and moste ready and forwarde A faultless sonnet, finish'd thus, would be,
some peradventure left or mistake.
sir T. More. Forkes, p. 192.
to doo all kinde of mischiefe...Goldyng. Jusline, fol. 99.

Worth tedious volumes of loose peetry.

Dryden. The Art of Poelry.
Bass. In my schoole dayes when I had lost one shaft But now takynge hym as he woulde say, if hys wit would
I shot his feilow of the self-same flight
serue hym, ye is to wit, that by his word electes, he meneth

Christ is the author and finisher of our faith ; but it is we
The self-same way, with more aduised watch
the finall & eternall electes.---Sir T. More. Workes, p. 578.

that believe: the spirit of Christ is the cause of our obedi

ence; but it is we that ovey; we are the next agents thought To finde the other forth, and by aduenturing both

Fynally brethrē fare ye wel, be perfect, be of good comfort, he be the supreme cause.
I oft found both.--Shakespeare. Mer. of Ven. Act i. sc. 1.
be of one minde, liue in peace, and the God of loue and

Bates. The Everlasting Rest of the Sainis, c. 8.
But oh, thou wretched finder, whem I hate

peace shal be with you.--Bible, 1551. 2 Cor. c. 13.
So that I almost pity thy estate,

Let reason then at her own quarry tly,
Gold being the heaviest inetal among all,

And we will also that you George Killingworth and But how can finele grasp intimity?
May my most heavy curse upon thee fall.
Richard Gray doe in the fine of April next send either of

Dryden. The Hind and the Panther.
Donne. Upon the Losse of his Mistresses Chain. you vnto Henry Lane a whole, perfit, and iust accompt

Though all that we can possibly do, must needs fall inBut 'tis all one to me: for if I had been the finder-out of firmed with your awne hands of all the goods you haue solde and bought vntill that time, and what remaineth vnsolde.

finitely short of our most perfect pattern, yet we are inthis secret, it would not haue rellish'd among my other dis

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 299. dispensably obliged to be like it in our proportion, and credits. --Shakespeare. Winter's Tale, Act v. sc. 2.

according to our capacity; and as a finite can resemble in

Jesus sayd onto thē: my meate is to do ye wyl of him that finite, so we are to resemble God, by partaking of the samo When a man hath heen labouring the hardest labour in sente me. And to finishe hys worcke.

excellencies in kind, though they cannot but be infinitely the deep mines of knowledge, hath furnish'd out his findings

Bible, 1551. John, c. 4.

inferiour in degree.-Clarke, vol. v. Ser. 5. in their equipage, drawn forth his reasons as it were a battel rang'd, scatter'd and defeated all objections in his way, &c. And lyke as the smyth in his working vseth the hammer It is ridiculous unto reason and pniteless as their desires. Jillon. of Unlicensed Printing. as a certayne tool or instrument towardes the finishyng of

Broin. Velgar Errours, his worke: euen so be we ynto God as instrumentes to In reading a style judiciously antiquated, one Fnds a plea- worke his wyll, whensoeuer any thyng is well done by vs.

They are creatures still, and that sets them at an infinito sure not unlike that of travelling on an old Roman way:

Fisher. On Prayer.

distance from God; whereas all their excellencies can make but then the road must be as good, as the way is ancient;

them but finitely distant from us.-Stillingfeet.
the style must be such in which we may evenly proceed, Also it is to be noted that ye anngell begineth his accompt
without being put to short stops by sudden abruptnesses, or at the Jewes ful lybertie & full finishment of their temple

And all the difference or distinction there is betwixt them,

is only in our different apprehension of this one being; which puzzled by frequent turnings and transpositions. and cyte.-Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, c. 9.

acting severally upon several oljects, we apprebiend it ag Pope. Postscript on the Odyssey.

In fine,

acting from several properties, by reason of the Anicurse of Ile finds his fellow guilty of a skin Just or unjust, alike scein miserable,

our understandings, which cannot conceive of an infinite Not colour'd like his own; and having pow'r For oft alike, both come to evil end.

being, wholly as it is in itself, but as it were by pieceneal, T enforce the wrong, for such a worthy cause

Milton. Samson Agonistes. as it represents itself to us.--Dereridge, yol. ii. Ser. 115.
Dooms and devotes him as his lawful prey:

All th' unaccomplisht works of Nature's hand,
Cowper. The T'ask, b. ii.

Man falls by man, is finally he falls :

Abortive, monstrous, or unkindly mixt,

And fall he must, who learns from death alone
Fr. and Sp. Fin; It. Fine ;
Dissolv'd on earth, fieet hither, and in vain

The dreadful secret-That he lives for ever.

Till final dissolution, wander here.-Id. Par. Lost, b. iii.
Lat. Finis, which Julius Sca-

Young. The Compluint, Night 7

When Paris brought his famous prize, liger derives from fio. Sane

When in his finish'd form and face

The faire Tindarid lasse, he him foretolde
FI'veLESS. finis est cujus gratiâ aliquid That her all Greece with many a champion bold

Admiring multitudes shall trace

Each patrimonial charm combin'd,
Et in naturalibus forma
Should fetche againe, and finally destroy

The courteous yet majestic mien,
et finis, solum eo differunt,
Proud Priam's towne.--Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iv.

The liberal smile, the look serene,
quod cùm res est, quâ est.
lago. Poore, and content, is rich, and rich enough,

The great and gentle mind.
But riches finelesse is as poor as winter,

Beatlie. On Lord H.'s Birth-day forma dicitur: cùm fit, quâ

To him that euer feares he shall be poore.
intenditur, finis vocatur, (Vos-

Shakespeare. Othello, Act iii. sc. 3. God is our "light," as he showeth us the state we are in

and the enemies we have to encounter; he is our "strength.' sius. ) See Finish. In death what can be, that I do not know,

as he enableth, by his grace, to cope with, and overcomia FI'NITELESS. Finisher,—see the quotation That I should fear a covenant to make

them; and he is our "salvation," as the arithor and finisher
FINITELY. froin Udal in v. Find.
With it, which welcom'd, finisheth my woe?

of our deliverance from sin, death, and Satan.
Finiteness. The end or the point to
And nothing can th' afflicted conscience grieve,

Horne. Commentary on the Psalms. Ps. 27. which our view or course is directed; when or

Bat he may pardon, who can all forgive.

Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. vi. To consider an averseness to improremerit, the not arriving where our progress ceases or is to cease; the

at perfection, as a crime, in against all tolerably correct juris. point we seek or intend to reach; the last, ultimate,

Christ is the author and finisher of our faith, and so of

prudence; for if the resistance to improvement should be
every grace: that is, he can only give it, and he only can
extreme point of time or space.

take it away.--Bp. Taylor. Rule of Conscience, b. iii. c. 1,

great, and any way general, they would in effec: give up the

necessary and substantial part, in favour of the perfection Final, -extreme, most remote, most distant,

Men have their time, and die many times in desire of and the finishing.-Burke. Tracts on the Popory Laws. ultimate, last; terminating, concluding. To finish. many things, which they principally take to heart; the

For who shall dare, you argue, in this case,
Fr. Finir ; It. Finire :

Sp. Fenecer; Lat. Fi- bestowing of a child, the finishing of a worke, or the like.
nire, to end.

Bacon. Ess. Of Friendship.

To limit the omnipotence of grace?

As if a finite understanding knew
To end or bring to an end, or to the last, ulti-

None must undertake this edifice, but after computation What the Almighty could, or could not do.
mate, or extreme point,-—of time or space ; to the
of the pertinences requisite for the finishment, lest they

Byrom. On the Redemption of Mankind
point to which our view or course is directed; they were not able to finish.
expose themselves to the reproach of having begun what

Finiteness, or what is resolvable into finiteness, in inani when or where our progress ceases or is to cease;

Mountague. Deroute Essayes, pt. i. Treat. 18. s. 3. mate subjects, can never be a just subject of complaint, the point we seek or intend to reach: to termi

because if it were ever so, it would be always $0: we nean,

Will he draw out,
Date, to conclude, to complete.

that we can never reasonably demand that things be larger
For anger's sake, finite to infinite
In punisht man, to satisfie his rigour,-

or more, when the same demand might be made, whatever Heo ne fynede neuer mo, ar tho other ware at gronde. Satisfied never? that were to extend

the quantity or number was.- Paley. Nal. Theology, c. 26. R. Gloucester, p. 140. His sentence beyond dust and Nature's law,

FINE, v.

Ger. Fein ; Dut. Vyn; It. and
In the ger of grace a thou send & nyenetene & nyene

By which all causes else, according still
Thys stalwarde Cristene folc thys sworre (war) hrogte to
To the reception of thir matter act,

Fing, adj.

M. Guvet

Sp. Fino; Fr. Fin.
Not to th' extent of their own sphear.

Id. p. 413.

(says Menage) from the ancient Allas! that jentille blode com to ill fune,

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. x. FI'NENESS. Lat. Vinus, signifying bellus ve& alle for falsnes gode to scheme's (shame) dede & pyne:

So likewise that excellent book of Job, if it be revolved FI'NER. mustris. Du Cange (in v. frus)

with diligence, it will be found full and pregnant with the R. Brunne, p. 335.

FINERY. from finitus, (q. d.) finished, higi:Jy
The partis conseile hent, messengers thei ches,

secrets of naturall philosophy, as for example, of cosmo-
graphy, and the roundness of the earth in that place, Qui

FI'NING, N. finished, polished. Res, cui nilu! sent, for a finalle pes.-Id. p. 226. extendit Aquilonem super vacuum, et appendit terram super addi potest. Sce Finesse, and Fixical.

Fi'nisu, v.

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To finish highly, to polisn ; to cleanse, to pu- ! Should I be thought in some places to have run on too With no reason on earth to go out of his way,

He (Garrick) turned and he varied full ten times a day; rifv, to brighten, to embellish; to render or make fine-span argumentations or in others drawn too strong

coloured figues, for any body's Ilking: let him be goud Though secure of our hearts, yet confoundedly sick, clear, bright or brilliant, elegant or beautiful. natured enough to suppose, that were we to discourse over If they were not his own by finessing and trick. this subject in private, and he would let me know his taste,

Goldsmith. Retaliation. Upon the right hand went old Egeus,

I should endeavour to conform myself thereto. And on that other side Duk Theseus,

And lest the colourable reasons, offered in argument

Seurch. Light.of Nature, vol. ii. pt. iil. c. 36. With vessels in hire hond of gold ful Ane,

against this Parliamentary procedure, should be mistaken All full of hony, milk, and blood, and wine.

FINE, o.

for the real motives of their conduct, all the advantage of

Lat. Finis. Spelman (after enu- privilege, all the arts and finesses of pleading, and great Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, V. 2909.

merating the various legal usages sums of public money were lavished, to prevent any deciMargarite is ingendered by heavenly dewe, and sheweth

Finalle. of the word) says, " In none of these sion upon those practices in the Courts of Justice. In it self by fineness of colour, whether the engendrure were significations was the word known to our country.

Burke. On a late State of the Nation. inaked on morowe or on eue.--Id. Test. of Loue, b. ii.

men ante seculum Normanicum.” See the first quo. FI'NGER, v. A.S. Finger ; Ger. Finger; (Gold) is assayed by the fire to thintente it may thenceforth hee had in so mache the more price as it is the more exactly tation from Rastall; and Finis in Du Cange.


Dut. Vinger; from A. S. FenLuned: Itach more will God haue yotir faith, wherunto so Any thing (as a sum of money) paid at the end, FI'NGERING, n. high honour of duetie belongeth, to be tried with sondry to make an end, termination or conclusion of a experimenics, to thintent that whan it shal. glisser out of suit, of a prosecution ; a mulct or penalty.

geren, capere, prehendere. Finger, quod prethese flames of sorowes and afflictions, and being farre inore

hendit ; that which fangs, seizes, catches. pure and more glittering than any golde though it be neuer Muche robberye me dude aboute in everych toun

To fang, -take or catch, to hold or handle, to du fyne, it may be precious in the sight of God, &c.

And bounde men & enprisonede, vorte hii fynede raunson. touch (with the finger ;) to take or touch. Udal. 1 Peter, c. 1.

R. Gloucester, p. 463. l'or threy that be clothed in fyne lynnen, and silkes, be in

On alle hure fyve fyngres. rycheliche yrynged The whiche precept obseruyd, and a 12 or 16 of the chief And ther on rede rubies and othr riche stones. kynges palaces, who were commonly infected with exceyse of them sent ynto Newgate, the sayd rumour was anone

Pters Plouhman, p. 24. and ryot, and delicate lyoyng.--Id. Matt. c. 11.

ceasyd ; of the whiche prysoners some were after fyned, and
some punyssied by longe impryson mét.

She lette no morsel from hire lippes falle,
There was a certayne ryche man, whiche was clothed in

Pabyan. Cronycle, vol. iv. an. 1541. Ne wette hire fingres in hire sauce depe. purple and fyne bysse, and fared deliciously euerye day.

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 129. Bible, 1551. Mall. c. 26. 1 Which neuer asked litle, but enery thig was hawsed aboue the mesure; amercemētes turned into fines, fines into raū

My word, my worker, is knit so in your bod For in that poinct could be none other coloure, but to pretende that his awne mother was an auoutresse, but neuersomes, emal trespas to inisprisio, misprisio into treson.

That as an harp obeyeth to the hond thelesse he world that poinct should be lesse and more

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 62.

And make it soune after his fingering,

Right so mowe ye out of mine hart bring yvely & closely handled.-Hall. Edw. V.

For as much as fines levied in our court ought & do make

Such voice, right as you list, to laugh or pain. By fourme is vnderstand grossenesse, funenesse, thickan end of al sutes, and thereof are called fines, chiefly when

Id. The Legend of Goud Women, stol. after waging of battel, or the great assise in their cases, they nessu, or thinnesse.-Sir T. Elyot. Castel of Helih, b. ii. holde the last and finall place for ever, &c.

What should I stand vpon the rest

or other partes de paint : To professe Christ, is not an ydle nor a delicate fine-fyn

Rastall. Slalutes, fol. 173. Statute of Edw. V. c. 1. As little hand with fingers long? gred matter, is requireth watching, attendaunce, and dylyAnd if he then confesse the treueth, & al that he shall be

my wits are all to faint. T'urbervile. Praise of a Lady. gent cötinuance.- Udal. Timothy, c. 4.

examined of and knoweth in that behalfe: that then the But commonly it is held, and for certaine affirmed, that same ofreces of hunting by him done, be against the king

Or els the minstrelsye of lutes, pypes, harpes, and all

other that standeth by such nyce, fine minakin fingeringe is the best Sporos for the eyes, is that which commeth in the but trespasse finable.-Id. Ib. fol. 170. Stat. of H. VII. c.7.

farre more fitte for the womanishness of it to dwel in the furnaces where gold is fined.-Holland. Plin. b. xxxiv.c. 13.

If one bee found dead in a street or house, the master of

courte among ladyes, than for any greate thinge in it, which This legal reason is summo ratio ; and therefore, if all the the house, or the parish, must find out the murtherer; other

should help good and sad studye to abide in the university reason that is dispersed into so many several heads were wise he himse!f shall be accused of it, and the whole contado

among scholers.--Ascham. The Schole of Shooting. dited into one, yet conid he not make such a law as the shall be fined, and likewise in case of robberie. law of England is, because by marry successions of ages it

Purchas. Pilgrimage, b. iii. c. 10. s. 1.

For so should every man's house equally feele the societie

and part of that benefit, and the hands of idle persones hath been fined and refined by an infinite number of grave Make him high, let him rule, and learned men.-Hobbs. Dial, on the Laws of England.

remaining at home in the town, greedie now of rifling, and He'll be playing the fool,

who would be fingring of pillage, should not pluck from the "Ti, he our lambs doth reare, And transgress, then we'll squeeze

hardie warriors their due rewards.-Holland. Livirs, p. 193. Him for fines, and for fees.- Brome. Royalist's Answer. Our flocks doth blesse, and from the store doth give

That there was not a nymph to jollity inclind, The warme and finer fleeces that we weare.

So, two years after, Tracy's heirs sued him for it, and he Or of the woody brood, or of the watry kind, B. Jonson. Hymn to Pan. was turned out of his office of chancellor, and fined in four But at their fingers' ends, thy Ribble's soug could say. Binde your fillets fast hundred pound.--Burnet. Hist. of Reformation, an. 1534.

Draylon. Poly-Olbion, s. 21. And yird in your waste, For more flueness, with a tawdrie lace. But that also at length they unwillingly yielded unto :

(So) the weak child, that from the mother's wing Spenser. Shepheard's Calendar. April. 'styling him in their submission by the title of " Protector Is taught the lute's delicious fingering: and supreme Head of the English Church,” and paying a

At ev'ry string's soft touch is mov'd with fear, What they in largeness have, that bear themselves so high, lusty fine.--Strype. Memorials. Hen. VIII. an. 1532.

Noting his master's curious list'ning ear, In my most perfect form, and delicacy, I

Whose trembling hand at ev'ry strain bewrays Por greatness of my grain and fineness of my grass ;

But in the case propounded by me, where it is possible in In what doubt he his new-set lesson plays, This isle hath satce a vale, that Ringdale doth surpass. that special manner, the jury may find against the direction

Id. Mrs. Shore io King Edward Il. Drayton. Poly-Olbion, 8. 21. of the Court in matter of Law, it will not follow they are The heech serves for various uses of the house-wife-not therefore finable. ---State Trials. E. Bushell, an. 1670.

A certain minstrell or musician had plaid before him on a to omit even the very shavings for the fining of wines.

time as he sate at supper, and the King would seem to corHe ridiculed the three rights to fine the subordinate rect him in some points, yea, and begin to reason and enter

Evelyn. Silda, c. 5. Princes that Mr. Hastings had, in his defence, laid claim to. 14:5 sad disputation with him about the stroke and true fine Methinks I see thee, spruce and fine,

Fox. Speeches, June 13, 1786. gering of certain instruments: now God forbid (quoth heo With coat embroider'd richly shine,

King, that you should come to so low an ebbe and hard for. And dazzle all the itlol faces

Some landlords, instead of raising the rent, take a fine for As through the hall thy worship paces. the renewal of the lease. This practice is, in most cases,

tune as to be more skilfull in these matters then I am.

Holland. Plutarck, p. 338, Swift. Horace, b. ii. Ode 1. the expedient of a spendthrift, who for a sum of ready money sells a future revenue of much greater value.

All the politicks of the great Poor 1, a savage bred and born,

Smith. Wealth of Nations, b. v. c. 2.

Are like the cunning of a cheat,
By you instructed every morn,

That lets his false dice freely run,
Already have improv'd so well
FINESSE.) Fr. Finesse ; It. Finezza. See

And trusts them to themselves alone,
That I have almost learnt to spell !

But never lets a true one stir
The neighbours who come here to dine,
Fine'ssing, n. s Fine.

Without some fingering trick or slur.
Admire to hear me speak so fine.
Fine-ness or re-fine-ment --nicety, polish, policy,

Buller. Miscellaneous Thoughts,
Id. A Panegyrick on the Dean. to an excess; and thus, guile or wiliness, cunning,

The goods and chattles of Colleges and Chantries, in conHere is the Majesty of the heroic Anely mixed with the subtilty.

siderable proportions, came into his hands for the King's venon of the other; and raising the delight which otherwise would be flat and vulgar, by the sublimity of the

Where unnecessary fynesse wanteth accept true meaning might convert some part thereof to his owne user

use; which, it may be presumed, he having the fingering of expression.-Dryden. Origin and Progress of Satiré. playnesse.- U dal. Prol. to the Ephesians.

Strype. Memorials. Edw. IV. an. 1551. Let him declaim as wittily and sharply as he pleases, yet or wytte in suche sorte that he minished not any parte of his

These thinges he wrought with great sleyght and fynesse Hard as it was, beginning to relent, still the nicest and most delicate touches of satire consist in

It seem'd the breast beneath his fingers bent ; fine raillery.--Id. Dedication to Juvenal. honour, estace, or reputacion.

He felt again; his fingers made a print,

Brende. Quintus Curtius, fol. 3. 'Twas flesh, but flesh so firm, it rose against the dint. The fine original of Thomas Howard Duke of Norfolk Ever. (Aside to Meer.) You'll mar all with your fineness.

Dryden. Ovid. Jetam. b. x with the stases of Earl Marshall and Lord Treasurer, from

B. Jonson. The Devil is an Ass, Act iii, sc. 1. whence the print is taken, is at Leicester-house.

Through every interval, now low, now high,
Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. I. c. 4. This is the artificialest piece of finesse to perswade men to

Swift o'er the stops his fingers seem'd to fly:

The youths, who heard such music with surprise, The character of his Majesty's bluff hautiness (by Hans be slaves, that the wit of court could have invented.

Gaz'd on the lunefull bard with wandring eyes.

Milton. Answer to Eikon Basilike. Blolein) is well represented, and all the heads are finely executel.-Id. lo.

Brevity and succinctness of speech, is that, which in phiI therefore must beg of you to procure me some Irish linen losophy or speculation we call maxim or first principle in

FINGLE-FANGLE, i. e. jangle-fangle. See to make me four 110man of shirts, much about the same fine- the counsels and resolves of practical wisdom, and the deep

SANGLE. ness and price of the last which you got me.

mysteries of religion, oracle; and lastly, in matters of wit, Chesterfeld. Miscell. vol. iv. Let. 69. and finenesses of imagination, epigram. --South, vol. ii. Ser.4.

And, though we're all do near of kindred

As th' outward man is to the inward,
Savage nations being passionately fond of show and finery,
Scipio and Sertorius made some other God to be their

We agree in nothing, but to wrangle
and having ho ohjort but their naked bodies, op which to
council of war, to encourage their soldiers in dangerous

About the slightest fingle-fangle. - Hudibras, pt. ill. c. 3. exercise this disposition, have in all times painted, or cut

enterprises, but the mask only deceived the ignorant. The their skins, according to their ideas of ornament. more intelligent discerned the finesse of their politic con

FINIAL. From the Lat. Finis, an end. Butke. Abridgement of English Iltstery, b. I. c. 11. trivance. --Bates. The Existence of God, c. 8.

Suetonius it seems applied by Holland to the

Jones. Arcadia

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ridge; in Pliny, to a bounding or terminating To ignite, to kindle, to burn ; (met.) to warm, I

Besides the wasting of our fields, the driving away of edge. It is now chiefly used for the Gothic orna- to heat, to inflame, to animate.

booties, as well of people as cattell, the firing of vilages, the

ruine and havocke they made ; and in cuerie place nothing ment which finishes a pediment, pinnacle, sic. Fire, n. (met.) that which warms, inflames, but fire and sword.--Holland. Lirivs, p. 269. And among the enemies spoiles, hee set up a navall coroheats, animates, inspirits; gives or causes life,

Tho' I've po bags, that are with child with gold,
net, and fastened it to the partial (fasliyio) of bis house vivacity, or liveliness, ardour, fervour, vigour.

And though my fireless chimneys catch the cold,
Palatine, hard by another civick guirland, in token and Fire-new,---new from the fire or forge.

For want of great revenues, yet I find
memoriall of the ocean by him sailed over and subdued. Fire is much used prefixed.

I've what's as good as all, a sated mind.
Holland. Suetonius, p. 162.

Brome. Epistle to his Friend Mr.J.B.
His invention it was to get up gargils or antiques at the
Seththe the luther emperour hadde in his herte joie,

Legions of Loves with little wings did fie:

To thenche on fyur, that was in the bataile of Troie,
top of a gavill end, as a kniall to the crest tiles (personas

Darting their deadly arrowes fiery bright.
Tho me barnde gret townes & courtes day & nygt,
tegularum extremis imbricibus) which in the beginning he

Spenser, son. 16.
And thogte yt was mury joie, to se so fair alygt.
called Protypa.-Id. Plinie, b. xxxv. c. 12.

R. Gloucester, p. 69.

The Governor of Scotland hearing of the Protector's apAnother between the same persons, for making and get

In which enctid (evening-tide) appered in the west ii.

proach, and having no sufficient army ready to resist him, ting up the finyalls of the buttresses of the church.

sent his heralds abroad into all parts the realm, and comsterres of fuyry colour, on lite that other gret. Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. i. c. 4.

Id. p. 484. Note. manded the fire-cross to be carried, (an ancient custom in

cases of importance,) which was two fire-brands set in FINICAL, adj. From Fine, (qv.)

Wilde fire thei kast, the kyng to confound.

fashion of a cross, and pitched upon the point of a spear; FINICALNESS. Too fine, too refined ; too

R. Brunne, p. 170.

and therewith proclamation to be made that all above 16

years of age, and under 60, should resort forth with to Mus. FI'NIKIN. nice; effeminate.

And then falleth the fur, on false menne houses.

Piers Ploukman, p. 43.

selborough, and bring convenient provisions of victuals with Perhaps it would haply he objected, that these accurate

them.- Baker. Chronicles. Edw. VI. an. 1547. designs of the pen were never esteemed among the nobler

He that seith, fool, schal be gilty unto the fire of helle.

Wiclis. Matt. c. 5. Q. M. Peace, master Marquisse, you are malapert, parts of drawing; as for the most part appearing too finical,

Your fire-new stampe of honor is scarce current.
stiff, and constrained.--Evelyn. Sculpturu.
But whosoeuer sayeth thou foole, shall be in daunger of

Shakespeare. Rich. III. Act i. sc. 3.
hell syre.--Bible, 1551. Ib.
Your congees and trips

Let me put the reader in mind, how if ever he mark'd With your legs and your lips,

And so I saygh horsis in visioun, and thei that saaten on

children when they play with fire-sticks, they move and Your madams and lords,

hem hadden firi harburioung.-Wiclif. Apocalips, c. 9. wbirle them round so fast, that the motion will cosen their And such finikin words.--Brome. The Lereller.

And thus I sawe the horses in a vysyon and them that

eyes and represent an entire circle of fire to them: and were Be not too finical; but yet be clean : sate on them, hauyng fyry habergions.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

it somewhat distant, in a dark night that one play'd so with And wear well-fashion'd cloathes like other men.

a lighted torch, it would appear a constant wheel of fire, Dryden. Ovid. Art of Love. If both the herts love hath fired

without any discerning of motion in it. Joy and wo they shal depart

Digby. Of Bodies, c. 9. At nineteen he (Enoch Zeeman) painted his own portrait

And take euenly ech his part.--Chaucer. Rom. of the R. in the inical manner of Denner, and executed the heads of

Said Cymon overjoyed, " Do thou propose an old man and woman in the same style afierwards.

She was so ful of turment and of rage,

The means to fight, and only show the foes :
Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. iv. c. 1. That wilfully into the fire she sterte,

For from the first, when love had fired my mind,
And brent hireselven with a stedfast herte.

Resolv'd I left the care of life behind."
Nor had Gribelin any thing of greatness in his manner or

Id. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15,373.

Dryden. Cymon & Iphigenia. capacity: his works have no more merit than finicalness,

And as on high,
and that not in perfection, can give them.

And with hire fire-brond in hire hond aboute
Id. Ib. vol. v. Engravers.

Those rolling fires discover but the sky,
Danceth before the bride and all the rout.

Not light us here ; 80 reason's glimmering ray

Id. The Marchantes Tale, v. 9602.

Was lent, not to assure our doubtful way,
Som sayd it was long on the fire-making;

But guide us upward to a better day.
FI'PPLE. Lat. Fibula, a clasp or fastener. Som sayd nay, it was long on the blowing.

Id. Religia Laici, An Epistle.
Id. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,390.
A stopper, (sc.) of a wind instrument.

The ashes by their weight, their fieriness, and their dry-
Note again that some kind of wind instruments are blown

A sompnour was ther with us in that place,

ness, put it past doubt that they belong to the elements of That hadde a fire-red cherubinnes face.

earth.-Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 470. at a small hole in the side, which straitneth the breath of

Id. The Prologue, v. 626. the first entrance; the rather, in respect of their traverse,

The rest, so smooth, so suddenly she went,
and stop above the hole, which performeth the fipple's part; And over all this, to slen me utterly,

Look'd like translation through the firmament,
As it is seen in flutes, and fifes, which will not give sound, Love hath his firy dart so brenningly

Or like the fiery car on the third errand sent.
by a blast at the end, as recorders, &c.
Ystiked thurgh my trewe careful hert,

Dryden. Eleonora.
Bacon. Naturall Historie, s. 116. That shapen was my deth erst than my sbert.

Id. The Knightes Tale, v, 1566. I (Maynard] think it is fitting that all Papists should resort FIR. A. S. Fuhr-wudu; Lat. Pinus, a pine tree.

to their own dwellings, and not depart without licences Symon, which was made their espie

from the next justices; and another thing, that all those of Somner, Skinner, and Junius, Abies ; Dut. Vue- Within Troie, as was conspired,

that religion bring all their fire-arms in, unless for the ren. Skinner says, Perhaps from Fire, (Dut. Whan tyme was, a token fired.-Gower. Con. A. b. i.

necessary defence of their houses, to officers appointed. Vuyr ;) wood which may easily be set on fire. And for to wissen hem by nyght

Parl. Hist. an. 1688-9. Bill for Disar ming Papirls,
A firie piller hem alight.

Id. Ib. b. v.
But how the fire was maked up on highte,

But Peidloe was so impatient that he would not hear hini,
And eke the names how the trees highte,

Their heads aboue the streame they hold, their fierred and then he did the fact, which was, that he put a fereball

at the end of a long pole, and lighting it with a piece of As oak, fir, birch, &c.-Chaucer. K’nightes Tale, v. 2923.

manes they shake,

match he put it in at a window, and staid till he saw the

The salt sea waues before them fast they shouen, and
A huge horse made, hye raised like a hill,

house in a flame.

after trailes
By the diuine science of Minerua :

State Trials. Chas. II. Firing of London, an. 1666.
Their vgly backes.-Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. ii.
Of clouen firre compacted were his ribbs.

Fired at the sound, my genius spreads her wing,
Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. ii.
Others of them (the Spaniards) in that time, burned that

And flies where Britain courts the western Spring;
And there wyll I cut downe the hye cedre trees & the
fisher town Mowsehole, the rest marched as a gard for de-

Where lawns extend that scorn Arcadian pride,
fayrest fyre trees.--Bible, 155

OS Esaye, c. 38.
fence of these firers.--Carew. Sur uey of Cornwall, fol. 156.

And brighter streams than fam'd Hydaspes glide.

Goldsmith. The Traveller.
The greatest inconuenience of their wodden building is
There is great ods betweene fir trees, in regard of diverse

the aptnesse for firing, which happeneth very oft & in very
countres and nations, where they grow. The best are those

The cruel laws of Scotland's realm decree
of the Alpes and Apennine hils.
fearful sort, by reason of the drinesse and fatnesse of the

That every maid of high or low degree,
fir, that being once fired, burneth like a torch, & is hardly
Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 39.

Accus'd of yielding to the luring fire
quenched til all be burnt vp.

Of lawless love in torment shall expire.
With cord and canvass, from rich Hamburgh sent,

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. i. p. 480.
His navy's molted wings he imps once more :

Hoole. Orlando Furioso, b. iv.
My chaunce was late to haue a peerlesse fire-lock peece,
Tall Norway fir, their masts in battle spent,

God bids a plague
That to my wittes was ney the like, in Turkie nor in
And English oak, sprung leaks and planks restore.

Kindle a fiery boil upon the skin,
Dryden. Annus Mirabilis. Greece.-Gascoigne. Complaint of the Greene Knight.

And putrefy the breath of blooming health.
On Lebanon the sacred cedar waves
And make his ashepannes, shouels, basons, fleshehokes,

Couper. Task.
And spiry fir-tree, where the stork conceals

fyre-pannes, & al the apparell therof of brasse.
Her clam'rous young.
Hart, Ps. 104,

Bible, 1551. Erodus, c. 27. FIRK. Skinner refers to-to fly; but adds,

that it may be from the Lat. Fericare, a frequen.
FIRE, v.
A. S. Fir, fyr ;
Dut. Vuur,

Thereof she countlesse summes did rcare,
The whiche she meant away with her to beare;

tative of ferire, as fudicare of fodere. The It. Feza,
vier; Ger. Feuer ; Gr. livp, a
The rest shee fir'd for sport, or for despight.

or sferza, a rod or whip, Menage derives from Phrygian word, according to Plato.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 10. ferire ; feritus, feritius, feritia, feza.
Consider, says Socrates, whether
For when ye mildly looke with lowly hew

Mr. Steevens truly says, that this word is so
F:'RING, 11.
this name, aup, is not of Barbaric
Then is my soule with life and loue inspired:

variously used by the old writers, that it is almost
origin; for it is by no means But when ye lowre, or looke on me askew,

impossible to ascertain its precise meaning. FIERINESS.

Then do I die, as one with lightning fired.-Id, son. 7.
easy to adapt this to the Greek
tongue; and it is manifest, that the Phrygians Or by collision of two bodies grinde

In the mean time I will fork your father whether you xes thus denominate fire, with a certain trifling devia- The air attrite to fire, as late the clouds

or no.--Chapman. All Fools, Act iii. sc. 1. liun," ( Plato, in Cratylo, by Taylor.) It is diffi

Justling or pusht with winds rude in the shock

She shall have bail,

Tine the slant lightning, whose thwart flame, driv'n down,
cult to zuppose that our northern progenitors had
Kindles the gummie bark of fir and pine,

Dash. And a firking writ

or false imprisonment, she shall be sure

And sends a comfortable heat from farr,
no name for the element of fire, until they bor.
rowed it from the Greeks; it is more probable

Which might supply the sun : such fire to use,

Of twelve pence damage, and five and twenty pound And what may else he remedie or cure

For suits in law.Barry. Ram Alley, Act iv. sc. I. that there was some common origin for both the

To evils which our own misdeeds have wrought,
Greck and Suxon in the northern languages.

Just. Tutch. On on, I say.
He will instruct us praying.-Milton. Par, Lost, b. X. Throate. Justice, the law shall firk you.-Id. Ib.

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