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Justa. Stay, ani stand quietly, or you shall fall else, substance of materyal bread, and so he said he firmely de- Fortitude ! divinely bright,
Not to firk your belly up, founder like, but never

lieued, and that he woulde holde that oppinion to the death. O Virtue's child, and Man's delight! To rise again.--Massinger. The Renegado, Act iii. sc. 1.

Sir T. More. Workes, p. 346.

Descend an amicable guest,

And with thy Arminess steel my breast. Pist. M. Fer. Me ser him, and firk him, and ferret him : But that constauncye and Armness of mind că not be had,

Blackluck. An flymn to Portitudo. discusse the same in French vnto him.

onles it be depeley fouded in a certaintie,& sure persuasió of Shakespeare. Henry V. Act iv. sc. 4. faith.-Caluine. Foure Godlye Sermons, Ser. 2.


A.S. First; Dut. Veurst;

Fi'rSTLING, n. Ger. Erst. First, says Skin. Grace. Out on him !

Afterwards the stream of the river brought down continuThese are his megrims, firks, and melancholies.

ally such mud and gravell, that it ever increasd in the heap Fı'rstling, adj. Der, dicitur quasi forest, (i.e. Ford. The Broken Heart, Act iii. sc. 1. of corn more and more, in such sort, that the force of the

FI'RSTNESS. fore-est,) from fore, ante : water could no more remove it from thence, but rather W. Small-sh. Sir, leave this firk of law, or by this light softly pressing and driving it together, did firm and harden it,

most afore or before. I'll give your throat a slit. and make it grow so to land.--North. Plutarch, p. 85.

Fore-most, in time or space; earliest ; having Barry. Ram Alley, Act iii. sc. 1. of the death of the Emperour they advertised Solyman,

precedence, (sc.) in rank or station; in esti. FIRKIN, which Skinner writes Ferkin, and firming those letters with all their hands and seals.

mation. Minshew, Fircken ; the latter derives it—a ferendo,

Knolles. History of the Turks.

First is must used prefixed. quod facilè feratur. The former prefers the A. S. A privilege (was] given to Athemeus, the Archbishop (of

The fyrste age & tyme was from our firste fader Adam Feower ; Ger. Wier, four, and the diminutive kin, Cyprus] in that age, to subscribe his name to all publick

To Noe, & seththe tho other from Noe to Abraham.

R, Gloucester, p. 9. (q.d.) feowerkin, or wierkin, that is, quadrantulus, acts in red letters, which was an honour above that of any respectu sc. majoris vasis ; and in confirmation, patriarch, who writes his name or firm in black characters.

Uttred in his firste gere messengers he sent he refers to tierce, qv.

Rycaut. State of the Greek Courch, p. 90. For kynges & barons vntille his parlement,
A firkin is

In stede ther he it sette, thei wist what it ment.
A vessel containing nine gallons, i. e. the fourth
So, earely, ere the grosse Earthes gryesy shade

R. Brunne, p. &. of a barrel, or 36 gallons.

Was all disperst out of the firmament,
They tooke their steeds, and forth upon thire journey Hit was the furste frut, that the fader of hevene blessede.

went. And there were standinge there, syxe water pottes of stone

Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. iii. c. 1.

Piers Plouhman, p. 309. after the maner of the purifiynge of the Jewes, contaynynge

What if all

And the clennest creature, creatour ferste knowe two or thre fyrkins a pece.- Bible, 1551, John, c. 2. Her stores were open'd, and this firmament

In kynges court and knyghtes.-Id. Ib. You heard of that wonder, of the lightning and thunder,

of hell should spout her cataracts of fire ? Which made the lye so much the louder: Impendant horrors, threatning hideous fall

And he sat and clepide the twelve, and seyde to him if Now list to another, that miracle's brother, One day upon our heads.-Milton. Par. Lost, D. il.

ony mon wil be the firste among you he schal be the laste of

alle, and the mynystre of all.--Iliclis. Mark, c. 9. Which was done with a firkin of powder.

The lion's royal whelp does not at first
Denham. A Second Western Wonder.
For blood of Basan bulls or tigers thirst,

And he sat downe and called the twelue vnto hym, and
In timorous deer he hansels his young paws,

sayde to them:yf anye man desyre to be fyrst, the same FIRM, v. See Affirm, and Confirm. And leaves the rugged bear for firmer claws.

shal be laste of all, and seruaunt vnto all.- Bible, 1551. Ib. FIRM, n. Fr. Fermer : It. Fermare; Sp.

Cowley. The Davideis, b. iii. All the first-borne of thy sonnes thou muste nedes redeme. Firu, adj. Firmar ; Lat. Firmus, hoc FIRMAMENT.

Id. Exodus, c. 31. est, stabilis, constans, a fe- certainly these reasons which make the object seem credible, For if you speak of an acquired, rational, discursive faith,

The first of the first-fruites of thy lande, thou shalte FirmamE'NTAL. rendo dictus quod constanter must be the cause of it, and consequently the strength and brynge vnto the house of the Lord thy God.-Id. Ib. Fi'RMITUDE. omnia

ferat, (Perottus.) And firmity of my assent must rise and fall, together with the Fi'RMITY.

Honoure the Lord with thy substaunce and with the see Martinius, and Vossius.

apparent credibility of the object. FI'RMLY. Firmament, Fr. Firma

Chillingworth. Rel. of Prot. Ch. pt. i. c. 6. firstlings of all thine encrease; so shal thy barnes bee filled

with plenteousnesse and thy presses shall flowe ouer with Fi'pyness. mente; It. Firmamento; Lat.

It is Jehovah that is merciful; and as Jehovah signifies swete wyne.--Id. Prouerbes, c. 3. Firmamentum, so called a naturæ suæ soliditate et firmitude of being, and is therefore compared to a rock, &c., so these his mercies are lik’ned to things of longest duration,

So that in election Christ held the primacy, the first-kood; firmitate, (Minshew.) The Lat. Firmamentum, to those things which to us men are such in our account. as in dignity, so in order; that we were ordained for him. applied to the heavens, ( firmamentum cæleste) is

Goodwin. Works, vol. iv. p. 31.

Goodwin. Works, vol. i. Ser. 6. so used by Tertullian. His breast-plate first, that was of substance pure,

We are all, my lord, To strengthen, to give strength or support to, Before his noble hart he firmely bound,

The sons of Fortune, she hath sent us forth to fix steadily or strongly, to secure, to assure, to That mought his life from yron death assure,

To thrive by the red sweat of our own merits: establish.

And ward his gentle corps from cruel wound.

And since after the rage of many a tempest,
Spenser. Muiopotmos.

Our fates have cast us upon Britain's bounds,
Sp. Firmar, -to confirm ; (sc.) by writing; by

We offer you the first-fruits of our wounds. In pure and fruitfull water we may see signature to a writing: and firma, the signature :

Middleton. The Mayor of Quinborough, Act ii, sc. 1. Your mind from darknesse cleare, in bounty free: (sc.) of the person or persons confirming, giving And in the steddy resting of the ground,

A shepherd next, validity to the instrument or document signed :Your noble firmenesse to your friend is found :

More meek, came with the firstlings of his flock applied to the name or title under which any perFor you are still the same, and where you love

Choicest and best; then sacrificing, laid
No absence can your constant mind remove.

The inwards and their fat, with incence strew'd son carries, or more persons carry on trade or

Beaumont. To the Prince.

On the cleft wood, and all due rits perform'd. business.

Milton. Paradise Lost, b. xi.
O thou, who freest me from my doubtful state
Myn affiaunce and my faith. is ferm (in) hus by leuye.
Long lost and wilder'd in the maze of fate !

And thus, readers, by the example which he hath set me,
Piers Plouhman, p. 318.
Be present still: oh Goddess ! in our aid:

I have given ye two or three notes of him out of his title-
Proceed, and firm those omens thou hast made.

page, by which his firstlings fear not to guess boldly at his As he wende, he bi huld toward heuene an hey,

Pope. Slatius. Thebaid, b. i.

whole lump, for that guess will not fail ye.
And tho vp in the firmament an Angel he sey,
That huld a croys, and ther on y write was lo! this,
Genius of Britain, spare thy fears,

Id. An Apology for Smectymnuus. “ Constantyne thorg this signe thou schalt be maister For know, within, our sovereign wears

All the firstling males that come to thy herd, and of thy iwis." R. Gloucester, p. 85. The surest guard; the best defence ;

flock, thou shalt sanctify onto the Lord thy God. A firm untainted innocence.

Deuteronomy, xv. 19. I wist vtterly

Pitt. On his Majesty's Playing with a Tiger. That your humble seruan & your knight

When I give, (as he acknowledges) a firstness of preWere in your harte yset so fermely An hoilow crystal pyramid he takes,

cedency and presidency to the Pope, he tells me, he is conAs ye in mine. Chaucer. Troilus, b. iii. In firmamental waters dipt above;

fident i know not how much more is allowed him by she of it a broad extinguisher he makes,

universal consent of all Catholicks, as of divine institution, O firste moving cruel firmament,

And hoods the flames that to their quarry drove.

whatever I may have read in particular authors. With thy diurnal swegh that croudest ay,

Dryden. Annus Mirabilis.

Hammond. Works, vol. ii. p. 163.
And hurtlest all from est til occident,
That naturally wold hold another way.
Howe'er, I gave his wise proposal way,

For joys so great we must with patience wait,
Id. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4713.
Nay, urg'd him to go on ; the shallow fraud

'Tis the set price of happiness complete.
Will ruin him for ever with my enemies,

As a first-fruil, Heaven claim'd that lovely boy
Lo now how it stood
And make him firmly mine, spite of his fears,

The next shall live, and be the nation's joy.
With him, that was so viegligent,
And natural inconstancy.

Waller. Loss of the Duke of Cambridge. That fro the highe firmament,

Rowe. The Ambitious Step-mother, Act i. I did yesterday complain to Mr. Secretary St. John, that For that he wold go to lowe, Ile was anon downe ouerthrowe.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv. Such heavenly beauty on thy face shall bloom,

Mr. Harley had not yet got the letter from the Queen to As shall almost excuse the villain's crime;

confirm the grant of the first-fruits; that I had lost reputaAnd we will also that you George Killingworth and RichBut yet that firmness, that unshaken virtue,

tion by it; and that I took it very ill of them both; and that ard Gray doe in the fine of April next send either of you As still shall make the monster more detested.

their excuses of Parliament business, and grief for the loss vnto Henry Lane a whole, perfit, & iust accompt firmed with

Smith. Phædra & Hippolitus, Act v.

in Spain, were what I would bear no longer. your awne hands of all the goods you haue solde and bought

Swift. Letter to Dr. King, vntil the time, and what remaineth vnsolde. 0! then be firm-in this, my friends, remain

And often have you brought the wily for
Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. I. p. 299. Our dearest hopes, all other hopes are vain !
Like us the foes have but two hands to wield,

To suffer for the firstlings of the flocks ;

Chas'd ev'n amid the folds; and made to bleed, Christ putteth us in remembraunce of thys, that no man

One soul to fire them, and one life to yield. is mete io preache the Gospell, but he that hath tryed

Hoole. Orlando Furioso, b. xviii.

Like felons, where they did the murderous deed. hymself, and is firme and strong agaynst all worldly desyres, Incessant rains had drenched the floated ground,

Dryden, Epistle 13. agaynst excesse and her companions.-Udal. Matt. c. 4.

To me more dear, congenial to my heart,
And clouds o'ercast the firmament around.

One native charm, than all the gloss of Art,
And God sayde : let there be a fermamente betwene the

Fawkes. Descrip. of Winter. From G. Douglas. Spontaneous joys, where Nature has its play, waters, & let it diuide the waters a sonder,

Bible, 1551. Genesis, c. 1.
These wind, by subtle sap, their secret way,

The soul adopts, and owns their first-born sway,
Pernicious pioneers! while those invest,

Goldsmith. The Deseried Village
As touching the blessed sacrament of the altare, he sayde
More firmiy daring in the face of heaven,

For him our yearly wakes, and feasts, we hold, it is a necessary sacramēt but he helde yt after the rosecra

And win by regular approach, the cane.

And choose the fairest Arstlings from the fold. clő, there was none other thing therein but onely the very

Granger. The Sugar Canc, b. ii.

Philips, Pastoral 2 798

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A feat in this House, for good purposes, for bad purposes, Ne that a monk, whan he is rekkeles,

Its (Bittern Heron) flesh has much the flavour of that of for po purposes at all (except the mere consideratios derived

Is like to a fish that is waterless,

a hare : and Boching of the fishiness of that of the heron, from being concerned in the publick councils) will ever be a That is to say, a monk out of his cloistre.

Pennant. Zoology.
Arst-rate object of ambition in England.

Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 180.
Burke. On a Bill for Shurlening the Duration of Parliament.

From this time forward we began to plie Northwards and

FISK. Sw. Fieska, from Foesa, instigare, and FIRTH. Scotch, an estuary; used by Douglas the first of July fell with the land againe, where we fished, this from A. S. Fys-an, agere, abigere, fugare, to

and found reasonable good store. in his Virgil as Sinus, a bay. Su. G. Fiaeril ;

drive, to drive about. To fisk the tail about,

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 778. whiska rumpan, (Serenius.)
Isl. Fiora-r. Some, says Jamieson, have derived

And Cotgrave has it from Lat. Fretum, which itself, more probably,

Most like a byrd that nere the bankes of seas his hunting Trotiere, a fisking huswife. In Gammer Gurton's

keepes, is from the Gothic; others from Moes. G. Far-an, Among the fishfull rocks, and low dyneth on water Needle, Act i. sc. 2, the edition quoted by Mr.

Todd reads, navigare, as it properly denotes water that is sweepes.

Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. iv.

Fisking with her tail.” in the navigable. G. Andr. refers it to Isl. Fiara, pl. Fynally, the fyshyng put them in remembraunce of the edition, 1575, reprinted in the A. B. Drama, newe fyshyng, whiche serued not to take fishes with nettes,

vol. i. reads “ Frysking.ferder, litus, or maris refluxus et ejus locus,

See To Frisk. to feade the bealie, but with the nette of the Gospell to

FISSILE. catehe men drouned with worldly cares, vnto a desyre of the

Lat. Fissilis, that can FISC.

or Gr. QLOKOS; Lat. Fiscus; Fr.

Fiscal, n.

may be cleft, from findere, to
Fisque, a bag or purse. (See heauenly life. --Udal. Matthew,c.4.
Fiscat, adj. S Coxfiscate.) As the French Behold, I will send for many fishers saith the Lord, and

FI'SSURE, v. cleave. they shall fish them, and after I shall send for many hunters FI'SSURE, n. That can or may be cleft or Fisque,--the public purse; the public revenue and they shall hunt them from every mountain and from

Fi'ssipede. or treasure; a treasury or exchequer.

every hill, and out of the holes of the rocks.

Bible. Jeremiah, xvi. 16.

The fissures in the seat, as also the blind and swelling Cæsar did with no lesse gratefull bountie, shew his

Forth with the sounds and seas, each creek and bay, piles in the fundament and all superfluous excressences of liberalitie when he bestowed the goods of Aernilia Musa, a

With frie innumerable swarme, and shoales

the bodie it cureth.-Holland. Plinie, b. xxi. c. 20. rich woman, falen to the fixque, vpon Aemilius Lepidus of whose house she seemed to have been.

Of fish, that with thir finnes and shining scales

It is described like fissipedes, or birds which have their
Grenewcy. Tacitus. Annales, p. 49.

Glide under the greene wave, in sculles that oft
Bank the mid sea.
Millon. Paradise Lost, b. vii. feet or claws divided, whereas it is palmipedes or fin-footed

like swans and geese. --Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. v. c. 2. Also seeing they may bee alienated, they may bee pre

Yet Gwin and Nevern near, two fine and fishful brooks scribed, especiallie (the kinges thus consenting whoe con

Do never stay their course.-Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 5.

By which it is evident, that diamonds themselves hare a firmed the same so long a time) which excludeth all right

grain or a flaky contexture, not unlike the fissility, as the both fiscail and ecclesiasticall.

Britaine is watered with pleasant fishfull and navigable schools call it, in wood.--Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 521. Fox. Martyrs, p. 333. The B. of Eduens Oration. rivers, which yeeld safe havens and roads, and furnished with shipping and sailers that it may rightly be termed the

By a fall or blow the scull may be fissured or fractured, War cannot be long maintained by the ordinary fiscal and Lady of the Sea --Camden: Remaines. Britaine.

and the hairy scalp whole, and this fracture or fissure may receipt.-Bacon.

be under the contusion, or in some other parts. Ben. Here comes Romeo, here comes Romeo.

Wiseman, Surgery, b. 1. c. 9. When they had resolved to appropriate to the fise, a certain Mer. Without his roe, like a dried hering. O flesh, flesh,

There are other subterraneous guts and channels, fissures portion of the landed property of their conquered country, it how art thou fishified ?-Shakes. Romeo & Juliet, Act ii. sc. 4. was their business to render their bank a real fund of credit;

and passages, through which many times the waters make 1 as far as such a bank was capable of becoming so.

Cleopatra found it straight, yet she seemed not to see it, their way.---Derham. Physico-Theology, b. ii. c. 2. Burke. On the French Revolution. but wondered at his excellent fishing; but when she was Siam's warm marish yields the fissile cane. alone by herself among her own people, she told them how

Dyer. The Fleece, b. .
They certainly never have suffered and never will suffer

it was, and bad them the next morning to be in the water
the fixed estate of the church to be converted into a pension,
to see the fishing. A number of people came to the haven,

Be her shining locks confin'd
to depend on the treasury, and to be delayert, withiheld, or

In a threefold braid behind;
and got into the fisher-boats to see the fishing.
perhaps to be extinguished by fiscal difficulties.-Id. 10.

Let an artiticial flower
North. Plutarch, p. 764.

Set the fissure off before.
The fiscal is of an active enterprising genius.
Where are the flowry fields, the fishy streames,

Fawkes. Anacreon. Ode 27, Imitated.
Swinburne. Spain, Let. 42, The pasturing mountaines, and the fertile plaines,
With shadowes oft, oft clad with Titan's beames

Philosophers have long endeavoured to find out the causes
FIS-GIG. A kind of javelin with which sailors
As of Heaven's pleasures types, and of Hell's paines ?

of these perpendicular fissures in the earth, which our own strike fish as they swim; from fish; Dut. Visch,

countrymen, Woodward and Ray, were the first that founů Stirling. Doomes-day. The Third Houre.

to be so common and universal.
and ghichten, torquere, (Skinner.)
Due sustinence was a mean to virtue, and to subdue men's

Goldsmith. Animaled Nalure, pt. i. c. 6.
bodies to their soul and spirit, and was also necessary to
There were some of those bonitos, which being galled by encourage the trade of fishing, and for saving of flesh.

FIST, v. A. S. Fyst; Dut. Vuyst; Ger. a fis-gig, did follow our shippe, coming out of Guinea 500

Burnet. History of the Reformation, an. 1549. leagues.--Hackinyl. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 520.

Fist, a

Faust. Wachter and Minshew
Lie there. Lycaon: let the fish surround

Fi'sty-CUFF. (optime, says Skinner) from
FISH, v.
A. S. Fiscian, fisc; Dut. Vischer, Thy bloated corpse, and suck thy gory wound.

Fussen, capere, prehendere, constringere, i. e. to visch; Ger. Fisch; Sw. Fiska,

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xxi.

hold fast, (A. S. Fæstnian.) And from the A.S. Fisher fisk. Junius ( Gloss. Goth. in v. As, from some rock that overhangs the flood,

Fast, firmus, Junius derives it; quod validissima
FISHERY, Fisk) has no doubt that this word,

The silent fisher casts th' insidious food,
With fraudful care he waits the finny prize,

sit manus, omnium digitorum nodis in unum pug-
common to almost all European
And sudden lifts it quivering to the skies.

num veluti compactis atque arctissime compliFi'shify. languages, is of the same origin with

Id. Ib. Odyssey, b. xii.

Fishing. the Lat. Pisc-is. But what that

Can it be expected, that Holland will suffer us to improve To hold fast,—to gripe fast or firmly; also, to
Fishy. is, he acknowledges to be very our fishery, which is to them a nursery for seamen, a liveli- strike with the fist or hand fast closed.
FISHNESS. obscure. Vossius presents three hood to many families, and an immense treasure to the

He bygan gong ynou,
etymologies, with little confidence in any of them. public.--Parliamentary Ilistory. vol. vi. App. p. 139.

To cuthe wat he woulde be, that so gong hys fustes adrou.
To fish for any thing, (met.) is to try to find The tow ring eagles to the realms of light
out or discover, catch or obtain, by throwing out
By their strong pounces claim a regal right;

R. Gloucester, p. 315.
The swan contented with an humbler fate

For God that al by gan in gynnynge of the worlde a bait or temptation ; with a concealed design. Low on the fishy river rows in state.

Ferde furst as a fust with a synger. yfolde togederes

Fenton. To Mr. Lambard. Til hym liked and luste. to unclose the fynges
For ge ben men beter y tagt to schouele and to spade,
To cartestar and to plowstaf, and a fischyng to wade,
Observe what you export thither; (Newfoundland,) a

And profrede hit forth as with the paume. to what place it

To hamer and to nedle, and to merchandise al so,
little spirits, provision, fishing lines, and fishing hooks.

Piers Plouhman, p. 327.
Than with swerd or hauberk eny batail to do.

Burke. On a late State oj the Nation. That on of hem the cut brouht in his fest,
R. Gloucester, p. 99. Nature the bull with horns supplies,

And bad hem drawe and loke wher it wold falle,
The horse with hoofs she fortifies,

And it fell on the youngest of hem alle.
That fischid in Temse on the nyght, whan thei their nettes
vp wond.
The fleeting foot on hares bestows,

Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12.736.
The body of Harald in a nette thei fond.—R. Brunne, p. 54.
O lions teeth, two dreadful rows!

And for men saine vnknowe ynkiste
Grants fish to swim, and birds to fly,

Hir thome she holt in hir fiate
Peter fyshed for hus fode, and hus fere Andreu
And on their skill bids men rely.

So close within hir owne honde
Som thei solde, and som thei sode, and so thei leveden

Philips. Anacreon, Ode 2.

That there wynneth no man londe.--Gower. Con. A. bii.
Piers Plouhman, p. 286.
Once, some few hours ere break of day,

I commaunde you not
Right as fishes in sod, whenne hein faileth water
As in their hut our fishers lay,

Fortune to trust, and eke full well ye wot,
Dzen for dreuthe.

Id. p. 83.
The one awak'd and wak'd his neighbour,

I haue of her no brydle in my fist
That both might ply their daily labour.
And whanne thei hadden do this thing thei closiden

Witkie. The Fisherman, from Theocritus.

She renneth loose, and turnethi where she list.

Sir T. More. To them that seek Fortune. togider a greet mulitude of fischia and her net was brokun.

I need not, I am sure, sir, inform the house, that the
Wiclif. Luk, c. 5.
fisheries of Newfoundland have been for a century the con.

Fang. If I but fist him once: if he come but within my
And when they had so done, they inclosed a great multi- stant object of rivalship between France and England.

vice. --Shakespeare. 2 Pl. Hen. IV. Act ii. sc. 1. tude of fishes. And their net brake.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

Mr. Pitt. Speech, 27th November, 1800. Blynfold he was; and in his cruel fist
And savgh two bootis standinge bisides the pool, and the
Round the border,--representations in miniature of the

A mortall bow and arrowes keen did hold,
fischeris weren gon doun, at waischiden her nettis.
customs, huntings, fishings, and productions of the country,

With which he shot at random when him list,
Wiclif. Ib.
all in the highest preservation, and so admirably executed,

Some headed with sad lead, some with pure gold. that it was believed of the pencil of Vandyck.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 4. And saw two shyppes stande by the lake syde, but the

Walpole. Anecdoles of Painting, vol. ii. c. 1. fusher men were gone oute of them, and were washynge

Sam. No man with-holds thee, nothing from thy hand their pettes.-Bible, 1551. Ib.

And those sequester'd shores,

Fear I incurable ; bring up thy van,
Through which, the thirsty town to lave,

My heels are fetter'd, but my fist is free.
Pipen he coude, Ashe, and nettes bete,
Smooth flow the watery stores

Miltun. Samson Agonistes, 1. 1246
And turnen cuppes, and wrastien wel, and shete.

paris, profoundest stream.

Law. Oto revenge my wrongs at fisty-cufies.
Chaucer. The Reves Taie, v. 3925

West, Pindar, Olymp. 5. Beaum of Fletch. The Lillle French Lawyer, Act iv. so. L 799

Fisi, n.

This God of ours hath evermore loved those games of

Duncane in his graue:

The meaning is ; not, that God #fil act arbitrarlly and prize, yea and was desirous to win the victory, having strove After life's fitful feuer he sleepe well.

without reason; as some have absurdly understood these personally himself in playing upon the harp, in singing, in

Shakespeare. Macbeth, Act iii. sc. 2. words: but that he, and he only, is the competent, proper, finging the cois of brasse ; yea, and some say, at hurl.bats

and unerring judge, upon what persons, and on what condi.

Rais'd on his knees, he now ejects the gore; and fist-jiyht.-Holland. Plutarch, p. 633.

tions, 'tis fit for him to bestow his favours. Now faints anew, low sinking on the shore ;

Clark, vol. i. Ser. 21. Never a suit I wore to-day, but hath been soundly basted;

By fits he breathes, half views the fleeting skies, ouly this faithful country case 'scaped fist-free.

And seals again, by fils his swimming eyes.

And to whom could I more filly apply myself than to your ?'umkins. Albumazar, Act v. sc. 9.

Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xiv. .lordship, who have not only an inborn but an hereditary

loyalty.--Dryden. All for Love, Ded. With rain his robe and heavy mantle flow

Antonius happened to be seized at that very time, with a And lazy mists are low'ring on his brow : fit of the gout, or pretended, at least to be so, that he might

What things soe'er are to an end referr'i, Still as he swept along, with his clinch'd fist, have no share in the destruction of an old friend (Catiline :)

And in their motions still that end regard,
He squeez'd the clouds; th’imprison'd clouds resist. so that the command fell of course to a much better soldier

Always the fitness of the means respect,
Dryden. Ovid. Metam. The Giant's War. and honester man, Petreius.

These as conducive choose and those reject,
Q. The Lord Thanet having no stick, what assault did he

Middleton. The Life of Cicero, vol. i. 8. 3. Must by a judgment, foreign and unknown,

Be guided to their end or by their own. make upon you? More near from out the Cæsar's palace came

Blackmore. Creation, b. i. A. With his fisi, in this way, he shoved me down as I

The owl's long cry, and interruptedly was going forward-he shoved me back.

Of distant sentinels the fitful song

Sowing the sandy gravelly land in Devonshire and Corn.
Erskine. Speech. Trial of Earl of Thanel.
Began and died upon the gentle wind.

wall with French furze seed, they reckon a great improver

of their land, and a filler of it for corn, Mortimer. Hush. It is lucky for the women, that the seat of the fisty-cuff

Byron. Manfred, Act iii. sc. 4. war is not the same with them as among men.

Every year he applied for fresh Parliamentary supplies, Fielding. Tom Jones, b. iv. c. 8.

FIT, v. Kilian says,–Vitten.(Fland.) he fitted out squadrons; and took six thousand Danes ino

Fit, adj. Convenire, quadrare, et accom- British pay, for the same useful purposes, which some years FI'STULA. Lat. Fistula, quasi puonala, Fi'tly.

modare ; and this Junius would before, had occasioned the hiring of twelve thousand Bles. FISTULARY. a puo a-elv, flatu distend-ere, to

Fi'TMENT. FISTULATE. stretch out or distend by blow

derive from Vits, frequens, ci sians.-Chesterfield. Memoirs, s. 4. Fitness. tus, agilis. (See Fır.) Skinner,

I mean the charters (i. e. formal recognition by the soveFi'sTULOUS.


more reasonably, from the Fr. reign power) of King John and King llenry the Third, ele to

things secured by these instruments may, without any tits

Fitter. A pipe of reeds, or other things having the

Fait, factum, q. d. factum, ceitful ambiguity, be very fitly called the chartered rigtits

FITTINGLY. bollowness of a pipe.

i.e. aptum ad hoc. And thus of men.-Burke. On Mr. Por's East India Bill.

FITTINGNESS. the Fr. Faictis is, neat, feat, He who studies them (works of Nature) is continually It is not the fistula, where against thou hast geuen cau-comely, handsome, proper, well made, well featured, delighted with new and wonderful discoveries; and yes is terie.-Golden Buke, c. 43.

well set-together, (Cotgrave.) Will it do? Will never perplexed by their multiplicity, because order, proMoreover you shall not see a part of the bodie but it is it fit? Will it suit ? are equivalent expressions.

portion, and fitness, prevail through the whole system. subject to the fistulas, which creep inwardly and hollow as

Beatlie. Moral Science, pt. i. c. I. 8. 9. To make or match, to suit; to adapt, to accomthey go.-Holland. Plinie, b. xxvi. c. 14.

And thus I modate, to adjust, to conform. On th' other part; Apollo, in his friend

Still on thy shores, fair Leman! may find rnum To fit out,—to provide or furnish with things fit And food for meditation, nor pass by Form'u th' art of wisedome ; to the binding end Of his vow'd friendship; and (for further meede) or suitable.

Much, that may give us pause, if ponder d Allingly. Gaue him the l'arr heard fistularie reede.

Byron, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, c. 3.
That done, we had then time to view our prize, which we
Chapman. Homer. A Hymne to Hermes.
found of great defence, and a notable strong ship, almost

FITCH Fr. Vesse; It. Vezza, recria ; As for the flesh of the polype, it is to see to, fistulous and two hundred tun in burden, very well appointed, and in all Fetch, or Lat. Vicia, which Varro derives spongevus, like unto hony.combs.-Holland. Plut. p. 827. things fitted for a man of warre.

Vetch. vinciendo, because it has claspers It (the topaze) is found beyond the farthest parts of India,

Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 200.

like a vine, (De Re Rustica, i. 31.) among the inhabitants of the mountaine Caucasus, to wit, Nothyng fayre apeared thys stones vnto thys worlde, when the Phicarians and Asdates; they grow into a very great they that were hewen, squared, and made fyt foundation,

For he treadeth not the fytches out with a wayno, nether bignesse ; but the same is fistulous and full of filth. by the manyfold persecutions of tyrauntes.

bryngeth he the cart here and there ouer the comin, but he Id. Plinie, b. xxxvii. c. 8.

Bale. Image, pt. iii.

thresseth the fitches oute with a flayle and the comyn with The beginnings or first stamina in animals are their tubes, Such are not fit for Cupid's campe,

a rod.--Bible, 1551. Isaye, c. 28. pipes or ducts, fistulated or hollowed. to circulate the blood they ought no wages win, and juices.- The Student, vol. ii. p. 379. Which faint before the clange of trump

FI'TCHAT.. Dut. Visse, fisse, ritsche ; Fr. or battel's broyle begin.

Fi'tchew. | Fissau. A fitch or fulmart, SkinFIT, n. } An ague coming by Fittes ; febris

Turbervile. Lovers ought to shunne, &c. ner says, the fætid ferret, perhaps from Lat. FITFUL. ) per intervalla recurrens.

It seems to be from the Dut. Vits, signifying swift, quick,

Hir neck of so good sise, hir plume of colour white,

Fatere or putere, to stink. Lye,- from fiest, Fr. Hir legs and fete so finely made, thou seldom seene in

Vessir, which Cotgrave says is to fuste, to let a (Jumius.) Perhaps, says Skinner, so called, quasi sight.

fyste. It. Vessare; Dut. Viisten ; Lat. Visire, which fights, for they are conflicts and struggles of na- Eche part so filly pight as none mought chaunge his place, Vossius thinks may be formed from the sound, or ture. It is not improbably the Fr. Fait ; Lat.

Nor any bird could lightly haue so good and braue a grace be from the Gr. Hoensis, (ejecto 6.) from Sberiw,

Id. The Complaint. Factum, done. See Tooke, pt. ii. c. 2.

flatum ventris silentio emittere. See To FiZZLE. Dr. Percy remarks, that, “ Our ancient ballads

And lastly came cold February, sitting
In an old waggon, for he could not ride,

If I may descend to a lower gaine, what pleasure is it and metrical romances being divided into several

Drawn hy two fishes for the season fitling,

sometimes with gins to betray the very vermin of the earih! parts, for the convenience of singing them at pub- Which through the flood before did softly slyde

as namely, the fitchel, the rulimart, the ferret, the pole-cat, lick entertainments, were in the intervals of the And swim away.-Spenser. F. Queene. Of A utabililie.

the moldvarp, and the like creatures that live upon the face

and within the bowels of the earth. Fallon. Angler, pr. i.c.b. feast sung by fits or intermissions.” A fit is

Then Paridel, in whom a kindly pride 1. A fact, feat, or performance; and thus ?p- of gracious speech and skill his words to frame

FI'TCHING, i. e. Fixing. Nisi videro in maplied (as an act in a play) to parts or portions of

Abounded, being glad of so fitte tide,

nibus ejus fixuram clavorum. Fr. Ficheur, a a son: or poem, of music or dancing. And see

Him to commend to her, thus spake, of al well eide.

Id. Ib. b. iii. c. 9.

fixing. Steevens on Troil. f Cress. Act iii. sc. I. 2. A fact or feat, an act, affect, or effect; and To her I sing of loue, that loueth best,

And he seide to hem but I se in hise hondis the fichung And best is loued of all aliue I weene;

of the nailis, and putte my fyngir into the place of the nalis, thus applied to particular acts or effects; to vio- To her this song most filly is addrest,

and put myn hond into hise side I schal not bileue. lent and sudden affections, to paroxysms of temThe Queen of Loue, and Prince of Peace from heaven

liclif. Jon, c. 20. blest. perature or distemperature of mind or body.

Id. l6. b. iv. c. 1.

FITTERS. To beat or cut into fitlers (savs And in those cares so colde I force myself a heate,

Let Aristotle, and others have their dues; but if we can Skinner) frustulatim, seu minutatim concidere, As sicke men in their shaking fittes procure themselfe to

make farther discoveries of truth and fitnesse then they, why comminuere, from the it. Fetta, a small segment.

are we envied ?-Ben Jonson. Discoveries. sweate.---Surrey. The Faithful Louer declarelh g.

from the verb fendere, Lat. Findere, to cleave.

Post. I am, sir,
Sainges there be, and sawes there be
The souldier that did company these three

If you strike or pierce a solid hody, that is brittle, as glass,
to cure thy greedie care :
To master thyne assaltynge fyttes,
In poore beseeming : 'twas a Átment for

or sugar, it breaketh not only where the immediate force is, The purpose I then follow'd.

but breaketh all about in shivers and filles. to purchase thy welfare. Drank. Horace. Epistle to Mecenas. Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act v. sc. 5.

Bacon. Naturall Historie, C. 1. s. 11. What wold ye doe with my harpe, he sayd, There is not an ampler testimony of Providence then the

Sul. Where's the Frenchman ! if I did sell it yee? structure of man's body :-the safeness of the fabrick of the

Ja. He's all to fillers, To play my wife and me a filt, eyes :--their exquisite fittedness to their use, &c.

Bcaum. & Fletch. Custom of the Country, Act iii. sc. 3. H. More. Antid. against Atheism, b. ii. c. 12. Contents. When a bed together wee bee.

None of your pieced-companions, your pird-gallants, Percy. Reliques, vol. i. King Eslmere. (Solitude and emptinesse) which being abstracted terms

That flie to fitters, with every flaw of weather. He, sitting me beside in that same shade, (as the schools call them) do very fittingly agree with the

Id. The Pilgrim, Act i. sc. I. Provok'd me to plaie some pleasant fil;

notion we have put upon this symbolicai eartn, affirming it But so brittle withall, that if it claunced to fall upon And when he heard the musicke that he made

no real actual subject, either spiritual or corporeal, that may thing harder than itself it would break into fitters like glass, He found himself full greatly pleas'd at it.

be said to be void and empty ; but to be vacuity and empti. (riiri modo frayilem.)--Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 12. Spenser. Colin Clout's come Home again. nesse it self, onely joined with a capacity of being something.

Id. Defence of the Philosophic Cabbala, c. 1.

Other (gallies) being taken up with certain engines fanHis seruants fear his solemn fitles,

tened within, one contrary from the other, made them turn When if they ought did say,

He that sees all men almost to be Christians, because they in the air like a whirlegig, and so cast them upon the roeko He either answers not at all,

are bid to be so, need not question the fillingnesse of god by the town walls, and splitted them all to ellers, in the Or quite another way net. Albion's England, b. i. c. 2.

fathers promising in behalf of the children for whom they great spoil and murther of the persons that were within answer - Bp. Taylor, Great Exemplar. po 1, Dese. 6 them.-- Norik. Piutai ch, p. 261.


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FITTON, i. e. Fition, (q.v)

And when our hearts are once stript naked, and carefully! I do not see nor by any sense perceive the quiet, und/s

searcht, let our eyes be ever fixedly bent upon their convey- turbed air; yet because I do see that a bladder, that was l'hese thinges considered, I doubte not, but of your cour- ances and inclinations.--Bp. Hall. The Great Impostor. before faccid, doth swell by the reception of that which I see tesse, and ye wil take back your Ältons vnto yourself.

not, I do as truely and certainly conclude that there is such Jewell. Defence, p. 180. How unexampled a favour is this, who ever but Hezekiah a subtil body which we cail air, as if I could see it as plaid

knew his period so long before? the firednesse of his terme, as I see the water.-Hale. Origin. of Mankind, p. 10. The title of Paul the Fift to the chaire of Peter in the law. is no less mercie than the protraction. fulnesse of his election, is diversely reported; hath hee

Id. Cont. Hezekiah & Sennacherib. He (Solomon) grew not into utter prophaneness of spirit, therefore no true claime to his seate ? But who ever placed

to cast off all. Nor did David, his father, whilst yet his Grigorie's pond in Sicily! This is one of the fillons of his

There are or may be some corporeal things in the compass mouth was shut up to holy discourse; and his wonied for Filz-Simmons.

of the universe that may possibly be of such a firedness, sta- vent desires to turn others to Gud, grew Huccid, and were Bp. Hall. The Honour of the Married Clergy, b. iii. s.2. bility and permanent nature, that may sustain an external cooled in him.--Goodwin. Works, vol. ii. pt. iv. p. 330.

existence, at least dependently upon the supreme cause. He doth feed you with fillons.

Hale. Origin. of Mankind, c. 3. 3. 1. The external air, being permitted to flow back into the B. Jonson. Cynthia's Revels, Act i. sc. 1.

receiver, repulsed the air that had filled the bladder into its

We may likewise without setting our thoughts to work former narrow receptacle, and brought the bladder to be
FIVE. Goth. Fimf; A.S. Fif; Dut. Viif; upon temporall goods in hope to make our happynes by the again faccid and wrinkled as before.
The etymologists are

fiture of them, wel derive great utility froni them, by the
Ger. Funf; Sw. Fem.

Boyle. Works, vol i. p. 20. infusion of some of their virtue, making thereof remedyes content with the Gr. Neyte. Without doubt, for the necessityes of our neighbours.

The viscidity of the juices and the flaccidity of the fibres, says Wachter, from marta, because five fingers are

Mountague. Devoute Essayes, pt. i. Treat. 6. s. 2. would, in a great measure, and to some very tolerable

degree, by proper remedies and a due regimen, be removed. all. And I presume to have cast the other sect by these two

Cheyne. On Health, c. 7.
Five is frequently prefixed.

evidences brought against it, viz. the unfaithfullnesse of all
material goods, in point of duration and fixure, and the

Which will render them feeble like a strained sinew, or
These frue kynges were tho, ac bute on now ther hys. ficklenesse even of our own affections, in the esteeme of such faccid like a paralytic muscle.
R. Gloucester, p. 6. fruitions.-Id. Ib. pt. i. Treat, 6. s. 3.

Searck. Light of Nature, vol. ii. pt. ii. c. 21.
They have all many wines, and the Lords fine-fould to the She in the midst began with sober grace;

FLACKET. A. S. Flaxa; Dut. Flesche ; Ger. common sort.-Hackluyt. Voyages, vol. iii. p. 660.

Her servant's eyes were fix'd upon her face,

Flasche. See Flask, and Flagon.

And, as she mov'd or turn'd, her motions view'd,
And now he feasts them whom he formerly threatened ;
Her measures kept, and step by step pursued.

And Isai toke an asse laden with breade, & a Hackat of and turns their feare into wonder; all unequal love is not

Dryden. The Flower and the Leaf. wine, and a kydde, and sent them by Dauid his sonue vnto partial; all the brethren are entertained bountifully, but

Saule.-Bible, 1551. I Samuel, c. 16.
Benjamin hath a fire-fuld portion.

My thoughts at present are fix'd on Homer: and by my
Bp. Hall. Cont. Of Joseph. translation of the first Iliad, I find him a poet more accord- FLAG, v. A. S. Fleng-an, rolare, to fly;

ing to my genius than Virgil, and consequently hope I may
Fire- leared flowers are commonly disposed circularly

Flag, n. Dut. Vlagg-eren, volitare, and condo him more justice, in his fiery way of writing. about the stylus.--Brown. Cyrus' Gurden, c. 3.

Id. Prose Works, vol. i. Let. 36. October, 1690.

Fla'GGY. sequentially, flaccere, lazari, to fly

or float about, to hang floating, loose, (sc.) in the As for cinque foile or fire-lenred grasse, there is not one From this account of the causes or requisites of frily, may but knoweth it: so common it is, and commendable besides be deduced the following means of giving or adding fication

wind. for the strawberries which it beareth.

to a body, that was before either volatile, or less fired. To flacke (in Gower)—to move to and fro, (to Holland. Plinie, b. XXV. c. 9.

Boyle. Works, vol. iv. p. 307. flicker.)
O check the foamy bit, nor tempt thy fate,

But who settled that course of nature? If we ascend not Flag, the plant, so called, because on account
Think on the murders of a fire-bar gate!

to the original cause, the fixation of that course is as admi- of the slenderness of its leaves it is moved by any Giry. The Birth of the Squire. rable and unaccountable; if we do, a departure from it is as wind. 1:1 woods and fields their glory they complete, easy.--Howe. Funeral Sermon on Dr. W. Bates.

Flag (of a ship, &c.)—because it flies in the
There Master Betty leaps a five-barr'd gate.

My religion is the Roman Catholic religion, in it I have wind.
Young. On Women, Sat. 5.
lived above forty years, in it I now die; and so fivedly die,

To flag, (consequentially,) from the loose or
FIX, v.

that if all the good things in this world were offered me to Fixable. Fr. Ficher ; It. Ficcare, figg- renounce it, all should not move me one hair's breadth from floating position of a flag, unless impelled by the

wind, (see Skinner and Junius.)
Fixa'tion. ere; Sp. Fixar; Lat. Fig - ere, my Roman Catholic faith.

State Trials, an. 1679. David Lewis. To hang loose, and drooping, to droop, to be or
fixum, to fasten. See AFFIX.
Having given such proofs of the fixedness of its parts, as

become flaccid, lax, languid or faint, weak or
To fasten, join or unite closely,

to have long endured the violence even of a glass-house fire, feeble.
inseparably; to connect or bind;
we can scarce imagine a body more unlikely to have any

Flekes, in R. Brunne, flags, twigs, (Hearne,)
to put or place, set or stick fast
motion amongst its component particles.

or firmly, immovably; to settle

Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 454.

Botes and barges ilkon, with flekes mak tham tighte.
So much do the firidity and volatility of bodies depend

R. Brunne, p. 321. upon texture.--Id. Ib. vol. iii. p. 78.

Hir cold breste began to heate,
And whanne the former part was ficchid it dwellide un-
mouable.-Wiclif. Dedis, c. 37.

I think I have brought a great many parts of crude gold Her herte also to flacke and beate.-Gower. Con. A. b. vii.
to assume a mercurial form, and to cover over in that form

With hote alarmes I comforted my men,
Ne, nyther our spirites ascentioun,
by distillation (whatever divers learned men think of the

In formost ranke I stoode before the rest,
Ne our interes that lien al fix adoun,

insuperable fixity of gold. )--Id. Ib. vol. i. p. 634.
Mown in our werking nothing us availle.

And shooke my fagge, not all to shew my force,
It was not night-it was not day,

But that thou mightst thereby perceiue my minde.
Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16,247.
It was not even dungeon-light,

Gascoigne. Dan Bartholomew of Bathe.
Do that there be firacion,

So hateful to iny heavy sight,
With temperate hetes of fyre. Gower. Con. A. b. iv. But vacancy absorbing space,

But when my Muse, whose fethers, nothing flitt,
And fixedness--without a place.

Doe yet but flagg and lowly learn to fly,
Of a trouthe, if the fainers be fathers, and the mothers

Byron. The Prisoner of Chillon, ix. With bolder wing shall dare alofte to sty
mothers : as soone as the Goddes haue geuen theim a

To the last praises of this Faery Queene; daughter, forthwith they ought to fix in theyr hertes a new In short, all the Franks who are fixtures, and most of the Then shall it make most famous memory remembrance, and not forgeat it tyll they haue prouided | English, Germans, Danes, &c., of passage, came over by de- Of thine heroicke parts, such as they beene. theyr doughtre an housebande.--Goiden Boke, c. 38. grees to their opinion, on much ihe same grounds that a

Spenser. To the Earl of Essex.
Aufid. We hate alike :

Turk in England would condemn the nation by wholesale,
Not Affricke ownes a serpent I abhorre
because he was wronged by his lacquey and overcharged by

Not that thy Muse wants wing
his washer-woman.-Id. Childe Harold, notes to c. 2.

To soar a loftier pitch, for she hath made
More then thy fame and envy: fix thy foot.

A noble flight, and plac'd th' heroic shade
Alar. Let the first budger dye the others slaue,

FIZZ. 1 Or to Fiest, as Junius ; to Feist, as Above the reach of our faint, flagging rhime.
And the Gods doome him alter.
Shakespeare. Coriolanus, Act i. sc. 8.
Fi'zzle. ) Skinner; or to Fyste, as Cotgrave

Carew. To Aurelian Townsend. writes it. See Firchar, and Fesk.

For if the words be but becoming, and signifying, and the
I'le be at thy elbows.
It makes vs, or it marrs vs, thinke ou that,

It is the easiest thing, sir, to be done :

sense gentle, there is juyce : but where that wanteth, the And fixe most firin thy resolution.

language is thinne, flagging, poore, starv'd ; scarce covering As plaine as fizzling; rowle but wi' your eyes

the bone, and shewes like stones in a sack.
Id. Othello, Act v. sc. 1. And foame at th' mouth,
This act
B. Jonson. The Divell is an Asse, Act v. sc. 3.

B. Jonson. Discoveries.
Shall bruise the head of Satan, crush his strength,

Hee (Scipio) was not far from thence, when there xet him Defeating Sin and Death, his two maine armes,

FLA'BBY. Probably Flappy. See Flap. a ship of the Carthaginians, garnished with infules, ribbanus, And fic farre deeper in his head their stings,

If a man not very fat sits resting his leg carelessly upon a

and white flags of peace, and beset with branches of olive; Than tanporal death sha!l bruise the victor's heel, stool his calf will hang flabby like the handkerchief in your

wherin were ten oratours embarked, the best men of the Or thers whom it redeems.-Millon. Par. Lost, b. xii.

citie, sent by the advice and motion of Anniball to cravo pocket, let him stand upright with a burthen upon his Since they cannot then stay what is transitory, let them

shoulders as much as he can well bear, and you will find his peace.-Holland. Livius, p, 765.

calves hardened into very bones. attend to arrest that which is firable, which is a good degree

As swifte as swallowes on the waues they went of peaceable acquiescence of spirit, in all transitory events.

Search. Light of Nature, vol. ii. pt. ii. c. 21.

That their brode faggy finnes no foame did reare
Mountague. Deroule Essayes, pt. i. Treat. 9. s. 2.
One reason of the difference may be, that animal bodies

Ne bubling rowndell they behind them sent,
So that there are three causes of fixation: the even spread-
are, in a great measure, made up of soft, and flabby, sub-

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 4. ing both of the spirits, and tangible parts; the closeness of the

stances, such as muscles and membranes.
Paley. Natural Theology, c. 9.

His fluggy winges, when forth he did display,
tangible parts; and the jejunenesse, or extreme comminu.

Were like two sayles, in which the hollow wynd tion of spirits.- Bacon. Naturall Historie, s. 799.

FLACCID. Lat. Flaccidus, from Flaccere.

Is gathered full, and worketh speedy way.
For two
Flacci'dity. ) The origin, says Vossius, is the

Id. Ib. b. i. o. 11
O our inferiour works are at fixation.
A third is in ascension.
Gr. Bazkia, (h. e.) mollities, softness.

Plantaines that haue a broad flaggie leafe growing la
P. Jonson. The Alchymist, Act iL sc. 3. Soft, loose, faint, relaxed, (lax, see Letter F.)

clusters and shaped like cucumbers.

Purchas. Pilgrimage, b. vi. c. i VOL. I.



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Bentley, Ser. i. beat.

} the
bay ways that the surface of watairs

, and the subversion de terre depinded on a change

Whence spring those flowing rays of light
That plerce through War's obscurer night?

ipsum, omniaque ea quæ mollitie ac libidine com- See! in this glad farewell he doth appear
Or does the suppliant fiag display
mitterentur, (Vossius.)

Stuck with the constellations of his sphere,

Fearing, we-bumb'd-fear'd no flagration,
Its chearful beams of white ?

Ardently lustful, libidinous; shamefully pro- Hath curled all his fires in this one one ;
Yalden. On the Conquest of Namur. fligate, atrociously wicked.

Which (as they guard his hallowed chaste urn)

The dull approaching heretics do burn. Already batter'd by his lee they lay,

Ile beynge blynded with the ambicious desyre of tule be- Lorclace. On Fletcher's Cumedy of the Wild Goose Chat. In vain upon the passing winds they call :

fore rilis, in obieynin: the kyngdome, had perpetrate and The passing winds through their tom canvass play

Creatures that could vex, but not make you angry, such done many fongicious actes and detestable tyrannies. And fugging sails on heartless sailors fall.

Ilall. Rich. III. an. 3.

mean instruments of iniquity that the wickedness was dis. Dryden. Annus Mirabilis.

paraged by their managing it, and the flagrancy and dan

These were artificers, which wicked men make use of, to gerous consequence of what was doing was hidden by the The wounded bird, ere yet she breath'd her last, deter the best of men from punishing tyrants, and flagitious

inconsiderableness of the agents.-Steel's Apology, Pref. With fagging wings alighted on the mast;

persons.-Milton. A Defence of the People of England. Jesus had, as they conceived, committed a flagrant act of A moment hung, and spread her pinions there,

injustice, in assaulting the persons of men, who were under Then sudden dropt, and left her life in air.

If Amasa were now, in the act of loyalty, justly (on God's

the protection of the state ; and they call upon him only for Popc. Homer. Iliad, b. xxii. part) payd for the arerages of his late revellion, yet that it

a sign, since he did these things.-Hurd. A Discourse on
should be done by thy hand, then and thus, it was flagi-
That basking in the sun thy bees may lie,

Christ driving the Buyers and Sellers out of the Temple.
hously cruel.–Bp. Hall. Cont. Shebea's Rebellio.
And resting there, their flaggy pinions dry:
When, late returning home, the laden host

This Age

The mysteries of Bacchus were well chosen for an ex. By raging winds is wreck'd upon the coast.

of a most flagitious note degenerates

ample of corrupted rites, and of the mischiefs they produced;
Dryden. Virgil. Georgics, b. iv.
From the found virtue of our ancestora,

for they were early and flagrantly corrupted.

Warburton. The Divine Legation, b. ii. s. 4.
And leaves but few examples for their excellence.
Thus Reputation is a spur to Wit,

Rowe. The Ambitious Step-mother, Act ii. FLAIL. Fr. Flayau, fléau. Lacombe has,
And some wits flag through fear of losing it.

Cowper. Table Talk. The whole verse hath apparently twn propositions: the Flaeller, battre avec un fléau." Roquefort has

one denoting the folly of Atheism. The fool hath said in his both the verb Flaeller, and noun flael. Dut. Veghel; The notion that peace would hush up all our dangers had heart, there is no God: the

second declaring the Corruption Ger. Flegel ; from the Lat. Flagellare, to whip, to Induced us to give up to Holland the honour of the flag; and Flagitiousness of Life which naturally attend it. which though, perhaps, of itself of uo essential importance, kept up the pride and spirit of the service, and has been

A beating or threshing tool. maintained by us for a century and a half.

In short they were all of the same stamp and character; Windham. Speech. Definilive Treaty, May 13, 1802.

men whom disappointments, ruined fortunes and flagitious Tho were faitours afered. and flowen to Peerses bernes

lives, had prepared for any design against the state ; and all And flapten on whit fiailes, fro morwe til evene. FLAG.

Piers Plouhman, p. 137, FLAG-STONE.

of of republic. earth, which to

Beholde I wyll make the a treadynge carte and a newo

Middleton. The Life of Cicero, 8. 3. fayle, that thou maiest threshe and grynde the mountaynes burn, the upper turf; and Mr. Moore, that the

It exhibits to him a life thrown away on vanities and

and bring the hylles to poulder.-Bible, 1551. Esaye, c. 41. portion of clover land turned at once by the follies, or consumed in flagitiousness and sin; no station But, when as he would to a snake againc plough, is called flag. Woodward, in the passage properly supported; no material duties fulfilled.

Haue turn'd himselfe, he with his iron flaile quoted from him, tells us that flags of stone are no

Blair, vol. i. Ser. 2. Gan driue at him, with so huge might and maine, other than strata : whence the origin of the word

That all his bones as small as sandy graile FLAGON. Fr. Flacon, flascon ; It. Fiasco ; He broke. appears to be the A. S. Fle-an; Dut. Vlaegh-en,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. v. c. 9. deglubere, to fiay: to strip off, to separate or divide Sp. Flasco;, Dut. Flesche ; Ger. Flasche; A. s.

Where Policy is busied all night long into flakes. See Flake.

Flare, a flask, (qv.) In Low Lat. Flasca. Hesy- In setting right what Faction has set wrong;
chius has $ACTkw, a species of cup. Vossius,

Where fails of oratory thrash the floor,
Flag-stone will not split, as siate does, being found formed (de Vitiis,) thinks all are from the Ger. Flasche;

That yields them chair and dust, and nothing more. into flags, or thrin plates, which are no other than so many

Couper. Expostulation. not noticing the existence of the A. S. Flaxe; strata.- Woodward. On Fossils.

A husbandman, or a gardener, will do more execution by but the meaning of the word and the cause of the being able to carry his scythe, his rake, or his flaile, with FLAGELLE, v. Fr. Flage'ler ; It. Fla- application are still wanting.

sufficient despatch through a sufficient space, then if, with FLAGELLA'TION. gellare; Lat. Flagellare, to Cotgrave calls the “ Fr. Flacon,-a great lea. greater strength his motions were proportionably more conFla'GELLANTS.

fined and slow.--Paley. Natural Theology, c. 9. whip or scourse.

The|thern bottle.”
Flagellators (who are also called Flagellants) were

Agayne, that theyr Aagons, theyr pottes, their vessels of

Fr. noun Floquet; It. Fivcco. sectaries and leretics, says Du Cange, about the brasse, their stooles, their beddes, and theyr other stuffe

Flake, n. The It. verb Fioccare; Dut. year 1261. Cockeram has the verlı, to flagellate, which was daily occupied, should be ofte washed.


Vlocken, is, ningere, to snow. To whip, to scourge, to lash. See DisCIPLINE.

Udal. Matthew, c. 15. The Ger. Flock, Wachter says, is pars avulsa

That is trewe, quod Roberte of Tulles, ye nede nat doute lanæ, nivis, &c., and he refers to the verb, plucken, Hrs legates are so furious and ragynye mad, that a man therin, nor haue no suspiciousnesse, for as yet there is of pflucken, carpere, vellere, to pluck, pull, or tear wond thinke, as they steppe forewartes, that Sathan wer the same yne in the fiagons, wherof we wyll drinke and away. Somner has Flacea, foccini, flocci nivis sent from the face of God 10 fiagelle the church.

assaye before you.-Berners. Froissarl. Cron. vol. ii. c. 187. Bale. English l'olaries, pt. ii.

flakes of snow or such like. Junius seems inclined

Bring forth your flaggins (fill'd with sparkling wine) He underwent those previous pains which customarily

to refer to the Dut. Vliegen, to fly. Skinner de.

Whereon swoln Bacchus, crowned with a vine, antecede that sutlering, as flagellation, and bearing of the

cides from the Lat. Floccus; Ihre, Flage, pars Is graven.

Drayton. The Sacrifice to Apollo. cross.--Pearson. On the Creed, Art. 4.

avulsa. Snoefiage, flocculus nivis, and he derives

I thirsty stand, This labour past, by Bridewell all descend,

from Flaecka, dividere, partiri, to divide or sepa

And see the double flaggon charge their hand, (As morning prayer, and flagellation end)

See them pust off the froth, and gulp amain,

rate: and this leads us to the Dut. Vlaeg-hen ; To where Fleet ditch with disemboguing streams While with dry tongue I lick my lips in vain.

A. S. Fle-an, (fle-ig-an,) to flay, to strip off

, and Rolls the large tribute of dead dogs to Thames.

Gay. Trivia, b. ii. thus to separate or divide, (sc.) into flakes or
Pope. The Dunciad, b. ii.
For with flame-darting eyes,

flags. See Flag-stONE.
And these modern flagellants are sure, with a rigid fide- Around it roll a thousand sleepless dragons;
lity, to whip their own enorinities on the vicarious back of
While from their diamond fingons

To part, separate or divide; to form into flakes every small offender. --Burke. On the Nabob of Arcot's Debts. The feasting Gods exhaustless nectar sip.

or flags, or separate parts or portions: generally History makes us acquainted with many curious instances

Jones. À Hymn to Indra. applied to such as are broad, thin and flat. in the heathen world, where the images of the Deities wor- FLAGRANT. Fr. Flagrant; It. and Sp.

As flakes fallen in great snowes. shipped have been very roughly treated, and even suffered

FLAGRANCE. public flagellation, for not having averted the calamities,

Flagrante ; Lat. Flagrans,

Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. which had been deprecated.

FLAGRANCY. from flagrare, to burn; and

My morning minde which dwelt and dyed in dole,
Cogan. On the Passions, vol. i. c. 1. s. 3. FLAGRANTLY. this from flare, to blow; in-

Saught company for solace of the same:

My cares were cold, and craued comforts coale, FLAGEOLET. Fr. Flageolet, which Menage

FLAGRA’TION. cendium, quod fiatu alitur. To warme my will with flakes of friendly flame.

Flaming, ardent, burning, fiery; applied to derives from the Lat. Flare, to blow. Cotgrave any glaring crime or offence,-shameless or noto

Gascoigne. A Louer often warned. calls it a pipe, whistle, flute.

Then can he term his dirty ill-fac'd bride rious.

Lady and queen and virgin deify'd:

Be she all sooty black, or berry brown,
First he that led the cavalcate
Wore a sow-gelder's flagellale,

As lovers of chastity, and sanctimony, and haters of un- She's white as inarrow's milk, or flakes new blown.

cleannesse they bring to him a woman taken in the flagrance On which he blew as strong a levet

of her adultery. As well-fee'd lawyer on his brev'ate.---Hudibras, pt.ii.c.2.

Bp. Hall. Cont. The Woman laken in Adulterie.

The Egyptian paper (of which ours made of rags hath still

the name was made of a sedgie reed, growing in the ma. And there wanted no variety, for Banister, besides playing on the violin, did wonders on the flagenler to a thro' base,

Lust causeth a flagrancy in the eyes.

rishes of Ewypt, called Papyrus, which easily diuides it selse and several other masters likewise played solos.- Dr.Burney.

Bacun. Naturall Historie, s. 722.

into thinne fiakes; these layd on a table, and moistned with

the glutinous water of Nilus were prest together and dried From Alr. North's Manuscript Memoirs of Musick.

Cæsar's was not a smothered, but a flagrant, ambition, in the cunne.-- Purchas. Pilgrimaye, b. vi. c. 5. 8. 2.

kindling first by nature, and blown by necessity. FLAGI'TIOUS. Lat. Flagitium, from fia

Reliquia Wottonianæ, p. 242.

Afterwards, being reduced into bars and gads when it is Flag'TIOUSLY. gilare, to demand or require

red not, it (steele) is spungeous and brittle, apt to breake or FLAGITIOUSNESS. eagerly, idque cum clamore,

And o let the sense of these my present indispositions resolve in flakes.Holland. Plinie, b. xxxiv. c. 4.

cause me more vehemently to long after that free and blessed att convitija : hence, flagitii, and flagitandi, were

Some part of the sperma-ceti found on the shore was purg state, wherein, with fixt and steady thoughts, with flugraal words which signified-ardentem amatoriam solici. love, anul intre devotion of soul. I shall for ever worship, oy!, needing good preparation, and frequent expression la

and needed little depuration; a great part mixed with fetid tationem ad stuprum; then applied--ad stuprum praise, and glorify thy name

bring it to a faky consistency. Scull. The Christian Life, pt. i. c. 5.

Brown. Vulgar Erreurs, b. iii. c. 26 80%

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Bp. Hall, b i. Sat. 7.

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