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GASTRICK From the Gr. Taotup, the belly. or pick out; to contract, to accumulate ; to get, Secondly, persons by, 1. going about a patent-gathere to acquire.
or gatherers of alms under pretence of loss by fire, or oth The gastric juice, or the liquor which digests the food in
casualty-Fielding. On the Increase of Robbers, &c. the stomachs of animals, is of this class.
Of all menstrua,
Tho wende the quene forth to Cornewail a non,
The word which here, and in other parts of this san
R. Gloucester, p. 26.
book, is very properly rendered in our English Bibles i
"the Preacher," differs not in a single letter from that piur GATE. Goth. Gagg; A.S. Gata, gæt; Now rises Eilrid, & gadres oste stark
word which in the promises to Jacob the Seventy bare ie GATED. from Goth. Gaggan; A. S. & chaces Kyng Knoute in tille Denmark.
dered by--the gatherings.-Horsley, vol. ij. Ser. 26. GATE-HOSE. Gangan, gan, ire, to go: the
R. Brunne, p. 45.
GAT-TOOTHED. Whether we read que way gaed, gane or gone ; that through which or
And yf glotenye greve poverte. he gadereth the lesse. along which, itur, it is gaed, gade, gate.
Piers Plouhman, p. 266.
tothed with the generality of the MSS., or cat-totho The way gone ; a way, a road, path or passage.
with one MS., or gap-tothed with Urry, Mr. Tyr
And he gaderide togydre alle the princis of prestis and
whitt confesses himself equally unable to expliui
what is meant by this circumstance of description depart. It is also applied toshoulde be boron.-Wiclif. Matthew, c. 2.
Gal-toothed, says Mr. Todd, (in his Glossary to a large door, as the gate of the city; to a door
And he gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the the Illustrations of Gower and Chaucer) is gout into fields.
toothed. Goat (as in the instance from Spenser) is Gatehouse was the name of a prison over the people, & asked thë where Christ shulde be born.
Bible, 1551. 16.
Skinner gate at the north entrance of Dean's-yard, West
But of the gederyngis of monei that ben maad into seyntis had suggested this etymology, but of what Chauce minster. as I ord nyde in the chirchis of Galathie, so also do ghe oo
meant by the word, he professes his ignoranec. dai of the woke. ech of ghou kepe at lıymsilf kepynge that And made kynges foume of bras al holu wythinne, that plesith to him, that whanne I come the gaderingis be
Mr. Todd thinks the meaning clear and pointed Vpe an hors tyde of bras, & that body dude therynne not maad.--Wiclif. I Cor. c. 16.
when we consider the (goatisk) disposition of the And vpe the west gate of Londone sette hit wel hye. R. Gloucester, p. 251.
person to whom the word is applied. Dryden
or the gatherynge for the sainctes, as I haue ordeyned in
Gat-toothed was she, sothely for to say.
Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 470.
ynges when I come.-- Bible, 1551. Ib.
But yet I had alway a coltes toth.
Gat-toothed I was, and that became me wele,
Id. The Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 6185.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2185. And when my gates shall han their bellies laide,
Cuddy shall haue a kidde to store his farme.
Spenser. Shepheard's Calender. October,
Id. The Cokes Tale, v. 4379.
Even the ribaldry of the low characters is different; the the gate.- Piers Plouhman, p. 203. Hate is a wrath, not shewende
Reeve, the Miller, and the Cook, are several men, and dis-
But of long tyme gatherende. Gower. Con. A. b. iii. tinguished from each other, as much as the mincing Lady
Prioress, and the broad-speaking yap-toothed Wife of Bathe.
Dryden. Fables, Pref. For which thing Jesu, that he schulde halewe the peple bi
as I haue before alleaged him, and gatherelh thereof a conhis blood, suffride without the gate.-Wiclif. Ebrewis, c. 13.
clusion that no man can by the father's saiynges proue GAUD. The old etymologists have Therefore Jesus to sanetify the people with his own bloude, Christe to be absente in the holye souppere.
GA'UDED. nothing worth notice. Dr. Jasuffered wythout the gale.--Bible, 1551. Ib.
Bp. Gardner. Explication, fol. 85.
GAUDERY. mieson, following the Glossarist,
Ga'udy. explains the word in the passage
GA'UDISH. quoted below from G. Douglas; And forthe they gone
Fisher. On the Seven Psalmes, Ps. 32.
GA'UDILY. atrick. Tooke produces the sanie
passage in support of his ety-
yng, insomuche that seuen baskettes wer fylled of the mology and explanation. Gew-yaw, he says, is in
A.S. Ge-gaf; the past part. of the verb gegitan; And also that he be right ware,
and means, any such trifling thing as is given uwau. In what maner he ledeth his chare,
Ween you it was for nothing, that wise men forbed you
Gaud (he adds) has the
the rule & gouernance of countries; and that St. Paule bid- or presented to any one.
deih, you shall not speak in congregations and gathering of same meaning, and is the saine word, with the of elephants' tethe were the palace gates
people?-Vives. Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. ii. c.8. Enlosenged with many goodly plates.
omission of the prefix ge, gi, or gew, and is the Skellon. Answereth to Lidgale. And, throwing downe his load out of his hand,
past part. of gif-an; gaved, gaw'd, gavd, gaude. He com to the gateward.
To weet, great store of forrest fruite which hee
May not the but. God-en, gaeyen, to please, to The Geste of King Horn. Ritson, vol. ii. Had for his food late gathered from the tree,
gratify, formed perhaps from an A. S. verb, geThe leaporous distilment; whose effect
Himself unto his weapon he betooke.
eadean, comp. of ge, and ead-ian, ead-igan, which
Spenser, Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 6.
latter Lye interprets, beatificare, be the true That swift as quicksiluer it courses through
Not that faire field
etymology? See the 8vo. ed. of Tooke, and see
also Gay. Gaude is, consequentially The mountains within this tribe are few, and that of Was gathered, which cost Ceres all that pain
A pleasing trifle, a toy, a bawble, a piece of Sampson the chiefest; unto which he carried the gate-post
To seek her through the world.-Milton. Par. Lost, b.iv. finery; any trumpery: and G. Douglas miglit of Gaza.--Ralegh. History of the World, b. ii. c. 10. s. 2. But that that mooued him most, was, that being a king light which himselfe hath given.
He is the author of all that we think or do by virtue of that intend, “By sic ane gaude,” “ by such trumpery.
And therefore the lawes i. e. such trumpery pretences as the command of that loued wealth and treasure, hee could not endure to have
which the very heathens did gather to direct their actions a Deity.” There is nothing corresponding in
God himselfe doth acknowledge to haue proceeded euen from
Quhat God amovit him with sic ane gaude
In his dedis to use sic slicht and fraude.
of their hearts.--Hooker. Ecclesiasticall Politie, b. iii. $ 9.
G. Douglas, b. x. p. 315. In this the task, and mighty labour lies.
Eumenes committed the several cities of hio government, Steevens has remarked on the passage cited Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. vi.
with judges, and gatherers of his tributes; such as pleased still an epithet bestowed on feast-days in the col
to his most trusty friends, and appointed them garrisons below from Antony & Cleopatra, that gaudy" is But his (the king's) messenger being carried to the Earl of Essex, was by him used very roughly, and by the houses
him best, without any interposing of Perdiccas.
Usher. Annals, an. 3681. leges of either University.”
Gaudy (the adjective) is,-fine, showy; osten-
tatiously, gorgeously fine, showy or gay.
By this gaude have I wonnen yere by yere
And, with wet wings, joys all the feather'd train.
An hundred mark, sin I was Pardonere.
Dryden. Annus Mirabilis.
Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12,323.
As to the difficulty of gathering up all the particles of And also thinke wel that this is no gaud.--Id. Troil. b. ii.
human bodies, however dispersed through air, earth, or sea, What childish toys,
and other difficulties with regard to the fluctuation of parts, of small corall aboute hire arm she bare Thy watery columns squirted to the clouds !
and sareness of each body; they can only be difficulties A pair of bedes, gauded all with grene.-Id. Prol. v. 159. Thy bason'd rivers, and imprison'd seas!
with those, who have not properly considered the omnipo-
In gaudy grene hire statue clothed was
With bow in houd, and arwes in a cas.
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2081.
And cuery gawde, that glads the minde of man.
Gascoigne. The Steele Glas. GATHERABLE. To bring or draw into one
ing the mischief, which the indulgence of their passions and GATHERER.
A wonton gyglot maye cal mē to sorowful reprntaunce, place; to collect, to assemble, appetites brings on them, live by the rules of reason and GA'THERING, N.
religion, grow old by degrees, and are gulher cd, like ripe whilst she is yet in her gaudes, and the maystree of the to congregale; also, to select sheaves, into the garner.-Id. vol. ii. Ser. 50.
stewes maye persuade me to chastyte.- Bule. .ipol. fol. 130 1
Purcraticion, hipocrisy, and vaine-glorye, were afore that the daughters, take the inheritance of their father; Skinner thinks from the A. S. Wind-an, to wlod, Ume such vices as men wer glad to hide, but now in their and, if no children, all the brothers, if no brothers, to enfold, to wrap up; (which, with the usual powdishe ceremonies they were taken for God's deuine ser
all the sisters. It is so called, (he adds) quasi, | Anglo-Saxon prefix ge-, would be ge-windan ;) wice.-Bale. Voturies, pt. i.
debitum, seu tributum (A. S. Gafel, or gafol ;), because in the cold northern regions they were And in twenty places mo than there
soboli, pueris, generi; (A. S. Cyn, or kind:) or, accustomed to enfold or wrap up the hands in the Where they make reuell and gaudy chere, With yll the pot fyll, and go fyll me the can,
as (Lambard says) gif cal cyn, i. e. omnibus cog. skins of animals. Here is my penny, and I am a gentylman.
natione proximis datum: given to all the next of A glove or covering for the protection of the The Heyway lo the Spital House.
kin. Somner, from the same gaf-ol, and kind, hand; and (from the custom of throwing one of Our veyld dames
genus, q.d. a tributary kind of land or farm, præ- these by way of challenge) any thing thrown or Commit the warre of white and damaske In there nicely gawded cheekes to th' wanton spoyle
dium vectigale. And of this Skinner approves. proffered in challenge. Of Phobus burning kisses.
Garelkind is a custom anciently observed in Kent, whereby At the seconde course came into the hall Sir Robert De.
if he have no issue of his own. This was so common a cus- that whosoever would saie that Kynge Fichard was not law We do employ the money, which they were forced to ga
tom, as appears by the Statute in the 18th year of Henry VI. fully kynge, he woulde fighte with hym at the vtteraumce, ther for the maintenance of the wars against the barbarous
ch. i., that there were not above thirty or forty persons in and threwe doune his gauntlet; and then al the hal cried people, in guilding, building, and setting forth our city, like
Kent that held by any other tenure : but, Anno 31, Henry Kynge Richard.-Hall. Richard III. an. 2. a glorious woman, all to be gauded with gold and precious
VIII. ch. iii. many gentlemen upon petition got an alterastones.-North. Plutarch, p. 137. tion thereof.--Spelman. On Tythes, p. 164.
Some beat them coats of brasse, or sturdy breastplate hard Got with a toy, gon with a toy ;
they driue, Gifts, flattrie, gaudes, or wine,
The custom of gavelkind in Kent, and some other parts of And some their gauntlets glide, or boots with siluer nesh
contriue. Will make her checke and flie to game
Phaer. Virgill. Æneidos, b. vii.
But threw his gauntlet, as a sacred pledge,
His cause in combat the next day to try :
So ben they parted both, with harta on edge nothing more frequent than to see an ancient ladie wear estate, without any escheat to the lord.
To be aveng'd each on his enimy. colours.--Evelyn. A Character of England.
Blackstone. Commentaries, Introd. s. 3.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 4.
This prince when the day was lost at Tewkesburie, sought
Of uncertain origin. See in to escape thence by flight, but being taken, was brought into
Gauge, n. Menage, the opinions of Rigault, the presence of King Edward, whose resolute answers enraged
GA'UGER. Beaum. & Fletch. The Two Noble Kinsmen, Act i. sc. 2.
Le Duchat, and Caseneuve. part) on the mouth with his gauntlet, and Richard the
the conquerour so much, as he dashed him (an vnprincely They naked went ; or clad in ruder hide,
Fr. Jauge, gauge; the instrument (says Cotgrave) Crookbacke ranne him into the hart with his dagger.
Speed. Henrie VI. b. xi. c. 16. an. 1171
sure a piece of cask. Jaugeur, or gager, or, as Contest, ye brave, the honours of the day; To suite a foole's far-fetched liverie.-Bp. Hall, b. iii. Sat. 1. Rastall writes, gaugeor. Low Lat. Gagga.
That pleas'd th' admiring stranger may proclaim
In distant regions the Phæacian fame;
None wield the gau let with so dire a vay.
Pope. Homer. Odyssey, b. vili
Scarce from his fence his head appear'd in view,
duke aduysed the castel, he
When, wing'd with speed, the vengeful arrow flew : gauged ye depresse of the dyche with a speare.
Swift through his better hand it held its course, And tho' thou seemst like to the bragging bryer,
Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. 1. c. 269.
Nor could the steely gauntlet stop the force. And spreadst thee like the morn-lov'd marygold,
Hoole. Jerusalem Delivered, F. il Yet shall thy sap be shortly dry and seer,
Capys, wyth some of iudgement more discrete,
Will'd it to drown, or vnderset with flame
GAUZE. Fr. Gaze. Du Cange, in v. Gazza
The suspect present of the Grekes deceit.
tum, says, Linum vel sericum subtilissimum, com-
Surrey. Virgile. Æneis, b. ii. monly gazze; perhaps because first introduced
Bas. Well, we shall see your bearing
from Gaza, a city of Palestine. Let's mock the midnight bell.
Gra. Nay but I barre to night, you shall not gage me Brocados, and damasks, and tabbies, and gawses, Shakespeare. Antony & Cleopatra, Act iii. sc. 11. By what we doe to night.
Are by Robert Ballentine lately brought over,
Shakespeare. Merchant of Venice, Act ii. sc. 2. Indeed, what Tully said of the Roman lady, "That she
With forty things more.-Swift. An Excellent New Song. daunced better than became a modest woman," was true of They then sate upon the bill in a committee of the whole
In another case, we see a white, smooth, soft worm, turned God's service as by him adorned, the gardiness prejudicing house, where was added a good clause, that the gager shall into a black, hard, crustaceous beetle with ganze wings. the gravity thereof.-Puller. Worthies. Yorkshire. always leave with the brewer a note of his gage, so that he
Paley. Natural Theology, c. 19.
Marvel. Works, vol. i. p. 315. GAWKY. Gawk, Skinner says, from the
A.S. Gaec, geac, gæc, a cuckoo, all from the sound.
“ Awkward; generally used to signify a tall,
aukward person,” (Grose.) See Jamieson, in Yet cheap druggets to a mode are grown,
An author's principles or parentage.
vv. Gowk, a fool, and Gowk, the cuckoo.
While the great gawky admiration,
Parent of stupid imitation,
Intrinsic, proper worth neglects, Gaudery is a pitiful and a mean thing, not extending far
Burke. Speech at Bristol previous to the Election, 1780.
And copies errours and defects.-Lloyd. Familiar Epistle. ther than the surface of the body.-South, vol. v. Ser. 11. GAUNT. Skinner ;-I believe, q.d. Gewant, GAY.
Fr. Gay; It. Gaio. Minshew Tulips, whilst they are fresh, do indeed by the lustre and from A. S. Gewanian, wanian; and Tooke, gaunt GA'Yery. says, perhaps from Gaudeo ; Skinvividuess of their colours more delight the eye than roses ; but then they do not alone quickly fade, but as soon as they part. of ge-wanian, to wane, to decrease, to fall
is gewaned, gewand, gewant, g'want, gaunt ; the past GA'YLY. ner, from Dut. Gaden, gayen, plahave lost that freshness and gaudiness, that solely endeared
GA'YNESS. cere, convenire, and this, perhaps, them, they degenerate into things not only undesirable, but away.-(Div. of Purley, ii. 68.)
GA'YSOME. from Gaudere, to rejoice. Menage distasteful.-Boyle. Occasionat Reflections, s. 4. Ref. 6. Waned, fallen away, meagre.
writes largely, but to little purpose. L'Estrange It is not the richness of the price, but the gaudiness of the From hencefoorth they (the salmon) are gant and slender, uses Gays, noun, exactly as our elder writers use colour, which exposes to censure.--South, vol. iv. Ser. I. and in appearance so leane that they appeare nought else gauds, or gew-gaws (qv.); and it is not at all imTo mask his ignorance, (as Indians use
but skin and hone, and therefore worthili said to be growne probable that it may have the same origin ; gaw,
out of vse and season. With gaudy-colour'd plumes
Holinshed. Description of Scotland, c. 8. gay. (Seo Gaud.) And gay is-
Gaudy, fine, showy; ostentatiously fine or showy;
(met.) lively, cheerful, merry, jovial.
At none the tother day thei sauh fer in the se
A grete busse and gay, fulle high of saile was he.
Brunne, p. 169. least able to endure the sight.
B. Jonson. Catiline, Act iii. sc. I.
In manye gay garnemens that weren gold beten.
Piers Plouhman. Crede.
Appear with belly gaunt, and famish'd face;
Bote in gayenesse and in glotenye. for glotten here goodes.
And breaketh nat here bred to the poure, as the book
Id. Vision, p. 186.
And all above ther lay a gay sautrie, tuted the ornaments of a temple to the gaudiness of a
On which he made on nightes melodie, suburban villa, and the deroration of a palace to the embel
cries of despair, the song, the dance, the minuick scene, the
So swetely, that all the chambre rong, lishment of a tradesman's dour-post. --V. Knor. Ess. No, 67.
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3213.
He walketh all the night and all the day,
GAUNTLET. Fr. Gantelet, which Cotgrave He kembeth his lockes brode, and made him gay.
Id. 16. 7. 8374. Germany, by which all the sons, or, if no sons, all Guanto, Sp. Guante ; Dut. Ger. and Sw. Wante, Yet coude I neuer be so gaie. - Gower, Con. 4. b. I
And when I rise, my corpse for to arraye,
For ye which cause thei be more fierce, more bola & hardy The next gazette mentioned that the King had pardo take the glasse, sometimes (but not for pride)
then the other Irishme, and thei be very desyrous of newe him the Duke of Moninouth) upon his confessing the For God he knows my minde is not so gaye, thinges, & straunge sightes, and gasynges.
plot.-Burnet. Own Time, an. 1624. But for I would in comelynesse ahyde.
Hall. Henry VII. an. 11.
Fast by, like Niobe (her children gone,)
to the worlde, whiche defieth Christe, nor onely to men that " These are--ah no! these were-the Gazetteers." Wilson. The Arte of Logike, fol. 15. are worldly wise, but also to the Deuels themselfes, whiche
Pope. The Dunciad, b In dede this would haue been well brought in there, and are with our troubles delighted.--Udal. Corinthians, c. 4.
The court gazette accomplished what the abettors many of my bretheren haue, as he saieth, brought in, & For in those lofty lookes is close implide
independence had attempted in vain. When that disin myselfe also some where elles in places mo the one, whych Scorn of base things, and sdeigne of foul dishonor: nuous compilation, and strange medley of railing and f I nowe boast of because ye shall see that Tindall hath not TI.reatining rash eyes which gaze on her so wide,
tery, was adduced as a proof of the united sentiments of yet so gylye aunswered it as to make me ashamed to lay That loosely they ne dare to looke vpon her.
people of Great Britain, there was a great change through yt forth againe.--Sir T. More. Workes, p. 498.
Spenser, son. 5. all America.- Burke. Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol. Yet is that glasse so gay, that it can blind
Rodop. O, had I eyes like Dorida's,
The host looked stedfastly at Adams, and after a minut The wisest sight, to thinke gold that is brass.
I would enchant the day,
silence asked him, “if he was one of the writers of And make the sun to stand at gaze, Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. c. 1.
Gazetteers, for I have heard," says he, "they are writ Till he forgot his way.
“Gazetteers!" answered Adams, "What is tha For when some of my people asked the name of that
Drayton, The Muses' Elysium, Nymph. 1. country. (Virginia) one of the savages answered, “ Wingan
Fielding. Joseph Andrews, b. ii. c. Alber. But in the breath dacon," which is as much to say, as, You wear good cloaths Of a wrong'd father I forbid the banes.
GE. The Goth. Ga; A. S. Ge, (much used or gay cloaths.-Ralegh. Hist. of the World, b. i. c. 8. s.6.
Cesar. What, do you stand at gaze!
a prefix to other words,) may be from the Got The soule which doth with God unite,
Beaum. & Fletch. Fair Maid of the Inn, Act v. sc. 1.
and A. S. Gangan, gan, to go; and as a gener Those gayilies how doth she slight
Then look, who list thy gazefull eyes to feed Which o'er opinion sway?-Habington. Castara, pt. iii.
term expressing motion (without which we ca With sight of that is faire, looke on the frame Of this wide Vniuerse, and therein reed
have no ideas of time or action) have been i Let not this fear weaken our hands; and if they allay our
The endlesse kinds of creatures, which by name gaieties and our confidences it is no harm.
tended to give force to the words to which it w Thou canst not count, much lesse their nature's aime. Bp. Taylor. Holy Dying, c. 5. 8. 15.
so prefixed. “I must go and do, go and see,” a
Spenser. Hymne of Heauenlie Beaulie. Brother of Fear! more gayly clad,
Then forth he brought his snowy Florimele,
common phrases; and in the north of Englan The merrier fool o'th' two, yet quite as mad,
Whom Trompart had in keeping there beside,
“ I must go see, go dig, go weed," &c. is the vuly. Sire of Repentance! shield of fond Desire.
Couered from people's gazement with a veile.
form of speech. Ge (g hard) before the liquids lan Crashaw. Steps to the Temple. On Hope.
Id. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 3. q not unfrequently drops the e, and unites in has Let me speake proudly : Tell the constable,
And in her cheekes the vermeil red did shew
pronunciation with the liquid ge-l, gl, ge-r, 9 We are but warriors for the working day :
Like roses in a bed of lillies shed. Our giyneese and our gilt are all besmyrcht
The which ambrosial odours from them threw,
(See Gloom, Grist.) G is changed into c (hare With raynie marching in the painefull field.
And gazers sense with double pleasure fed,
and the same union takes place,-ce-l, cl, ce-r, c Shakespeare. Henry V. Act iv. sc. 3. Able to heale the sicke, and to revive the ded.
(See CLINCH, Cringe.) This A. S. Ge, was so
Id. Ib. b. ii. c. 3. Oh ! ye English ladies, learn rather to wear Roman hearts,
tened into the Old Eng. Y. See the quotatic than Spanish knacks; rather to help your countrey, than So that these immovable beings would be put like ada- from Verstegan. See BE. hinder your husbands; to make your Queen rich for your mantine statues, and things unconnected with the rest of defence, than your husbands poor for your gearish gayness.
the world, having no commerce with any thing at all but This preposition was of our ancestors very much use Aylmer, in Strype's Life of Aylmer, c. 13.
the Deity: a kind of insignificant metaphysical gazers, or and it is yet exceedingly used in the Low Dutch, whe
contemplators.--Cudworth. Intelleclual System, p. 807. according to their usual manner of pronouncing with aspir And fier'd with heat of gaysome youth did venter,
tion, they use to put an h to it and so make it ghe. With warlike troopes the Norman coast to enter.
The fourth hight a gasehound, who hunteth by the cie.
have since altered it from ge to y, which yet we seldome u Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 633.
Holinshed. Description of England, c. 7.
in prose, but sometimes in poetry for the increasing Small was his house, and like a little cage, So checking his desire, with trembling heart
syllables, as when we say ywritten, ydoluer), yclepe l'or his owne turne, yet inly neat and cleane,
Gazing he stood, nor would nor could depart;
ylearned, ybroken, and the like.
Fix'd as a pilgrim wilder'd in his way,
Verstegan. Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, c.
GEALOUS. See JEALOUS.
Dryden. Cymon & Iphigenia.
From the A. S. Gearwe, parati say, that a strict piety is good for nothing, but to make the
In vain, you envious streams, so fast you flow, owners of it troublesome to themselves, and useless to the
To hide her from a lover's ardent gaze;
GEER. gearwian, præparare, to prepar rest of the world. Allerbury, vol. iii. Ser. 12.
From every touch you more transparent grow,
Gearish, (see Aylmer in v. Gay,) is garish. A The world is new to ug-our spirits are high, our passions
And all reveald the beauteous wanton plays.
thus may mean
Spectator, No. 406. The Laplander to his Rein-deer. are strong; the gaieties of life get hold of us—and it is
Any thing prepared or provided, (for any pu happy, if we can enjoy them with moderation and innocence. Plac'd on this float by some diviner hand,
pose;) preparation, apparatus, furniture; meal Gilpin, vol. i. Ser. 8. As on a stage, for public view we stand.
of subsistence or support ;-harness or portio
Illyria's neighbouring shores, her isles around, When you are at work, you are intent on your business,
of harness. And every cliff with gazers shall be crown'd.
And, as Mr. Tyrwhitt says, and there is less danger; but in the gaiety of diversion, the
Rowe. Lucan, b. iv. sorts of instruments, of cookery, of war, of a mind is open, and too ready to receive impressions from the
'Twas then I wak'd ; and to the deep below profane oath, or indecent jest.-Id. vol. iii. Ser. 10.
parel, of chemistry, In her quainte geres, -i Through thickets creep'd with careful steps and slow;
sorts of strange fashions;" he refers to instanc GAZE, v. Skinner ;- Contentis oculis And gaz'd around if any hut were there,
of all these usages in Chaucer. Gaze, n.
Or solitary wretch my grief to share ;
Wo was his coke, but if his sauce were
Poinant and sharpe, and redy all his gere.
Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 3: GA'ZING, n. To see, to look, to view; ort to her breast she clasp'd the heav'nly maid,
Whan that Arcite had romed all his fill, GAZEMENT. ( subaud. ) with attention, And wond'ring oft with cruel gaze survey'd.
And songen all the roundel lustily,
Brook. Constantia. GAZE-HOUND. eagerness, admiration, or other
Into a studie he fell sodenly,
The Agasacus, or Gase-hound, chased indifferently the fox, As don these lovers in hir queinte geres. strong feeling
Ia. The Knightes Tale, v. 15. Gaze-hound, -see the quotations from Holin. hare, or buck. It would select froin the herd the fattest and fairest deer, pursue it by the eye, and if lost for a time,
Whan he was proudest in his gere shed and Pennant.
recover it again by its singular distinguishing faculty ;
And thought nothing might him dere.-Gower. Con. A. Thus saiden sade folk in that citee,
erringly on the same.-Pennant. British Zoology. The Dog. If thys geere shoulde come to Ariouistus hearing, be w When that the peple gased up and doun :
well assured he would take most grieuous punishment of For they were glad, right for the noveltee,
GAZETTE. It. Gazetta ; Fr. Gazette ; a
the hostages that were in his handes. To have a newe lady of hir toun. Gazette'er. I certain Venetian coin, scarce
Goldinge. Cæsar, fol. : Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8879.
worth a farthing ; also, a bill of news; or a short Than he gert ordain in hy Nere him, to gize, the Troyan youth gan flock
relation of the general occurrences of the time Armurs, and al other gere, And straue who most might at the captiue scorne.
Stalworth stedes, both sheld and sper,
And also squyer, knave, and swayne.
Yraine & Gawin. Ritson, vol. dom,” (Cotgrave.) So called because sold for a I noynte with supple oyle
When once her eye
Hath met the virtue of this magic dust,
Per. What monstrous and most painefull circumstance I shall appear some harmless villager,
Whom thuift keeps up about his country gear.
B. Jonson. The Fox, Act ii. sc. 2. But whın ye people came to ye sycamore tree, Zacheus
The Apostles were not fixed in one place of residence, b) peraduëture was a matier of laughter, & good sport to a Jac. It is too little : yet
were continually moving about the world, or in pimeind! great maiynie, forasmuche as being a welthie riche man, &
Since you have said the word, I am content;
ready in their gears to move whither Disine sukuestions d in the ottice of customer, he stood aloft in a tree to be a
But will not go a gazel less.
call them, or fair occasion did invite them, for the propag gazo vpoti one man & no mo.-Udal. Luke, c. 19. Massinger. The Maid of Honour, Act iii. sc. 1. tion or furtherance of the Gospel.
Barrow. Of the Pope's Supremac These two dyd with amiable words asswage the disciples How many times doth God speak to us by his servants the sorow, that thei had conceiued by the departure of their Prophetes, by his Son, by his Apostles, by sermons, by spi- GE'AZON. Ray says,- Scarce, hard to con Lord, and called the backe again from their gasing vp, which ritual books, by thousands of homilies, and arts of counsel by, (Essex.) And in the quotations from Ga profited the nothyng, vnto their vocacion, saying: Ye men and insinuation; and we sit as unconcerned as the pillars coigne, Turbervile, and Spenser, this interpretatic
of a church, and hear the sermons as the Athenians did a of Galile, why stand ye here loking vp towardies heauen. Id. The Acies of the Apostles, c. 1. story, or as we read a gazett?-Bp. Taylor, vol. ii. Ser. 1. applies well enough, but not in that from Warpe
to see, to-look.
But shall I say, to giue tnee graue aduise,
Gemma. Martinius-Id quod in arboribus tu. (Which in my head is (God he knowes full) geazon ?) And baue the money by our father lent,
mescit, cum parere incipiunt, a geno, id est, gigno; Then marke me well, and though I be not wise,
Then Aquitane, so guelded as it is. Yet in my rime, thou maist perhaps find reason.
Shakespeare. Love's Labour Lost, Act ii. se. 1. hence, he adds, pearls and stones of that form or Gascoigne. Counceli geuen to Master Bartholomew Withipall.
Mort. Yea, but mark how he bears his course, and shape, on account of their roundness (instar oculi)
are called gems. To gem, The maners of the men I purpose to declare,
runnes me vp
To bud forth; to put forth, to cover with buds;
to stud, to decorate or adorn, as with gems.
As on the other side it takes from you. The lady, hearkning of his sensefull speech,
Id. 1 P. Hen. IV. Act il. sc. I.
But nathles this Markis hath do make
Of gemmes, sette in golde and in asure,
Broches and ringes, for Grisilda's sake.
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8131.
Usher. Annals, an. 3524.
This gemme of chastitee, this emeraude,
And eke of martirdome the rubie bright.
Id. The Prioresses Tale, v. 13,539.
Thy brothyr Troylus eke, that gemme of gentle deedes, And scorn'd her mind, that scorned his loue
To thinke howe he abused was, alas my heart it bleedes. To her so firmly geason.
Shortly after Cyrus being come to himself again, some of For why ? shee off'red double wrong, his eunuchs (which were men gell, and grooms of his
Gascoigne. Dan Bartholomeu of Bathe.
Wherefore I hold not with it, that the Virgin Mary should
be painted so in silkes and golden garments, and decked
North. Plutarch, p. 791.
with gemmes and pearles, as though she had any delight in
such a thinge, when she was on earth here. Geck; Dut. Ghecken; Sw. Geckas, ludificare, deHe (Sir Roger De Coverley) has bequeathed the fine
Vives. Instruction of a Christian Woman, b. i. c. 10. ridere; to make sport of, to deride. white gelding, that he used to ride a hunting upon, to his
Thir branches hung with copious fruit; or gemm'd
Miilon. Paradise Lost, b. vii.
Riding a showy horse, whipping a pair of geldings, or Kept in a dark house, visited by the priest, four in hand, through the fasbionable streets, and saunter
And on her head she wore a tyre of gold, And made the most notorious gecke and gull,
ing in a stable, are, indeed, in the present Age, some of the Adorn'd with gemmes and owches wondrous fayre, That ere inuention plaid on? Tell me why?
most glorious methods of spending the sprightly days of Whose passing price uneath was to be told. Shakespeare. Twelfth Night, Act v. sc. 1. youth, when privileged by the early possession of a fortune.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. i. c. 10. To taint his nobler heart and braine with needlesse jelousy,
V. Knox, Ess. 35.
I will not conceale from you that which poets doe fable And to become the geeke and scorne o' th' other's vilany.
of this matter, who would beare us in hand, that all began
GE'LID. Lat. Gelidus, from Gel-are, to keel at the rocke Caucasus, whereunto Prometheus was bound
fast, who was the first that set a little fragment of this rocke GEHE'NNA. See the quotation from Hake
Cool or cold; cold to excess.
within a peece of yron; which being done about his finger, will.
was the ring, and the foresaid stone the gem. To what cool cave shall I descend,
Holland. Plinie, b. xxxvii. c. I. The Proeme. Thus Ahas made molten images for Baalim, and burnt Or to what geled fountain bend ? his children for sacrifice before the idoll Moloch, or Saturne,
Marvel. Works, vol. iil. p. 273.
The principle and most gemmary affection is its tralucency. which was represented by a man like a brasen body bearing
Brown. Pulgar Errours, b. ii. c. I the head of a calfe, set vp not far from Hierusalem, in a A various spirit, fresh, delicious, keen,
The shining circlets of his golden hair,
Dwells in their gelid pores; and, active, points valley shadowed with wood, called Gehinnor, or Tophet,
Which ev'n the Graces might be proud to wear,
Instarr'd with gems and gold, bestrow the shore,
With dust dishonour'd, and deformid with gore.
Pope. Homer. Iliad, b. xvii.
Not venal, you request no eastern stores,
Where ruddy waters lave the gemmy shores.
Grainger, Tibullus, Elegy 2. b. ii.
Mason. The English Garden, b. iii.
In the vase mysterious fling
Pinks and roses gemm'd with dew,
Flow'rs of ev'ry varied hue,
grave says, is frozen, congealed,
Daughters fair of early Spring.-Jones. The Muse Recalled.
I, like an idle truant, fond of play,
Doting on toys, and throwing gems away,
Grasping at shadows, let the substance slip. GE'LDING, N. tratus, not improbably from the That which thickens or stiffens, concretes or
Churchill, Dedication to his Sermons. verb Gild-an, to yield or give up.
coagulates in cooling; and gelatinous-consequen- If every polish'd gem we find To yield or cause to yield or give up; and thus, i tially is,
Muminating heart or mind, to deprive, (sc. of an essential part or portion) Sticky, adhesive ; viscous.
Provoke to imitation ; to mutilate.
No wonder Friendship does the same,
That jewel of the purest flame,
Or rather constellation.-Cowper. Friendship.
They softly wipt away the gelly blood
The blue is of an inexpressible splendor, the richest cæru-
lian glowing with a gemmeous brilliancy.
Pennant. British Zoology. Gemmeous Dragonet. For ther ben geldyngis whiche ben thus born of the modirs
venser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 4. But hast thou seen their king in rich array, wombe, and ther ben geldyngis that ben maad of men, and You shall always see their sinsects) eggs laid carefully
Fam'd Oberon, with damask'd robe so gay, ther ben geldyngis that han geldid himself for the rewme of and commodiously up, if in the waters, in neat and beautiful
And gemmy crown, by moonshine sparkling far, hevenes. - Wiclif. Matthew, c. 19. rows oftentimes in that spermatick gelatine matter in which
And azure sceptre, pointed with a star.-Philips, Past. 6. And the gelding seide. lo watir, who forbedith me to be they are reposited. Derham. Physico-Theology, b. vi. c. 6.
By magic sleight baptised.-id. Dedis, c. 8.
A Sura's lovely form he wore,
still, with this kind expression, Come, Doctor, a gelly or a What time th' immortals peerless treasures found No berd hadde he, ne never none shoulde have,
conserve will do you no harm; don't be afraid of the deg- On the churn'd ocean's gem-bespangled shore.
Jones. Hymn to Surya.
One of them (crabs] of a thick, tough, gelatinous consist- GEMEL. Skinner says, Gemelles, a word
ence, and the other a sort of membranaceous tube or pipe, This yere (the 11th of Wyllyam the Red) also the ii. Erles both which are probably taken from the rocks.
Gi'MAL. of heraldry, manifestly from Lat. of Shrewesbury and of Chester, eyther named Hugh, by the
Cook. Third Voyage, b. iv. c. 1.
Gr'MBAL. Gemellis, barrs gemelles, i. e. Biga King's comaúdement, entred with theyr knyghtes ye Ile of
seu par barrarum seu vectium, two or a pair of Man or Anglesaye, & slewe therein many Welshmen, and The gelatinous substance, known by the name of star gelded many inoo.Fabyan, vol. i. c. 225.
shot, or star gelly, owes its origin to this bird (the common bars. In Brewer's Lingua, Act ii. sc. 4, a character
gull] or some of the kind; being nothing but the half- is described, in a grave satin suit, purple buskins, Now geld with the gelder the ram and the bull.
digested remains of earth-worms, on which these birds feed, Tusser. September's Husbandry. and often discharge from their stomachs.
a garland of bays and rosemary, a gimmal ring
with one link hanging: of which kind of ring,
Pennant. British Zoology. Common Gull. A duke well accompanied, sent from the emperor, pre
Skinner says, Annulus Gemellus, because it consented him from the emperor a coach and ten geldings for
GELT, i. e. the gilt or gold.
e the more easy conueying of him to Mosco, from whence this
sists of two or more circles. It is also written citie (Yeraslave) was distant five hundred miles.
Lineage and virtue at this push,
The quadrin doth never double; or, to use a word of
King. Ulysses & Tiresias. Vnto who Orfines sayde: I haue heardė that women in
heraldry, never bringeth forth gemels: the quinzain too soon. times past haue reigned, and born great rule in Asia, but it GEM, v.
Drayton. The Barons' Wars, b. i. Pref.
A. S. Gym, gym-stan ; which is now a more straunge thyng that a geldyng should haue the empire in his handes.--Brende. Quint. Curtius, fol. 289.
Gem, n. Junius thinks is from Gym-an,
For under it a cave, whose entrance streight
Clos'd with a stone-wrought doore of no meane weight :
to watch or guard carefully; as Gelding, signifieth a subduing of our affections, and tam
Yet from itselfe the gemels beaten so
GEMMEOUS. gems usually are so preserved. That little strength could thrust it to and fro.
Browne. Brilannia's Pastorals, b. fi. 3. 3,
Whence 'tis manifest, that his answers do not proceed
- Suilk on wild he take
An old Roman grafted on a modern Englishman, produ upon set gimals or strings, whereof one being struck moves His euenhed in mariage, gentille gendrure to make. (Lord Chatham) the golden fruit of true patriotista, real, the rest in a set order, (which we have shew'd is the course
R. Brunne, p. 253. sonal greatness, and nobility unindebted to a genealoy in all actions done by beasts :) but, out of a principle within
table.-V. Knox. Lellers to a Youny Nobleman, Let. 55. him, which of itself is indifferent to all things.
Reson ich sauh sotthliche suwen alle beastes
He (Hondius) also engraved a genenlogic chart of
Piers Plouhman, p. 222. Houses of York and Lancast: r, with the arms of the Knig Truly this argument hangeth togither by verie strange
of the Garter to the year 1589, drawn by Thomas Talbot gimbole.-Holinshed. Description of Ireland, vol. vi. c. 2.
For in Crist Jesus I haue gendrid ghou bi the ghospel.
Wiclif. I Cor. c. 4.
Walpole. Anecdotes of Painting, vol. iii. c.
With whatever delight, however, the Cambrian genenin
might pursue the line of his ancestry, a barren catalogue
uncouth names would furnish no entertainment for GEMINATE, v. Fr. Géminer; It. Gemi- And thus ful oft gendred is enuie
reader.-Lord Teignmouth, Life of Sir W. Jones.
I leave the rest to the genealogist; and go no further ba
in his pedigree than to his grandfather, of the same na: Geminus, quasi genimus, from the ancient Geno, To busie my witte for to swinke
who distinguished himself in the civil wars of the last ce (as the Gr. Toviuus, from l'ev-elv.) to bring forth
To knowe of her signitications
tury.--Hurd. Life of Warburton.
The gendres, ne distinccions or produce, Applied emphatically, when two are
of the tymes of hem.--Chaucer. House of Fame, b. i. GENERAL, n. Fr. Général; It. Ger brought forth at the same parturition; and thus, to geminute is, consequentially
What earthly chances would betide ; what yere
GE'NERAL, adj. rale; Sp. General; La of plenty storde, what signe forewarned derth,
GENERALI'SSIMO. Generalis, (see GENERATE To double; to repeat a second time, to re- How winter gendreth snow.
GENERA'LITY. of or pertaining to il duplicate.
Vncertaine Auctors. The Death of Zoroas.
GENERALIZE. kind. (d.) Is but the v. geminated in the full sound, and though
Their bullocke gendreth, and that not oute of tyme : their GENERALIZATION. Of or belonging, or pe it have the seate of a consonant with us, the power is always cowe calueth, and is not unfruitfull.--Bible, 1551.
GENERALLY. taining to all of the kin vowellish, even where it leads the vowell in any syllable.
Matter can gender nothing of itself.
race or family: comprisir H. More. Def. of Philosophic Cabbala, App. c. 3. GE'NERALSHIP. or relating to all or ti Whereunto while men assent, and can believe a bicipitous
The other motive
GENERALTY. greater number, part conformation in any continued species, they admit a gemination of principal parts, not naturally discovered in any
Why to a publike count I might not go,
portion : opposed to special, as genus to specieanimal.- Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. iii. c. 15.
Is the great loue the generall gender beare him,
common to particular :-and thus, not restricte
Who dipping all his faults in their affection,
Would, like the spring that turneth blood to stone,
or confined, or limited, to special or particular there is a gemination of it.
Conuert his gyues to graces.
common, customary, usual. Bacon. A Table of Colours of Good and Evill, s. 8.
Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act iv. sc. 7.
A general, (sc.) of an army, of an order of friar And this the practice of Christians hath acknowledged, All pretty fellows are also excluded to a man, as well as
Fr. Général d'une armée, des frères. It. Generale who have baptized these geminous births, and double conna- all inamoratoes, or persons of the epicene gender, who gaze Sp. Genéral, one who has the general authorit scencies with several nanies; as conceiving in them a at one another in the presence of ladies.-Taller, No. 27. conduct, or command. distinction of souls, upon the divided execution of their
Pards gender pards : from tigers tigers spring;
I bidde thee teache hem, wost thou how !
By some generall signe now
Wilkie. The Epigoniad, b. i. In what place thou shalt founden be.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Ros Gender being founded on the distinction of the two sexes, strangers they appear superfluous, if not absurd, to the
it is plain, that in a proper sense, it can only find place in She sobre was eke, simple, and wise withall, natives, and in the propriety of that speech, are not only the names of living creatures, which admit the distinction The best ynorished eke that might be, current, but oftentimes emphatical.
of male and female ; and, therefore, can be ranged under And goodiy for her spech in generall.-Id. Troilus, b. v.
My sone, ful often for to mochel speche
Hath many a man ben split, as clerkes teche;
But for a litel speche avisedly certain stairs at Rome so called, à gemitu, upon GENEALOGICAL. Sp. Genealogia ; Lat. Ge
Is no man shent, to speken generally. which the bodies of criminals were exposed, and GENEA'LOGICK. nealogia ; Gr. Γενεαλογια,
Id. The Manciples Tale, v 17.27 from which they were afterwards thrown.
GENEALOGIST. from geven, genus, kind, I curse and blame generally
All hem that loven villanie. Id. Rom. of the Ros
A discourse on kinds or families, of their descent And for to loke on every side
Or that thou falle in hoinicide :
Whiche sinne is nowe so generall,
That it will nie stant ouerall
In holy church.
Gouer. Con. A. b. iii.
R. Brunne, p. 111.
Ye shall note the order) of the four monarchies) whic
Firste he is seid kyng of righteousnesse, and afterward order is here expressed) that the veray time wherin God wol Their way, not able, for the throng, to follow, kyng of Salem, that is to sei king of pees, withoute fadir,
haue Cryste borne shuld be knowne) and the time of th Slipt down the Gemonies, and brake their necks!
withoute modir, withoute genealogie.-Wiclif. Hebrewis, c.7. general resurreccion of the dead) and the iugement shuld B. Jonson. Sejanus, Act v. sc. I. But the tronth if ye list verilie
be signifyed and foresene. Rede of goddes the genealngie.
Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, Argument
Lidgate. The Story of Thebes, pt. iii. Pericles was a famous man of warre,
And victor eke, in nine great foughten fields,
This therefore is the only and very Messias whose genea- Whereof he was general in charge;
Gescoigne. The Steele Glas “ A man of arms; an horseman armed at all
The scriptures be from heaven, like heaven divinity pure, And it hath no appearaunee of lernyng in Scriptures, ti points, one that serves in compleat armour, and of Moses' mighty works, I reverently may say,
conclude vnder one cösideratio a specialte, & a generalilie.
(I speak with goodly fear) tradition put away,
Bp. Gardner. Of the Presence in the Sacrament, fol. 58
Her grace likewise on her side, in al ber graces passage design of raising the North, or the city, or of the killing the
Drayton. Poly-Olbion, s. 10. shewed herselfe generallye an image of a worthy lady ani gendarmex, did not satisfy them: for all these had been
gouernour.–Fabyan, vol. ii. Queen Elizabeth, an. 1559.
Which genealogicall recapitulation in their nationall fami-
lies and tribes, other people also haue observed ; as the They had, with a general consent, rather springing hy th
Spaniards, who reckon their descent from Hesperus, before generalness of the cause than of any artificial practice, se Palmer, being a second time examined, said, that Sir the Gothes and Moors ouerran their land.
themselves in arms.—Sidney. Ralph vane was to have brought two thousand mer., who,
Hlolinshed. England, b. vi. c. 10.
But breath his faults so quaintly with the Duke of Somerset's one hundred liorse, were on a
They (heathen philosophers) do indeed describe the genea. That they may seeme the taints of liberty i muster day to have set on the gendarmourie.-Id, Ib.
logirs of their Heroes and subordinate Gods, but for the The flash and out-breake of a fiery minde,
supreme Deity he is constantly acknowledged to be without A sauagenes in vnreclained blood,
of generall assault.-Shakespeare. Hamlet, Act il. sc. 1. to certain of the chief officers of the army, to have the
Wilkins. Natural Religion, b. i. c. 8. geudarmory and bands of horsemen which were appointed
Amongst which ships (being all of small burthen) there there, in a readiness to be seen by his majesty the Sunday There are many incidental verities, historical, geogra- was one so well liked, which also had no man in her, AS following Hallon-tide next, being the 8th of November.
phical. genealogical, chronological, &c. which common Chris- being brought unto the generall, (Sir F. Drake) he thought Strype. Memorials, an. 1551.
tians are obliged rather implicitly to admit, or not to deny, good to make stay of her for the service, meaning to pay for
than explicitly to know, or treasure up in their minds. her, as also accordingly performed at our return; which GENDER, v. ? Fr. Gendre, from the ablative
Waterland. Works, vol. viii. p. 106. bark was called the Drake.
Sir F. Drake. West India Voyage, p. 5.
warned Timothy against giving heed to fables and endless Whence is it else that the generality of the world live in To beget, to procreate, to breed.
genealogies; by genealogies, ineaning the derivation of an- the cominission of those that they call little sins, but because
gelic and spiritual ratures, according to a fantastic system, their hearts are hardned and their consciences seared, that in Shakespeare, the noun is applied to--kind
invented by the Oriental philosophers, and thence adopted those sins that are great enough to damn them, yet are not of people, sort of people.
by some of the Grecian Sects.-lurd. Works, vol. vi. Ser. 8. great enough to trouble then !---llopkins, Ser. 7.