Taking Religious Claims Seriously: A Philosophy of Religion

Predný obal
Rodopi, 1998 - 259 strán (strany)
Taking Religious Claims Seriously is a systematic, critical, and comprehensive study of the fundamental questions of the philosophy of religion: religious experience, the existence and nature of God, religious knowledge and truth, good and evil, immortality of the soul, religious diversity, religious claims about the person, faith, and the religious way of life. In this study the author seeks to capture the reality and meaning of the religious as such: What is the foundation of religion? Under what conditions is an authentic religious way of life possible? His method of inquiry is phenomenological. The author begins his discussion with a general characterization of the basic features of all the literate and illiterate religions of the world. He then identifies the ideas, beliefs, and concerns which are common to these religions: What are the central claims of these religions? How did the various religions understand these claims? The author makes a serious attempt to clarify these claims and explore the possibility for a reconcilation between them. For him, the foundation of religion is the religious experience, and the essence of this experience consists in a serious, cognitive, and meaningful encounter with the Ultimate Being. This being is the ground of the world and human life. This book is a comparative, pluralistic study of the philosophy of religion.

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TWO Religious Diversity Reason and Truth
11
THREE Factual Claims
33
FOUR The Concept of God
53
FIVE God and Arguments
77
The Argument from the Knowability of the World of Nature
97
Abstract Arguments
101
Grounds for Denying the Existence of God
102
Opponents of Theism from Within Religion
108
Positive and Negative Results of Worship
144
Prayer
147
Further Observations on Prayer
149
More Problems Regarding Prayer
151
Objections to Prayer
153
EIGHT Claims about How a Person Should Live
155
Ethical Demands
162
NINE Religious Claims about the Person
171

SIX Value Evil and Suffering
111
Empirical Findings
112
A Critical Look at the Empirical Findings
115
Attempts at Solutions
119
Answers That Explain Evil as Essentially Unreal
125
Answers That Reinterpret Evil as Disguised or Unknown Good
127
Pragmatic or Poetic Solutions
130
The Solution That Concludes No God Exists at All
131
Reconsidering the Nature and Idea of God
132
Concluding Comments
135
SEVEN The Religious Experience of Worship and Prayer
137
Varieties of Religious Experience
138
Worship
139
The Ontological Status of the Individual
173
Does the Individual Have a Free Will?
179
The Axiological Nature of the Finite Individual
182
Immortality
185
Grounds for Denying the Existence of Survival in Any Form
188
Grounds for Supporting Some View of Immortality
190
Impersonal or Objective Immortality
194
ELEVEN The Cognitive Question
201
TWELVE Further Problems
221
Notes
231
Bibliography
237
About the Editor
245
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Populárne pasáže

Strana 142 - For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth. to the purifying of the flesh : How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Strana 142 - Christ being come, an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building ; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His own blood He entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
Strana 13 - And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other...
Strana 161 - He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the Lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?
Strana 161 - Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give my first-born for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
Strana 23 - Let us weigh the gain and the loss in wagering that God is. Let us estimate these two chances. If you gain, you gain all; if you lose, you lose nothing. Wager, then, without hesitation that He is. "That is very fine. Yes, I must wager; but I may perhaps wager too much.
Strana 80 - The healing of his seamless dress Is by our beds of pain : We touch him in life's throng and press, And we are whole again. Through him the first fond prayers are said Our lips of childhood frame ; The last low whispers of our dead Are burdened with his name.
Strana 126 - To the Christian Science healer, sickness is a dream from which the patient needs to be awakened. Disease should not appear real to the physician, since it is demonstrable that the way to cure the patient is to make disease unreal to him. To do this, the physician must understand the unreality of disease in Science.
Strana 126 - There is no life, truth, intelligence, nor substance in matter. All is infinite Mind and its infinite manifestation, for God is All-in-all. Spirit is immortal Truth; matter is mortal error. Spirit is the real and eternal; matter is the unreal and temporal. Spirit is God, and man is His image and likeness. Therefore man is not material ; he is spiritual.

O tomto autorovi (1998)

Warren E. Steinkraus (1922-1990) was a philosopher, a teacher, and a human being par excellence.

Bibliografické informácie