Taking Religious Claims Seriously: A Philosophy of Religion
Rodopi, 1998 - 259 strán (strany)
Taking Religious Claims Seriously is a systematic, critical, and comprehensive study of the fundamental questions of the philosophy of religion: religious experience, the existence and nature of God, religious knowledge and truth, good and evil, immortality of the soul, religious diversity, religious claims about the person, faith, and the religious way of life. In this study the author seeks to capture the reality and meaning of the religious as such: What is the foundation of religion? Under what conditions is an authentic religious way of life possible? His method of inquiry is phenomenological. The author begins his discussion with a general characterization of the basic features of all the literate and illiterate religions of the world. He then identifies the ideas, beliefs, and concerns which are common to these religions: What are the central claims of these religions? How did the various religions understand these claims? The author makes a serious attempt to clarify these claims and explore the possibility for a reconcilation between them. For him, the foundation of religion is the religious experience, and the essence of this experience consists in a serious, cognitive, and meaningful encounter with the Ultimate Being. This being is the ground of the world and human life. This book is a comparative, pluralistic study of the philosophy of religion.
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Positive and Negative Results of Worship
Further Observations on Prayer
More Problems Regarding Prayer
Objections to Prayer
EIGHT Claims about How a Person Should Live
NINE Religious Claims about the Person
SIX Value Evil and Suffering
A Critical Look at the Empirical Findings
Attempts at Solutions
Answers That Explain Evil as Essentially Unreal
Answers That Reinterpret Evil as Disguised or Unknown Good
Pragmatic or Poetic Solutions
The Solution That Concludes No God Exists at All
Reconsidering the Nature and Idea of God
SEVEN The Religious Experience of Worship and Prayer
Varieties of Religious Experience
The Ontological Status of the Individual
Does the Individual Have a Free Will?
The Axiological Nature of the Finite Individual
Grounds for Denying the Existence of Survival in Any Form
Grounds for Supporting Some View of Immortality
Impersonal or Objective Immortality
ELEVEN The Cognitive Question
TWELVE Further Problems
About the Editor
accept actual appeal approach argument awareness become believers Buddhists called cause century Christian claims concern conscious criticism death deity developed discussion divine doctrine effort ethical evidence evil example exists experience explain fact faith followers give grounds Hindu hold holy human idea important individual insist intelligence interest interpretation Jesus kind language laws leaders lives logical maintain matters meaning metaphysical mind moral Muslims nature objective observed occur offer once perhaps person philosophical physical position possible practical pray prayer present principles problem question rational reason recognize regard reject relation religion religious religious believers religious experience reports requirements responsibility result Saint scientific scientists Scriptures seems sense serious simply social sort soul speak stories suffering suggest theory things thinkers thought tradition true truth Ultimate understanding universe worship
Strana 142 - For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth. to the purifying of the flesh : How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
Strana 142 - Christ being come, an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building ; neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His own blood He entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
Strana 13 - And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other...
Strana 161 - He has showed you, O man, what is good; and what does the Lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?
Strana 161 - Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give my first-born for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
Strana 23 - Let us weigh the gain and the loss in wagering that God is. Let us estimate these two chances. If you gain, you gain all; if you lose, you lose nothing. Wager, then, without hesitation that He is. "That is very fine. Yes, I must wager; but I may perhaps wager too much.
Strana 80 - The healing of his seamless dress Is by our beds of pain : We touch him in life's throng and press, And we are whole again. Through him the first fond prayers are said Our lips of childhood frame ; The last low whispers of our dead Are burdened with his name.
Strana 126 - To the Christian Science healer, sickness is a dream from which the patient needs to be awakened. Disease should not appear real to the physician, since it is demonstrable that the way to cure the patient is to make disease unreal to him. To do this, the physician must understand the unreality of disease in Science.
Strana 126 - There is no life, truth, intelligence, nor substance in matter. All is infinite Mind and its infinite manifestation, for God is All-in-all. Spirit is immortal Truth; matter is mortal error. Spirit is the real and eternal; matter is the unreal and temporal. Spirit is God, and man is His image and likeness. Therefore man is not material ; he is spiritual.