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This Edition has been carefully corrected by the Rev. J. SUTCLIFFE, previously to the work being put to the press, through which it has been my province to guide and correct it. To those who value the great doctrines of Christianity, these volumes cannot but prove highly acceptable : nor can they fail of making a due impression on the mind, by the forcible and eloquent manner in which they exhibit truth and holiness,

SAMUEL BURDER.

Brixtable Lodge, Mortlake,

Jan. 1, 1824.

CONTENTS OF THE FIRST VOLUME.

Page.

Page Sermon l.-The perfection of Christian Sermon XXV.-The superior Evidence Knowledge 47 and Influence of Christianity

236 Sermon II.--The Eternity of God 55 Sermon XXVI --The Absurdity of LiSermon III.-The Omnipresence of God 63

bertinism and Infidelity

243 Sermon IV.-The Grandeur of God 72 Sermon XXVII.-The Sale of Truth. 250 Sermon V.-The Greatness of God's Sermon XXVIII.-The Sovereignty of Wisdom, and the abundance of his

Jesus Christ in the Church

259 Power

79 Sermon XXIX.-The Equality of ManSermon VI.-The holiness of God 87 kind

267 Sermon VII.--The compassion of God 94 Sermon XXX.-The Worth of the Soul 274 Sermon VIII.-The Incomprehensibility Sermon XXXI.-Real Liberty

281 of the Mercy of God

101 Sermon XXXII.-The divinity of Jesus Sermon IX.--The Severity of God 108 Christ

289 Sermon X.-The Patience of God 114 Sermon XXXIII.--Christ the Substance Sermon XI.-- The Long-Suffering of

of the ancient Sacrifice of the Law 299 God

120 Sermon XXXIV.- The Efficacy of the Sermon XII.-God the only Object of Death of Christ.

307 Fear--Part I.

126 Sermon XXXV.-The Life of Faith 315 Sermon XII.--God the only Object of Sermon XXXVI.-Repentance

322 Fear-Part II. 131 | Sermon XXXVII.-Assurance

331 Sermon XIII.-The Manner of Praising Sermon XXXVIII.-Judgment

340 God 136 Sermon XXXIX.-Heaven

346 Sermon XIV,The Price of Truth 143 Sermon XL.--Hell

354 Sermon XV:-The enemies and the Sermon XLI.--The Uniformity of God Arms of Christianity 152 in his Government.

363 Sermon XVI.-The Birth of Jesus Sermon XLII. The Necessity of UniChrist 160 versal Obedience

370 Sermon XVII.-TheVariety of opinions Sermon XLIII.--The great Duties of about Christ 168 Religion

378 Sermon XVIII.-The little Success of Sermon XLIV.--The small Duties of Christ's Ministry. 175 Religion

385 Sermon XIX.-Christianity not Sedi Sermon XLV.--The Doom of the Rightious 184 teous and the Wicked.

391 Sermon XX.-Christ the King of Truth 192 Sermon XLVI. --God's Controversy Sermon XXI.-The Resurrection of Je

with Israel

400 sus Christ

199 Sermon XLVII.- The Harmony of ReSermon XXII.--The Effusion of the

ligion and Civil Polity

410 Holy Spirit

207 Sermon XLVIII.-The Lives of CourSermon XXIII.- The Sufficiency of Re.

tiers

420 velation

214 Sermon XLIX.--Christian Conversation 429 Sermon XXIV.--The Advantages of Sermon L.--The Dity of giving Alms 437 Revelation 225 Sermon LI.-Christian Heroism

418

CONTENTS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.

67 75

Page.

Page Sermon LIII.-Christian Casuistry 3 Sermon LXI.--Imaginary Schemes of Sermon LIV.-The necessity of Pro

Happiness

61 gressive Religion.

10 Sermon LXII.-Disgust with Life Sermon LV.--The Moral Martyr. 18 Scrmon LXIII.-The Passions Sermon LVI.-The Fatal Consequences Sermon LXIV.-Transicnt Devotions 86 of a Bad Education

23 Sermon LXV. The different Methods Sermon LVII.--General Mistakes 30 of Preachers

97 Sermon LVIII.-- The Advantages of Sermon LXVI.--Thc Deep things of God 103 Piety

37 Sermon LXVII.-The Sentence passed Sermon LIX.-The Repentance of the upon Judas by Jesus Christ

114 Unchaste Woman

44 Sermon LXVIII.-The Cause of the Sermon LX.--The Vanity of attempt. Destruction of Impenitent Sinners 121 ing to oppose Goud

54 Sermon LXIX.--The Grief of the Righ

334

Page.

Page.
icous for the Misconduct of the Wick Sermon LXXXI.--On the Delay of
ed

128
Conversion- Part II.

268
An Essay on the Conduct of David at the Sermon. LXXXI.-On the Delay of
Court of Achish
137 Conversion-Part III.

277 Sermon LXX – The Song of Simeon 148 Sermon LXXXII.-On Perseverance. 280 Sermon LXXI.-Christ's Valedictory Strinon LXXXIV.-On the Example of Address to his Disciples 156 The Saints--Part I.

296 Scrmon LXXII.--Christ's Sacerdotal Sermon LXXXIII.-On the Example of Prayer-Part I. 165 the Saints-Part II.

304 Sermon LXXII.-Christ's Sacerdotal Sermon LXXXV --St. Paul's discourse Prayer--Part II. 169 before Felix and Drysilla

312 Sermon LXXIII.- The Crucifixion

Sermon LXXXVI–On the Covenant of.
Part I.
175 God with the Israelites.

321 Sermon LXXIII. - The Crucifixion

Sermon LXXXVII.-The Seal of the
Part II.
179 Covenant.

328 Sermon LXXIV.-Obscuro Faith

Sermon LXXXVIII–The Family of
Part I.

184 Jesus Christ.
Sermon LXXIV. -Obscure Faith-

Sermon LXXXIX--St. Peter's Denial
Part II.

188
of his Master.

341 Sermon LXXV. - The Believer exalted

Sermon XC--On the Nature of the Untogether with Jesus Christ-Part ). 192

pardonable Sin.

348 Sermon LXXV.-The Christian a Par.

Sermon XCI-On the Sorrow for the taker in the Exaltation of Jesus Christ

Death of Relatives and Friends. 358 Part II.

197

Sermon XCII.-On the Wisdom of So-
Sermon LXXVI -For a Communion

lomon

366 Sabbath-Part I.

202

Sermon XCIII.--The Voice of the Rod. 372
Sermon LXXVI.-For a Communion
Sabbath-Part II.

Sermon XCIV.-Difficulties of the
205

Christian Religion.
Sermon LXXVII.—The Rapture of St.
Paul-Part I.

212 Sermon XCV--Consecration of the
Church at Voorburgh.

388
Sermon LXXVII.—The Rapture of St.
Paul-Part II.

216 Sermon XCVI.-On Festivals, and par-
ticularly on the Sabbath-Day.

396
Sermon LXXVII – The Rapture of St.
Paul-Part III.

220 Sermon XCVII—The calamities of EuSermon LXXVIII.-On Numbering our

rope.

404 Days.- Part I.

223 Sermon XCVIII.-A Taste for Devotion 411 Sermon LXXVIII.--OnNumbering our

Sermon XCIX.- On Regeneration -
Days.-Part II.
228 Part I.

418
Scrmon LXXIX.-The true Glory of a Sermon XCIX.-On Regeneration
Christian- Part I.
232 Part I).

422 Sermon LXXIX - The true Glory of a Sermon XCIX.--(NOW FIRST TRANSChristian- Part II.

237 LATED.) The Necessity of RegeneraSermon LXXX-On the Fear of Death

tion--Part II.

429 - Part I.

240 Sermon C.-(TRANSLATED BY M. A.
Sermon LXXX.-On the Fear of Death

BURDER. NOW FIRST PRINTED.)
--Part II

244 The Conduct of God to Men, and of
Sermon LXXX.-On the Fear of Death

Men to God.

439 --Part III.

248 Sermon CI.-The Address of Christ to Sermon LXXXI.-- On the Delay of John and Mary

Conversion-Part I.

380

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The celebrated Mr. Sauris, author of the verts, she gained nothing in comparison of what following sermons, was a French refuzee, who, she lost. She increased the number, the richwith thousands of his countryinen, took shelter es, the pomp, and the power, of her family: in Holland from the persecutions of France. but she resigned the exercise of reason, the sufThe lives, and even the sermons, of the refu- ficiency of scripture, the purity of worship, the gees are so closely connected with the history of grand simpl city of innocence, truth, and virthe Reformation in France, that, we presume, tue, and became a creature of the state. a short sketch of the state of eligion in that virgin before; she became a prostitute now. king lon till the banishment of the Protestants Such Christians, in a lon succession, con. by lewis XIV, will not be disagreeable to vertel Christianity into son t'ring worse than some of the younger part of our readers. payanism. They elevated the Christian church

Gaul, which is now called France, in the into a temporal kingdom, and they degra led time of Jesus Chri-t, was a province of the Ro temporal kingdoms into fiets of the church. man empire, and some of the apostles planted They foun led dominion in grace, and they exChristianity in it In the first centuries, while plained grace to be a love of Jominion. And Chri-lianity continued a rational religion, it by these means they completed that general spread and supported itself without the help, apostacy, known ny the name oi Popery, which an) aguinst the persecutions, of the Roman St. Paul had foretold, 1 Tim. iv. 1. and which emperors. Numbers were converted from pa rendered the reformation of the sixteenth cen. ganism, several Christian soc eties were form. tury essential to the intereats of all mankind. el, and many eninent man, having spent their The state of religion at that time (A D.1:15.) lives in preaching and writin; for the advance. was truly deplorable. Ecclesiastical governo anent of the gospel, sealed their ductrine with ment, instead of that evangelical simplicity, and their bloot.

fraternal freedom, which Jesus Christ and his In the filth rentury Clovis 1., a pagan king apostles had taught, was become a spiritual doof France, fell in love with Clotilla, a Chris. mination under the for:n of a temporal empire. tian princess of the house of Burgundy, who An innumerable multitude of dignities, titles, a creel to marry him only on condition of his rights, hovors, privileges,and pre-eminences be. becomin: a Christian, to which he consented. longed to it, and were all dependent on [A. D. 491.) The king, however, delayed the reign priest, who, being an absolute monarch, performance of this condition till five years required every thought to be in subjection to after his marriage; when, being engaged in him. The chief ministers of religion were aca desperate battle, and having reason to fear tually become temporal princes, and the highthe total deleat of his army, he lifted up his | priest, being absolute sovereign of the ecclesieves in heaven, and put up this prayer, Gol of a stical state, hau his court and his council, his Queen Clotilda ! Grant me the riclory, und I ambassadors to negociate, and his armies to row to b-baptised, and thenceforth to worship murder his flock. Tine clergy had acquired no other God but thee! He obtained the victo. | immense wealth, and, as their chief study was rv, and at his return, was baptizel at Rheims either to collect and to allgınent their revenues, (Dee. 25. 496 ] His sister, and more than three or to prevent the alienation of their estates, thousan) of his subjects followed his exam they had constituted numberless spiritual cor. ple, and Christianity became the professed re porations, with powers, rights, statutes, privi. ligion of Franca

leyes, and oficers. The functions of the min. Conversiou implies the cool exercise of rca istry were generally neglected, and, of conse. son, and whenever passion takes the place, and quence, gross ignorance prevailed. All ranko does the office of reason, conversion is nothing of men were extremely depraved in their mobal a name. Baptism id not wash away the rals, and the Pope's penitentiary had published ains of Clovis ; before it he was vile, after it the price of every crime, as it was rated in the he was infamous, practising all kinds of treach tax-book of the Roman chancery. Marriages, ery and cruelly. The court, the army, and the which reason and scripture allowed, the Popo common people, who were pagan when the prohibited, and, for money, dispensed with kinz was pagan, an 1 Christian when he was those which both forbade. Church-benefices Christian, continued the same in their morals were sold to children, and to laymen, who then after their conversion as before. When the let them to under tenants, none of whoin perChristian church, therefore, opened her doors, formed the duty, for which the profits wero and delivered up her keys to these new con. paid; but all having obtained thou by siiamy,

B

SOVO

spent their lives in fleecing the flock to repay had as they were, they had owned the neeessi. themselves. The power of the pontiff was so ty of reformation, and had repeatedly promised great that he assumed, and, what was more as to reform. Several councils had been called tonishing, was suffered to exercise a supremacy for the purpose of reforming; but nothing had over many kingdoms. When monarchs gratia been done, nor could any thing he expected fied his will, he put on a triple crown, ascend. from assemblies of mercenary men, who were el a throne, suffered them to call him Holi too deeply interested in darkness to vote for ness, and to kiss his feet. When they disoblig. day. They were inflexible against every reed him, he suspended all religious worship in monstrance, and as a Jesuit has since expresstheir dominions; published false and abusive ed it, They would not erlinguish one taper, libels, called bulls, which operated as laws, to though it were lo conrert al lhe Hugonots in injure their persons; discharged their subjects France. from obedience; and gave their crowns to any The restorers of literature reiterated and who woulil usurp them. He claimed an infal reasoned on these complaints: but they reasonlibility of knowledge, and an omnipotence of ed to the wind. The church champions were strength; and he forbade the world to examine hard driven, they tried every art to support his claim. He was addressed by titles of blas their cause: but they could not get rid of the phemy, and, though he owned no juris liction attack hy a polite duplicity: they could not over himself, yet he affected to extend his au intimidate their sensible opponents by anathethority over heaven and hell, as well as over a mas; they would not dispute the matter by middle place called purgatory, of all which scripture, and thev could not defend themselves places, he said, he kept the keys. This irrego | by any other method ; they were too obstinate ular church-polity was attended with quarrels, to reform themselves, and too proud to be reintrigues, schisms, and wars.

formed by their inferiors. At length, the plainR-ligion itself was made to consist in the tiffs laid aside the thoughts of applying to them, performance of numerous ceremonies, of Pagan, and, having found out the liberty whererith Jewish, and Morkish extraction, all of which Christ had made them free, went ahout reform, might be performed without either faith in ing themselves. The reformers were neither God, or love to mankind. The church ritual popes, cardinals nor bishops, but they were was an address, not to the reason, but to the good men, who aimed to promote the glory of senses of men: music stole the ear, and sooth God, and the good of mankind. This was the ed the passions ; statues, paintings, vestments, state of the church, when Francis I. ascended and various ornaments, beguiled the eye; while the throne. (1515.) the pause which was produced by that sudden Were we to enter into a minute examination attack, which a multitude of objects made on of the reformation in France, we would own a the senses, on entering a spacious decorated particular interposition of Provider ce : but we edifice, was enthusiastically taken for devotion. would also take the liherty to observe, that a Blind obedience was first allowed by courtesy, happy conjunction of jarring interests rendered and then established by law. Public worship the sixteenth century a fit era for reformation. was performed in an unknown tongue, and the Events that produced, protected, and persecu sacrament was adored as the body and blood teu reformation, proceeded from open and hid. of Christ. The credit of the ceremonial pro- den, great and little. good and bad causes. The duced in the people a notion, that the perform- capacities and the tempers, the virtues and the ance of it was the practice of piety, and religion vices, the views' and the interests, the wives degenerated into gross superstition. Vice, un and the mistresses, of the princes of those times; controlled by reason or scripture, retained a the abilities and dispositions of the officers of Pagan vigour, and committed the most horrid cach crown; the powers of government, and crimes : and superstition atoned for them, by the persons wl.o wrought them : the tempers building and endowing religious houses, and and geniuses of the people; all these, and maby bestowing donations on the church. Hu ny more, were springs of action, which, in their man merit was introduced, saints were inrok turns, directed the great events that were exhi. ed, and the perfections of God were distribu bited to public view. But our limits allow no ted hy canonization, among the creatures of inquiries of this kind.

The reformation which began in Germany The pillars that supported this edifice were spread itself to Geneva, and thence into France. immense riches, arising by impost from the The French had a translation of the Bible, sins of mankind; idle distinctions between su which hall been made by Guiars des Moulins, preme and subordinate adoration; senseless ax [In 1224.] It had been revised, correcteil, and ioms, called the divinity of the schools; preach printed at Paris,by order of Charles VIII , and ments of buffoonery or blasphemy, or both ; the study of it now began to prevail. [1487.] cruel casuistry, consisting of a body of danger The reigning king, who was a patron of ous and scandalous morality; false miracles learning, encouraged his valet de chambre, and midnight visions; spurious books and pal Clement Marot, to versify some of David's try relics; oaths, dungeons, inquisitions, and Psalms, and took great plensure in singing crusades. The whole was denominated the them,* and either protected, or persecuted the HOLY, CATHOLIC, AND APOSTOLIC CHURCH, and laid to the charge of Jesus Christ.

* His majesty's favourite psalm, which he Loud complaints had heen made of these ex sang when he went a hunting, was the 42. gosscs, for the last hundred and fifty years, to The queen lised to sing the 6th, and the king's those whose business it was to relorm, and, as mistress the 130th. Marot translated filty,

the Pope.

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