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DIGRESS. DIGRE'SS, ) Fr. faire une digression ; It. digredire; incursions or inundations of water." Cotgrave. See DIGUE.
DIGRE'ssIon, Sp. digredir; Lat. digreti, digressum, Dig. DIGUE.
DIJUDigre'ssive. to go apart or away from; (com- The people ran into so great despair that in Zeland they abso- DICATE. pounded of dis, and gradiri
, which Vossius thinks may lutely gave over the working at their digues, suffering the sea to be Hebrew, and Schedius from obs. Gr. yep-eiv; Lat. gain every tide upon the country, and resolving (as they said)
rather to be devoured by that element, than by the Spanish
54. On the United
This seems more probable, from the great shallowness of that
sea, and flatness of the sands, upon the whole extent of it, from
the violent rage of the waters breaking in that way, which For it were a long digression,
threaten the parts of North-Holland about Medenblick and Chaucer. The first Booke of Troilus, fol. 153. Euchusen, and brave it over the highest and strongest digues But now must I make a digression
in the province, upon every high tide, and storm at north-west.
Id. ib. p. 128.
The learned hydrographer, Fournier, speaks of those dams
and digues (as he calls them in his Janguage) which are some-
times made in the sea to secure shipping.
DIJON, the Divio or Divionum of the Romans,
an ancient and well-built City of France, formerly the
Capital of the Duchy of Burgundy, with a Parliament,
Or when I shall giue euidence, or rather declame against an Côte d'Or. It is situated between the Rivers Ouche
plain, bounded by the ridge of hills called the Côte
d'Or, which abounds in excellent wines. It is of an
the suburbs, being about a mile and a quarter ; with
Moreover she beginneth to digresse in latitude, and to diminish suburbs, is 21,600. The principal square, or Place
Royale, is in the form of a horse-shoe, and contains
among other buildings, the Provincial Palace, and the
House of Assembly of the ancient Parliament of Bur-
St. Benigne, the spire of which has an elevation of 370
feet; of St. Michael, remarkable for the richness of
its portal; of St. Stephen, now the Cathedral Church;
and of Notre Dame, which is esteemed one of the We leave it, and to tl' purpose come.
best models of Gothic Architecture in Europe. Of
from the Town stood the Chartreuse, founded in the
year 1383, but in a great measure destroyed at the
The University of Dijon has always been reckoned
Blair. Lecture 44. vol. iii. Sciences was founded in 1725. Dijon is the birth-place of
of woollens, cotton, and silk. The traffic in these goods,
and in wine, corn, &c. is greatly facilitated by the new
Johnson. The Rambler, No. 25. north of Lyons, and 175 south-east of Paris; lon-
Piere de St. Julian, Antiq. de Bourg ; Du Chene,
Récherches des Villes, vi. 2; D. Jon. Ricardi Ant.
DIJUDICATE, Lat. dijudicare; (dis, and judi-
Dijudication, care ;) judicare, quod jus dicatur.
Dijudi'cant. Judex, quod jus dicat, accepta po-
testate, id est, quibusdam verbis dicendo finit. Varr.
DIJU. The church of Rome, when she commends unto us the autho- channels or dikes cut to every bed, and every plant growing DIKE.
Ray. On the Creation, part ii. p. 314. DILAPIDIKE So then the senses, phancy, and what we call reason it self, the forcible breaking of a dike, or on seeing a robbery on the
They who give no assistance on the plundering of a town, on
DATE. being thus influenced by the bodies temperament, and little better than indications of it; it cannot be otherwise, but that this love highway, shall be banished with their cattle and uteusils. of ourselves should strongly incline us in our most abstracted
Sir William Jones. Works, vol. viii. p. 47,
DILACERATE,2 Lat. lacerare; Gr. Nás-elv, cum
For at the steringe of errours and faultes of ye, clergye,
discorde may be inflammed and kindled, many ruynes, many Id. Ib. ch. xxiii.
dilaceracions & diuisions with other inconueniences may folowe These things, I say, I could here subjoin in confirmation of (say thei) which will bring forth greter hurtis and breed what I have been saying, to show that the disposition of the organ
Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, ch. xi.
those parts which restrained him before.
Sir Thomas Brown, book üi. ch. vi.
Now upon the birth, when the infant forsaketh the womb,
Id. book v. ch. iv.
Now although in hot countryes, and very numerous concep-
Id. book iii. ch. xvi.
What vast sacks and bags are necessary to contain such a col
lection of water, which seems to issue from the lymphæducts Now dos Edward dike Berwik brode & long.
either dilacerated or obstructed, and exonerating theinselves into
R. Brunne, p. 272. the foldings, or between the duplicatures of the membranes.
Ray. On the Creation, part ii.
DILANIATE. Bullokar and Cockeram both have
“ Dilaniation ; a tearing in pieces.” Lat. dilaniare; dis,
and laniare, to tear. Of uncertain origin.
For there be many perverse men which do dilaniate the flock of
Christ : yea, and of them which seem to be pillars, or bearers
up of the church : which do rather diminish the faith, than any
Strype. Memorials. Henry VIII. Anno 1535.
DILAPIDATION, It. dilapidare ; Lat. dilapidare, ,
DILAPIDA'TOR. (dis, and lapis ;) Gr. Nâas, a stone;
propriè, says Vossius, lapules dissipare, et disperdere; to
scatter or disperse stones.
Cotgrave. To pull down stone buildings. And,
To pull down, to destroy, to ruin,
It is as finely situated as any rectory can be, for it is about the
mid-way 'twixt Oxford and London; it lies upon the Thames, Whan they were redy they wente to their churches, and toke and the glebe-land house is very large and fair and not dilapidated. the crosses and baners, and made thre batayls, and in cuery
Howell. Letter 15. book i. sec. 5.
for dilapidations of its power.
of Oxon was much dilapidated, and made a prey (for the most
Id. 16. vol. ii. ch. 114. part) to Robert Earle of Essex.
Wood. Athene Oxonienses, vol. i. p. 711.
Strype. Life of Bishop Aylmer, ch, iv.
whether by Dunstan, the late bishop, a monstrous dilapidator of
Id. Life of Parker
Many of us here have felt, in some part of our lives, the in-
sources in our private fortunes, and restrained by the circum-
Bishop Horsley. Sermon 35. vol. iii.
DILAPI. It is not a predilection to mean, sordid, home-bred cares, But I have no great doubt but that they both concur in that DILATE
interest, or prevent the shameful dilapidation, into which a great the pupil opens or shuts, dilate or compress the crystalline, and DIDILATE. empire must fall, by mean reparations upon mighty ruins. bring it nigher unto, or carry it further off the retina.
Derham. Physico-Theology, book iv. ch. ii. (23) note.
For neither honey nor water, nor any other liquid thing what-
of their siccity.
Holland. Plutarch, fol. 607.
And it is fit, a good and honest prince,
Whom they, out of their bounty, have instructed
With so dilate and absolute a power,
Ben Jonson. Sejanus, act i.
Cudworth. Intellectual System, fol. 833.
Joy causeth a cheerfulness and vigour in the eyes ; singing ;
All these are the
Bacon. Natural History, Cent. 8. sec. 715.
extensiveness of the throats and gullets of serpents : I myself the Executor or Administrator of the person so alien- have taken two entire adult mice out of the stomach of an adder,
whose neck was not bigger than my little finger.
Ray. On the Creation, part i. p. 30.
It hath been observed by others, particularly by our lionour
able founder, [Boyle] that as we are forced to use various aperpect whereof such monies are paid, on pain of for- tures to our optic glasses, so nature hath made a far more feiting double as much as shall be received, and not compleat provision in the eyes of animals, to shut out too much, employed, to the Crown. By the 17 George III. c. 53, and to admit sufficient light by the dilatation and contraction it is enacted, with a view to prevent Dilapidations, of the pupil. Derham. Physico-Theology, book iv. ch. ii. that Clergymen may mortgage the Glebe, tithes and It is not so much their custom to dilate and embellish each parother profits of their livings, for the purpose of build- ticular image with a variety of adjuncts, as to heap together a ing or improving the buildings belonging to their number of parallel and analogous comparisons, all of which are Benefices; the Ordinary and Patron giving their con
expressed in a style of the utmost brevity and simplicity.
South. Lecture 12. vol. i. Simile or Comparison. sent, and other forms in the Act specified being complied with. The Governors of Queen Anne's
By his energy he produces gravitation, cohesion, heat, exploBounty may lend money for the like purpose, not
sion, fluidity, contraction, and dilatation of the circulating vessels
in plants and animals, and all other operations discernible exceeding £100., without interest, in respect of a throughout the visible world. living under £50. a year; and where the annual value
Search. Light of Nature, vol. ii. part ii. ch. xxii. exceeds £50., they may lend any sum not exceeding DI'LATION, Fr. dilatoire; It. and Sp. dilatotwo years' income, at £4. per cent. interest. Colleges, Di'LATORY, rio; Lat, dilatorius; from differre, also, or other corporate bodies, having the patronage Di'LATORINESS,
dilatum, to bear apart; to put
time ; and thus, to delay.
Dilation ; delay, procrastination.
Dilatory; delaying, procrastinating ; slow to per-
Certainly, had Zaccheus staid still in the tree, thou hadst to enlarge, to open widely, to extend, to expatiate. thou make of our wilful dilations, but as a stubborn contempt : What needeth greater dilatation.
Hale. Contemplations. Zaccheus.
force toke hym from the officers, and brought him to the standard one thinge as the fynall opening of al in the ende, that vtterly in Cheape, and there before his confession ended caused bis marreth all hys matter.
head to be cut of. Sir Thomas More. Workes, fol. 648. The first Part of the Con
Hall. Henry VI. The twenty-eighth Yere.
And set her in a calm and easy way,
Plain and directly leading to redress; ted and set forth at large, by rehearsing seuerally euery thing one
Barring these counter-courses of delay, after another. Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, fol. 210.
These wasting, dilatory processes.
Daniel. To Sir Thu
Viol. Gerrard not come ? noi Dorothy return
What averse star ruled my nativity ?
The time to night has been as dilato
As languishing consumptions. tution of Decayed Intelligence.
Beaumont and Fletche
DI- Upon their artificions and dilatory answers he immediately Whereas there be, that pretend divine inspiration to be a sue DILATION. draws his forces together, and with an army, under the command pernatural entering of the Holy Ghost into man, and not an LEMMA, of Spinola, marches towards Juliers.
acquisition of God's graces, by doctrine and study ; I think they DI. Sir William Temple. Works, vol. i. p. 93. are in a very dangerous dilemma.
DILILEMMA. Others said, that the dilatoriousness, chargeableness, and a fa
Hobbes. Of the Kingdom of Darkness, part iv. ch. xlv. GENCE. culty of bleeding the eople in the purse-vein, even to their utter Usually the sting of sorrow is this, that it neither removes nor perishing and undoing, that court (High Court of Chancery] alters the thing we sorrow for; and so is but a kind of reproach might compare with, if not surpass, any court in the world.
to our reason, which will be sure to accost us with this dilemma : Parliamentary History. Common-wealth, Anno 1653.
either the thing we sorrow for is to be remedied, or it is not. If
it is, why then do we spend the time in mourning, which should
South. Sermons, vol. i. p. 15.
Philosophers, that give themselves airs of superior wisdom and
inquisitive dispositions, who push them from every corner to
some dangerous dilemma.
Hume. Essays, vol. ii. p. 31. Sceptical Doubts, sec. 4.
Euathlus, a rich young man, desirous of learning
Protagoras found him a very apt scholar, but; after Jurisdiction, or the Plaintiff is stayed till his disability he had made good progress, he was in no haste to plead is removed ; if overruled as frivolous, the Defendant
The master, conceiving that he intended by has judgment of respondeat ouster, or to answer over in this means to shift off his second payment, took, as some better manner.
he thought, a surer method to get the better of his
Judges give sentence for me, you must pay by their
is fulfilled, and you have no plea left for your delay,
Euathlus answered : O most wise master, I might
have avoided the force of your argument by not plead-
I am safe? If they give sentence for me, I am acquit-
ted by their sentence; if against me, the condition of
our bargain is not fulfilled, by my pleading a cause so that they who look upon it, may find his hand in it, that has
and losing it. The Judges thinking the arguments translated us from life to death, by the dilection of our brother.
unanswerable on both sides, put off the cause to a long Id. 16. Treat. 2. part ii. sec. 3.
day. DILEMMA, Lat. ; Gr. Amuua; ais, twice, and
DILIGENCE, Fr. diligence; It. diligenza ; Sp.
Di'LIGENT, λήμμα, Something taken or assumed; from λέλημμαι,
diligencia ; Lat. diligens, present
DI'LIGENTLY. participle of diligere; (de, and lelemma, two propositions are taken or assumed; -as in gere,) to choose, to prefer; to be choice of, careful
of. South. Either (1) the thing we sorrow for is to
Opposed to negligence, (ne, and legere.) be remedied, or (2) it is not; and from each the same
Careful of or about ; careful or anxious to perform inference is made.
or execute; sedulous, assiduous, steady, constant, A Dilemma is, consequentially, a puzzling or per- persevering, industrious, sc. in performing or execuplexing or distressing situation : each alternative
ting. abounding with difficulty or danger.
And they to his commandement obey,
And eche of hem doth al his diligence
To do unto the feste al reverence.
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8071.
His parishenes devoutly wolde he teche.
Benigne he was, and wonder diligent.
Id. The Prologue, v. 485.
DILI- And when that this done, aspie dilligently whan this same first The youngest and the last, and lesser than the other
DILLING GENCE. Starre passeth any thing to the south westwarde.
Saint Hellen's name doth bear, the dilling of her mother.
Drayton, Poly-olbion, song 2. DILUCID.
DILLWINELLA, in Natural History, a genus of as a theef in the nyght. Wiclif. Thessalonians, ch, iv.
moving Alge, established by Bory de St. Vincent, in
Id. Prouerbes, ch. xxii.
period of their existence, and animals at the other. But when I had loked more diligentlie vpon it in yo morning, These M. Bory has formed altogether into a subBeholde, it was not my sonne, whyche I did beare.
class, under the name of Arthroides, as they are all
more or less distinctly jointed at one period of their
Only one species of the genus has been described,
DIELWYNIA, in Botany, a genus of the class De-
candria, order Monogynia, natural order Leguminose.
Generic character; calyx five-cleft, two-lipped ; co-
rolla, pea-flowered; style recurved, shorter than the
germen; stigma obtuse, pubescent, pod inflated, one-
Five species, natives of Australia. Lin. Soc. Trans.
DILOPHUS, in Zoology, a genus of Dipterous in-
sects, allied to the genus Bibio, and even considered as
Generic character. The front of the thorax armed
with a spine-like tooth; the middle of the outer side
which is the following:
febrilis, Fab.; D. febrilis, Lat.
shine, compounded of de, and
Dilucidation, Slucere, to shine.) Of unknown
Dilu'ciply. « Fr. dilucider ; to clear, diluci-
Dilucide; clear, bright, plain, manifest, evident, easie
to be discerned.” Cotgrave. It. dilucidare.
On Learning, by G. Wats, book viii. Aphorisme 3. forming a large three-lobed lip; stigma simple ; They [Plays) dilucidate and well explain many darke obscure capsule ovate; cells one or two-seeded.
histories, imprinting them in men's mindes in such indelible Two species, natives of the East Indies. Persoon.' characters, that they can hardly bee obliterated : therefore they DILLENIA, in Botany, a genus of the class Poly
are useful and commendable.
Prynne. Histrio-Nastir, part ii. act iv. sc. l.
An observation which is largely deduced and exemplified in the
dissertations, and of which there is no small use for the dilucidaNine species, natives of the Island of Ceylon and ting of obscurities in ancient story, and the clearing of this conthe East Indies.
troversie betwixt us and the Presbyterians.
Works, vol. ii. part iii. fol. 6. Vindication of the
And together with plainnesse, and dilucidity, belief was so
Holland. Plutarch, fol. 977.