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DIGRESS. DIGRE'SS, ) Fr. faire une digression ; It. digredire; incursions or inundations of water." Cotgrave. See DIGUE.

DIGRE'ssIon, Sp. digredir; Lat. digreti, digressum, Dig. DIGUE.

DIJUDigre'ssive. to go apart or away from; (com- The people ran into so great despair that in Zeland they abso- DICATE. pounded of dis, and gradiri

, which Vossius thinks may lutely gave over the working at their digues, suffering the sea to be Hebrew, and Schedius from obs. Gr. yep-eiv; Lat. gain every tide upon the country, and resolving (as they said)

rather to be devoured by that element, than by the Spanish
gerere.) See Congress.

To go apart or away from; to wander or go astray; Sir William Temple. Works, vol. i.


54. On the United
to deviate, to depart or separate from, to turn aside, Provinces.
to diverge.

This seems more probable, from the great shallowness of that
But how this toune came to distruction

sea, and flatness of the sands, upon the whole extent of it, from
Ne falleth not to purpose me to tell

the violent rage of the waters breaking in that way, which For it were a long digression,

threaten the parts of North-Holland about Medenblick and Chaucer. The first Booke of Troilus, fol. 153. Euchusen, and brave it over the highest and strongest digues But now must I make a digression

in the province, upon every high tide, and storm at north-west.
To tell shortly as in sentement

Id. ib. p. 128.
Of thilke knight that Tideus hath sent

The learned hydrographer, Fournier, speaks of those dams
Into Thebes.

and digues (as he calls them in his Janguage) which are some-
Lidgate. The Story of Thebes. The second Part.

times made in the sea to secure shipping.
If they be of mine annoynted and beare my marke, disgresse Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 421. The History of Firmness.
them, I would say disgraduate them, and (after the example of

DIJON, the Divio or Divionum of the Romans,
noble Antiochus ii. Mach. vii.) pare the crownes and fingers of
them, and tormēt them craftly, and for very paine make them

an ancient and well-built City of France, formerly the
deny the truth.

Capital of the Duchy of Burgundy, with a Parliament,
TyndallWorkes. The Obedience of a Christian Man, fol. 134. and now the chief Town in the Department of the

Or when I shall giue euidence, or rather declame against an Côte d'Or. It is situated between the Rivers Ouche
hainous murtherer I may digresse from the offence done, and and Suzon, at the entrance of a fertile and agreeable
enter in praise of the dead man, declaring his vertues in most

plain, bounded by the ridge of hills called the Côte
ample wise. Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, fol. 184.

d'Or, which abounds in excellent wines. It is of an
But to retourne againe to Babilon, from whence the digressio oval form, the circumference of its walls, exclusive of
hath ben made.
Brende. Quintus Curtius, book x. fol. 303.

the suburbs, being about a mile and a quarter ; with
We seek only to be free of involuntary impositions. But to a citadel built by Louis XI. The streets are regular,
return to the argument of restraint, from whence I am a little and well paved ; and the houses m general neat and
digressed. State Trials. The Great Case of Impositions. commodious. The population, including that of the

Moreover she beginneth to digresse in latitude, and to diminish suburbs, is 21,600. The principal square, or Place
her motion from the morne rising.

Royale, is in the form of a horse-shoe, and contains
Holland. Plinie, vol. i. fol. 12.
And here I might a just digression make,

among other buildings, the Provincial Palace, and the
Whilst of some four particular kniglites I spake,

House of Assembly of the ancient Parliament of Bur-
To whom I owe my thankes ; but 'twere not best, gundy. Among the Churches are to be noticed that of
By praysing two or threc, t'accuse the rest.

St. Benigne, the spire of which has an elevation of 370
Corbet. To the Lord Mordant.

feet; of St. Michael, remarkable for the richness of
But let that pass at present, lest
We should forget where we digrest,

its portal; of St. Stephen, now the Cathedral Church;
As learned authors usc, to whom

and of Notre Dame, which is esteemed one of the We leave it, and to tl' purpose come.

best models of Gothic Architecture in Europe. Of
Butler. Huibras, part i. can. 1. the old monastic institutions, the richest was the
The digressions I cannot excuse otherwise, then by the confi- Cistertian Abbey, the parent of all of that Order
dence that no man will read them, who has not at least as much throughout Europe. About a quarter of a league
leisure as I had when I writ them; and whosoever dislikes or

from the Town stood the Chartreuse, founded in the
grows weary of them, may throw them away,
Sir William Temple. Works, vol. iii. p. 247. On the Gout.

year 1383, but in a great measure destroyed at the

He [Lucan] is too digressive also; frequently turning aside
from his subject, to give us sometimes geographical descriptions

The University of Dijon has always been reckoned
of a country; sometimes philosophical disquisitions concerning among the best regulated in France. The Academy of
natural objects.

Blair. Lecture 44. vol. iii. Sciences was founded in 1725. Dijon is the birth-place of
But of all the bugbears by which the infantes barbati, boys both Bossuet, the Poets Crebillon and Piron, and of Larcher.
young and old, have been hitherto frighted from digressing into it is the seat of a Bishop, and contains manufactures
new tracts of learning, none has been more mischievously effi-
cacious than an opinion that every kind of knowledge requires a

of woollens, cotton, and silk. The traffic in these goods,
peculiar genius or mental constitution, framed for the reception Canal from St. Jean de Losne to Dijon. 100 miles

and in wine, corn, &c. is greatly facilitated by the new
of some ideas, and the exclusion of others.

Johnson. The Rambler, No. 25. north of Lyons, and 175 south-east of Paris; lon-
We are the more inclined to digress on this occasion, because gitude 5° ^' 5" east and latitude 47° 19'25” north.
he has made his theory of power the ground of some Atheistical
inferences, which we should not scruple at any time to step out

Piere de St. Julian, Antiq. de Bourg ; Du Chene,
of our way to overturn.

Récherches des Villes, vi. 2; D. Jon. Ricardi Ant.
Beattie.' On Truth, part ii. ch. ii. sec. 3.

Divionenses, 1585.
The poet's intention certainly was not to censure the false re-

DIJUDICATE, Lat. dijudicare; (dis, and judi-
finements of their stage-music; but in a short digressive history

Dijudication, care ;) judicare, quod jus dicatur.
(such as the didactic form will sometimes require) to describe the

Dijudi'cant. Judex, quod jus dicat, accepta po-
rise and progress of the true.
Hurd. Works, vol. i. p. 168. Notes on the Art of Poetry.

testate, id est, quibusdam verbis dicendo finit. Varr.

L. 5.
DIGUE, Fr. “ A ditch, bound or bank; a jetty, To deem or doom, to sentence, to give sentence or
dam or mount, raised up for a defence against the opinion, to decide, to determine.

DIJU. The church of Rome, when she commends unto us the autho- channels or dikes cut to every bed, and every plant growing DIKE.
DICATE. sity of the church in dijudicating of Scriptures, seems only to therein, as we have seen more done beyond the seas,
speak of herself.
Hale. Remains, p. 260,

Ray. On the Creation, part ii. p. 314. DILAPIDIKE So then the senses, phancy, and what we call reason it self, the forcible breaking of a dike, or on seeing a robbery on the

They who give no assistance on the plundering of a town, on

DATE. being thus influenced by the bodies temperament, and little better than indications of it; it cannot be otherwise, but that this love highway, shall be banished with their cattle and uteusils. of ourselves should strongly incline us in our most abstracted

Sir William Jones. Works, vol. viii. p. 47,

DILACERATE,2 Lat. lacerare; Gr. Nás-elv, cum
Glanville. The Vanity of Dogmatizing, ch. xiii. DILACERATION. S crepitu rumpi. Fr. dilacerer.
And if great philosophers doubt of many things, which popular To rend or tear in pieces.
dijudicants hold as certain as their creeds, I suppose ignorance

For at the steringe of errours and faultes of ye, clergye,
itself will not say, it is because they are more ignorant.

discorde may be inflammed and kindled, many ruynes, many Id. Ib. ch. xxiii.

dilaceracions & diuisions with other inconueniences may folowe These things, I say, I could here subjoin in confirmation of (say thei) which will bring forth greter hurtis and breed what I have been saying, to show that the disposition of the organ

worser thinges.
is of great importance in the dijudications we make of colours.

Joye. Exposicion of Daniel, ch. xi.
Boyle. Works, vol. i. p. 674. Experimental History of Struggling to come forth, [the infant) dilacerates and breaks
Colours, ch. iii.

those parts which restrained him before.
DIKE, v.
A. S. dic-ian, fossam fodere, i. e.

Sir Thomas Brown, book üi. ch. vi.
DIKE, n.
to dig a ditch. To make a trench, although it dilacerate, and break the involving membranes, yet

Now upon the birth, when the infant forsaketh the womb,
Di'KERS, ditch, dyke or moat. Somner. See do these vessels hold.

Id. book v. ch. iv.
DIKE-MAKERS. Dır, and Dirch.

Now although in hot countryes, and very numerous concep-
To dike, is now, tó dig. A dike, that which is tions, in the viper or other animals, there may sometimes ensue
digged or dug. In some Counties, that which is dug a dilaceration of the parts, yet this is a rare and contingent effect,
out, sc. the mound or bank formed by digging out is and not a natural and constant way of exclusion.
called the dike or ditch ; but generally the cavity left.

Id. book iii. ch. xvi.
And see Digue, and the Example from Cowley.

What vast sacks and bags are necessary to contain such a col

lection of water, which seems to issue from the lymphæducts Now dos Edward dike Berwik brode & long.

either dilacerated or obstructed, and exonerating theinselves into

R. Brunne, p. 272. the foldings, or between the duplicatures of the membranes.
Now is Edward left Berwik for to dike,

Ray. On the Creation, part ii.
Þe Scottis er risen eft, Inglond to bisuike.

DILANIATE. Bullokar and Cockeram both have
Id. p. 273.

Dilaniation ; a tearing in pieces.” Lat. dilaniare; dis,
Do reise vp pin engýns, & wyn of þam þise dikes.

and laniare, to tear. Of uncertain origin.
Id. p. 173.

For there be many perverse men which do dilaniate the flock of
Alle Crystyne people

Christ : yea, and of them which seem to be pillars, or bearers
To delre and dike a deop diche al aboute unite.

up of the church : which do rather diminish the faith, than any
Piers Plouhman. Vision, p. 385, thing auginent it.
Thei shulden deluen, and dyken, and dongen the erthe.

Strype. Memorials. Henry VIII. Anno 1535.
Id. Crede, E. 3. DILA'PIDATE, Fr. dilapider; Sp. dilapidar ;
Dykers and delvers. diggeden up þe balkes,

DILAPIDATION, It. dilapidare ; Lat. dilapidare, ,
Id. Vision, p. 134.

DILAPIDA'TOR. (dis, and lapis ;) Gr. Nâas, a stone;
He wold thresh, and therto dike, and delve.

propriè, says Vossius, lapules dissipare, et disperdere; to
Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 538.

scatter or disperse stones.
It were better dike and delue,

Cotgrave. To pull down stone buildings. And,
And stande vpon the right feith,

Than knowe all that the Bible seith,

To pull down, to destroy, to ruin,
And erre, as some clerkes doo.
Gower. Conf. Am. Prologue, fol. 3.

It is as finely situated as any rectory can be, for it is about the

mid-way 'twixt Oxford and London; it lies upon the Thames, Whan they were redy they wente to their churches, and toke and the glebe-land house is very large and fair and not dilapidated. the crosses and baners, and made thre batayls, and in cuery

Howell. Letter 15. book i. sec. 5.
batayle ten thousande fyghting men, and came to a narowe There was another fear upon you, lest, having been so liberal
passage well diked nere to ye place where their enemyes shulde to the prince in ecclesiastical matters, the church should sue you

for dilapidations of its power.
Lord Berners. Froissart. Cronycle, vol. ii. ch. 212. Marvell. Works, vol. ii. fol. 460. The Rehearsal transposed.
He loued them moche better than, and caused them to be newly From the time of his death to the consecration of Dr. Jo.
fortyfied, and set workemen aworke, as masons, carpēters, and Bridges his successor, an. 1603, the patrimony of the bishopric
dyke-makers to amende euery place.

of Oxon was much dilapidated, and made a prey (for the most

Id. 16. vol. ii. ch. 114. part) to Robert Earle of Essex.
The third day of our journey, they brought us to a town of

Wood. Athene Oxonienses, vol. i. p. 711.
their owne, seated near à faire river on the side of a hill, envi- Now also the business of dilapidations came on between our
roned with a dike of eight foot broad and a thicke mud wall of bishop and the archbishop of York, his predecessor.
ten foot high, sufficient to stop a sudden surprizer.

Strype. Life of Bishop Aylmer, ch, iv.
Sir Francis Drake Revived, fol. 51. The house called Mathern, belonging thereunto, being alienated,
It is God that breaks up the floodgates of so general a deluge, that see, or by some other means.

whether by Dunstan, the late bishop, a monstrous dilapidator of

Id. Life of Parker
and all the art then and industry of mankind is not sufficient to
raise up dikes and ramparts against us.

Many of us here have felt, in some part of our lives, the in-
Cowley. On the Government of Oliver Cromwell. convenience of succeeding to dilapidated houses, with small re-

sources in our private fortunes, and restrained by the circum-
Just as if from one water-house there should be pipes conveying stances of a predecessor's family from the attempt to enforce
the water to every house in a town, and to every room in each our legal claims.
house; or from one fountain in a garden there should be little

Bishop Horsley. Sermon 35. vol. iii.

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DILAPI. It is not a predilection to mean, sordid, home-bred cares, But I have no great doubt but that they both concur in that DILATE
DATE. that will avert the consequences of a false estimation of our action, and that the Ligamentum ciliare doth at the same time

interest, or prevent the shameful dilapidation, into which a great the pupil opens or shuts, dilate or compress the crystalline, and DIDILATE. empire must fall, by mean reparations upon mighty ruins. bring it nigher unto, or carry it further off the retina.

Burke. On the Nabob of Arcot's Debts.

Derham. Physico-Theology, book iv. ch. ii. (23) note.
DILAPIDATION, in Law, a wasteful destroying or

For neither honey nor water, nor any other liquid thing what-
letting those things which a beneficed person hath the soever, in so small a quantity, can be dilated and drawn so far
burden and charge of reparation ; such as the Chancel, as oile, but for the most part they are spent and gone by occasion

of their siccity.

Holland. Plutarch, fol. 607.
Parsonage House, enclosures, hedges, and ditches, run
to ruin and decay for want of reparation. Actions for TIB. Returne the lords this voyce, we are their creature;

And it is fit, a good and honest prince,
Dilapidation may be brought either in the Spiritual

Whom they, out of their bounty, have instructed
Court by the Canon law, or in the Courts of Common

With so dilate and absolute a power,
law; and they lie as well against an Incumbent if Should owe the office of it, to their service,
removed to other preferment, as against his Executors And good of all, and every citizen.
or Administrators, in case of his death. It is said to

Ben Jonson. Sejanus, act i.
be good cause of deprivation if the Bishop, Parson, The Deity having such an infinite extension, but all created
Vicar, or other Ecclesiastical person, Dilapidates the spirits, a finite and limited one; which also is in them supposed
buildings, or cuts down timber growing in the patri- to be contractible and dilatable


Cudworth. Intellectual System, fol. 833.
mony of the Church, unless for necessary repairs ; the
woods being called the dower of the Church. By the leaping; dancing ; and sometimes teares.

Joy causeth a cheerfulness and vigour in the eyes ; singing ;

All these are the
13 Elizabeth, c. 10, if any Ecclesiastical person makes effects of dilatation, and comming forth of the spirits into the out-
over or alienates his goods or chattels with intent to ward parts ; which maketh them more lively and stirring.
defeat his successor of his remedy for Dilapidations,

Bacon. Natural History, Cent. 8. sec. 715.
such Successor shall have the same remedy in the Here, by the by, we take notice of the wonderful dilatability or
Ecclesiastical Court against the Alienee, as if he were

extensiveness of the throats and gullets of serpents : I myself the Executor or Administrator of the person so alien- have taken two entire adult mice out of the stomach of an adder,

whose neck was not bigger than my little finger.
ating his goods and chattels. By the 14 Elizabeth,

Ray. On the Creation, part i. p. 30.
c. 11, all monies recovered for Dilapidations shall
within two years be employed upon the repairs in res-

It hath been observed by others, particularly by our lionour

able founder, [Boyle] that as we are forced to use various aperpect whereof such monies are paid, on pain of for- tures to our optic glasses, so nature hath made a far more feiting double as much as shall be received, and not compleat provision in the eyes of animals, to shut out too much, employed, to the Crown. By the 17 George III. c. 53, and to admit sufficient light by the dilatation and contraction it is enacted, with a view to prevent Dilapidations, of the pupil. Derham. Physico-Theology, book iv. ch. ii. that Clergymen may mortgage the Glebe, tithes and It is not so much their custom to dilate and embellish each parother profits of their livings, for the purpose of build- ticular image with a variety of adjuncts, as to heap together a ing or improving the buildings belonging to their number of parallel and analogous comparisons, all of which are Benefices; the Ordinary and Patron giving their con

expressed in a style of the utmost brevity and simplicity.

South. Lecture 12. vol. i. Simile or Comparison. sent, and other forms in the Act specified being complied with. The Governors of Queen Anne's

By his energy he produces gravitation, cohesion, heat, exploBounty may lend money for the like purpose, not

sion, fluidity, contraction, and dilatation of the circulating vessels

in plants and animals, and all other operations discernible exceeding £100., without interest, in respect of a throughout the visible world. living under £50. a year; and where the annual value

Search. Light of Nature, vol. ii. part ii. ch. xxii. exceeds £50., they may lend any sum not exceeding DI'LATION, Fr. dilatoire; It. and Sp. dilatotwo years' income, at £4. per cent. interest. Colleges, Di'LATORY, rio; Lat, dilatorius; from differre, also, or other corporate bodies, having the patronage Di'LATORINESS,

dilatum, to bear apart; to put
of livings, may lend money for the same purposes DI'LATORILY.
without interest.

time ; and thus, to delay.
DILA'TE, Fr. dilater; Sp. dilatar ; It. dila-

Dilation ; delay, procrastination.
tare ; Lat. dilatare, latum facere, to
DILATABI'LITY, Smake wide or broad. Lat. latus; form; loitering, tardy.

Dilatory; delaying, procrastinating ; slow to per-
Dilata'tion, Gr, πλατύς.
To widen, to broaden, to expand, balked his house, as unworthy of thee. What construction canst

Certainly, had Zaccheus staid still in the tree, thou hadst to enlarge, to open widely, to extend, to expatiate. thou make of our wilful dilations, but as a stubborn contempt : What needeth greater dilatation.

Hale. Contemplations. Zaccheus.
Chaucer. The Man of Lawes Tale, v. 4652. The Capytaine perceiuynge hys (the Lord Say] dilatorie ple, by
For now in dylating and declaring of his conclusion, le addeth

force toke hym from the officers, and brought him to the standard one thinge as the fynall opening of al in the ende, that vtterly in Cheape, and there before his confession ended caused bis marreth all hys matter.

head to be cut of. Sir Thomas More. Workes, fol. 648. The first Part of the Con

Hall. Henry VI. The twenty-eighth Yere.
futation of Tyndall.

And set her in a calm and easy way,
Thus these words (he hath spent al his goodes in riot) are dila-

Plain and directly leading to redress; ted and set forth at large, by rehearsing seuerally euery thing one

Barring these counter-courses of delay, after another. Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, fol. 210.

These wasting, dilatory processes.
Thy labours show thy will to dignifie

Daniel. To Sir Thu
The first dilaters of thy famous nation,

Viol. Gerrard not come ? noi Dorothy return
And whilest thy lines their glories signifie

What averse star ruled my nativity ?
They likewise do increase thy reputation.

The time to night has been as dilato
Thomas Shelton. To M. Richard Verstegan, in Verstegan's Resti-

As languishing consumptions. tution of Decayed Intelligence.

Beaumont and Fletche

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DI- Upon their artificions and dilatory answers he immediately Whereas there be, that pretend divine inspiration to be a sue DILATION. draws his forces together, and with an army, under the command pernatural entering of the Holy Ghost into man, and not an LEMMA, of Spinola, marches towards Juliers.

acquisition of God's graces, by doctrine and study ; I think they DI. Sir William Temple. Works, vol. i. p. 93. are in a very dangerous dilemma.

DILILEMMA. Others said, that the dilatoriousness, chargeableness, and a fa

Hobbes. Of the Kingdom of Darkness, part iv. ch. xlv. GENCE. culty of bleeding the eople in the purse-vein, even to their utter Usually the sting of sorrow is this, that it neither removes nor perishing and undoing, that court (High Court of Chancery] alters the thing we sorrow for; and so is but a kind of reproach might compare with, if not surpass, any court in the world.

to our reason, which will be sure to accost us with this dilemma : Parliamentary History. Common-wealth, Anno 1653.

either the thing we sorrow for is to be remedied, or it is not. If

it is, why then do we spend the time in mourning, which should
The King of Spain, indeed, delayed to comply with our propo- be spent in an active applying of remedies? but if it is not, then
sals, and our armament was made necessary but unsatisfactory is our sorrow vain and superfluous, as tending to no real effect.
answers and dilatory debates.

South. Sermons, vol. i. p. 15.
Johnson. Falkland's Islands,

Philosophers, that give themselves airs of superior wisdom and
Sometime in March I finished the Lives of the Poets, which I sufficiency, have a hard task when they encounter persons of
wrote in my usual way dilatorily and hastily, unwilling to work, which they retreat, and who are sure at last to bring them to

inquisitive dispositions, who push them from every corner to
and working with vigour and haste.
Id. Prayers and Meditations, p. 190.

some dangerous dilemma.

Hume. Essays, vol. ii. p. 31. Sceptical Doubts, sec. 4.
DILATORY Pleas, in Law, are such as are put to Most Logicians consider the DILEMMA as a disjunc-
delay a suit, by questioning the propriety of the tive Syllogism. An example of it given by Aulus
remedy rather than by denying the injury; whereas, Gellius, v. 10, 11, and after him, by many others, will
Pleas to the Action are such as dispute the cause itself. sufficiently explain its power. It is a happy instance of
Dilatory pleas are: 1st, to the Jurisdiction of the Court; the manner in which this wordy weapon may some-
2dly, to the Disability of the Plaintiff, by reason of times be hurled back upon the assailant who has first
his being incapable of commencing or continuing the employed it.
suit; 3dly, in Abatement. These Pleas were for-

Euathlus, a rich young man, desirous of learning
merly much used, without any foundation of truth, the art of Pleading, applied to Protagoras, a celebrated
and solely for delay; but by the 4 and 5 Anne, Sophist, to instruct him ; promising a great sum of
c. 16, no Dilatory Plea can be admitted without affi- money as his reward, one half of which was paid
davit of its truth, or probable matter shown to the down, the other half he bound himself to pay as soon
Court to induce a belief of its truth. When these Pleas as he should plead a cause before the Judges, and gain
are allowed, the Cause is either dismissed from that it.

Protagoras found him a very apt scholar, but; after Jurisdiction, or the Plaintiff is stayed till his disability he had made good progress, he was in no haste to plead is removed ; if overruled as frivolous, the Defendant

The master, conceiving that he intended by has judgment of respondeat ouster, or to answer over in this means to shift off his second payment, took, as some better manner.

he thought, a surer method to get the better of his
DILATRIS, in Botany, a genus of the class Trian- delay. He sued Euathlus before the Judges, and,
dria, order Monogynia, natural order Irides. Generic having opened his cause at the Bar, he pleaded to this
character : corolla, petals six, superior, hirsute; one purport : O most foolish young man, do you not see
filament smaller than the others; stigma simple; that, in any event, I must gain my point ? for if the
capsule globular, inferior, three-celled.

Judges give sentence for me, you must pay by their
Four species, natives of Southern Africa, and one of sentence ; if against me, the condition of our bargain
North America. Persoon.

is fulfilled, and you have no plea left for your delay,
DILECTION, Lat. diligere, dilectum ; (from legere, after having pleaded and gained a cause. To which
to choose ;) to choose, to prefer, to love.

Euathlus answered : O most wise master, I might
So there are diverse Abrahams in this life, as I

have avoided the force of your argument by not plead-
them, who carry this sort of Lazarus in their bosome, being both ing my own cause ; but, giving up this advantage, do
rich, humble, and faithfull, contriving all their temporary joy out you not see that, whatever sentence the Judges pass,
of the perception and dilection of the true blessing, intended in
the creature.

I am safe? If they give sentence for me, I am acquit-
Mountague. Devoute Essayes, Treat. 7. part i. sec. 2.

ted by their sentence; if against me, the condition of
I beseech Almightie God to set his hand to, and touch it over ;

our bargain is not fulfilled, by my pleading a cause so that they who look upon it, may find his hand in it, that has

and losing it. The Judges thinking the arguments translated us from life to death, by the dilection of our brother.

unanswerable on both sides, put off the cause to a long Id. 16. Treat. 2. part ii. sec. 3.

day. DILEMMA, Lat. ; Gr. Amuua; ais, twice, and

DILIGENCE, Fr. diligence; It. diligenza ; Sp.

Di'LIGENT, λήμμα, Something taken or assumed; from λέλημμαι,

diligencia ; Lat. diligens, present

DI'LIGENTLY. participle of diligere; (de, and lelemma, two propositions are taken or assumed; -as in gere,) to choose, to prefer; to be choice of, careful

of. South. Either (1) the thing we sorrow for is to

Opposed to negligence, (ne, and legere.) be remedied, or (2) it is not; and from each the same

Careful of or about ; careful or anxious to perform inference is made.

or execute; sedulous, assiduous, steady, constant, A Dilemma is, consequentially, a puzzling or per- persevering, industrious, sc. in performing or execuplexing or distressing situation : each alternative

ting. abounding with difficulty or danger.

And they to his commandement obey,

And eche of hem doth al his diligence
Hope, whose weak being ruin'd is

To do unto the feste al reverence.
Alike, if it succeed, and if it miss.

Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8071.
Whom ill and good doth equally confound,

His parishenes devoutly wolde he teche.
And both the horns of fate's dilemma wound.

Benigne he was, and wonder diligent.
Crashaw. Steps to the Temple. On Hope.

Id. The Prologue, v. 485.

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DILI- And when that this done, aspie dilligently whan this same first The youngest and the last, and lesser than the other

DILLING GENCE. Starre passeth any thing to the south westwarde.

Saint Hellen's name doth bear, the dilling of her mother.
Chaucer. Of the Astrolabie, fol. 266.

Drayton, Poly-olbion, song 2. DILUCID.
For ghesilf witen diligentli, that the dai of the Lord schal come

DILLWINELLA, in Natural History, a genus of as a theef in the nyght. Wiclif. Thessalonians, ch, iv.

moving Alge, established by Bory de St. Vincent, in
Kepe thyne herte with al diligence, for there vpon hangeth life. his account of the family Arthroides, belonging to the
Bible, Anno 1551. Prouerbes, ch. iv.

section Oscillatoriæ.
Seyst thou not, that they whiche be dilygente in theyr busynes, According to the opinion of several of the best
stande before kinges, and not amonge the symple people ? Cryptogamists, these bodies are vegetables at one

Id. Prouerbes, ch. xxii.

period of their existence, and animals at the other. But when I had loked more diligentlie vpon it in yo morning, These M. Bory has formed altogether into a subBeholde, it was not my sonne, whyche I did beare.

class, under the name of Arthroides, as they are all
Id. 3 Kings, ch. iii.

more or less distinctly jointed at one period of their
But it pleased God, that he [Lord Capel] got at last to the existence.
other side, where his friends expected him, and carried him to a
chamber in the temple ; where he remained two or three nights called D, serpentina, which is Conferva Mirabilis of

Only one species of the genus has been described,
secure from any discovery, notwithstanding the diligence that
could not but be used to recover a man they designed to use no


DIELWYNIA, in Botany, a genus of the class De-
Clarendon. History of Civil War, vol. iii. part i. p. 269.

candria, order Monogynia, natural order Leguminose.
Who kept hy diligent devotion

Generic character; calyx five-cleft, two-lipped ; co-
God's image in such reparation

rolla, pea-flowered; style recurved, shorter than the
Within her heart, that what decay was grown,
Was her first parents' fault, and not her own.

germen; stigma obtuse, pubescent, pod inflated, one-
Donne. Funeral Elegies.

celled, two-seeded.

Five species, natives of Australia. Lin. Soc. Trans.
Surely long experience doth proffet much, but moste and almost
onelie to him (if we meane honest affaires) that is diligentlie q. V.
before instructed with preceptes of well doinge.

DILOPHUS, in Zoology, a genus of Dipterous in-
Ascham. Works. The Schole-Master,

sects, allied to the genus Bibio, and even considered as
I have followed him (Virgil) every where I know not with what part of it by Latreille, in his Animal Kingdom. It
success, but I am sure with dilligence enough: my images are belongs to the great family of the Nemocera.
many of them copied from him, and the rest are imitations of

Generic character. The front of the thorax armed
Dryden. Letter to Sir R. Howard.

with a spine-like tooth; the middle of the outer side
Never did ambition or avarice, the most active passions, and the end of the two front legs armed with spine-
cause men to be more diligent than they were to communicate like teeth. Meigen, in his Description of the European
the knowledge of our Saviour to all nations. Now what greater
assurance can we possibly receive that they were sincere in their Diptera, enumerates five species, the most known of

which is the following:
Bates. Works, vol. i. p. 522. The Harmony of the Divine Attri- D. vulgaris, Meigen ; Tipula febrilis, Lin.; Thetea

febrilis, Fab.; D. febrilis, Lat.
"Tis part therefore of this daty incumbent on us, to take notice DILU'CID, Lat. dilucidare; from dilucere, to
of diligently, and carefully to consider the divine benefits ; not

to let them pass undiscerned, and unregarded by us, as persons

shine, compounded of de, and
either wofully blind, or stupidly drowsy, or totally unconcerned.

Dilucidation, Slucere, to shine.) Of unknown
Barrow. Sermon 8. vol. i.

DILUCI'Dity, etymology
Diligence and accuracy are the only merits which an historical

Dilu'ciply. « Fr. dilucider ; to clear, diluci-
writer may ascribe to himself; if any merit, indeed, can be ass date; explain, manifest, make plain to be understood.
sumed from the performance of an indispensable duty.

Dilucide; clear, bright, plain, manifest, evident, easie
Gibbon. Declme and Fall, &c. Preface, ix.!

to be discerned.” Cotgrave. It. dilucidare.
DILIVARIA, in Botany, a genus of the class Didy-
namia, order Angiospermia. Generic character : calyx LObscurity of Lawes springs.] From an ambiguous, or not
five-parted, bracteas three, imbricated; corolla labi- so perspicuous and dilucide description of Lawes.

ate; tube short, upper part toothed, the lower part

On Learning, by G. Wats, book viii. Aphorisme 3. forming a large three-lobed lip; stigma simple ; They [Plays) dilucidate and well explain many darke obscure capsule ovate; cells one or two-seeded.

histories, imprinting them in men's mindes in such indelible Two species, natives of the East Indies. Persoon.' characters, that they can hardly bee obliterated : therefore they DILLENIA, in Botany, a genus of the class Poly

are useful and commendable.
andria, order Polygynia, natural order Dilleniacea.

Prynne. Histrio-Nastir, part ii. act iv. sc. l.
Generic character: calyx five-leaved ; corolla, petals

An observation which is largely deduced and exemplified in the
six ; capsule filled with pulp, many-seeded.

dissertations, and of which there is no small use for the dilucidaNine species, natives of the Island of Ceylon and ting of obscurities in ancient story, and the clearing of this conthe East Indies.

troversie betwixt us and the Presbyterians.

Mr. Grose says, to Dill ; to soothe,

Works, vol. ii. part iii. fol. 6. Vindication of the

blunt or silence pain or sound. Dilling ; a darling or
favourite child. South and North.

And together with plainnesse, and dilucidity, belief was so
A Dilling ; a darling or best beloved child. Ray. turned and altered, changing together with other things, that
South and East country words. Junius says, perhaps before time, whatsoever was not ordinary nor common, but extra-
from the ancient Teut. dillen, garrire, ineptè fabulari. it into an opinion of some holinesse bidden underneath, was
Minshew thinks from the Lat. diligo, because such astouied thereat, and held it venerable.
child is loved (diligitur) more than others.

Holland. Plutarch, fol. 977.

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