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DI. GAMMA.

Evasiois; and avatav, in Pindar, occurs for å atav, i. e. occasionally employed as a short vowel, and to shorten DI-
& Fatav. And thus also Fiov for oavčov in Alcman a syllable! Yet such is the conclusion of Priscian. GAMMA.
cited by Priscian; but we shall endeavour, by and by, Inveniuntur etiam pro vocali correpta illi usi, ut Alcman.
to show that the Grammarian was mistaken in this

και χείμα πύρ τε δά Fιον"
part of the subject.

We have seen that Dionysius observes that it was Est enim dimetrum iambicum; et sic est proferendum F,
usual with the very ancient Greeks to prefix this ut faciat brevem syllabam.This passage must be
letter to words beginning with a vowel ; but we are understood to signify that the hemistich cited was to
not to understand by this that they did so in every be scanned thus,
instance. The ancient inscriptions which contain the

και χει | μα πυρ | τε δαF | ιον !!
Digamma sufficiently disprove such a supposition, and
Terentianus contents himself with observing :

where F is used like v, or some vowel. But what
Nominum multa inchoata litteris vocalibus

prevents that the line should be scanned as a pure Usus Æolicus reformat, et digammon proficit.

iambic
In the extremely unsettled state of the ancient

kai χει | μα πυρ | τε δα | Fιον ) :
language of Greece, it is probable that this letter was
prefixed or omitted, not according to any very minute natural ; in the other forced and unexampled'; for

In this case the use of the Digamma is ordinary and
grammatical regulations, but still with some regard to although Y was sometimes used as a consonant for the
euphony. The facility with which the Digamma might
be employed or neglected, is probably the most satis- Digamma, we do not find that the Digamma was ever
factory explanation of its disuse at a period when the cian's resolution be true, the Digamma must have had,

Beside which, if Pris-
language became more cultivated and regular. One

as we have already observed, the power of shortening
of its most usual purposes was to supply the office of
the aspirate, to which the Æolians seem to have had Priscian should have known that the first syllable in

no less than lengthening the preceding syllable ; for
considerable aversion. Sciendum tamen quod hoc ipsum dūžos is long ; and even were it not so, it might have
Æoles quidem ubique loco aspirationis ponebant, effugientes been lengthened by the Digamma. His Latin ana-
spiritús asperitatem. So says Priscian; but his ubique
is incorrect, if carried farther than the practice of the logies, therefore, of sylüæ and solüit are nothing to the
Æolians. On the Heraclean tablets, and on many

purpose. We shall have an opportunity of returning

to this inconsistency presently.
other monuments of antiquity, we find the aspirate F

The Grammarian proceeds: FÆoles est quando in
as well as the Digamma For C. In the tablets we
have seg for is and its compounds; but always. Fenta

metris pro nihilo accipiebant, ut
for ērta and its compounds; and we find Féros, but άμμος δ' Fειράναν το δε τ' άρ' θίτο μωσα λιγαία.
πενταετηρις. As the Eolians inverted the sound of Z

Est enim hexametrum heroïcum." Pro nihilo! If the
() by making it cô, and writing gồevryda for (euman, line as here cited be not a corruption (which is very
so they appear originally to have inverted the initial } supposable) there is no reason why it could not have
(pt) and written Epárpa, afterwards Fpátpa, as it occurs

been pronounced
on the Elean inscription ; and this occasional inser-
tion of the Digamma before the initial ', may account

άμμες δ' vειράναν, &c.
for the power which that letter sometimes possesses which, although not so perfectly euphonous as the
of elongating a short vowel.
which all ancient testimony identifies with the di ordinary tenour of the language, is much less offensive

to the ear than the dwell of the English ; and Dawes
gamma, had the force of an aspirate, appears from

has proved that in some instances the Digamma was
Quinctilian, if the passage be rightly punctuated by actually used after 8. But as the Digamma, appa-
Dawes, which it appears not to be. (See Dawes, rently, might arbitrarily be inserted or neglected,
Miscell. Crit. iv. ; Quinct. lib. i. cap. iv.). Certain it is, there is every reason to suppose that it is here in-
however, that many words aspirated in Greek begin debted to the Grammarian for its disadvantageous col-
in Latin with V.

location. The example from Terence is nothing to the
A very common use of the Digamma appears to
have been to lengthen a short syllable in Poetry. This purpose. It is very possible that the line

Sine invidiâ laudem invenias et amicos pares,
will appear from the examples in Priscian, although
they are most unaccountably arranged and applied. might be scanned, sin'iný, &c.; but the licentious
Est tamen quando Æoles idem F inveniuntur pro du- prosody of Latin Comedy is quite inapplicable to the
plici consonante posuisse, ut

Greek heroic metre.
Νέστορα δε Fe παίδος: .

One object of using the Digamma appears to have been

the removal of the hiatus between two vowels, which, and he adds : nos quoque videm ur hoc sequi in præte- as it seems, was particularly repulsive to the genius of rito perfecto et plusquam perfecto tertia et quarta conjuga- the Æolian dialect. Hiatus quoque causd (says Priscian) tionis, in quibus I ante V consonantem posita producitur, solebant illi interponere Digamma ; quod ostendunt etiam eddemque subtractá corripitur, utcupivi,cupii; cupiveram, Poetæ Æolicè usi, Alcman, kai xcima a úp te ôd Frov, et cupieram ; audivi, audii; audiveram, audieram." So epigrammata, &c. This is, no doubt, the true account far is very intelligible and analogical. But our sen- of Aleman's intention in inserting the Digamma into sations must somewhat resemble those of the honest the word ôdïov, and utterly contradicts the supposition Satyr in the Fable, when we learn from the same ora- which the Grammarian makes above, that the Dicular authority that this identical letter which some- gamma had the force of a vowel ; for if this had been times had even the force of a double consonant, was the case, the only effect of such an interpolation would

DI- have been to widen the hiatus. When the Digamma the belief that the Digamma could be added or omit- DIGAMMA.

fell into desuetuile, the Æolians appear to have left a ted at pleasure, such does not appear generally to be GAMMA.
space for it between two vowels. In the Sigean in the case in the writings of Homer.
scription, as we have already seen, V appears to have

Dawes, who acquired from Bentley both the disco-
been substituted for the Digamma ; and in the word very itself and the means of its prosecution, appears
ΜΕΛΕΔΑ ΙΝΕΙΝ (μελεδαίνειν) a space appears which to have thought cavilling at the discoverer the surest
is considered by most critics not to be the effect of proof of originality. Accordingly he strenuously con-
chance.

tends against Bentley, that although the power of the From this epitome of the history of the Digamma, Digamma certainly prevailed in the poems of Homer, its prevalence and its power, we have a strong à priori its form never appeared there. The point itself is not argument that its effects could not but have been of the slightest consequence; there is some difficulty, greatly perceptible in the poems of Homer; which, however, in admitting the belief that Homer employed whensoever they might have been composed, must, the power of a letter which was a regular component undoubtedly, have had their origin in a period when part of his alphabet, without once writing it. Indeed the influence of the Digamma was considerable. It there can be no doubt that, since every writer in the seems, therefore, a very natural à priori supposition, age of Homer would have used the Digamma, Homer that the writings of Homer should exhibit anomalies also would himself have used it : so that it is

easy to in metre and rhythm, which an attention to the force give an answer to Dawes's quaint bit of patchwork of the Digamma would rectify and explain. This sup- Latinity: qud tandem virga plusquam Circæá Homeri position first presented itself to the critical mind of scripta tum inauditam metamorphosin subire potuissent; Bentley; and although the virulence of party spirit,

quæ tandem esset singularis illa virgæ evtlòcya uue quaand the spleen of the witty but unlearned was abun- litas, que luis Ægyptiacæ ad instar in unius hujus eledantly called into exercise by the promulgation of this

menti internecionem grassaretur. When the Digamma
discovery, in this, as in all contests of a similar nature, was disused in Greece generally, it was disused in
the gigantic scholar came off victorious, and success- the copies of Homer, which only underwent a change
fully and steadily indicated the path which has since similar to that which Shakspeare has experienced among
been trodden by Dawes, Heyne, and more especially by ourselves, whose orthography is no longer that of the
that most eminent archaic Grecian, the late Mr. Payne first editions, but that in ordinary use among us at the
Knight. Whatever may be the varieties of opinion present day. Indeed it is the opinion of many cri-
with respect to this gentleman's universal success in tics, and one adopted by Mr. Payne Knight, that the
the Herculean task of remodelling the Homeric Poems

Poems of Homer were never committed to writing
by the scanty light of very remote antiquity, no doubt before the age of Pisistratus.
can be entertained that he has in a very great number

After this ungracious cavil, as groundless as it is
of instances explained, naturally and beautifully, diffi- unimportant, Dawes proceeds to exemplify Bentley's
culties which it had before cost volumes of unfounded theory in the examination of the words avaf and
sophistry to reconcile.

eros, and their inflexions and derivatives. This has
The critical ground on which Bentley proceeded been done most convincingly; and although this
was immovable. He did not supply the Digamma great scholar seems occasionally to have taken
wherever there occurred an unpleasant hiatus; but he unwarrantable liberties with some of the very few
observed carefully whether there were not some words examples which oppose him, no doubt can remain
beginning with a vowel, which were never immedi- on the general truth of his position. Some of his
ately preceded by a consonant. The general principles corrections are evidently true ; but in those wherein
of language appeared to suggest that, although the his alterations are less justifiable, it is very possible
collision of two vowels, as in öūpå åvūkti, might be that there are corruptions, or that Homer himself
allowed in Poetry, it could never be harmonious or omitted the Digamma, which we know the state of
desirable; and that therefore it would be probable that the language then allowed. Heyne has followed up
the oblique cases of ăvag, for instance, would, most the work of Dawes, in three excursions on the 19th
generally, be preceded by a consonant. But when, Book of the Iliad, in the second of which he has given
on examination, he found that these cases were almost a very elaborate and very valuable critical catalogue
in every instance preceded by a vowel ; and that, in of the Digammated words in the works of Homer ;
the few instances where this did not take place, the from which it appears that the Digamma was some-
corruption was easily perceptible and corrigible; there times omitted even by him, as in the word drukioe
was evidently some cause for so remarkable a pheno- from To Foikiew, which regularly would give åpe Foi-
menon; and this, in all probability, was, that the The theory of Dawes differs, however, in many
word åvaç had formerly possessed an initial consonant respects from that of Mr. Payne Knight.
which would have lengthened any syllable preceding The use of the Digamma in Homer will explain the
it terminated with a consonant. Now, as Dionysius effect which the liquids sometimes appear to have of
of Halicarnassus expressly asserts, that Favag was the lengthening a short syllable, as dooouévn
ancient pronunciation of this word ; and as this ac- (Ελισσομένη,) μαλά μέγα (Fμέγα,) δε νέφος (Fνέφος,)
count of the matter is an adequate explanation of the Tapā pnquêve (Fporquivi.)
whole phenomenon, the chain of critical evidence is The Digamma is to be found in literature much
complete, and the conclusion irresistible. This prin- later then the time of Homer. We have already seen
ciple has been pursued, and the consequence has been that it existed in the writings of Pindar ; and a tro-
the discovery of a very considerable number of words chaic in Aristophanes, (Ran. 712,) if genuine, can only
of which the Digamma appears, at least in the Poems be scanned by its admission. Ilpooe leiv then becomes
of Homer, to have formed a constituent part. For mpoo Félev. But the Alexandrian writers appear to
although the evidence of ancient inscriptions favours have been totally ignorant of its use and power.

KIO.

DIGEST.

DIGES
TION.

DIGAS- DIGASTRICK, Gr. ris, and yaotip, the belly. Hunger's my cook, my labour brings me mcat,
TRICK. « Fr. digastrique; having two bellies." Cotgrave.

Which best digests when it is sauc'd with sweat.

Brome. To his Friend Mr. J. B.
Printed erroneously in Paley.
DIGEST.

While the stream of sorrow runs full, I know how vain it is to
A certain muscle, called the diagastric, rises on the side of the

oppose counsell. Passions must have leisure to digest. face, considerably above the insertion of the lower jaw, and comes

Hall. Works, vol. i. fol. 280. Epistle 9. Decade 2.
down, being converted in its progress into a round tendon.
Paley. Natural Theology, p. 125.

Before you have digested griefe, advice comes too early; too
late, when you have digested it.

Id. Ib.
DIGE'ST, v. Lat. digerere, divisum vel di-

His next counsel was, That with other practicall doctrines they
Dige'st, no versum gerere; from Lat. dis, and should not forget to preach and press charity; and this not in a
DIGE'STER, gerere, which Vossius interprets slight perfunctory manner, but studiedly and digestedly to give
DIGE'STIBLE, manum administrare, (q. d. to han- the people the true nature of it, the full latitude of it, the absolute
DIGE'STION, >dle,) formed from xep-òs, geni- and indispensable necessity of having it.

Mede. Works, fol. 69. Appendix to the Author's Life.
Dige'stIVE, adj. | tive, from xeip, the hand. It.
DIGE'STIVE, n. digerire; Sp. digerir;" Fr, digerir; their government digestible, were wont to take away that griev-

The Romans, when they had subdued many nations, to make
DIGE'STING, N. to disgest, concoct; brook, bear,

ance, as much as they thought necessary, by giving sometimes to
DIGE'STEDLY. digest, abide, away with; also, whole nations, and sometimes to principal inen of every nation
to sort, order, dispose.” Cotgrave.

they conquered, not only the privileges, but also the name of To digest food; to bear or convey food concocted

Romans.

Hobbes. Of Commonwealth, part ii. ch. xix. into different parts of the body.

Falling purposely with Palma, with intention to haue taken our
To digest ideas or thoughts, is to arrange or distri- pleasure of that place, for the full digesting of many things in
bute them in order for consideration ; to dispose them order, and the better furnishing our store with such severall good
methodically; to consider them well; to meditate things as that afforded very abundantly.

Sir Francis Drake. West Indian Voyage, fol. 9.
upon, to contemplate ; to sink or settle them in the
mind.

For some constitutions, and some men's customs, and some

men's educations, and necessities, and weaknesses are such, that
Hence the application of the Noun is plain to any their appetite is to be invited, and their digestion helped, but all
work digested into good order : as by Tertullian to the this while we are within the bounds of nature and need.
Gospel of St. Luke; and by the Civilians to the Pan-

Taylor. Sermons, fol. 157.
dectæ of Justinian.

Digestive cheese, and fruit there sure will be.
The Digests; Fr. Digestes; It. Digesti; Sp. Digestos ;

Jonson, Epigram 101. Inviting a Friend to Supper.
Lat. Digesta, from digerere, to set or order. A volume Notwithstanding these gluts of favours wrought onely the di-
of the Civil Law, so called, because the legal pre- gestion of falshood in him, who cculd taste nothing vnlesse it was
cepts therein are so excellently ordered, disposed, and sauced with treason.
digested. Minshew. And then. Digest, may be applied

Speed. Etnereld, book vii. ch. xliv. sec. 20.
to any work so ordering and disposing; and was applied

Thy style's the same, whatever be thy theme,

As some digestions turn all meat to phlegm.
by Tertullian to the Gospel of St. Luke.

The Earl of Dorset to Mr. Edward Howard.
Than thus proceeded Saturne & the Mone

Inur'd to suffer ere he came to reign,
Whan they the mater ripely did degest.

No rash procedure will bis actions stain :
Chaucer. The Testament of Crescide, fol. 196.

To business ripen'd by digestive thought,
Of his diete mesurable was he,

His future rule is into method brought.
For it was of no superfluitee,

Dryden. Astrea Redux.
But of gret nourishing, and digestible,

He who will believe all that he finds related by the writers of
His study was but litel on the Bible.

the fourth and fifth centuries should be provided with a double
Id. The Prologue, v. 414.

portion of credulity, and have the stomach of an ostrich to digest The norice of digestion, the slepe

fables.
Can on hem winke, and bad hem taken kepe

Jortin. Works, vol. i. p. 306. Remarks on Ecclesiastical History.
That mochel drinke and labour wol have rest.

Though the History of Herodotus be of greater compass than
Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10640.

that of Thucydides, and comprehend a much greater variety of
A day or two ye shul han digestives

dissimilar parts, he has been more fortunate in joining them Of wormes, or ye take your laxatives.

together, and (igesting them into order.
Id. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 14942.

Blair. Lecture 35. vol. iii. p. 27.
If all the world were thyne, thou couldest not make thyselfe They who enjoyed it must have had coarse palates, and a sto-
one inche lēger, nor that thy stomacke shall vligeste the meate that mach like the ostrich, by whom lead or dirt, it may be imagined,
thou puttest into it.

is no less digestible than iron.
Tyndall

. Workes, fol. 235. Exposition vpon the sixth Chapter of Knox. Works, vol. iii. p. 317. Winter Evenings, even. 70.

Matthew.
Your singing is but roaring to stretch out your mawes to make

In erery brake
the meate sinke to the bottome of the stomacke, that he may

Wormwood and centaury their bitter juice,

To aid digestion's sickly powers, retine.
haue perfect digestion, and be ready to deuoure afreshe against
the next refection.

Dodsley. Agriculture, can. 3.
Id. 16. Exposition upon the seventh Chapter of Matthew. Macrobius (Sat. vii. 4,) may be referred to for the
More over, there be dyners maners of exercyses, whereof some,

ancient medical doctrine of the four DigestIONS ; for
onely prepareth and helpeth dy gestyon, some augmenteth also we must give his untranslateable terms as we find
strength and hardynesse of body.

them. The 1st is kaOEKTIKY (for which, since it by no Sir Thomas Elyot. Governour, book i. ch. xvi.

means expresses the quality which Macrobius seeks to
To thintent, that nature, which is made by custom, but not imply, we would willingly read kabelktıxÌ with Gro-
rebuked, & the power digestiue therby debilitate.

novius,) promoting the descent of the food. The 2d,
Id. The Castel of Helth, book iii. ch. iii.
He should receyue such mentes, drynkes, and medicines, which

kata?eKTIKI), which retains all of it that is alimen-
doth attenuate or make thynne, cutte, and digest grosy humours tary to the body. The 3d, allowtıkì, which effects
without vehement heate, whereof it is written in the table of the various changes to which it is subject, is paramount
digestiues.

Id. 16. book iy. ch. i. over the others, and regulates the stomach qui patera

THAT IS HE.

DIGES- familias dici meruit. The 4th, amokpitiny, which pre- DI GIT, v. Fr. digitte ; Lat. digitus ; perhaps DIGIT. TION. sides over egestion. The moderns may have exploded Di'git, n. -Gr. oeis-elv, monstrare, to show or

DIGI

Digitated. S point out, quasi ôcixons, ostensor : TARIA. this system, (if system it may be called,) but they DIGHT.

have not yet established any other which will explain from its being used to point out. Feltham used the
all the phenomena of the different processes. See, verb, to digit, to point out with the finger, in allusion
however, among other Works, the brutal and dis- to. At pulchrum est digito monstrari et dicier : Hic est,
gusting experiments of Spallanzani, Expériences sur Persius, Sat, 1. v. 28.
la Digestion, &c.; and Fordyce's Treatise on the Digestion The Romans, (says Dr. Adam,) as other nations,
of Food.

derived the names of measures chiefly from the parts
Digestion, in Pharmacy, is the effect produced on of the human body. Digitus, a digit or finger's
bodies subjected to a gentle heat. In Surgery, it breadth. Each foot (pes) was divided into sixteen
is the disposition of wounds to suppurate.

digiti, each supposed equal to four barley-corns. The
Digester, a steam-tight boiler, invented by Denys numbers or figures also are called digits, from the
Papin, a Physician at Blois, in the XVIIth century. practice of counting upon the fingers, (computandi per
Water became heated in it far above the boiling point, digitos.)
so that even bones when reduced to powder were ren- Digit is principally used by Astronomers. The dia-
dered soluble. A description of the vessel was published meter of the respective heavenly bodies is divided into
by. Papin himself in 1692, La Manière d'amollir les os twelve Digits; and by the number of these which are
et de faire cuire toutes sortes des Viandes en peu de Tems et obscured, the extent of an Eclipse is computed.
à peu de Frais. This is to be found also in English,

It will leave some doubt behind, in what subjection hitherto
under the title of The New Digester.

were the lives of our forefathers presently after the Flood, and

niore especially before it, who attaining unto 8 or 900 years, had
Dicurixo.} tuere

, instruere
, Po prepare, to procure, not their cliinacters computable by digits or as we do account

them.

Sir Thomas Brown, book iv. ch. xii.
to provide, to appoint, to furnish, item, disponere,
componere, exarare, to dispose, to set in order, to com- Let me laue but so much wisdom as may orderly manage my-
pose.
Sonner. Skinner and Lye think from, to self, and my means; and I shall never care to be digited, with a

Feltham. Resolve 28.
Deck.
ze zonge men, quoþ Merlyn, cubeb now youre mygte,

DIGITALINE, in Zoology, a genus of the sub-
Hou ze mow þis stones best to þe schip dygte.

kingdom Acrita, belonging to the infusorial animals

R. Gloucester, p. 148. of the family Vorticellida, separated from the genus
Henry dight him on haste to be toun of Hastyng.

Vorticella of Muller, by Bory St. Vincent.

R. Brunne, p. 96. Generic character. Stem fistulous, rather flexible,
Wban his lotte was to walke a night,

simple or dendroidal, and divided into rigid branches,
His instruments would he dight

supporting a cylindrical or oblong urn; the mouth of
For to blow and maketlı soune.
Chaucer. The Romant of the Rose, fol. 136.

the urn more or less regularly cordate.
This
genus

has very great affinity to the true
For men also that were dede
Thei hadden goodes as I rede,

branchy Vorticellæ, but the mouth of the urns are des-
And tho by name Manes highten,

titute of beards, and the stems are not contractile nor
To whom full great honour thei dighten.

spiral. They differ from the genus Dendrella, to
Gower. Conf. Am. book v. fol. 91. which they have many points of resemblance, by the
He hathe put hys swearde to the dightyny, [Mod. Ver. to be peculiar form of the mouth of the urn.
furbished) that good hold may be taken of it. This swearde is

The Digitalines commonly grow on the back of
sharpned and dyght, (furbished] that it may be geuen into the

the minute crustaceous animals which live in fresh
hande of the manslayer.
Bible, Anno 1551. Ezechiel, ch. xxi.

water, as the Cyclopes, Monoculi, and Daphnes, cover-
Madg. We shall be hang’d anon, awey good wenches, and have ing them so completely, as to make it difficult for
a care you dight things liaudsomly, I will look over you.

them to swim about. At a particular time the urns Beaumont and Fletcher. The Co.xcomb, act iv. sc. 1, of this genus separate from their stems, and float That pretty Cupid, little God of love,

freely about in the water.
Whose imped wings with speckled plumes are dight,

Three species of this genus have been described :
Who woundeth men below, and Gods above

1. D. simpler, Bory, Lederm. pl. vii. fig. 8. Th.
Roving at random with his feather'd flight.

2. D. Ræselii, Bory; Vorticella Digitalis, Muller,
Drayton. Pastorals. Eclogue 8.

Infus. pl. lvi. fig. 6.
While as he sought with all his might and main

3. D. anastatica, Bory; Vorticella Anastatica, Mul-
In thy defence fair Hellen for to fight,

ler, Infus. pl. xlvi. fig. 5. The Rose of Jericho, of the
In Aphidnes upon the pleasant plain
Bold Theseus to cruel death him dight.

old Works on the Microscope.
Sir Thomas North. Plutarch, fol. 13. Theseus. DIGITALIS, in Botany, a genus of the class Didy-
Just so the proud insulting lass,

namia, order Angiospermia, natural order Scrophularia.
Arrayed and dighted Hudibras.

Generic character: calyx five-parted ; corolla belle
Butler. Hurlibras, part i. can. 3. v. 927.' shaped, ventricose, five-cleft; capsule ovate, two-
But (trust me, gentles !) never yet

celled, flowers in a spike.
Was dight a masquing half so neat,

Twenty-two species, natives of the Northern hemis-
Or half so rich before.

phere. D. purpurea, the Fox-glove, is a native of
Parnell. A Fairy Tale.

England, enlivening the road sides with its beautiful
Sometimes, all clad in armour bright,

flower spikes.
He shakes a warlike lance ;
And now, in courtly garments dight,

DIGITARIA, in Botany, a genus of the class Trian-
Hc leads the sprightly dance.

drta, order Digynia. Generic character : calyx two
Mickle. Ballad 1. and three-valved, concave, the outer valve very small,

the person.

DIGI

or wanting, the second valve variable, the interior And he is heed of the bodi of the chirche, whiche is the by. DIGNIFY. TARIA. valve as long as the corolla ; corolla two-valved, ob- synnyng and the first bigetun of deede men, that he holde the

firste dignyte in alle thingis. Wiclif. Colocensis, ch. i.
DIGNIFY. long, ovate; style very long; nectary cloven ; spike
digitate, linear; flowers in pairs, one nearly sessile.

Age to compare vnto thine excellence
Eleven species, natives of the Northern hemisphere,

I nil presume him so to dignifie.

Chaucer. The Remedie for Loue, fol. 322.
Persoon.
DIGITIGRADA, in Zoology, the second tribe of the ties, and defouled of my name by gessyng, haue suffred turmentes

And I that am put way from good men, and dispoiled of digni-
family Carnivora, order Sarcophaga, class Mammalia,

for my good deeds. DIGLA'DIATE, Lat. digladiare, to fight with

Id. The first Booke of Boecius, fol. 214. DIGLADIATION. S swords, (gladiis.) Cockeram O king, God the hyest gaue vnto Nabuchodonosor thy father, says, Digladiation ; fight, strife, debate."

the dygnitte of a king, with worshippe and honour : so that all

people kynreddes and tunges stode in awe and feare of hym, by
For what else are writings of many men, but mutual pasquils reason of the hie estate, that he had lent hi.
and satyrs against each others lives, wherein digladiating like

Bible, Anno 1551. Daniel, ch. v.
Eschines and Demosthenes, they reciprocally lay open each others All which things, as they are great honours to the person,
filthiness to the view and scorn of the world.

rightly called to such vicinity and endearments with God, so they Hale. Remains, part i. p. 46.

depend wholly upon divine dignation of the grace and vocation of The passions being 'engaged in the quarrel, the judgments of

Taylor. Sermons, part iv. fol. 40. both sides are lost, or blinded, or silenced with the dust and noise

For ye cause hath God placed you in your office, that therefore of passionate digladiations.

ye migut the more see his speciall dignation and loue towards Id. Contemplations, vol. i. p. 481. A Discourse of Religion.

you.

Fox. Vartyrs, fol. 1497. Letter of M. Bradford to M. Richard
DI'GNIFY, Fr. dignité; It. dignità; Sp. Hopkins.
DIGNIFICA'TION, | dignidad ; Lat. dignitas. Dignus Not to mention the patronage of those many prelates and dig-
Dignation, is by some Etymologists sup-

nitaries of the church, men of piety and learning, with whom he
DI'GNITY,
posed to be from the Gr. δεικνύ-

lived in a close intimacy and friendship.
D'GNITARY, elv, ostendere, demonstrare, to show,

The Life of Walton, p. 55.
Di'GNIFYING.

And if
to point out, for different reasons :

you please send one propitious line, Perottus; because those who appear worthy, (digni,)

To dignify these worthless toys of mine.

Brome. Epistle to C. C. Esq. are usually pointed out to others by the finger, (digito All dignification retains still the same title of the merit of some demonstrantur.) Vossius, however, is inclined to be- virtue, and those that attend the least to virtue, will not referre lieve that dignus, or as the Ancients wrote it, dicnus, their temporall successes to lesse then the adeption of them by comes from Gr. Ôur), id est jus ; ut dignus, cui tribui

some virtue.
aliquid æquum est.

Mountague. Devoute Essayes, Treat. 5. part i. sec. 2.
To dignify, (formed of dignus and fieri,) is, literally, well be dazled with their splendour ; we must therefore take off

They who gaze only upon the glorious robes of tyrants, may
to be or cause to be worthy : but by common appli-

our eyes from their palaces, and look upon them in the sanctu-
cation it is

arie ; where, understanding their latter ends, we shall find they
To bestow or confer that of which any one is worthy; were set up, thus to be deluded, rather then dignified.
and thus, to distinguish by honours or emoluments;

Id. 16. Treat. 4. part ii. sec. 2.
to advance, to prefer, to promote to honours or emo-

“And towarde the dignifying of this office, God's purpose seems luments or authority; to exalt to honour, to rank, to

so express, that he has not only furnish'd subjects for our per

sonating his office of beneficence, but submitted himself to be grandeur; to elevate.

represented by the same subjects.

Id. 16. sec. I.
Dignation ; estimation, sc. of worth or worthiness.

The first of these great dignities (Lord High Chancellor of En-
Dygne, in Chaucer, Mr. Tyrwhit says is,—worthy, gland, and Chancellor of the University of Oxford) King Charles
proud, disdainful.

the Second had conferred on him, whilst he was yet in banishment

with him ; which he held, after the Restoration, above seven Change worp of bischopriches, & the digne sege [worthy seat] years, with the universal approbation of the whole kingdom, and wys

the general applause of all good men.
Worbybrogt to Canterbury, þat at London now ys.

Clarendon. History of Civil War, vol. i. part i. Preface i.
R. Gloucester, p. 132.

He [the pious man] is dignified by the most illustrious titles, a
þo com Merlyne's word to sobe atte ende

son of God, a friend and favourite to the Sovereign King of the
þat þe dygne se to Kaunterbury of London ssolde wende

world, an heir of heaven, a denizen of the Jerusalem above : titles
Id. p. 231.
far surpassing all those which worldly state doth assume.

Barrow. Sermon 2. vol. i. fol. 19.
Vor hýs robe & hýs dignite was al wel býset.

For this commandment we have from him, that he who loveth

Id. p. 312. God love his brother also. The first commandment excells in the
An oper Sir William, Bishop of Ely.

dignity of the object; but the second hath the advantage in the
þise suld kepe the lond, & þe dignites,

reality of its effects.

Tillotson. Sermon 18.
Justises tille pam he bond, to kepe pe lawes & feez.

Then Pallas over all his features shed
R. Brunne, p. 146.

Superior beauty, dignified his form
He was to sinful men not dispitous,

With added amplitude, and pour’d his curls
Ne of his speche dangerous ne digne,

Like hyacinthine garlands from his brows.
But in his teching discrete and benigne.

Cowper. Homer. Odyssey, book xxiii.
Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 519.

Name to me yon Achaian chief for bulk

Conspicuous, and for port. Taller indeed
Yet sang the larke, and Palemon right tho

I may perceive than le, but with these eyes
With boly herte, and with an high corage

Saw never yet such dignity and grace.
He rose, to wenden on his pilgrimage

Id. Ib. Iliad, book iii.
Unto the blisful Citherea benigne,
I mene Venus, honourable, and digne.

In one of the apartments of the palace is a performance that
Id. The Knightes Tale, v. 2218.

does great honour to the ingenious spouse of a modern dignitary ;

a copy in needle work of a Madonna and Child, after a most
And certaine the same thing may I most dignely iudgen. capital performance of the Spanish Murillo.
Id. The second Booke of Boecius, fol, 219.

Pennant. London, p.

33.

VOL. XXI.

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