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ENDEAVOUR, v. See Devoir. Dever is used ENDEA-
ENDEA'VOURER, Junius; and it is so used in
the North of England to this MIAL.
ENDEA'VOURMENT. day. Devoir, or dever, is from
the Lat. debere ; and thus endeavour is, as Minshew
expresses it, debitum officium præstare; or, as Skinner, That my life's light wholly endarken'd is :
officium suum, prout debet, erequi; and, in its applica-
tion, is equivalent to the
“Fr. s'efforcer; to endeavour, labour, enforce himself,
to strive with might and main, to use his (utmost) ENDART, en, and dart, q. v. “Fr. darder ; to dart, to fling, hurl, cast or throw a dart; also, to hit
, wound, strength, apply (all) his vigour, employ his (whole).
power.” Cotgrave: and also, to try, attempt, or essay.
Some were of this opinion, that it was best to abandon al theyr
stuffe and caryages, and so yssuing out to endeuor to scape wyth theyr
lyues by the same way that they came thither.
Arthur Golding. Cæsar. Commentaries, book iii. fol. 66.
Brother Skelton, your endeuourment
So have ye done, that meretoriously
Ye have deserved. any season or weather, or other cause, which dereth or
Skelton. Poems. Marster Gouer to Skelton.
That never deigns to give me joy to live ?
Why should m'afficted Muse so much endeavour, ness, that is the consequence of the hurt or mischief
Such honour unto cruelty to give. done. And thus dear, is precious, costly, highly or
Daniel. Sonnet 17. greatly prized, or valued, rated, or esteemed. And to
Whilst Somerset with main endeavour lay endear, is
To get his giv'n (but ungot) government, To cause to be, to make dear or precious; highly or The stout Calicians (bent another way) greatly prized, much or highly beloved.
Fiercely repel him, frustrate his inient.
Id. History of the Civil Wars, book vii.
Glanvil. Essay 3. p. 34.
Which president, of pestilent import,
Had not the heav'ns bless'd thy endeavourings)
Against thee, Henry, had been likewise brought,
Th' example made of thy example wrought.
Daniel. History of the Civil Wars, book iv.
The husbandman was meanly well content
Triall to make of his endeavourment.
Spenser. Mother Hubberd's Tale.
Taylor. Sermon 6. part i.
He is a man, that does not pick and choose out of God's command-
ments which to observe, to the neglect of the rest : but endeavours
uprightly and sincerely to observe them all.
Sharp. Works, vol. i. Sermon 5.
His ashes in a peaceful urn shall rest,
His name a great example stands, to show
How strangely high endeavours may be blest,
Where piety and valour jointly go.
Dryden. On the Death of Oliver Cromwell.
the entertainment of my countrymen by a short essay on Tuesday and
Saturday, that I hope not much to tire those whom I do not happen
to please; and if I am not commended for the beauty of my works,
to be at least pardoned for their brevity.
Johnson. Rambler, No. 1.
It ought to be the first endeavour of a writer to distinguish nature
from custom ; or that which is established because it is right, from
that which is right only because it is established; that he may neither Love is a medley of endearments, jars,
violate essential principles by a desire of novelty, nor debar himself Suspicions, quarrels, reconcilements, wars ;
from the attainment of beauties within his view, by a needless fear of
Id. Ib. No. 156.
ENDE'MIAL,2 Gr. évôņuios, (èv, and dņuos, a
ENDE'MICAL. S people,) peculiar to a people.
been found to be the most sovereign diet in that endemial (and indeed No kiud endearment here by nature given
with us epidemical and almost universal) contagion, the scorbute, to To mutual terror and compassion's tears.
which we of this nation, and most other islanders, are obnoxious.
Evelyn. Nhiscellaneous Writings, p. 762.
ENDE- That fluxes are the general and endemical diseases in Ireland, I
He coude songes make, and wel endile,
Juste and eke dance, and wel pourtraie and write.
Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 95.
The temporal theft is, as for to take thy neighbour's catel ayenst his
will, be it by force' or by sleight; be it'io meting or measure; by
steling; by false enditements upon him.
Id. The Persones Tale, vol. ii. p. 356.
Wherefore I beseke you mekely for the mercie of God that ye preye
for me, that Christ have mercie of me and foryeve me my giltes, and
namely of myo translations and enditinges of worldly ranitees. Whenever it is so, the variety of delusion with which a different
Id. 1. spirit may then possess its votaries, will centre, properly speaking, in
And I sat downe vpon the grene,
Fulfylled of loue's fantasie,
And with the teres of mine eie,
In stede of ynke, ! gan to write
The wordes, whiche I woll endite.
Gower. Conf. Am. book viïi, fol. 184.
The first were of enditours
Of olde Cronike, and eke auctoures.
Id. Ib. book iv. fol. 77.
At the daye appointed for the pleadinge of his case, Orgetorix
called to the sessions all his kynred and alyance, to the number of And having by little and little in many victories vanquished the
ten thousand men, together with all his reteynours and dettours, of nations bordering upon them (they] brought them at length to be
whom he had a great cõpany. By them he so wrought that he came endenized and naturalized in their owne name, like as the Persians
not to answere his enditement,
Arthur Golding. Cæsar. Commentaries, book i. fol. 4.
By knowing what he taketh himselle vnto, and wherein hee most
skill in the lawes, in the histories of all coūtries, and for his gift of
Wilson. The Arte of Rhetorique, fol. 13.
Be thou faire Britomart, whose praise I write ;
But of all wisedome be thou precedent, be endenizon'd. Locke. A third Letter of Toleration, ch. iii.
O soueraigne queene whose praise I would endite.
Endite I would as dutie doth excite.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book iii. can.2.
And forth with would the dictat. have resigned up his office, but that
the court, held for the trial of M. Volscius, endited for bearing false
Holland. Livius, fol. 107.
The scepticks zárta lotiv képrora, must have the qualification of an
. Glanville, The Vanity of Dogmatizing, ch. xxiv.
Having graunted libertye thereof to preferre slanders and false
endictments, a number were brought into question from all parts in One species, E. scandens, native of Java. Decandolle, manner) of the earth, as well of noble birth as of obscure parentage
Holland. Ammianus, fol. 140.
secretarie or enditer of epistles, and Pallas the keeper of his bookes
of accounts. Holland. Suetonius, fol. 198. Drusus Cæsar.
an enditement upon us, will ground a sentence of condemnation, if we
Barrow. Sermon 26. vol. iii.
ginally endited, the Christian church now celebrates in them that great
been accomplished for her through Messiah, who is in Scriptures
frequently styled, "the Name of Jehovah."
Horne. Cammentaries un Psalm 75.
ENDLONG, A. S. andlang, andlong, ondlong, i. e.
on long, now written along, q. v. And Tooke, i. 424.
She slough them in a sodeine rage propose an action or suit at law. Spelman (in v. In
Endelonge the borde as their ben set. dictamentum) derives the Fr. endicter, from the Gr.
Gower, book ii. fol. 31. p. I. col. 2. èvôeikvvuar, to show or point out, sc. the accused. To
Thys kynge the wether gan beholde,
And wist well, they moten holde
Her cours enullonge. Id. book ii. fol. 53. p. 1. col. I,
This lady rometh by the clyffe to play
With her meyne, endlonge the strund. which the law, may dictate or prescribe ; to charge or
Chaucer. Hypsiphile, fol. 214. p. 1. col. 2 accuse in a dictated or prescribed form of words; and,
Edlang the coistie out any rede. generally, to accuse.
Douglas, bsok iä. p. 77
Her name on every tree I will endosse,
Douglas, booke x. p. 320.
That as the trees do grow, her name may grow;
And fill with stones that all men may it knowe.
Spenser. Colin Clout's Come home again.
tresses, to mount her iuorie chariot, but they endossed their armours.
The Knight of the Sea. (See Todd's Spenser, voi. vi. p. 294. 1.)
Nay, so your seate his beauties did endorse
As I began to wish myself a horse.
Ben Jonson. Epigraan to William, Earl of Newcastle.
The field all iron cast a gleaming brown,
Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor on each horn
Cuirassiers all in steel for standing fight,
Chariots or elephants endorst with towers
Milton. Paradise Regoined, book iii. v. 329.
Howell. Letter 1. book iv.
Sire was also appropriate only to the king : but now, adding a
of a letter or otherwise.
Id. Letter 19. book iv.
Or whether the examples of men, either noble or religious, who
haue sat down lately with a meek silence and sufferance under many
libellous endorsements, may be a rule to others, I might well appease adopted.
myself to put up any reproaches in such an honourable society of Generic character. Maxillary palpi enlarged near
fellow-sufferers, using no other defence. the end; the third joint of the antenne as long or a
Milton. An Apology for Smectymnuu, little longer than the fourth. The body is oval; the He no sooner came within reach, but the first of them with his mouth produced forwards; the eyes rather long; the whip took the exact dimension of his shoulders, which he very ingeniantenne are half as long as the body, and formed of ously call'd endorsing; and indeed I must say that every one of them short cylindrical joints; the thorar is nearly square,
took due care to endorse him as he came through their hands.
Spectator, No. 498.
Care will be taken for the future, that the letters I send to
be The type of the genus is
dated. But in case at any time it should be forgotten, you may be
pleased in great part to supply the omission, by endorsing or the
Boyle. Works, vol. vi. p. 70. Letters of Mr. Boyle.
For I ain only mistaken, Mr. Spec. if some of these endorsements
were not wrote in so strong a hand, that they are still legible.
Spectator, No. 498.
What he [Hastings) has endorsed on the bonds, or when he made
Burke. Report of a Committee on the ajfars of India.
To throw into doubt or fear, to fear.
And if I ne had endoubted me
To haue ben hated or assailed
My thankes woll I not haue failed.
Chaucer. The Romant of the Rose, fol. 124.
ENDOW, or Also Endew. Skinner has no doubt
ENDU'E, that endue is corruptly written for
Endo'wment.) endow; en, and dow, q. v. from the
To give; to bestow; to give or bestow, sc. a dowry “ Fr. endosser; to indorse; also, to back, to put a back
or gift on marriage; a marriage portion; to bestow or
settle any gift of property upon; to give or bestow, sc
Take mesure iu your talking be not outrage,
For this rehearseth Romance de la Rose,
A man endued with plenteous language
Oft time is dedyed his purpose.
Chaucer. Certaine Balades, fol. 343.
Among so manye notable benefites wherewith God hath alreadie
liberally and pleutifullye endued vs ihere is nothing more beneficiall,
than that wee haue by hys grace kept vs quiet from rebellion at this Spenser. Faerie Queene, book v. can. 11. time.
Sir John Checke. The Hurt of Sedition, Sig. A 2.
And to aduance his name and glory more,
ENDU'RE, Lat. indurare; Fr. endurer; en, ENDURE. Her sea-god syre she dearely did perswade,
ENLU'RANCE, and dure, q. v.
Lat. durare, to be
Endu'rer, or cause to be hard or hardy; from
ENDU'RING, Gr. dowpov, lignum, wood. Wiclif
renders the Vulgate Indurarentur, were harded. Acts
To harden ; to suffer, to bear up against hardships ;
and thus, to abide, to last, sc. without yielding, with-
out decay. Then like a faery knight himself he drest;
“ Fr. endurer ; to dure, last, continue long; also (and
most properly) to indure, tolerate, suffer, bear, sustain,
abide, undergo." Cotgrave.
Therfore of whom God wole he hath mercy, and whom he wole
Wiclif. Romaynes, ch. ix.
For she, that doth me all this wo endure,
Ne recceth never, wherber I sinke or flete.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2398.
And first of othing warne I thee poor that are able to work, endowing hospitals and alms-houses for the
That paine and great aduersitie
He mote endure.
Id. The Ronant of the Rose, fol. 125.
Now he hurteth, and now he cureth
For seld in o point Loue endureth.
Id. ib. fol. 133.
And the thinges eke, that men wenen ne haue no soules, ne desire
is according to her nature, in conseruacion of her being and en-
Id. The third Booke of Boecius, fol. 228.
For certes suche a maladie
As I now haue, and longe haue hadde,
It might make a wise man madde,
If that it shulde longe endure.
Gower. Conf. Am. book i. fol. 8.
For in their complaynt Diorippus perceyued by lookes, that they
noted hym as the chiefe, which he could not endure, but partyng out
of the feast (after hee had written a letter to the kyng) he killed Neither, in those days of feodal rigour, was the husband allowed
Brende. Quintus Curtius, book ix, fol. 275.
That vitall powres gan waxe both weake and wao,
For want of food, and sleepe ; which two vpbeare,
Like mighty pillours, this fraile life of man,
That none without the same enduren can.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. 8.
And eke that age despised niceness vaine,
Enur'd to hardnesse and to homely fare,
Which them to war-like discipline did traine,
And manly limbs endurid with little care,
Against all hard mishaps, and fortunelesse misfare.
Id. Ib. book iv. can. 8. st. 27.
All which, when she with hard endurance had
With sodaine stounds of wrath and griefe attone.
Id. 10. book v. can. 6.
Shakspeare. Much Ado About Nothing, fol. 106.
LAP. Say no more, sir,
I'll fit you with my scholars, new practitioners,
Endurers of the time.
Beaumont and Fletcher. The Passionate Madman, act is. sc. ).
ciently do prove; as also his patient enduring of extreame cold and
Holland. Ammianus, fol. 268. Julianus.
And I am sure it will be no comfort to them in another world, that
flames that they go laughing into them: nor will they endure them
Stillingfleet. Sermon 1. voi, i.
ENDURE. 'Tis confessed, when through the cross circumstances of a man's Juste forgettynge that their captiuitee hadde not mitigated their ENEMY.
temper or condition, the enjoyment of a pleasure would certainly enemielyke myndes so much, but ye his wrongfull demeanor towardes ENEMY. expose him to a greater inconvenience, then religion bids him quit it, thë had more styrred thë to [be] displeasūt against him.
ENERthat is, it bids him prefer the endurance of a lesser evil before a
Arthur Golding. Justine, fol. 172. GIZE. greater, and nature itself does no less.
Nath'lesse, th' enchaunter would not spare his paine,
In hope to win occasion to his will; Certainly these examples (Regulus and Socrates) should make us Which when he long awaited had in vaine, courageous in the endurement of all worldly misery, if not out of
He chang'd his mind from one to other ill : -eligion, yet at least out of shame. Id. Ib. vol. viii. p. 254.
For to all good he enemy was still.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. I.
Valum. Prythe now,
Goe, and be rul'd, although I know thou hadst rather
Follow thine enemie in a fiery gulfe,
Than flatter him in a bower.
Shakspeare. Coriolanus, fol. 18.
may be, is chaste, because he hates the immodesty
Taylor. Rule of Conscience, book i. ch. ii.
For, th' aire was milde, and cleared was the sky,
And all his windes Dan Aeolus did keepe
From stirring vp the stormy enmity. andria, order Polygynia, natural order Ranunculaceæ.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book iii. can. 8. Generic character: corolla of five deciduous petals, filaments clavate, anthers two-lobed; capsules two to
So civil and temperate were men's enmities at that time, regarding
the common benefit of their publick state and weal : and so much six, stellate, ovate, compressed, two-seeded, seeds oval.
did their ambition (being the most vehement passion of all others, One species, E. biternatum, native of Kentucky. and that most troubleth men's minds) give place, and yield to the Decandolle, Prod.
necessities and affairs of the commonweal.
Sir Thomas North. Plutarch, fol. 419. Cimon.
E'NMITY. minimè amicus. The adjective is than to hear what passes in Muscovy or Poland; and to amuse our-
selves with such writings as tend to the wearing out of ignorance,
passion, and prejudice, then such as naturally conduce to infiame
batreds and make enmities irreconcileable ? our good; does or endeavours to do ill; bears ili will
Spectator, No. 10. or malice.
He who does a man an injury, generally, becomes the rancorous
enemy of the injured man; and even the friends of him, whose Devil is so called.
power is on the decline, cautiously withdraw from his interest.
Mickle. History of the Portuguese Empire in Asia.
And by these guileful means he more prevail'd
The wolf more safely wounds when in sheep's clothing drest.
Lloyd. The Progress of Envy.
ENERGIZE, 7 Gr. evéprycia ; év and epoyov, an
E'NERGIZER, act, work, operation. Wilkins
calls it-efficient faculty, or act.
“ Fr. energie ; energy, effec-
tual operation, force, efficacy."
ENERGE'TICAL, Cotgrave. It is applied to
ENERGE'TICALLY. Vigorous power to act; vigo-
rous power in action ; active resolution; a “lively
Bible, Anno 1551.
Of the same consideration is the form of our church collects, which
are made pleasant by their variety of matter, are made energetical
and potent by that great endearment of, (per Jesum Christum Domi-
Taylor. Polemical Discourses. Preface, sig. C 2.
So does all our naturall endeavour, when first set awork by God's
preventing grace, decline to the imperfection of its owne kinde,
Id. T'he Great Excmplar, part i. sec. 4.
51. thou hast somtime hed werre or enmitee, ne telle hem not thy counseil
These species are made a medium between body and spirit, and
therefore partake of no more of being, then what the charity of our
imaginations affords them; and the supposition infers a creative One of his liges, than to haue
energie in the object their producent, which philosophy allows not Of enemies and hundred dede.
to creature efficients.
Glanville. The Vanity of Dogmatizing, ch. iv.
personal applications, by effects and energies.
Tuylor. Sermons, part iii. fol. 108. serm. 7.
bate thin enemy.