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Sin forged those two small pestilent words, meum and tuum,

And all within in preuy place
GENDER. which have engenılred so much strife among men, and created so

A softe bed of large space
much mischief in the world.

Thei hadde made, and encorteined,
Barrow. Sermon 31. vol. i.

Where she was afterward engined.

Gower. Conf. Am. book i. fol. 18.
Dropp'd hints they scarcely wished to smother,
And talk'd not to, but at each other,

Thei treate
Till strife engendring more and more,

With faire behestes and yeftes greate
They downright wrangled, if not swore.

Of golde, that thei than have engined
Whitehead. The Goat's Beard.


Id. Ib. book i. fol. 14.

He tolde hym eke as for the myne
ENGILD, en, and gild, q. v. A. S. gyld-an, aurare,

He wolde ordeine suche engyne,
deaurare, to cover with gold; to emit the brightness,

That thei the werke shuld vndersette.

With tymbre. Id. Ib. book v. fol. 95.
the brilliancy of gold.

Therefore bis subtile engines he does bend
Faire Helena ; who more engilds the night,

His practick witt and his fayre fyled longe,
Then all yon fierie oes, and eies of light.

With thousand other sleighies.
Shakspeare. Milsummer's Night's Dreame, fol. 154.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. 1
E'NGINE, 2 From the Lat. ingenium, used as

The same he snatcht, and with exceeding sway
ENGI'Nous. Sequivalent to ingenuity, q. v.

Threw at his foe, who was right we'l aware
Fr, engin; understanding, policy, reach of wit.” To shunne the engin of his meant decay;

It booted not to thinke that throwe to beare,

But ground he gaue, and lightly leap'd areare.
The 4to B. Jonson reads enginous ; the folio in-

II. ib. book ii. can. 11.
ginous. Engine and ingine, Mr. Gifford adds, are

roceeded on with no less art, both used by our old poets for craft, artifice, and some

My tongue was engineer ; times, in a better sense, for wit, that is, genius or the

I thought to undermine the heart inventive faculty.

By whispering in the ear.

Suckling. 'Tis now, since I sate down.
Right as a man hath sapiences there,

Who, when they would not lend their , helping hand to any
Memorie, engine, and intellect also.

man in engine-worke, nor making of bulwarkes and fortifications,
Chaucer. The Second Nonnes Tale, v. 15807.

used foole-hardily to sallie forth and fight most courageously
If any vertue in thee be

Holland, Ammianus, fol. 127. Constantius and Julianu
To tell all my dreme aright,

He is a good enginer that alone can make an instrument to
Now kith thy engin and ihy might.

get preferment.
Id. The second Booke of Fame, fol. 277.

Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, fol. 134.,
Arte thou my sonne of suche engyn

When behold
Telle on? Gower. Conf. Am. book ii. fol. 39.

Not distant far with heavie pace the foe
The women were of great engyne.

Approaching gross and huge; in hollow cube
Id. Ib. book iv. fol. 77.

Training his devilish enginrie.
It maketh a man ben enginous,

Milton. Paradise Lost, book vi. I. 553.
And swifte of fote, and eke yrous.

In the like manner as skilful an engineer as the Devil is, he
I. Ib. book vii. fol. 143. will never be able to play his engines to any purpose, unless he
Then wrought her wit

finds something to fasten them to.
With her broke vow,-her Goddess wrath,-her fame,

South. Sermons, vol. vi. p. 283.
All tools that enginous despair could frame:

Safe they advance, while with unweary'd pain
Which made her strew the floor with her torn hair,

The wrathful engines waste their stores in vain;
And spread her mantle piecemeal in the air.

High o'er their heads the destin’d deaths are tost
Hero and Leaniler. By Marlowe and Chapman, the seconil And far behind in vacant earth are lost.

Rowe. Lucan, book iïi.
For that's the marke of all their inginous drifts,

More dismal than the loud disploded roar
To wound my patience, howsoe're they seeme

Of brazen enginry, that ceaseless storm
To aime at other objects.

The bastion of a well-built city, deem'd :
Beri Jonson. Cynthia's Revells, act iii. sc. 4.

Impregnable. J. Philips. Cider, book i

These from on high, fire, darts, and jav'lins throw,
Fr. engin; It. ingegno; Sp. en-

And pond'rous stones the rasters send below.
E'NGINE, n. geno, q. d. Ingenio, because not

The thund'ring tempest falls, and batters down
ENGINEER, or made without great effort (ingenii) The planks of engines rais'd against the town.
E'NGINER, of genius, of ingenuity, of contriv-

Hoole. Orlando Furioso, book xl.
ENGINERY, ance. And thus it is applied to any What once gave a rational pleasure will continue to give it,
E'NGINE-WORK. Machine, tool, or instrument, in-

like a natural spring, which, though it may not throw its waters

into so great a variety of forms as the artificial fountain of the
geniously worked,; wrought, or contrived,—whether of

engineer, will continue to supply an exuberant stream, when the
war, of torture, to throw water, &c. And, generally, a scanty canal is exhausted, or machinery is destroyed.
machine, tool, or instrument.

Knox. Winter Evenings, even. 3.
To engine, in Chaucer, is to put upon an engine of The Roman Conclave succeeded to the Roman sepate in this
torture; and thus, to torture, to iorment. In the engineering work.
second edition of Gower, Engined together ; contrived

Warburton. Works, vol. iv. p. 56. Preface to the Edition of

to get together.

Who kindling a combustion of desire,
Thrittene grete engynes of alle pe reame be hest

With some cold moral think to quench the fire,
Brouht þei to Striuelýne, þe kastelle doun to kest.

Though all your engineering proves in vain,
R. Brunne, p. 826.

The dribbling stream ne'er puts it out again.
And right anon, the ministres of the toun

Cowper. The Progress of Error.,
Han hent the carter, and so sore him pined,

Genius and Art, Ambition's boasted wings,
And eke the hosteler so sore engined,

Our boast but ill deserve. A feeble aid!
That they beknew hir wickednesse anon,

Dedalian enginery! if those alone
And were anhanged by the necke bon.

Assist our flight, Fame's flight Glory's fall.
The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v 15066.

Young. The Complaint, Night 6.

ENGLAD. ENGLAD, en, and glad, q. v, A. S. glad-ian, er- ENGLUE, en, and glue, q. v. “Fr. engluer, gluer ; ENGLUE, . hilarare, to make cheerful or merry. Somner.

to lime, to glew, to join or close very fast, as with ENGLISH.

ENGRAFF To cheer, to enliven, to exhilarate.

bird-lime, or glew.” Cotgrave.
Lyke as the larke vpon the somer's daye,

For thy my sonne holde vp thin heade,
When Titan radiant burnisheth his beames bright,

And let no slepe thyn eye englue,
Mounteth on hye, with her melodious laye

But whan it is to reason due.
Of the son shyne engladed with her lyght.

Gower. Conf. Am. book iv. fol. 82.
Skelton. The Crowne of Laurell.

But whan he sawe, and redie fonde

This coffre made, and well englued,
Th' engladden'd Spring forgetful now to weep,

The dead bodie was besewed
Began t'emblazon from her leavy bed.

In cloth of golde, and leide therin.
G. Fletcher. Christ's Triumph after Death.

Id. lb. book viii. fol. 180.
ENGLAND, NEW, the name given by Captain ENGLUT, en, and glut, q. v. Fr. engloutir; Lat.
Smith, in the year 1614, to that portion of North glutire, gluttus, (Gr. yawitis,) that part of the neck by
America which now forms the Northern division of which food is transmitted. See DeglUTITION.
the United States, comprising Vermont, New Hamp- To swallow; to swallow in abundance; to fill by
shire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. swallowing, to fill, to cram full.
The boundaries are Canada on the North, Nova Scotia

For my particular griefe
on the North-East, the Ocean and Long Island on the

Is of so flood-gate and ore-baring nature,

That it engluts and swallows other sorrowes,
East and South, and New York on the West. It lies

And it is full itselfe.
between 40° and 48.2° North latitude, and 66° and 74°

Shakspeare. Othello, fol. 313.
West longitude ; its mean length from North to South

Mont. Once more I come to know of thee King Harry,
being 350 miles, and from East to West 170 miles.

If for thy ransome thou wilt now compound,
ENGLE, see Angle, and Ingle.

Before thy most assured oueri brow;
ENGLESCHERIA, Engleceria, or, as it is written in

For certainly, thou art so neere the gulfe,

Thou needs must be englutled.
Fleta, (i. 30,) Anglescheria, Englishmanship. When

Id. Henry V. fol. 87.
Canute at the request of the English Nobles dismissed
his Danish army, as a protection for such of his coun-

ENGLUTING, perhaps Engluing, q. v. Mr. Tyrwhit
trymen as remained behind, he ordained that for every says rather Enluting, stopping with clay. Skinner,
foreigner (Francigena) who was murdered, a fine of Glued, stopped.
sixty-five marks should be levied on the town or hun-

And of the pottes, and glasses engluting,
dred in which the crime was committed ; and further,

That of the aire might passen oui no thing.

Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16234.
that every man so murdered should he accounted
Francigena, until his Englescheria was proved before

ENGORE, en, and gore or goar ; to penetrate, to
the Coroner by two witnesses who knew the father and pierce; to bore through. And Skinner suggests, that
mother of the deceased, (Bracton, de Coronâ, iii. 15, 3.) it may be the contraction of the A. S. geborian.
The Normans continued this custom ; and it was not

As when an eager mastiff once doth proue
abolished till 14 Edward III. 4.

The taste of bloud of some engorell beast,

No words may rate, nor rigour him remove
ENGLEYME, Lye says, for encleamed, i. e. clam-

From greedy hold of that his bloody feast.
med. See CLAM.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book iv. can. 9.
The man þat muche honeye eet. is mawe it englýmep.

As salvage bull whom two fierce mastiues bayt,
Piers Plouhman. Vision, p. 275.

When rancour doth with rage him once engore,,

Forgets with warie ward them to await,
His tongue englymed, and his nose black.

But with his dreadfull hornes them driues afore.
Lib. Festiv. fol. 61. B.

Id. 16. book ii. can. 8.
To English ; to render into, to
ENGORGE, en, and gorge, q. v. Fr. engorger;

E'NGLISH, adj.

-translate into English, or the En- ingorgiare, ingurgitare, from the Lat. gurges, which,
glish language.

as Skinner observes, was used even in the purer ages

of the Latin tongue, for helluo, a glutton.
And therfore he that hath translate Peter Martyr in to Englishe “Fr. engorger ; to raven, devour, glut, swill up,
doth trāslate it thus. The diuine costitutio the nature of the swallow down.” Cotgrave.
body adyoyned, thiese two both togyther make one sonne and
one person.

But everie man's bellie is his dyall or clocke, which when it
Stephen, Bishop of Winchester. Of Transubstantiacion,

strikes, they fall to whatsoever comes next hand : peither doth
fol. 117.

any man after he hath ovce satisfied hunger, engorge superduous

Holland, Ammianus, fol. 237. Julianus
Where ere I wander, boast of this I can,

Then fraught with rancour, and engorged ire,
Though banish’d, yet a true born Englishman.

He cast at once him to avenge for all,
Shakspeare. Richard II. fol. 87.

And gathering vp himselfe out of the mire,
Sul. There was an Englishman.

With his vneuen wings did fiercely fall
Ja. There was an Englishman ?

V pon his sunne-bright shield, and gript it fast withall.
You'l scant find any now to make that name good :

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book i. can. 11.
There were those English that were men indeed,

ENGRAFF, ? Also written Ingraff, q. v. En
And would perform like men, but now they are vanisht. ENGRA'Fpment. S or in, and graff, q. v. A. Sgraf-
Beaumont and Fleicher. The Custom of the Country, act iii.

an, fodere, insculpare, excavare, to cut or carve.

To carve or cut into, to hollow out; to insert (one
Lucretius English'd! 'twas a work might shake
The power of English verse to undertake;

thing) into a hole cut out (of another ;) and thus, to
This all men thought ; but you are born we find,

impregnate the one with the qualities of the other; to Tout do the expectations of mankind.

insert or set in, to seat deeply, to implant, to root Otway. To Mr. Creech. deeply.

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Fr. en

For that false spright,
"Now gan Pyrrhochles wax as wood as hee,

Which that same witch had in his form engraft,"

And him affronted with impatient might :

Was so expert in euery subtile slight,

So both together fierce engrasped bee,
That it could over-reach the wisest earthly wight.

Whiles Guyon standing by, their vncouth strife does see. EN-
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book iv. can. 2.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii, can. 5. GRAVE.
Yet him in euery part before she knew,

Vpon him lightly leaping without heed,
How-euer list her now her knowledge fajne,

"Twixt his two mighty armes engrasped fast,
Sith him whilome in Britaine she did view,

Thinking to ouerthrowe, and down him tread.
To her reuealed in a mirrour plaine,

Id. Ib. book ii. can. 8.
Whereof did growe her first engrafsed paine.

ENGRAVE, v. En, and grave, q. v.

Id. 16. book iii. can. 2. ENGRAVER, Egraver; from the A. S. graf-an, Poins. Why, because you haue beene so lewde and so much ENGRA'VING. fodere, insculpare, excavare, to ingrajfed to Falstaffe.

dig, to cut into, to hollow out.
Shakspeare. Henry IV. Second Part, fol. 80.

To dig out a grave; and, consequentially, to bury in
For whether beauty, birth, or wealth, or wit,
Or any of these all, or all, or more,

a grave, or place dug out.
Entitled in thy parts do crowned sit,

To cut a grave into; to cut or carve into; to make
I make my love engrafted to this store.

incisions; met. to imprint or impress, sc. upon the

Id. Sonnet 37. mind.
Things very bitter may work pleasant effects; upon the For he shall make ye no image (saithe the Lorde) nor engraue
wildest stock divine husbandry can engraft most excellent fruit. non (nor set vp non) no not so miche as a stonne to helpe your

Barrow., Sermon 23. vol. iii. memory or imaginacion of any saint to thenient ye shuld do by
Neither can that reciprocal attraction in the minds of men be it, at it or before it, any externe reuerēt behavior.
accounted for by any other cause. It is not the result of educa-

Joye. Exposicion of Daniell, ch. ii.
tion, law or fashion, but is a principle originally engrafted in Sometime t'encrea se his [Phereus] horrid crueltie,
the very first formation of the soul by the author of our nature. The quick with face to face engraued he

Guardian, No. 126.

Each other's death that each might living see.
Those trees with sweetest charms invite our eyes,

Mirror for Magistrates, p. 441.
Which, from our own engraftment, fruitful rise.

The sixt had charge of them now being dead,
Still we love best what we with labour gain,

In seemly sort their corsesto engrave,
As the child's dearer for the mother's pain.

And deck with dainty flowres their bridal bed
Savage. Epistle to Mr John Dyer.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book i. can. 10.
Why could not nature (fostering nurse of earth!)

So both agree their bodies to engraue ;
Without thy aid give man his happier birth?

The great earth's wombe they open to the sky,
As trees, by human skill engrafted bear

And with sad cypresse seemly it embraue
The juicy fig, smooth plumb, or racy pear.

Then couering with a clod their closed eye,
Hoole. Orlando furioso, book xxvii.

They lay therein those corses tenderly,

And bid them sleep in euerlasting peace.
Much puzzle hath' been occasioned among the naturalists

Id. Ib. book ii. can. 1.
concerning the engraftment here mentioned.

And eke by that he saw on euery tree,
Smart. The Hilliad, notes.

How he the name of one engrauen had,
ENGRAIL, Fr, engrelle ; en, and grelle, hail; which Which likely was his liefest loue to bee
Menage thinks is derived from grandine, the ablative

For whom he now so sorely was bestad.
of grando. Chapman renders déßyra åvOeuoevra, “a

ad. 16. book iv. can. 7.
caldron new engrailed with twenty hues.”

As for that manner of paving with small tiles or quarrels
To dot or spot, as with hail; to variegate.

engrauen, the first that ever was seene at Rome, was made within

the temple of Jupiter Capitolinum, and not before the thirde“
In Heraldry, a bearing engrailed is semicircularly Punicke warre begun. Holland. Plinie, vol. ii. fol. 596.
notched, imbricatus, ingrediatus, striatus.

But before they went out of the cittie, the decemvirall lawes
The people wondered,

(which now are knowne by the name of the twelve tables,) they
And stood astonisht, th' archer pleas’d, Æacides then shewes set up openly to be seene, engraven in brasse.
A long lance, and a caldron, new engraild with twenty hewes;

Id. Lirius, fol. 127.
Prisde at an oxe. Chapman. Homer. Iliad, fol. 325. Only it seems to me that these images are not made in the
ENGRAIN, en, and grain. Erponitur, says Skin- 'image in the table of metal, but are imprinted in a wonderfull

brain itself, as the pencil of a painter or engraver makes the
ner, linearum tractus qui in longum ercurrit in materiâ : method in the very soul it selfe.
the tract or course of the lines which extend lengthwise

Hale. Origin of Mankind, sec. 1. ch. ii. fol. 47.
in timber; and thus, the natural texture. And thus, It would be tedious (as we said) to transcribe the names but
also, to engrain, is

of the pieces only of all those renowned men whom he there To work into the natural texture ; to impregnate the celebrates for their engravings on armour, caps, rings, glass. whole texture.

Evelyn. Miscellaneous Writings, p. 272.

On the other side was engraven the cross and the harp, being
Seest how fresh my flowers bene spredde,

the arms of England and Ireland, with this inscription,“ God
Dyed in lilly white and cremsin redde

wilh us :" ordering all writs formally running in the king's name With leaves engrained in lustie green.

to be issued out in the names of the keepers of the liberty of Spenser. Shepheard's Calendar. February. England.

Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 247. ENGRAPPLE, en, and grapple, (q. v.) diminutive Can it be thought, that the ideas men have of God, are the uf grip. A. S. grip-an.

characters and marks of himself, engraven in their minds by his

own finger ; when we see that in the same country, under one and To gripe or seize hold of.

the same name, men have far different, nay often contrary and There shall young Hotspur, with a fury led,

inconsistent ideas and conceptions of him?
Engrapple with thy son, as fierce as he :

Locke. Of Human Understanding, ch. vi. sec. 14.
There martial Worc'ster, long experienced

I have by me a lump of mineral substance, wherein a petre-
lo foreign arms, shall come t'encounter thee.“

scent liquor, that fills the large intervals between them, is transDaniel. History of the Civil W'ars, book iv. parent enough and harder than most stones, as far as we could ENGRASP, en, and grasp, q. V.

To grasp, gripe, guess by some trial of it made by a skillful engraver of gems. or seize fast hold of.

Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 547. An Essay about the Origin of

Gems, and Virtues of Gems.


EN. We therefore being the offspring of God, ought not to think GRAVE, that the God-bead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, the en

gravement of art, and man's device. ENGROSS. Barrow. Works, vol. i. fol. 516. An Exposition of the


Those faults which artful men conceal
Stand here engraved with pen of steel,
By conscience, that impartial scribe!
Whose honest palm disdains a bribe

Cotlon. Visions in Verse. Were it not for these prejudices, could we easily, think that a printseller or engraver should be able to obtain that for his baubles, which learning hath so long sued for in vain.

Warburton. Letter concerning Literary Properly. It appears from two stone-tables of the law, and from the engravings on Aaron's breast-plate, that letters were in common use amongst the Israelites at the time of their egression from Egypt.

Id. The Divine Legation, book iv. sec. 5. ENGREGGEN, “ Fr. S'engreger; to grow worse, become sorer, wax more painful, grievous, or troublesome.” Cotgrave. To aggravate, q. v.

All thise thinges, after that thei ben gret or smale, en greggen the conscience of a man or woman.

Chaucer. The Persones Tale, vol. ii. p. 377. ENGRIEVE, en, and grieve, q. v. grever, from the Latin gravare, to weigh down.

“ Fr. grever; to grieve, to aggrieve, pain, vex, hurt, afflict, annoy, trouble, disquiet, molest, wrong, injure, overcharge, overburthen, oppress." Cotgrave. For yet nothing engreueth me.

Chaucer. The Romant of the Rose.
Apollo came; who soone as he had sought,

Through his disease, did by and by out find,
That he did languish of some inward thought,
The which inflicted his engricued mind.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book iv, can. 12
The gnawing anguish and sharp jealousie,

Which his sad speech intixed in my breast,
Rankled so sore and festered inwardly,
That my engrieved mind could find no rest.

Id. Ib. hook ii. can. 4.
ENGROʻSS, Also written Ingross, q. v. It.
ENGRO'SSER, engrossare. En, and gross, q. v.
ENGRO'SSING, Fr. gros; It. grosso ; Ger. gross ;

ENG RO'SSMENT. Mid. Lat. grossus, from the Lat. crassus, (a multâ carne, Vossius,) fleshy; thick in flesh.

To thicken, to enlarge, to increase; to be or become thick, large, heavy, fat; to do any thing large or largely; to write in large letters; and, generally, to write or copy fair; also, to buy in large qdantities, in gross weights or quantities; to take or appropriate largely. See the Quotation from Blackstone.

By just accord made in parlement
At your deuise, which sitten here a row
Engrossed was vp, as it is well know
And enrolled onely for witnes

In your registers.
Chaucer. The Story of Thebes, Second Part, fol. 381.

The conuencion
of olde engrossed, by great purueiaunce,
Which is enrolled, and put in remembraunce.

Id. Ib. Third Part, fol. 390.
But from out the hook be crossed :
Where the good men liue engrossed.

Sir P. Sidney. Psalm 69.
The waues thereof so slow and sluggish were,

Engrost with mud, which did them foule agrieve,
That every weighty thing they did vpbeare,
Ne ought mole euer sink doune to the bottome there.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii.

We are a people now again, and may

Stile ourselves subjects: your prolong'd delay
Had almost made our jealousy engross

New feares, and raise your absence into loss.

Cartwright. To the King on his Return from Scotland

Whilst the unsteady multitude presume,
How that you, Aretus, and I engross,
Out of particular ambition,
Th' affairs of government, which I for my part
Groan under and am weary of.

Massinger. The Lover's Melancholy, act ii. sc. I.
Not dallying with a brace of courtizans,
But meditating with two deep divines :
Not sleeping, to engrosse his idle body
But praying, to enrich his watchfull soule.

Shakspeare. Richard III. fol. 191.

If out of those inventions
Which flow in Athens, thou hast here engross'd
Some rarity of wit to grace the nuptials
Of thy fair sister, and renown our court
In th' eyes of this young prince, we shall be debtor
To thy conceit.

Ford. The Broken Heart, act iii. sc. 3. What should ye do then, should ye suppress all this flowry crop of knowledge and new light sprung up, and yet springing daily in this city? should ye set an oligarchy of twenty engrosse ers over it, to bring a famine upon our minds again, when we shall know nothing but what is measur'd to us by the bushel ?

Milton. Of Unlicens'd Printing

And [he] never had the mind
Timpart a part with others, who would look
To have likewise some honour in their hands,
And griev'd at such engrossing of command.

Daniel. History of the Civil Wars, book v.
When, like the bee, culling from every flower
The virtuous sweetes, our thighes packt with wax,
Our mouthes with honey, we bring it to the hive;
And, like the bees, are murthered for our paines.
This bitter taste yields his engrossements,
To the ending father.

Shakspeare. Henry IV. Second Part, fol. 94
Too long hath love engrossid Britannia's stage
And sunk to softness all our Tragic rage :
By that alone did Empires fall or rise,
And fate depended on a fair one's eyes.

Tickell. To Mr. Addison on his Tragedy of Cato
You mourn'd for ruin'd man and virtue lost,

And seem'd to feel of keen remorse the wound,
Pondering on former days by guilt engross'd
Or in the giddy storm of dissipation toss'd.

Beallie. The Minstrel, book ii. There is a practice particularly mean and oppressive, which very much prevails in this selfish age, among the engrossers of that part of the creation which God and nature have constituted free as the seas and winds.

Knox. Essays, No. 119. Lord Bolingbroke tells us, that " we have lost the spirit of our Constitution ; and therefore we bear, from little engrossers of delegated power, that which our fathers would not have suffered from true proprietors of the Royal authority.”

Id. The Spirit of Despotism, sec. 29. 8. Engrossing was also described to be the getting into ones possession, or buying up, large quantities of corn or other dead victuals, with intent to sell them again.

Blackstone. Commentaries, book iv.ch, xü.
ENGUARD, en, and guard, q. v. Fr. garder,
which, Tooke says, is the same word as the A. S. ward-
ian, weard-ian, to look at, to direct the view, to guard
well, or look well after; and, consequently
To watch, to protect, to keep, to preserve.

A hundred knights : yes, that on euerie dreame
Each buz, each lancie, each complaint, dislike,
He may enguard his dotage with their powres,
And hold our liues in mercy.

Shakspeare. Lear, fol. 989.


They still appear of the same froward race, whereof their

That of hem thre, and hir issue

ENHABIT GUARD. predecessors were, that to the miracles of a journey both night

There was so large a retinue and day engar led by a Deity, dare besottedly prefer the garlick

Of nacions seuentie and two,

EN. ENHABIT and the onyons of Egypt.

In sondrie place eche one of tho

Feltham. Something upon St. Luke, ch. xiv. 20

The wide worlde haue enhabited.
ENGULF, en, and gulf, q. v. Fr. engolfer, gouffre ;

Gower. Conf. Am. book viij. fol. 174.

And this erth which we wretched sinners do ēhabile is not set
Dutch, golpen, to gulp or swallow largely; to swallow
eagerly, greedily. Skinner thinks, from the Lat. gula, up on bighe but down in a low place, ful of synes & wickednes

euerye place of it.
or from the sound.

Fisher. On the Seven Penilenlial Psalmes, Sig. R v.
To swallow up, or plunge, as into a gulf; to absorb.

ENHALSE, en, and halse. Goth. A. S. Dutch, and
And in destruction's river

German hals, the neck.
Engulph and swallow those

To take round the neck.
Whose hate thus makes in anguish,
My soule afflicted languish.

First to mine inne commeth in my brother false,
Sir P. Sidney. Psalm 143,

Embraceth me: wel met good brother Scales,
Like an huge Ætna of deepe engulfed gryefe,

And weepes withal: the other me enhalse

With welcome cosin, now welcome out of Wales.
Sorrow is heaped in thy hollow chest,
Whence foorth it breakes in sighes and anguish rife

Mirrour for Magistrates, fol. 406.
As smoke and sulphure mingled with confused stryfe.

ENHANCE, Perhaps from the Fr. haus-
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book iii. can. 2. ENHA'NCEMENT, -ser, which Wachter thinks, with
As waves on waves succeed,

ENHANCER. the Fr. haut, and the Ger. hat,
On the bleak beach they toss the sea-green weea, altus, hæd, heighth, are the same words with the
Now bare the dangers of th' engulphing sand,
Now swelling high roll foaming on the strand.

A. S. hethe, head; the height or top of a thing. Heighth
Fawkes. An Eulogy on Sir Isaac Newton. and head, Tooke derives from the A. S. heaf-an, to
ENGY'RD, or En, and gird, q. v. A. S. gyrd-

heave, raise or lift up.
ENGI'RT, -an, cingere, circundare, to gird, to

“Fr. hausser ; to hoise (i, e. hoist) raise, elevate, ENGI'RDLE. environ, to coinpasse in. Somner.

heave up, lift high, set aloft, advance.” Cotgrave. To enclose, to surround, to encompass, to environ.

To heave, raise, or lift up; to elevate, to exalt, to

advance, to augment, to increase.
First th' earth, on adamantine pillers founded
Amid the sea, engirt with brazen bands;

So is prýude enhansed.
Then th' aire still fitting, but yet firmely bounded

Piers Plouhman. Vision, p. 186.
On everie side, with pyles of flaming brands.

For he that highith himsilf, schal be mekid, and he that me-
Spenser. Of Heauenly Beauty, Hymne 6. kith himself, shal be enhaunsid.
King. I, Margaret : my heart is drown'd with griefe,

Wiclif. Matthew, ch. xxiii.
Whose Aoud begins to flowe within mine eyes ;

Hester by hire conseil enhaunced gretly the peple of God,
My body round engyrt with miserie:

in the regne of Assuerus the king.
For what's more miserable than discontent.

Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus, vol. ii. p. 83.
Shakspeare. Henry VI. Second Part, fol. 131.

He doth no pastour's offyce that robeth Christen kinges of
The insulting waters for three moneths' space trample over all, their princely power & autorite, to enhaunce the tyrannouse
and send colonies of fishes to inhabite the soile, engirting meane

vsurpacyons of Antichrist.
while all the tow nes with a strait siege.

Bale. English Votaries, part ii. Sig. Miv.
Purchas. Pilgrimage, book vi. ch. xiv. sec. 1. Both of them high attonce their hands en haunst,
About which lodgings, tow'rds the upper face,

And both attonce their huge blowes downe did sway.
Ran a fine bordure circularly led,

Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. 6.
As equal 'twixt the high’st point and the base,

After hir also no small attendants came in with Edward the
That as a zone the waist engirdled.

Confessour, whom he preferred to the greatest officers in the
Drayton. The Barons' Wars, book vi. realme, in so much that one Robert, a Norman, became Arch-
She saw him smile along the tissu'd clouds,

bishop of Canturhurie whose preferment much enhanced the
In colours rich-embroider'd by the sun,

minds of the French.
Engirt with cherub-wings and kindred forms.

Holinshed. Description of Britain, ch. ir.
Thompson. Sickness, book ii. Their yearly rents, by which most commonly their value to
A sash of tincture bright

her majesty is accounted, are not to this day improved at all, the
Which rivall’d Flora's brilliancy of dye,

landlords making no less gain by fines and income, then there is Engirds his loins.

raised in other places by enhancement of rents.
Glover. The Athenaid, book xxvii.

Bacon. The Office of Alienations.
No longer now on thee, amaz'd we call,

And yet should God thus harken to that prayer, continue us
No longer tremble at imagin’d ills,

under this discipline longer, provide a new stock of artillery,
When comets blaze tremendous from on high,

and empty another heaven, another magazine, and armory upon Or when extending wide their flaming trains

us, and all prove but bruta fulmina still, another seven years of With hideous grasp the skies engirile round,

judgements thrive no better with us, than the last sad apprenAnd spread the terrours of their burning locks.

iiship hath done : oh what an enhancement would this be of our Id. On Sir Isaac Newton.


Hammond. Sermon 10. vol. iv.
ENHABIT, now commonly written Inhabit. Fr.

There may be just reason upon a general mortality of cattle

to set those beasts that remain at an higher rate, or upon a inhabiter; in, and habitare, from habere, to have or

dearth of grain or other commodities, to highten the price ; but hold; habere, sc. domicilium, to have, hold or keep in such cases we must be so affected, as that we grudge to dwelling or abiding place.

ourselves our own gain, that we be not in the first file of To dwell or abide, reside, remain or live in a place.


Hall. Cases of Conscience, fol. 787. case 2.
Ac eremites þat enhabilen hem.
Piers Plouhman. Vision, p. 167.

But to enhance their pain, they view below,

Where lakes stand full, and plenteous rivers flow,
& yet was Rome wel waxen and redoubted of the Parthes, and Between two streams expires the panting host
eke of other folke enhabytyng aboute.

And in a land of water are they lost.
Chaucer. The second Booke of Boecius, fol. 220.

Roue. Lucan, book iv.

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