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And all within in preuy place
A softe bed of large space
Thei hadde made, and encorteined,
Where she was afterward engined.
Gower. Conf. Am. book i. fol. 18.
With faire behestes and yeftes greate
Of golde, that thei than have engined
Id. Ib. book i. fol. 14.
He tolde hym eke as for the myne
He wolde ordeine suche engyne,
That thei the werke shuld vndersette.
With tymbre. Id. Ib. book v. fol. 95.
Therefore bis subtile engines he does bend
His practick witt and his fayre fyled longe,
With thousand other sleighies.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. 1
The same he snatcht, and with exceeding sway
Threw at his foe, who was right we'l aware
It booted not to thinke that throwe to beare,
But ground he gaue, and lightly leap'd areare.
II. ib. book ii. can. 11.
roceeded on with no less art, both used by our old poets for craft, artifice, and some
My tongue was engineer ; times, in a better sense, for wit, that is, genius or the
I thought to undermine the heart inventive faculty.
By whispering in the ear.
Suckling. 'Tis now, since I sate down.
Who, when they would not lend their , helping hand to any
man in engine-worke, nor making of bulwarkes and fortifications,
used foole-hardily to sallie forth and fight most courageously
Holland, Ammianus, fol. 127. Constantius and Julianu
He is a good enginer that alone can make an instrument to
Burton. Anatomy of Melancholy, fol. 134.,
Not distant far with heavie pace the foe
Approaching gross and huge; in hollow cube
Training his devilish enginrie.
Milton. Paradise Lost, book vi. I. 553.
In the like manner as skilful an engineer as the Devil is, he
finds something to fasten them to.
South. Sermons, vol. vi. p. 283.
Safe they advance, while with unweary'd pain
The wrathful engines waste their stores in vain;
High o'er their heads the destin’d deaths are tost
Rowe. Lucan, book iïi.
More dismal than the loud disploded roar
Of brazen enginry, that ceaseless storm
The bastion of a well-built city, deem'd :
Impregnable. J. Philips. Cider, book i
These from on high, fire, darts, and jav'lins throw,
And pond'rous stones the rasters send below.
The thund'ring tempest falls, and batters down
Hoole. Orlando Furioso, book xl.
like a natural spring, which, though it may not throw its waters
into so great a variety of forms as the artificial fountain of the
engineer, will continue to supply an exuberant stream, when the
Knox. Winter Evenings, even. 3.
Warburton. Works, vol. iv. p. 56. Preface to the Edition of
Who kindling a combustion of desire,
With some cold moral think to quench the fire,
Though all your engineering proves in vain,
The dribbling stream ne'er puts it out again.
Cowper. The Progress of Error.,
Genius and Art, Ambition's boasted wings,
Our boast but ill deserve. A feeble aid!
Dedalian enginery! if those alone
Assist our flight, Fame's flight Glory's fall.
Young. The Complaint, Night 6.
ENGLAD. ENGLAD, en, and glad, q. v, A. S. glad-ian, er- ENGLUE, en, and glue, q. v. “Fr. engluer, gluer ; ENGLUE, . hilarare, to make cheerful or merry. Somner.
to lime, to glew, to join or close very fast, as with ENGLISH.
ENGRAFF To cheer, to enliven, to exhilarate.
bird-lime, or glew.” Cotgrave.
For thy my sonne holde vp thin heade,
And let no slepe thyn eye englue,
But whan it is to reason due.
Gower. Conf. Am. book iv. fol. 82.
But whan he sawe, and redie fonde
This coffre made, and well englued,
The dead bodie was besewed
In cloth of golde, and leide therin.
Id. lb. book viii. fol. 180.
For my particular griefe
Is of so flood-gate and ore-baring nature,
That it engluts and swallows other sorrowes,
And it is full itselfe.
Shakspeare. Othello, fol. 313.
Mont. Once more I come to know of thee King Harry,
If for thy ransome thou wilt now compound,
Before thy most assured oueri brow;
For certainly, thou art so neere the gulfe,
Thou needs must be englutled.
Id. Henry V. fol. 87.
ENGLUTING, perhaps Engluing, q. v. Mr. Tyrwhit
And of the pottes, and glasses engluting,
That of the aire might passen oui no thing.
Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16234.
ENGORE, en, and gore or goar ; to penetrate, to
As when an eager mastiff once doth proue
The taste of bloud of some engorell beast,
No words may rate, nor rigour him remove
From greedy hold of that his bloody feast.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book iv. can. 9.
As salvage bull whom two fierce mastiues bayt,
When rancour doth with rage him once engore,,
Forgets with warie ward them to await,
But with his dreadfull hornes them driues afore.
Id. 16. book ii. can. 8.
-translate into English, or the En- ingorgiare, ingurgitare, from the Lat. gurges, which,
as Skinner observes, was used even in the purer ages
of the Latin tongue, for helluo, a glutton.
But everie man's bellie is his dyall or clocke, which when it
strikes, they fall to whatsoever comes next hand : peither doth
any man after he hath ovce satisfied hunger, engorge superduous
Holland, Ammianus, fol. 237. Julianus
Then fraught with rancour, and engorged ire,
He cast at once him to avenge for all,
And gathering vp himselfe out of the mire,
With his vneuen wings did fiercely fall
V pon his sunne-bright shield, and gript it fast withall.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book i. can. 11.
ENGRAFF, ? Also written Ingraff, q. v. En
an, fodere, insculpare, excavare, to cut or carve.
To carve or cut into, to hollow out; to insert (one
thing) into a hole cut out (of another ;) and thus, to
impregnate the one with the qualities of the other; to Tout do the expectations of mankind.
insert or set in, to seat deeply, to implant, to root Otway. To Mr. Creech. deeply.
And him affronted with impatient might :
So both together fierce engrasped bee,
Whiles Guyon standing by, their vncouth strife does see. EN-
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii, can. 5. GRAVE.
Vpon him lightly leaping without heed,
"Twixt his two mighty armes engrasped fast,
Thinking to ouerthrowe, and down him tread.
Id. Ib. book ii. can. 8.
ENGRAVE, v. En, and grave, q. v.
Id. 16. book iii. can. 2. ENGRAVER, Egraver; from the A. S. graf-an, Poins. Why, because you haue beene so lewde and so much ENGRA'VING. fodere, insculpare, excavare, to ingrajfed to Falstaffe.
dig, to cut into, to hollow out.
To dig out a grave; and, consequentially, to bury in
a grave, or place dug out.
To cut a grave into; to cut or carve into; to make
incisions; met. to imprint or impress, sc. upon the
Id. Sonnet 37. mind.
Barrow., Sermon 23. vol. iii. memory or imaginacion of any saint to thenient ye shuld do by
Joye. Exposicion of Daniell, ch. ii.
Guardian, No. 126.
Each other's death that each might living see.
Mirror for Magistrates, p. 441.
The sixt had charge of them now being dead,
In seemly sort their corsesto engrave,
And deck with dainty flowres their bridal bed
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book i. can. 10.
So both agree their bodies to engraue ;
The great earth's wombe they open to the sky,
And with sad cypresse seemly it embraue
Then couering with a clod their closed eye,
They lay therein those corses tenderly,
And bid them sleep in euerlasting peace.
Id. Ib. book ii. can. 1.
And eke by that he saw on euery tree,
How he the name of one engrauen had,
For whom he now so sorely was bestad.
ad. 16. book iv. can. 7.
As for that manner of paving with small tiles or quarrels
engrauen, the first that ever was seene at Rome, was made within
the temple of Jupiter Capitolinum, and not before the thirde“
But before they went out of the cittie, the decemvirall lawes
(which now are knowne by the name of the twelve tables,) they
Id. Lirius, fol. 127.
brain itself, as the pencil of a painter or engraver makes the
Hale. Origin of Mankind, sec. 1. ch. ii. fol. 47.
of the pieces only of all those renowned men whom he there To work into the natural texture ; to impregnate the celebrates for their engravings on armour, caps, rings, glass. whole texture.
Evelyn. Miscellaneous Writings, p. 272.
On the other side was engraven the cross and the harp, being
the arms of England and Ireland, with this inscription,“ God
wilh us :" ordering all writs formally running in the king's name With leaves engrained in lustie green.
to be issued out in the names of the keepers of the liberty of Spenser. Shepheard's Calendar. February. England.
Ludlow. Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 247. ENGRAPPLE, en, and grapple, (q. v.) diminutive Can it be thought, that the ideas men have of God, are the uf grip. A. S. grip-an.
characters and marks of himself, engraven in their minds by his
own finger ; when we see that in the same country, under one and To gripe or seize hold of.
the same name, men have far different, nay often contrary and There shall young Hotspur, with a fury led,
inconsistent ideas and conceptions of him?
Locke. Of Human Understanding, ch. vi. sec. 14.
I have by me a lump of mineral substance, wherein a petre-
scent liquor, that fills the large intervals between them, is transDaniel. History of the Civil W'ars, book iv. parent enough and harder than most stones, as far as we could ENGRASP, en, and grasp, q. V.
To grasp, gripe, guess by some trial of it made by a skillful engraver of gems. or seize fast hold of.
Boyle. Works, vol. iii. p. 547. An Essay about the Origin of
Gems, and Virtues of Gems.
EN. We therefore being the offspring of God, ought not to think GRAVE, that the God-bead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, the en
gravement of art, and man's device. ENGROSS. Barrow. Works, vol. i. fol. 516. An Exposition of the
Those faults which artful men conceal
Cotlon. Visions in Verse. Were it not for these prejudices, could we easily, think that a printseller or engraver should be able to obtain that for his baubles, which learning hath so long sued for in vain.
Warburton. Letter concerning Literary Properly. It appears from two stone-tables of the law, and from the engravings on Aaron's breast-plate, that letters were in common use amongst the Israelites at the time of their egression from Egypt.
Id. The Divine Legation, book iv. sec. 5. ENGREGGEN, “ Fr. S'engreger; to grow worse, become sorer, wax more painful, grievous, or troublesome.” Cotgrave. To aggravate, q. v.
All thise thinges, after that thei ben gret or smale, en greggen the conscience of a man or woman.
Chaucer. The Persones Tale, vol. ii. p. 377. ENGRIEVE, en, and grieve, q. v. grever, from the Latin gravare, to weigh down.
“ Fr. grever; to grieve, to aggrieve, pain, vex, hurt, afflict, annoy, trouble, disquiet, molest, wrong, injure, overcharge, overburthen, oppress." Cotgrave. For yet nothing engreueth me.
Chaucer. The Romant of the Rose.
Through his disease, did by and by out find,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book iv, can. 12
Which his sad speech intixed in my breast,
Id. Ib. hook ii. can. 4.
ENG RO'SSMENT. Mid. Lat. grossus, from the Lat. crassus, (a multâ carne, Vossius,) fleshy; thick in flesh.
To thicken, to enlarge, to increase; to be or become thick, large, heavy, fat; to do any thing large or largely; to write in large letters; and, generally, to write or copy fair; also, to buy in large qdantities, in gross weights or quantities; to take or appropriate largely. See the Quotation from Blackstone.
By just accord made in parlement
In your registers.
Id. Ib. Third Part, fol. 390.
Sir P. Sidney. Psalm 69.
Engrost with mud, which did them foule agrieve,
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii.
We are a people now again, and may
Whilst the unsteady multitude presume,
Massinger. The Lover's Melancholy, act ii. sc. I.
Shakspeare. Richard III. fol. 191.
If out of those inventions
Ford. The Broken Heart, act iii. sc. 3. What should ye do then, should ye suppress all this flowry crop of knowledge and new light sprung up, and yet springing daily in this city? should ye set an oligarchy of twenty engrosse ers over it, to bring a famine upon our minds again, when we shall know nothing but what is measur'd to us by the bushel ?
Milton. Of Unlicens'd Printing
And [he] never had the mind
Daniel. History of the Civil Wars, book v.
Shakspeare. Henry IV. Second Part, fol. 94
Tickell. To Mr. Addison on his Tragedy of Cato
And seem'd to feel of keen remorse the wound,
Beallie. The Minstrel, book ii. There is a practice particularly mean and oppressive, which very much prevails in this selfish age, among the engrossers of that part of the creation which God and nature have constituted free as the seas and winds.
Knox. Essays, No. 119. Lord Bolingbroke tells us, that " we have lost the spirit of our Constitution ; and therefore we bear, from little engrossers of delegated power, that which our fathers would not have suffered from true proprietors of the Royal authority.”
Id. The Spirit of Despotism, sec. 29. 8. Engrossing was also described to be the getting into ones possession, or buying up, large quantities of corn or other dead victuals, with intent to sell them again.
Blackstone. Commentaries, book iv.ch, xü.
A hundred knights : yes, that on euerie dreame
Shakspeare. Lear, fol. 989.
They still appear of the same froward race, whereof their
That of hem thre, and hir issue
ENHABIT GUARD. predecessors were, that to the miracles of a journey both night
There was so large a retinue and day engar led by a Deity, dare besottedly prefer the garlick
Of nacions seuentie and two,
EN. ENHABIT and the onyons of Egypt.
In sondrie place eche one of tho
The wide worlde haue enhabited.
Gower. Conf. Am. book viij. fol. 174.
And this erth which we wretched sinners do ēhabile is not set
euerye place of it.
Fisher. On the Seven Penilenlial Psalmes, Sig. R v.
ENHALSE, en, and halse. Goth. A. S. Dutch, and
German hals, the neck.
To take round the neck.
First to mine inne commeth in my brother false,
Embraceth me: wel met good brother Scales,
And weepes withal: the other me enhalse
With welcome cosin, now welcome out of Wales.
Mirrour for Magistrates, fol. 406.
ENHANCE, Perhaps from the Fr. haus-
ENHANCER. the Fr. haut, and the Ger. hat,
A. S. hethe, head; the height or top of a thing. Heighth
heave, raise or lift up.
“Fr. hausser ; to hoise (i, e. hoist) raise, elevate, ENGI'RDLE. environ, to coinpasse in. Somner.
heave up, lift high, set aloft, advance.” Cotgrave. To enclose, to surround, to encompass, to environ.
To heave, raise, or lift up; to elevate, to exalt, to
advance, to augment, to increase.
So is prýude enhansed.
Piers Plouhman. Vision, p. 186.
For he that highith himsilf, schal be mekid, and he that me-
Wiclif. Matthew, ch. xxiii.
Hester by hire conseil enhaunced gretly the peple of God,
in the regne of Assuerus the king.
Chaucer. The Tale of Melibeus, vol. ii. p. 83.
He doth no pastour's offyce that robeth Christen kinges of
vsurpacyons of Antichrist.
Bale. English Votaries, part ii. Sig. Miv.
And both attonce their huge blowes downe did sway.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, book ii. can. 6.
After hir also no small attendants came in with Edward the
Confessour, whom he preferred to the greatest officers in the
bishop of Canturhurie whose preferment much enhanced the
minds of the French.
Holinshed. Description of Britain, ch. ir.
her majesty is accounted, are not to this day improved at all, the
landlords making no less gain by fines and income, then there is Engirds his loins.
raised in other places by enhancement of rents.
Bacon. The Office of Alienations.
And yet should God thus harken to that prayer, continue us
under this discipline longer, provide a new stock of artillery,
and empty another heaven, another magazine, and armory upon Or when extending wide their flaming trains
us, and all prove but bruta fulmina still, another seven years of With hideous grasp the skies engirile round,
judgements thrive no better with us, than the last sad apprenAnd spread the terrours of their burning locks.
iiship hath done : oh what an enhancement would this be of our Id. On Sir Isaac Newton.
Hammond. Sermon 10. vol. iv.
There may be just reason upon a general mortality of cattle
to set those beasts that remain at an higher rate, or upon a inhabiter; in, and habitare, from habere, to have or
dearth of grain or other commodities, to highten the price ; but hold; habere, sc. domicilium, to have, hold or keep in such cases we must be so affected, as that we grudge to dwelling or abiding place.
ourselves our own gain, that we be not in the first file of To dwell or abide, reside, remain or live in a place.
Hall. Cases of Conscience, fol. 787. case 2.
But to enhance their pain, they view below,
Where lakes stand full, and plenteous rivers flow,
And in a land of water are they lost.
Roue. Lucan, book iv.