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To train their troops* when leisure can afford,
The Spaniard, o'er that clime who holds his reigh,
Her heroes Rome to demi-gods may raise,
At Paraguay no separate lands we see,
* The Indians are instructed in the military line with the most ex. act discipline, and can raise sixty thousand men well armed.
European Settlements, Vol. II. p. 280. + Their churches are particularly grand, and richly adorned ; and service in them is performed with all the solemnity and magnifi. cence of a cathedral.
Ibid. Vol II. p. 282.
The warriors there the scythe or javelin wield,
where they enjoy their fame. Hear this, Old Rome, and blush, however late, For your Patrician and Equestrian state.
Whene'er the seasous rough with storms appears,
Of Europe, and her states, and various ways,
Around their harbourst cottages they keep,
* Each man's labour is allotted to him in proportion to his strength, or his skill in the profession which he exercises. The product is brought faithfully into the public magazines, from which he is again supplied with all things that the managers judge to be expedient for the sustenance of himself and family. All necessaries are distributed regularly twice a week, and the magazines always contain such a stock of provisions and goods of every kind, as to answer not only the ordinary exigencies, but to provide against a time of scarcity, or for those whom accidents, age, or infirmities have disqualified for labour.
European Seulemente, Vol. II. p. 282. † The Jesuits are said to be extremely strict in preserving the privilege of keeping all strangers from amongst them. If any such should by accident, or in his journey arrive in the country of the missions, he is immediately carried to the Presbytery, where he is treated, for a day or two at most, with great hospitality, but regarded with no less circumspection. The curiosities of the place are showed him in company with the Jesuit, and he can have no private conversation with any of the natives. In a reasonable time, he is civilly dismissed with a guard to conduct him to the next district, without expense, where he is treated in the same manner, until he is out of the country of the Missions.
Ibid. Vol. II. p. 284.
His road no traveller must there pursue,
While thus they live, unknowing, and unknown,
At Paraguay no colonies you'll find
* Many have represented the conduct of the Jesuits in this mission in a very bad light; but their reflections are not at all supported by the facts, upon which they build them. To judge property of the service they have done their people, we must not consider them on a parallel with the flourishing nations of Europe, but as compared with their neighbours, the savages of South America, or with the state of those Indians, who groan under the Spanish yoke. Considering the niątter in this, which is the true light, it will appear, that human society is infinitely obliged to the Jesuits, for adding three hundred thousand families in a well regulated community, in the room of a few vagabond untaught savages, whom they found in the beginning of their mission. And indeed it can scarce be conceived that the government had not some very extraordinary perfection, which had a principle of increase within itself ; which drew others to unite themselves to the old stock, and which continued, for so many years, to shoot out in a luxuriance of new branches. Nor can we, by any means, blame a system, which produced such salutary effects, and which has found that difficult, but happy way, that grand desideratum in politics, of uniting a perfect subjection to an entire content and satisfaction of the people. This great and generous principle it is to be wished were studied with more attention by us, who content ourselves with railing at the diligence of an adversary, which, when founded on moral rectitude, we should rather praise and imitate ; and who, in our own affairs, seldom think of using other instruments than force and money
European Settlements, Vol. II. p. 285.
Benighted long, all sacred truth unknown,
These arts Ignatius' sons, * these pious deeds
Thrice happy they o'er whom you thus preside,
* Vaniere, it may be said gives in this place, with partiality to his own order, a high-flown panegyric on the missionaries of Paraguay. But when we have seen him, in the whole tenor of the foregoing notes, supported by the able and well-informed author of the Settlements in America, it must be allowed, that our Poet does not exceed the bounds of truth, and pays a tribute of applause where it was justly due.
+ The extraordinary, and, indeed, wonderful commonwealth, established by the Jesuists, must have been conducted with wisdom, virtue, and benevolence, since it continued flourishing and increasing more than a century and a half, up to the time of its dissolution in the year 1767, when that glorious fabric vanished in a day. It ap. pears that in the year 1757, by a convention between Spain and Portugal, part of the territory of Paraguay was assigned to the latter; but the Indians, who occupied the ceded country, refused to be transferred from one hand to another, like an herd of cattle, without their own consent. A fierce battle ensued, and the natives were defeated by well disciplined European troops. From that time, the Jesuists were beheld with a jealous eye by the Spanish court, and, at length, in 1767, they were seized by order of ihe King of Spain, and sent out of America, leaving the Indians to experience for the future the rigours of Spanish tyranny, instead of that mild and equitable government, which had for a length of time preserved peace and virtue, and, by consequence, public happiness.
The present writer has been assiduous in collecting the notes, because Vaniere, who has proved himself the Historian of the Bees,
Who taught by you, their industry employ,
will also appear to be the faithful Historian of Paraguay ; a subject more connected with the Bees than Virgil's Story of Orpheus and Euridice.
[Thus far the translator and author of the notes on Vaniere. If the author had carried his researches a little further, he would have discovered the true cause of the suppression of the Jesuists, to spring not so much from the jealousy of the Spanish court, as from the intrigues of the adepts of Antichristian Philosophy, who saw in this so. ciety, from their assiduity in training up youth, &c. to virtue and science, the greatest obstacle to their impious systems, and views. For more information on this subject, consult Barruel's History of Jacobinism, vol, 1. page 43. The memoirs of the Marquis of Pombal, 2 vols. 8vo. Louis XVI. dethrone avant d'etre Roi par L'ab. Proyard. The Triumph of Religion, and the two Sisters, Paris and Vienna; lately published at Vienna, in Austria. Also Hist. Socit. J. Actoribus, Orlandino, Sachino, Juventio, &c. Bartoli, Hist. Soc. J. Europ. Asiat. Afri. Amer. Tamer, Hist. Martyr. & Confess. Soc. J. with the life of St. Francis Xaverius, translated into English by Dryden, and the History of the Church of Japan by F. Crasset.]