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To train their troops* when leisure can afford,
The farmers quit the plough-share for the sword.
On sacred days when wafted to the skies
Their hymns and pealing organst cease to rise;
When their devotion ends its pious strain,
The volunteers embodied seek the plain.
In martial order as they move along,
To view their dicipline the people throng,
Admiring gaze, with military pride
As now their ranks they close, and now divide;
Now point their javelins, and now aim the lance,
And with dissembled rage retreat, advance;
In various evolutions skill display,
And give a battle in their mimic fray.

The Spaniard, o'er that clime who holds his reigh,
Well knows their valour in th’embattled plain :
And lately saw, when he their aid requir'd,'
The bands with warlike emulation fird;
Saw them spriog up, like Cadmus' earth-born crew,
When from the sod an iron harvest grew;
Saw them performing wonders in the field,
Mow down the ranks and force the foe to yield.
For feats like these no honours they demand,
But home return and take the spade in hand.

Her heroes Rome to demi-gods may raise,
And tuneful poets celebrate their praise ;
Sing their dictators chosen from the plough
And weave immortal chaplets for their brow;
Tell, while their battles Cincinnatus fought,
How the wise senate in his absence thought.
Ilis house and farm requir'd the ablest hands,
To give the victor his well cultur'd lands.
They were his farmers; for his private gain
Tended his flock, his plants, his household traio.

At Paraguay no separate lands we see,
But for the public all is held in fee.
They love the warrior, in his country's cause
Who draws his sword for freedom and the laws.

* The Indians are instructed in the military line with the most ex. act discipline, and can raise sixty thousand men well armed.

European Settlements, Vol. II. p. 280. + Their churches are particularly grand, and richly adorned ; and service in them is performed with all the solemnity and magnifi. cence of a cathedral.

Ibid. Vol II. p. 282.

The warriors there the scythe or javelin wield,
Soldiers in camp and laborers in the field.
Yet they've no property,* no private claim,
No Sabine farm,

where they enjoy their fame. Hear this, Old Rome, and blush, however late, For your Patrician and Equestrian state.

Whene'er the seasous rough with storms appears,
IIis private loss no individual fears.
When torrents from the hills rush down amain,
And meditate destruction to the grain,
Alarm'd for all, he hears the deluge roar,
Feels for the state, and thinks of self no more.
Not rich, when round him ripen'd crops appear;
Not poor, when lost the promise of the year;
But still, let fortune smile or prove unkind,
He holds the even balance of his mind.

Of Europe, and her states, and various ways,
In happy ignorance they pass their days;
Content against their foes to make a stand,
And chase all sects, all atheists from the land.

Around their harbourst cottages they keep,
Built on the margin of the brawling deep;
There with kind aid the mariners supply,
But further hospitality deny.

* Each man's labour is allotted to him in proportion to his strength, or his skill in the profession which he exercises. The product is brought faithfully into the public magazines, from which he is again supplied with all things that the managers judge to be expedient for the sustenance of himself and family. All necessaries are distributed regularly twice a week, and the magazines always contain such a stock of provisions and goods of every kind, as to answer not only the ordinary exigencies, but to provide against a time of scarcity, or for those whom accidents, age, or infirmities have disqualified for labour.

European Seulemente, Vol. II. p. 282. † The Jesuits are said to be extremely strict in preserving the privilege of keeping all strangers from amongst them. If any such should by accident, or in his journey arrive in the country of the missions, he is immediately carried to the Presbytery, where he is treated, for a day or two at most, with great hospitality, but regarded with no less circumspection. The curiosities of the place are showed him in company with the Jesuit, and he can have no private conversation with any of the natives. In a reasonable time, he is civilly dismissed with a guard to conduct him to the next district, without expense, where he is treated in the same manner, until he is out of the country of the Missions.

Ibid. Vol. II. p. 284.

His road no traveller must there pursue,
Their laws, their manners, and their towns to view.

While thus they live, unknowing, and unknown,
Free from the ills that make poor mortals groan;
Fame, with whom fictions more than truth prevail,
To Europe flies, and spreads her wonderous tail;
Tells how Igoatius sons,* in every crime
Grown bold, are tyrants in the western clime;
Usurpers, and apostates from their God,
Who rule the Indians with an iron rod.
Europe believes what lying rumours say,
Though suffering hence herself beneath the rising day;
Driven from Japan her sops, how great her loss,
While the Batavians irample on the cross,
Through base apostacy their station hold
In every port, and truck their God for gold.

At Paraguay no colonies you'll find
Combin’d to plunder, and oppress mankind;
Nor laws, nor men allow despotic sway,
But thee, FAIR VIRTUE! thee all ranks obey.

* Many have represented the conduct of the Jesuits in this mission in a very bad light; but their reflections are not at all supported by the facts, upon which they build them. To judge property of the service they have done their people, we must not consider them on a parallel with the flourishing nations of Europe, but as compared with their neighbours, the savages of South America, or with the state of those Indians, who groan under the Spanish yoke. Considering the niątter in this, which is the true light, it will appear, that human society is infinitely obliged to the Jesuits, for adding three hundred thousand families in a well regulated community, in the room of a few vagabond untaught savages, whom they found in the beginning of their mission. And indeed it can scarce be conceived that the government had not some very extraordinary perfection, which had a principle of increase within itself ; which drew others to unite themselves to the old stock, and which continued, for so many years, to shoot out in a luxuriance of new branches. Nor can we, by any means, blame a system, which produced such salutary effects, and which has found that difficult, but happy way, that grand desideratum in politics, of uniting a perfect subjection to an entire content and satisfaction of the people. This great and generous principle it is to be wished were studied with more attention by us, who content ourselves with railing at the diligence of an adversary, which, when founded on moral rectitude, we should rather praise and imitate ; and who, in our own affairs, seldom think of using other instruments than force and money

European Settlements, Vol. II. p. 285.

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Benighted long, all sacred truth unknown,
With savage herds, themselves as savage grown,
The natives roam'd no duty understood,
Fierce, naked, wild, mere tenants of the wood,
Till late instructed in the Christian lore
They hail their God, fall prostrate and adore.
Fair peace and moral laws they now maintain,
And harmony and virtue round them reiga.

These arts Ignatius' sons, * these pious deeds
Spring from your zeal-your mission thus succeeds.
You draw th' untutor’d Indians from their den,
The truth impart, and mould them into men.
To God you give, what his own Son design'd,
When on the cross to bitter pangs resign’d,
He died in agony for all mankind.
Your duty done, you seek t no worldly store;
Your conscience pays you and you ask no more.

Thrice happy they o'er whom you thus preside,
Reclaim froin error, and to virtue guide;

* Vaniere, it may be said gives in this place, with partiality to his own order, a high-flown panegyric on the missionaries of Paraguay. But when we have seen him, in the whole tenor of the foregoing notes, supported by the able and well-informed author of the Settlements in America, it must be allowed, that our Poet does not exceed the bounds of truth, and pays a tribute of applause where it was justly due.

+ The extraordinary, and, indeed, wonderful commonwealth, established by the Jesuists, must have been conducted with wisdom, virtue, and benevolence, since it continued flourishing and increasing more than a century and a half, up to the time of its dissolution in the year 1767, when that glorious fabric vanished in a day. It ap. pears that in the year 1757, by a convention between Spain and Portugal, part of the territory of Paraguay was assigned to the latter; but the Indians, who occupied the ceded country, refused to be transferred from one hand to another, like an herd of cattle, without their own consent. A fierce battle ensued, and the natives were defeated by well disciplined European troops. From that time, the Jesuists were beheld with a jealous eye by the Spanish court, and, at length, in 1767, they were seized by order of ihe King of Spain, and sent out of America, leaving the Indians to experience for the future the rigours of Spanish tyranny, instead of that mild and equitable government, which had for a length of time preserved peace and virtue, and, by consequence, public happiness.

The present writer has been assiduous in collecting the notes, because Vaniere, who has proved himself the Historian of the Bees,

Who taught by you, their industry employ,
And in the public good their own enjoy:
Who to their neighbours sacrifice their ease,
And take their model from the REALM OF BEES.

will also appear to be the faithful Historian of Paraguay ; a subject more connected with the Bees than Virgil's Story of Orpheus and Euridice.

[Thus far the translator and author of the notes on Vaniere. If the author had carried his researches a little further, he would have discovered the true cause of the suppression of the Jesuists, to spring not so much from the jealousy of the Spanish court, as from the intrigues of the adepts of Antichristian Philosophy, who saw in this so. ciety, from their assiduity in training up youth, &c. to virtue and science, the greatest obstacle to their impious systems, and views. For more information on this subject, consult Barruel's History of Jacobinism, vol, 1. page 43. The memoirs of the Marquis of Pombal, 2 vols. 8vo. Louis XVI. dethrone avant d'etre Roi par L'ab. Proyard. The Triumph of Religion, and the two Sisters, Paris and Vienna; lately published at Vienna, in Austria. Also Hist. Socit. J. Actoribus, Orlandino, Sachino, Juventio, &c. Bartoli, Hist. Soc. J. Europ. Asiat. Afri. Amer. Tamer, Hist. Martyr. & Confess. Soc. J. with the life of St. Francis Xaverius, translated into English by Dryden, and the History of the Church of Japan by F. Crasset.]

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