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deserves notice for many merits ; but, above all, for a delightful child in the foreground. Mr. Pickersgill's reputation, acquired by his illustrations to Massinger's “ Virgin Martyr,” &c., and by his Prize Cartoon, render it incumbent on us to notice his contributions to the work under review, though we are not disposed to give him very high praise. His designs seem forced and unnatural, from a straining after freedom and originality. This is particularly evident at p. 103, I saw thee, darling baby;" and at pp. 132, 133, “ The Ship-wrecked Solitary.” “Cumpor Hall” is prettily illustrated by Horsley. The same artist has, at p. 8, a most amusing misconception of Cowper's lines ;

" And where the gardener Robin, day by day,

Drew me to school along the public way," &c. The good gardener is represented dragging the boy along by the hand, and - The Bauble Coach” follows, attached to a piece of packthread.

It is so easy to find fault that we find on looking back, that, after commending the whole work, we have selected more artists for censure than praise. We must qualify this, by observing, that we have ticised them in proportion to the acknowledged improvement of the art, rather than as compared with the illustrators of the last generation. Compared with the Old Annuals—Keepsakes, Friendships' Offerings, Souvenirs, and the rest,—~ Poems and Pictures

appears a wonderful work of art. Indeed, it takes altogether much higher ground, both in its literary and pictorial qualities, and is much more than a mere drawing-room-table book.

We have little room left to notice the literary portion of the volume, and we regret it the less, because we conceive that it is the engravings which form the distinctive feature of the work. None of the poems appear to be original, and it is, therefore, only the selection which is open to our criticism. There is, at least, nothing offensive in it; and we have to thank Mr. Burns for having avoided, in most cases, the old stock-pieces which have become over-familiar to us by means of Enfield's Speaker,” or the “ Elegant Extracts." We have to thank him for making us acquainted with the Rev. H. Alford's pleasant ballads, and with some of Mr. Hawker's poems, which would be otherwise less known. Still, the selection must have been made on a somewhat peculiar principle, where there is not a single extract from Wordsworth,* or Tennyson, and only one from Southey. Surely, one of these authors might advantageously have occupied the place given to Collins and Parnell. The Collection is enriched with three poems by the Rev. Isaac Williams, and we are glad to see one or two Greek cyphers, denoting the Authors of “Church Poetry."

We could not but speak tenderly of the other work under review, even if it did not, as it does, deserve our highest praise. It is one of the best gifts to the world of one who, there is reason to fear, is fast leaving it, to his own gain and our exceeding loss. The very aim and object of Sacred Verses and Pictures,” must protect it from rude criticism. For the poor and the young it is designed, to sweeten the

We presume, that Wordsworth is omitted on the ground of a volume of illustrations having been devoted to him exclusively, by the same publisher,

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bitter lot of the one, and to preserve the innocence of the other. But it needs no such apology. The illustrations are chiefly taken from Overbeck, Steinle, Albert Durer, and other German artists, and in the case of the two first, it is wonderful how much better the bold woodengraving seems adapted to their designs than the over-delicate and highly-finished style through which they are familiar to us. Those which are from Albert Durer, are close imitations of his own rough, coarse, spirited engravings, and rough and coarse though they are, we have been assured that with children (and we value their judgment much) these are the greatest favourites of all. We may mention as particularly well executed, “ The Way of Sorrows," “ The Good Shepherd,” “The Child in the Storm," "The Nativity,(from Steinle). “S. Mary and S. John,” “ The Death of S. Joseph,” “ Christ subject to his Parents,” “S. John the Baptist," and the “Kneeling Monk,” which is said to be the pious Overbeck's portrait of himself. Our only objection to the series is, that the Prints are of an inconvenient size-too large for a book, and too small to be hung up in cottages.

REVIEWS AND NOTICES.

Sermons, preached in S. Saviour's Church, Leeds, the week following the

Consecration. Oxford: Parker. 8vo. pp. 270. 1846. Our readers are probably aware of the circumstances under which these Sermons were delivered. The Consecration Sermon itself was preached by the Bishop of the Diocese. In the evening there was again full Service, and three times daily up to the octave of the Festival. The Sermons, which, owing to accidental causes, were mostly delivered by Dr. Pusey, were the composition of himself (four in number), of the Rev. J. Keble, Isaac Williams, C. Marriott, W. Dodsworth, and U. Richards; and are written upon a concerted plan, with the view of stimulating the minds of the auditory to penitence and earnest intercession for the Church, and for one another. The whole may be called rather a novel experiment; but, in the opinion of those best capable of judging, we believe that it was considered to have answered its end very successfully. The Sermons are characterized by an utter absence of every thing controversial, and by a tenderness and winning persuasiveness which will surprise those who have formed their idea of Dr. Puisey's tone of preaching from popular report, or, indeed, from his own earlier works. They are calculated, we conceive, to be of great service to the Parish Priest, as suggesting methods of address to the consciences of those who have fallen into sin.

Early Influences, by the Author of “Truth without Prejudice.” London :

Rivingtons. 12mo. pp. 152. We can recommend this book, as being both sound in principle and thoroughly practical. It would be unreasonable to suppose that the mere reading of a book should make a good nurse, or mother, or governess; but we think that there is no one who was about to enter upon either of these offices who would not be benefited by the perusal of this little volume. It descends to the minutest rules, and yet breathes the highest principles. The predominant quality of the Author is good sense, of which we shall offer one instance. Attention to this rule would save reviewers much trouble. “Here it may be well to warn parents against the hasty adoption of all those books which profess to be simply Bible stories. It is a bold measure at any time to tamper with the words of Scripture, and, from the idea that they are mere words, to substitute one phrase for another. The attempt is hazardous, and the result generally most unsatisfactory. Instead of the simple, correct statement of the fact which Scripture gives you, you find a bald, pointless anecdote, or a highly garnished tale, in which the Patriarchs and Saints of old are made to express in words the thoughts or the motives which the commentator imagines that under the circumstances they probably entertained; and so when the child grows a little older, and begins to look out in the Bible for the originals of those stories which delighted his infant mind, he either finds that Abraham and Moses and Aaron are never asserted to have said or thought as he was led to suppose, or, that if they did, it was a far less circumstantial and satisfactorily familiar conversation than what he had previously learnt. He will take up the Bible merely as a book of amusement; and, as such, will like it much less than the well-adorned and amplified story-book that he had known before.”

Annals of Virgin Saints. By a Priest of the Church of England. London:

Masters. Cambridge : Walters. Royal 18mo. pp. 416. 1846. To persons in a certain state of mind, we should earnestly counsel the abstaining from this little volume. The scoffer, and the sceptic, and the irreverent critic, who may even write Reverend before his name, should not open its pages; for it professes to give the lives of a class of persons, whom the parties referred to have already concluded in their own minds, are hypocrites and impostors. Such, therefore, have no right to read about them : to learn lessons of righteousness they have no intention; to indulge in ridicule and scoffings, even at the semblance of holiness, is a dangerous habit to the mind; it may be upon the very confines of the unpardonable sin against the Holy Ghost.

Again, it may be argued, as it has been, not without some show of truth, against the translation of Romish books of devotion-that it is not prudent to present forms of piety to the admiration of the reader, for the imitation of which our existing religious system offers few or no facilities; whilst another contiguous system avowedly does offer such facilities.

To this objection, the Author of the present volume, we conceive, would reply-first, that the objection did not strictly apply to his publishing the work, but to certain individuals, who ought to be able to judge for themselves, reading it. Secondly, that the fruits of other systems should be fairly stated and candidly considered, especially in points like the present, where, if it were judged right, no impediment seems to exist why institutions of a conventual kind might not be naturalized among us.

Passing by this question, a more delicate one arises ; viz., whether in introducing a subject notoriously likely to arouse the prejudices of a large party of persons, all that circumspection has been employed which the case deserved or the writer was capable of exercising. This is the point, we conceive, more than any other, on which a writer should be “fully persuaded in his own mind.”

Touching the volume itself, we do not pronounce it faultless. But neither is the world so good that it can afford to lose the contemplation of so much Christian excellence as in this volume is portrayed, simply because the picture is not drawn by an unerring pencil. The annals, we should add, are so arranged as to present a continuous sketch of Church History, so far as regards its inner life, from the days of the Apostles to the middle of the seventeenth century; and is the work of one well skilled in composition.

English History for Children. Cambridge : J. Walters, 1845. This little book goes a certain length in supplying a deficiency that is much felt at present. Correcter views with regard to history have in the last ten years obtained, and a material change has taken place in the estimation of many of the famous people of England. People begin now to regard the personages of history rather as they are good than as they are successful, and à juster value is being put upon those little understood and unappreciated characters, which have exhibited in a world of sin the stern yet gentle lineaments of the Gospel. But this reform has not penetrated yet to a very important place—the nursery, The young idea is still haunted with the terrors of Bloody Mary, and the cruel monks who scourged King Henry, and the imagination is courted by finely drawn pictures of Bluff King Harry, and Great Queen Bess. We ourselves well recollect the effect of a certain print upon our sympathies in early days. It represented a jolly looking monk, an equally jolly looking dame, and a touching gradation of little children all on their knees, before an austere prelate, who was scolding them in round terms. The whole being described as Anselm forbidding the priests to marryma prohibition that seemed to be somewhat tardy.

We said, that the present work goes a certain length in supplying a deficiency. Yet it is much too sketchy, and, in some places, bald. The characters at the end of each life do not coincide with the facts detailed-in short, a perfect History of England for the nursery or school room we do not consider it. There are marks of haste and carelessness throughout : e. g. at p. 174, the author declares that he has “seen on the floor of a room in the Castle of Stirling, the dark stain of the blood that flowed from Rizzio's fifty-six wounds”- fact that can only be accounted for on the supposition that the author aforesaid was clairvoyant, inasmuch as the murder was committed at Holyrood. We think also that more might have been made out of King Henry VI. and James II. The best part of the book is the account of Charles I., which is very interesting indeed. Our author excels in description, and we should like to see from his pen some vivid sketches of mediæval history, illustrating the church temper in those days. It is individual character vividly portrayed, that seizes on the imagination of the young, and no age in the world is so marked with individuality as the period of the latter days of the Feudal System.

On the whole, we can conscientiously recommend this nice little book, and, we trust, that it is the first step towards the banishment from nursery and school room of those odious compilations that at present disgrace the name of “Histories for the Young," and which are fraught with eminent danger to the moral rectitude of those who read them.

From the same publisher, and preceding the little volume already noticed by a few months, is an English History in two volumes, for the upper classes of schools, by the Rev. G. A. Poole. The ecclesiastical principles of both are the same: though in the latter case they are marked by a more positively expressed anti-Roman bias. The narrative in Mr. Poole's runs, perhaps, more fuently than that in the Juvenile History, but scarcely displays the same power of sketching characters. However, it is well fitted to do for the school room, what the other purposes to do for the nursery.

Sharpe's London Magazine. Imperial 8vo., with Illustrations. 64 pp. This elegant periodical is just two months older than ourselves. It is a most spirited and praiseworthy undertaking, and better calculated to afford healthy recreation to the mind than anything we have ever met with. If merit is any passport to success, this must certainly succeed. It is fit for all classes of readers, and is a very prodigy of cheapness.

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"Probatio Clerica ; or, Aids in self-examination to Candidates for Holy Orders, or for those of the Clergy who may desire them,” by the Rev. W. E. Heygate, M.A., (London: Cleaver. 12mo. pp. 122) is a sound and earnest Manual, as well as a witness against the laxity of our system. It is an attempt to lessen the liability of persons seeking Holy Orders, without any adequate conception of the duties and responsibilities of the office. Mr. Heygate confesses that this was his own case; and no wonder; since we have no authorized books setting forth the nature of the Priestly Office, or even giving any detailed system of doctrine.

We very earnestly recommend the series of “Sermons for Sundays and Festivals,” now in course of publication under the editorship of Mr. Alexander Watson, of S. John's, Cheltenbam. (London: Masters.) It has too long and too truly been a reproach cast in our teeth by the unstable members of our flocks, that they hear and see the very same things at the Meeting House as at Church. Now, as the remedy for the latter of these evils is the paying some more attention to the ceremonial of our public Services; so will the former be very materially abated if the Clergy in their sermons are careful to follow the course of the ecclesiastical year. In carrying out this object we can assure them they will receive much assistance from this series of Sermons, which numbers among its contributors some of our ablest and most successful Parish Priests.

The Practical Christian's Library (Burns & Parker) is proceeding admirrably. The last four Nos. are :-(1.) A Companion to the Prayer Book, compiled chiefly from Sparrow and Comber ; (2.) Parochial Sermons, by Bishop Andrewes,--the only specimen of Parochial preaching in the sixteenth century (excepting Latimer's buffoonery) with which we are acquainted; and two very interesting Biographies of the pious Scholar and the active and learned Pastor, Ambrose Bonwicke and Bishop Bull.

Mr. Adams' Fall of Cræsus” (Walters) is an attempt to point one of Herodotus' most graphic narratives with a moral directly Christian,

which is done in a series of Conversations following the history of the fall. The book of course is best suited for the higher classes; but we venture to say that the attention of no intelligent child will be found to flag in reading the little volume —and those who read cannot fail to be benefitted by the simple earnest tone of the Writer.

We have been very much pleased with “ Short Instructions and Devotions for the Sick.” (Burns.) They are what any Clergyman may with advantage place in the hands of a person in serious illness; and, what is their great merit, there is not anything which one could wish omitted in them. They are, beyond comparison, the best manual that has ever fallen in our way. We should add also that they are printed in good large type.

We cannot bestow quite the same measure of praise on “ Prayers for Children and Young Persons,” proceeding from the same Publisher. They are earnest, and thoroughly well-principled; but they appear to us far too cumbrous for the purpose designed.

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