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to see the issue of this encounter : the wolf comes with open mouth towards the faint, who presently shuts the beast's jaws with the sign of the cross. (Behold! faith our author, the wonderful virtue of the sign of the cross.) After this the faint comes to parly with the wolf in a familiar manner, and says to him, “ Brother wolf, I command thee in the name “ of Christ, that thou hurt neither' me nor

any one else.” Upon which he immediately falls on the ground in the posture of a penitent. St. Francis takes him to confession, laying before him the horrid cruelties he had committed ; but at last offers terms of agreement between him and the city : the wolf by moving his tail and ears plainly Thewed, that he understood and accepted the offer. The faint then tells him he knew all the mischief he had done was to satisfy his hunger; he would therefore take care to provide for him, if he would promise never to hurt any body again. The wolf bows his head in token of consent; and when St. Francis held out his hand to the beast, he put his right-foot into it to confirm the contract. Upon this the wolf walks quietly with him towards the city; the people seeing that, flocked in great numbers about him; the faint preaches an excellent sermon on the occasion, assures them of brother wolf's con


version, and acquaints them with the promife he had made for his maintenance: the creature then renews his agreement before them all in the manner above-mentioned. The people were filled with great joy, and the wolf lived very innocently and neighbourly among them all the rest of his days, and was much lamented at his death. This story is related by several considerable authors of the Romish church, and defended particularly by Henry Sedulius o. But to return to our saint's life, written by St. Bonaventure.

One day, when the people were assembled to worship in the great church of the city of Affum, the weather being extremely cold, and the faint afflicted with a quartan ague, he stripped himself naked except his breeches, , put a rope about his neck, and was by his own order drawn up to the top of a stone whereon malefactors, at the time of their punishment, were usually placed : and in this situation, and in this trim, did he preach to a numerous auditory.

Our holy man being, on a certain time, affailed by a grievous temptation of the flesh, first stripped and then scourged himself very severely with his cord : but that, it seems, not proving effectual, he opened the door of his

cell, • A fecond Discourse, &r. by E. Stillingfleet, D.D. 4979; et seq.

cell, went into the garden, “and cafting his poor

naked body into the deep snow, he “ caught some of it in his hands, and made « thereof feven heaps; which being placed “orderly before him, he thus accosted his « outward man: Lo here, faith he, the bigger “ of these is thy wife, the other four are thy “ two sons and thy two daughters, and these « two that remain are thy man and maid“ fervants. The tempter perceiving himfelf

by this means to be subdued, straitway de-,

parted with shame, and the holy man re“ turned with victory into his cell p."

Beside the cross which was seen to issue. out of this saint's mouth, his hands and feet and fide were miraculously impressed by a seraphim with the five wounds of Chrift, which always after remained visible in his flesh; and tho' but few persons were favoured with the fight of them during his life, yet, after his decease, they were seen by multitudes of people. The seraphim, who performed this notable exploit, appeared to the saint, whilft he was at prayer,

66 with fix “ wings all fiery and full of glorious. light; “ * * * and there appeared between his “ wings the form of a man crucified, having “ his hands and feet extended and fastened “to a cross. Two of his wings were lifted

46 *** and The Franciscan friers think this adventure of their founder so edifying, and so much to his honour, that in some of their convents they have pictures set, up to represent it: one of which, very finely drawn, the author, of these Essays remembers to have seen in a monastery of that order ; and a very droll piece it was indeed.

up above his head, two were stretched “ forth to fly, and two did cover his whole

“ body.”

NOTWITHSTANDING this wonder-working faint was thus highly favoured, and performed abundance of first-rate miracles, such as curing the deaf, the dumb, the lame, those sick of dropsies and palfies, and of all other distempers, and even raising many to life; yet he sometimes condescended to play at small game; as discovering a beast that was stolen; clearing a barn of worms; driving away noxious flies; miraculously mending a man's plough-share, and a woman's dish that had been broken into many pieces. But to finish with our saint: Just before he died, he stripped himself stark naked, among other reasons, that he might“ be in all things con" formable unto. Christ crucified, who in

poverty and distress did hang naked on the

cross." At the time of his decease, " of his brethren and disciples saw his blessed « foul, in the form of a most glittering star, " borne aloft, upon a pure white little cloud, "and fo carried over many waters by a strait paffage up to heaven.”


« one


A few specimens of the wbimsical opinions of

the fathers, taken from the learned M. Barbeyrac's Traité de la morale des


de l'Eglise.

STIN MARTYR, in order to remove

the scandal of the cross from christianity, observes, that nothing is done in this world without a cross, and brings for instances the masts and yards of a ship, the shape of ploughs, howes, and other mechanical instruments; adding, that what most distinguishes the figure of a man from that of a beast is, that standing upright he can extend his arms fo as to form a cross with his body; and that he wears upon his face a nose through which he breathes, and which represents the cross; and that accordingly the crucifixion of our Saviour was foretold by the prophet Jeremiah ? in these words : the spirit before our face, the Christ

, the Lord, as he renders it, instead of the breath of our nostrils, &c. an expression fignifying only that the king there spoken of was the life and soul of the people. This father held marriage to be in its own nature impure. .We fee fome, says he, renounce the unlawful use of marriage, by which we

satisfy q Lam, iv. 20.

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