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depends upon the works it produces ? « Faith “ without works being dead.” Fourthly, that punishment for the want of it confifts chiefly in the ill consequences attending this want? And, Fifthly, that if the Deity signifies his mind and will to men, he always does it in the most effectual manner? For can we suppose God has given a revelation to man, and ordained that his salvation shall depend upon believing it, and not made it as clear as the sun at noon-day, either that what he has revealed is true, or that 'tis true he hath revealed it?

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ESSA Y VIII.

ON THE

I N F L U E N C E

OF

NATURAL TEMPER,

Mankind one day serene and free appear ;
The next they're cloudy, sullen, and severe :
New paffions new opinions ftill excite,
And what they like at noon, they hate at night.

Garth's Dispensary, Canto III.

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F it be true that Democritus was always

laughing at the world, and Heraclitus always weeping over it, this different behaviour was much more owing to the different tempers of these philosophers, than that the world is a proper object of constant scorn or sorrow.

WHAT a delightful place is this world! says one man : What å scene of misery! says another : yet both in health, and the former lives in a cottage, and the latter in a palace,

How How bright and charming did every thing appear yesterday ? how gloomy and hideous, to the same person, do all things seem to day? yet nothing is changed but the man's temper. What excellent peaches and nectarines, says one old fellow to another, with a dish of fruit before them, had we when we were young, and how four and crabbed are they now? Aye, aye, replies his companion,-they might well be-fo,-for then what a warm sun we had d?

FOR what reason did our amorous poet Waller write fo much of the love of women when he was young, and of divine love in his old age ? Very probably for the same reafon that Solomon, as the rabbies fay, wrote the Canticles in his youth, the Proverbs when he was of riper years, and the Ecclefiaftes when he was old. Men, add these Jewish writers, usually compose songs when they are young, parables when they are grown to be perfect men, and discourses of the vanity of things in their declining years.

MÆCENAS solicited Horace, in his advanced age, to write again in the lyric strain: but he excused himself, and says,

Non eadem est ætas, non mens.And a little after adds,

Nunc

Ee 4

d I think there is something like this in Gil Blas.

Nunc itaque et versus et cætera ludicra pono :
Quid verum atque decens curo et rogo, et omnis in hoc fum:
Condo et compono, quæ mox depromere poffime.

From whence did it proceed that Erasmus acknowledged, if he were put to the trial of suffering martyrdom for his religion, he believed he should imitate St. Peter and that Luther, when told by his friends, if he went to the diet of Worms, he would share the same fate with John Huss, who was burnt alive for a heretic, answered, he would go thither, (to defend his religious opinions) if there were as many devils combined against him in that city as tiles upon the houses ?

Why is Dr. ****** *** so flamingly zealous ? And why does he treat every one, who differs from him in opinion, with asperity and abuse? And why doth the bishop

** * behave to all men and all parties with affability and humanity ?

What may be the reason that the Rev. Mr. H**** y endeavours to terrify his auditors into the belief and practice of religion by telling them, that hell is opening her mouth to swallow them up in endless perdition, the indignation of an almighty God ready to fall upon them, and worse than ten thousand falling mill-stones, ready to

grind Lib. I. ep. I.

of * *

* *

grind them to powder? And why does Dr.

** persuade men to be virtuous and religious by setting before them the deforç mity of vice, the amiableness of virtue, the beauty of holiness, and the infinite goodness of their Creator ?

IRACUNDUS has knowledge and learning, and every quality to make an agreeable companion, but one: for want of that he is shunned by all who know him. If you oppose any of his sentiments, you immediately see his countenance alter : upon the slightest contradiction the blood feems ready to start through his face, and his opponent is very lucky if he comes off without a challenge.

To what cause is it owing that some men, and many more women, are so full of rapture in their devotion ? And from whence does it proceed that they talk of the love of God whom they have not seen, in the same strain, and with the same amorous expressions, as they would of a paramour before their

eyes?

"O love of sweetness,” says St. Austin, O sweetness of love, that doft not tor

ment, but delight, that dost always burn, ► and art never extinct ! sweet Christ, good

Jesus, my God, my love, kindle me all " over with thy fire, with the love of thee, « with thy sweetness, thy joy, thy pleasure,

" and

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