Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
The U.S. scientific community has long led the world in research on such areas as public health, environmental science, and issues affecting quality of life. Our scientists have produced landmark studies on the dangers of DDT, tobacco smoke, acid rain, and global warming. But at the same time, a small yet potent subset of this community leads the world in vehement denial of these dangers.
Merchants of Doubt tells the story of how a loose-knit group of high-level scientists and scientific advisers, with deep connections in politics and industry, ran effective campaigns to mislead the public and deny well-established scientific knowledge over four decades. Remarkably, the same individuals surface repeatedly-some of the same figures who have claimed that the science of global warming is "not settled" denied the truth of studies linking smoking to lung cancer, coal smoke to acid rain, and CFCs to the ozone hole. "Doubt is our product," wrote one tobacco executive. These "experts" supplied it.
Naomi Oreskes and Erik M. Conway, historians of science, roll back the rug on this dark corner of the American scientific community, showing how ideology and corporate interests, aided by a too-compliant media, have skewed public understanding of some of the most pressing issues of our era.
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testimony,” Stokes boasted, “no plaintiff has ever collected a penny from any
tobacco company in lawsuits claiming that smoking causes lung cancer or
cardiovascular illness—even though one hundred and seventeen such cases
have been ...
But science involves many details, many of which remained unclear, such as why
some smokers get lung cancer and others do not (a question that remains
incompletely answered today). So some scientists remained skeptical. One of
No one in 1954 would have claimed that everything that needed to be known
about smoking and cancer was known, and the industry exploited this normal
scientific honesty to spin unreasonable doubt. One Hill and Knowlton document,
In 1957, the U.S. Public Health Service had concluded that smoking was “the
principal etiological factor in the increased incidence of lung cancer.”55 In 1959,
leading researchers had declared in the peer-reviewed scientific literature that
Cline: Well, if by “cause” you mean a population base or epidemiologic risk factor
, then cigarette smoking is related to certain types of lung cancer. If you mean: In
a particular individual is the cigarette smoking the cause of his or her cancer?
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LibraryThing ReviewPrehľad pre používateľa - Razinha - LibraryThing
My confirmation bias predicted I would like this book, as I am familiar with many of the names and their histories. My bias was correct, but I still needed to check what the authors were presenting ... Čítať celú recenziu
LibraryThing ReviewPrehľad pre používateľa - MarkBeronte - LibraryThing
Merchants of Doubt was one of the most talked-about climate change books of recent years, for reasons easy to understand: It tells the controversialstory of how a loose-knit group of high-level ... Čítať celú recenziu