Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming
The U.S. scientific community has long led the world in research on such areas as public health, environmental science, and issues affecting quality of life. Our scientists have produced landmark studies on the dangers of DDT, tobacco smoke, acid rain, and global warming. But at the same time, a small yet potent subset of this community leads the world in vehement denial of these dangers.
Merchants of Doubt tells the story of how a loose-knit group of high-level scientists and scientific advisers, with deep connections in politics and industry, ran effective campaigns to mislead the public and deny well-established scientific knowledge over four decades. Remarkably, the same individuals surface repeatedly-some of the same figures who have claimed that the science of global warming is "not settled" denied the truth of studies linking smoking to lung cancer, coal smoke to acid rain, and CFCs to the ozone hole. "Doubt is our product," wrote one tobacco executive. These "experts" supplied it.
Naomi Oreskes and Erik M. Conway, historians of science, roll back the rug on this dark corner of the American scientific community, showing how ideology and corporate interests, aided by a too-compliant media, have skewed public understanding of some of the most pressing issues of our era.
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99 Seitz believed passionately in science and technology, both as the cause of
modern health and wealth and the only means for future improvements, and it
infuriated him that others didn't see it his way. In his memoir, he confidently ...
115 In the deposition Cline acknowledged that he had been a witness in two
previous trials, one in which he testified that a plaintiff's cancer was not caused by
exposure to toxic fumes, and another in which he testified that a plaintiff's
Cline: Well, if by “cause” you mean a population base or epidemiologic risk factor
, then cigarette smoking is related to certain types of lung cancer. If you mean: In
a particular individual is the cigarette smoking the cause of his or her cancer?
Industry doubt-mongering worked in part because most of us don't really
understand what it means to say something is a cause. We think it means that if A
causes B, then if you do A, you will get B. If smoking causes cancer, then if you
... cause: rolling back Communism. He did this by joining forces with several
fellow physicists—old cold warriors who shared his unalloyed anti-Communism
— to support and defend Ronald Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. SDI (Star
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LibraryThing ReviewPrehľad pre používateľa - Razinha - LibraryThing
My confirmation bias predicted I would like this book, as I am familiar with many of the names and their histories. My bias was correct, but I still needed to check what the authors were presenting ... Čítať celú recenziu
LibraryThing ReviewPrehľad pre používateľa - MarkBeronte - LibraryThing
Merchants of Doubt was one of the most talked-about climate change books of recent years, for reasons easy to understand: It tells the controversialstory of how a loose-knit group of high-level ... Čítať celú recenziu