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Kath. Den it sall also content me.

K. Hen. This moral ties me over to time, and a hot K. Hen. Upon that I kiss your hand, and I call you summer ; and so I shall catch the fly, your cousin, in my queen.

the latter end, and she must be blind too. Kath. Laissez, mon seigneur, laissez, laissez ; ma Bur. As love is, my lord, before it loves. foy, je ne veux point que vous abbaissez vostre grandeur, K. Hen. It is so; and you may, some of you, thank lore en baisant la main d'une vostre indigne serviteure ; ex- for my blindness; who cannot see many a fair French cusez moy, je vous supplie, mon tres puissant seigneur. city, for one fair French maid that stands in my way. K. Hen. Then I will kiss your lips, Kate.

Fr. King. Yes, my lord, you see them perspectively, Kath, Les dames, et damoiselles, pour estre baissécs the cities turned into a maid; for they are all girdled devant leur nopces, il n'est pas le coûtume de France. with maiden walls, that war hath never entered.

K. Hen. Madam my interpreter, what says she ? K. Hen. Shall Kate be my wife!

Alice. Dat it is not be de fashion pour les ladies of Fr. King. So please you.
France, I cannot tell what is baiser, en English. K. Hen. I am content; so the maiden cities you talk
K. Hen. To kiss.

of may wait on her : so the maid that stood in the way Alice. Your majesty entendre bettre que moy. of my wish shall show me the way to my will.

K. Hen. It is not a fashion for the maids in France Fr. King. We have consented to all terms of reason. to kiss before they are married, would she say?

K. Hen. Is 't so, my lords of England ? Alice. Ouy, vrayment.

West. The king hath granted every article: K. IIen. O Kate, nice customs curt'sy to great kings. His daughter, first; and then, in sequel, all, Dear Kate, you and I cannot be confined within the According to their firm proposed natures. weak list of a country's fashion; we are the makers of Exe. Only, he hath not yet subscribed this :- Where manners, Kate; and the liberty that follows our places your majesty demands, That the king of France, stops the mouths of all find-faults; as I will do yours, having any occasion to write for matter of grant, shall for upholding the nice fashion of your country in deny- name your highness in this form, and with this addiing me a kiss : therefore, patiently, and yielding. tion, in French,— Notre tres cher filz Henry roy (Kissing her.] You have witchcraft in your lips, d'Angleterre, héritier de France ; and thus in Latin,Kate; there is more eloquence in a sugar touch of them, Præclarissimus filius noster Henricus, rex Anglia, et than in the tongues of the French council : and they hæres Franciæ. should sooner persuade Harry of England than a general Fr. King. Nor this I have not, brother, so denied, petition of monarchs. Here comes your father. But your request shall make me let it pass. Enter the French King_and QUEEN, BURGUNDY, Let that one article rank with the rest :

K. Hen. I pray you then, in love and dear alliance, Bedford, Gloster, EXETER, WESTMORELAND, And, thereupon, give me your daughter. and other French and English Lords.

Fr. King. Take her, fair son; and from her blood Bur. God save your majesty! my royal cousin, teach you our princess English ?

Issue to me : that the contending kingdoms K. Hen. I would have her learn, my fair cousin, how Of France and England, whose very shores look pale perfectly I love her; and that is good English. With envy of each other's happiness, Bur. Is she not apt?

May cease their hatred ; and this dear conjunction K. Hen. Our tongue is rough, coz; and my condition Plant neighbourhood and christian-like accord is not smooth : so that, having neither the voice nor the In their sweet bosoms, that never war advance heart of flattery about me, I cannot so conjure up the His bleeding sword 'twixt England and fair France. spirit of love in her, that he will appear in his true likeness. AU. Amen!

Bur. Pardon the frankness of my mirth, if I answer K. Hen. Now welcome, Kate :-and bear me wityou for that. If you would conjure in her, you must

ness all, make a circle: if conjure up love in her in his true That here I kiss her as my sovereign queen. (Flourish. likeness, he must appear naked and blind : Can you Q. Isa. God, the best maker of all marriages, blame her, then, being a maid yet rosed over with the combine your hearts in one, your realms in one! virgin crimson of modesty, if she deny the appearance As man and wife, being two, are one in love, of a naked blind boy in her naked seeing self? It So be there 'twixt your kingdoms such a spousal, were, my lord, a hard condition for a maid to consign to. That never may ill office, or fell jealousy,

K. Hen. Yet they do wink, and yield; as love is Which troubles oft the bed of blessed marriage, wlind, and enforces.

Thrust in between the paction of these kingdoms, Bur. They are then excused, my lord, when they see To make divorce of their incorporate league ; not what they do.

That English may as French, French Englishmen, K. Hen. Then, good my lord, teach your cousin to Receive each other !--God speak this Amen! consent wipking.

All. Amen! Bur. I will wink on her to consent, my lord, if you K. Hen. Prepare we for our marriage ;-on which day, will teach her to know my meaning : for maids, well My lord of Burgundy, we 'll take your oath, summered and warm kept, are like flies at Bartholomew. And all the peers', for surety of our leagues. tide, blind, though they hare their eyes; and then they | Then shall I swear to Kate, and you to me; will endure handling, which before would not abide And may our oaths well kept and prosperous be! looking on.

raise up

(Ereunt.

CHORUS

Thus far, with rough and all unable pen,

Our bending author hath pursued the story, In little room confining mighty men,

Mangling hy starts the full course of their glory. Small time, but in that small, most greatly liv'd

This star of England : fortune made his sword; By which the world's best garden he achiev'd,

And of it left his son imperial lord.

! Henry the sixth, in infant bands crown'd king

Of France and England, did this king succeed;
Whose state so many had the managing,
That they lost France, and made his England

bleed :
Which oft our stage bath shown; and, for tneit

sake,
In your fair minds let this acceptance take.

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed]

The First Part of Henry V1.' was originally printed, force of simplicity, he might have resoived, with them, under that title, in the folio collection of 1623. Upon to substitute what would more unquestionably gratify the authority, then, of the editors of that edition of "Mr. a rude popular taste,—the force of extravagance. On William Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories, and Tra- the other hand, it was open to him to transfer to the gedies, published according to the true original Copies," dramatic shape the spirit-stirring recitals of the old this drama properly finds a place in every modern edi- chronicle writers ; in whose narratives, and especially tion of our poet's works. But since the time of Malone in that portion of them in which they make their clia. the English critics have agreed that this play is spu- racters speak, there is a manly and straightforward rious; and Drake, without hesitation, refers to what earnestness which in itself not seldom becomes poetical. Shakspere's friends and editors denominated the Second Shakspere chose this latter course. When we begin to and Third Parts of • Henry VI.' as the First and Second study the · Henry VI.,' we find in the First Part that Parts ; and recommends all future editors, if they print the action does not appear to progress to a catastrophe ; this first play at all, to give it only in an Appendix. that the author lingers about the details, as one who If we were in the habit, then, of taking upon trust what was called upon to exhibit an entire series of events the previous editors of Shakspere have authoritatively rather than the most dramatic portions of them ;—there hed, we should either reject this play altogether, or, il are the alternations of success and loss, and loss and we printed it, we should inform our readers that “ the success, till we somewhat doubt to wbich side to assign hand of Shakspere is nowhere visible throughout.” We the victory. The characters are firmly drawn, but cannot consent to follow either of these courses. We without any very subtle distinctions,--and their sentiprint the play, and we do not tell the reader that Shak- ments and actions appear occasionally inconsistent, or spere never touched it. The question of the authenticity at any rate not guided by a determined purpuse in the of the three parts of Henry VI.' is a very large one, writer. But although the effect may be, to a certain embracing many details. In this edition we are con- extent, undramatic, there is impressed upon the whole pelled to refer the reader to our Essay on the subject, performance a wonderful air of truth. Much of this which accompanies these plays in our ' Pictorial' and inust have resulted from the extraordinary quality of * Library'editions.

the poet's mind, which could tear off all the flimsy conIn the humble house of Shakspere's boyhood there ventional disguises of individual character, and penewas, in all probability, to be found a thick squat folio trate the real moving principle of events with a rare volume, then some thirty years printed, in which might acuteness, and a rarer impartiality. In our view, that be read, “ what misery, what murder, and what exe- whole portion of the First Part of Henry VI.' which crable plagues this famous region hath suffered hy the leals with the character and actions of Joan of Arc is division and dissention of the renowned houses of Lan- a remarkable example of this power in Shakspere. He caster and York." This book was · Hall's Chronicle.' knew that, with all the influence of her supernatural With the local and family associations that must have pretension, this extraordinary woman could not have belonged to his early years, the subject of the four swayed the destinies of kingdoms, and moulded princes dramas that relate to the dissention of the houses of and warriors to her will, unless she had been a person Lancaster and York, or rather the subject of this one of very rare natural endowments. She was represented great drama in four parts, must have irresistibly pre- by the Chroniclers as a mere virago, a bold and shamesented itself to the mind of Shakspere, as one which he less trull, a monster, a witch ;-because they adopted was especially qualified to throw into the form of a the vulgar view of her character,—the view, in truth, chronicle history. It was a task peculiarly fitted for of those to whom she was opposed. They were rougti the young poet during the first five years of his con- soldiers, with all the virtues and all the vices of their nexion with the theatre. Historical dramas, in the age; the creatures of brute force; the champions, inrudest form, presented unequalled attractions to the deed, of chivalry, but with the brand upon them of all audiences who flocked to the rising stage. He had not the selfish passions with which the highest deeds of here to invent a plot; or to aim at the unity of action, chivalry were too invariably associated. The English of time, and of place, which the more refined critics of Chroniclers, in all that regards the delineation of his day held to be essential to tragedy. The form of a characters and manners, give us abundant materials chronicle history might appear to require little beyond upon which we may form an estimate of actions, and a poetical exposition of the most attractive facts of the motives, and instruments ; but they do not show us real Chronicles. It is in this spirit, we think, that the instruments moving in their own forms of vitality; Shakspere approached the execution of the First Part of they do not lay bare their motives ; and hence we · Henry VI. It appears to us, also, that in that very have no real key to their actions. Froissart is, perearly performance he in some degree beld his genius in haps, the only contemporary writer who gives us real subordination to the necessity of executing bis task, portraits of the men of mail. But Shakspere marrather with reference to the character of his audience shalled them upon his stage, in all their rude might, and the general nature of his subject than for the fulfil their coarse ambition, their low jealousies, their facment of his own aspirations as a poet. There was be- tious hatreds,-mixed up with their thirst for glory, fore him one of two courses. He might have chosen, their indomitable courage, their warm friendships, their as the greater number of his contemporaries chose, to tender natural affections, their love of country. This consider the dominions of poetry and of common sense is the truth which Shakspere substituted for the vague to be far sundered ; and, unconscious or doubtful of the delineations of the old stage.

469

KING HENRY VI.-PART I.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.
KING HENRY VI.

Mayor of London. irgeurs, Act III. se. l; sc. 4. Act IV. sc. 1. Act V. sc. l; sc. 5.

Appears, Act I. sc. 3. Act III. sc. 1.
Duke op GLOSTER, uncle to the King, and Protector. Woodville, Lieutenant of the Tower.
Appears, Act I. se. I ; sc. 3. Act III. sc. l; sc. 4. Act IV.

Appears, Act I. sc. 3.
$. I.
Act V. sc. 1; sc. 5.

VERNON, of the White Rose, or York, factio:.. Duke oy BEDFORD, uncle to the King, and Regent Appears, Act II. sc. 4. Act III. sc. 4. Act IV. sc. l. of France.

Basset, of the Red Rose, or Lancaster, faction. Appears, Act I. sc. I. Act II. sc. 1; sc. 2. Act III. sc. 2.

Appears, Act III. sc. 4. Act IV. sc. I.
Tuomas BEAUFORT, Duke of Exeter, great uncle to the Charles, Dauphin, and afterwards King, of France.

King.
Appears, Act I. sc. I. Act III. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. I.

Appears, Act I. sc. 2; sc. 5; sc. 6. Act II. sc. 1. Act 111. sc. 2;

SC. 3. Act IV. sc. 7. Act V. sc. 2; sc. 4. Act V. sc. 1 ; sc. 5. HENRY BEAUFORT, great uncle to the King, Bishop REIGNIER, Duke of Anjou, and titular King of Naples. of Winchester, and afterwards Cardinal,

Appears, Act I. sc. 2; sc. 6. Act II. sc. 1. Act V. Appears, Act I. sc. 1; sc. 3. Act III. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 1.

sc. 3; sc. 4. Act V. se. 1; sc. 4.

DUKE OF BURGUNDY. John BEAUFORT, Earl of Somerset; afterwards Duke. Appears, Act II. sc. 1; sc. 2. Act III. sc. 2; sc. 3. Act IV. sc. 7. Appears, Act II. sc. 4. Act III. sc. I. Act IV. sc. 1; sc. 4.

Act V. sc. 2. Richard PLANTAGENET, eldest son of Richard, late

Duke or ALENGON. Earl of Cambridge ; afterwards Duke of York.

Appears, Act I. sc. 2. Act II. sc. 1.° Act III. sc. 2; sc. 3.

Act IV. sc. 7. Act V. sc. &; sc. 4.
Appears, Act II. sc. 4; sc. 5. Act III. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 1; sc.3.
Act V. se, 3; sc. 4.

Governor of Paris.
EARL OF WARWICK.

Appears, Act IV. sc. 1.
Aspears, Act I. sc. I. Act II. sc. 4. Act III. sc. 1. Act IV.

BASTARD Or ORLEANS. sc. 1. Act V. sc. 4.

Appears, Act I. sc. 2. Act II. sc. 1. Act III. sc. 2; sc. 3.
Earl or SALISBURY.

Act IV. sc. 7. Act V. sc. 4.
Appears, Act I. sc. 4.

Master-Gunner of Orleans, and his Son.
EARL OY SUFFOLK.

Appear, Act 1. sc. 4.
Appears, Act II, sc. 4. Act III. sc. I. Act IV. sc. 1.

General of the French Forces in Bourdeaux. Act V. sc. 3; sc. 5.

Appears, Act IV. sc. 2. LORD TALBOT, afterwards Earl of Shrewsbury,

A French Sergeant. Appears, Aci I. sc. 4; sc. 5. Act II. sc. 1; sc. 2; sc. 3. Act III.

Appeurs, Act II, sc. 1. se. 2; sc. 3. Act IV. sc. 1; sc. 2; sc. 5; sc. 6; sc. 7.

A Porter.
JOHN TALBOT, son to Lord Talbot.

Appears, Act II. sc. 3.
Appears, Act IV. sc. 5; sc. 6; se. 7.

An old Shepherd, father to Joan la Pucelle.
EDMUND MORTIMER, Earl of March.

Appears, Act V. sc. 4.
Appears, Act II. sc. 5.
Mortimer's Keeper.

MAP.GARET, daughter to Reignier; afterwards married

to King Henry.
Appears, Act II. sc. 5.

Appears, Act V. sc. 3.
A Lawyer.

COUNTESS OF AUVERGNE.
Appears, Act II. sc. 4.

Appears, Act II. sc. 3.
Sir JOHN FASTOLFE.
Appears, Act III. sc. 2. Act IV. sc. 1.

Joan La PUCELLE, commonly called Joan of Arc.
SIR WILLIAM LUCY.

Appears, Act I. sc. 2; sc. 5; sc. 6. Act II. sc. 1. Act III. sc. 2;

Act IV. sc. 7. Act V. sc. 2; sc. 3; sc. 4.
Appears, Act IV. sc. 3; sc. 4; sc. 7.
Sir WILLIAM GLANSDALE.

Fiends appearing to La Pucelle, Lords, Warders of
Appears, Act I. sc. 4.

the Tower, Heralds, Officers, Soldiers, Messengers, Sir Thomas GARGRAVE.

and several Attendants both on the English and Appears, Act I. sc. 4.

French.
SCENE,- ,—PARTLY IN ENGLAND, AND PARTLY in France.

SC. 3.

ACT 1.

SCENE I.- Westminster Abbey.

That have consented unto Henry's death! Deed march. Corpse of King HENRY V. discovered, England ne'er lost a king of so much worth.

King Henry the fifth, too famous to live long! lyeng in state; attended on by the Dukes or BedVORO, GLOSTER, and Exeter; the Earl or War- Virtue he had, deserving to command :

Glo. England ne'er had a king until his time. #ICK, the BISHOP OF WINCHESTER, Heralds, &c.

His brandish'd sword did blind men with his beams; Bed. Hung be the heavens with black, yield day to His arms spread wider than a dragon's wings : night!

His sparkling eyes, replete with wrathful fire, Cometa, importing change of times and states, More dazzled and drove back his enemies, Brandish your crystal tresses in the sky;

a Consented. Probably the word should be spelt concented. And with them scourge the bad revolting stars, To concent is to be in harmony-to act together.

Than mid-lay sun, fierce bent against their faces. Ere. Were our tears wanting to this funeral,
What should I say? his deeds exceed all speech : These tidings would call forth ber flowing tides.
He ne'er lift up his hand but conquered.

Bed. Me they concern; regent I am of France: Exe. We morn in black : Why mourn we not in Give me my steeled coat, I'll fight for France. blood ?

Away with these disgraceful wailing robes ! Henry is dead, and never shall revive :

Wounds will I lend the French, instead of eyes,
Upon a wooden coffin we attend ;

To weep their intermissive miseries.
And death's dishonourable victory
We with our stately presence glorify,

Enter another Messenger.
Like captives bound to a triumphant car.

2 Mess. Lords, view these letters, full of bad misWhat! shall we curse the planets of mishap,

chance : That plotted thus our glory's overthrow ?

France is revolted from the English quite; Or shall we think the subtle-witted French

Except some petty towns of no import : Conjurers and sorcerers, that, afraid of him,

The dauphin Charles is crowned king in Rheims; By magic verses have contriv'd his end ?

The bastard of Orleans with him is joind; Win. He was a king bless d of the King of kings. Reignier, duke of Anjou, doth take his part; Unto the French the dreadful judgment-day

The duke of Alençon flieth to his side. So dreadful will not be, as was his sight.

Ece. The dauphin crowned king! all fly to him! The battles of the Lord of hosts be fought :

O, whither shall we fly from this reproach? The church's prayers made him so prosperous,

Glo. We will not fly, but to our enemies' throats :-Glo. The church! where is it? Had not churchmen Bedford, it thou be slack, I 'll fight it out. pray'd,

Bed. Gloster, why doubt'st thou of my forwardness? Ilis thread of life had not so soon decay'd;

An army have I muster'd in my thoughts,
None do you like but an effeminate prince,

Wherewith already France is overrun.
Whom, like a schoolboy, you may over-awe.
Win. Gloster, whate'er we like, thou art protector;

Enter a third Messenger.
And lookest to command the prince and realm.

3 Mess. My gracious lords,—to add to your laments, Thy wife is proud ; she holdeth thee in awe,

Wherewith you now bedlew king Henry's hearse,More than God or religious churchmen may.

I must inform you of a dismal fight Glo. Name not religion, for thou lov'st the flesh; Betwixt the stout lord Talbot and the French. And ne'er throughout the year to church thou go'st, Win. What! wherein Talbot overcame? is 't so? Except it be to pray against thy foes.

3 Mess. O, no; wherein lord Talbot was o'erthrown : Bed. Cease, cease these jars, and rest your minds in the circumstance I 'll tell you more at large. peace!

The tenth of August last, this dreadful lord, Let 's to the altar :-Heralds, wait on us :

Retiring from the siege of Orleans, Instead of gold, we 'll offer up our arms;

Having full scarce six thousand in his troor, Since arms avail not, now that Henry 's dead.

By three-and-twenty thousand of the French Posterity, await for wretched years,

Was round encompassed and set upon : When at their mothers' moistend eyes babes shall suck; No leisure had he to enrank his men; Our isle be made a nourish" of salt tears,

He wanted pikes to set before his archers; And none but women left to wail the dead.

Instead whereot, sharp stakes, pluck'd out of bedges, Henry the fifth! thy ghost I invocate;

They pitched in the ground confusedly, Prosper this realm, keep it from civil bruils !

To keep the borsemen off from breaking in. Combat with adverse planets in the heavens !

More than three hours the fight continued ; A far more glorious star thy soul will make,

Where valiant Talbot, above human thought,
Than Julius Cæsar, or bright-

Enacted wonders with his sword and lance.
Enter a Messenger.

Hundreds he sent to hell, and none durst stand him;

Here, there, and everywhere, enrag'd be slew : Mess. My honourable lords, health to you all! The French exclaim'd, The devil was in arms; Sad tidings bring I to you out of France,

All the whole army stood agaz'd on liim : Of loss, of slaughter, and discomfiture :

His soldiers, spying his undaunted spirit, Guienne, Champaigne, Rheims, Orleans,

A Talbot! a Talbot! cried out amain, Paris, Guysors, Poictiers, are all quite lost.

And rush'd into the bowels of the battle.
Bed. What say'st ihou, man, before dead Henry's corse? Here had the conquest fully been seald up,
Speak softly; or the loss of those great towns

If sir John Fastolfe had not play'd the coward;
Will make him burst his lead, and rise from death. He, being in the vaward,a (plac'd behind,
Glo. Is Paris lost? is Rouen yielded up?

With purpose to relieve and follow them,)
If Henry were recallid to life again,

Cowardly fled, not having struck one stroke. These news would cause him once more yield the ghost. Heuce grew the general wrack and massacre ;

Ere. How were they lost? what treachery was us*d ? Enclosed were they with their enemies :

Mess. No treachery; but want of men and money. A base Walloon, to win the dauphin's grace, Amongst the soldiers this is muttered,

Thrust Talbot with a spear into the back; That here you maintain several factions;

Whom all France, with their chief assembled strength, And, whilst a field should be despatch'd and fought, Durst not presume to Icok once in the face. You are disputing of your generals.,

Bed. Is Talbot slain ? then I will slay myself, One would have ling‘ring wars, with little cost; For living idly here, in pomp and ease, Another would fly swift, but wanteth wings;

Whilst such a worthy leader, wanting aid, A third man thinks, without expense at all,

Unto his dastard foemen is betray'd. By guileful fair words peace may be obtain'd.

3 Mess. O no, he lives; but is took prisoner, Awake, awake, English nobility!

And lord Scales with him, and lord Hungerford : Let not sloth dim your honours, new-begot :

Most of the rest slaughter'd, or took, likewise.
Cropp'd are the flower-de-luces in your arms;
Of England's coat one half is cut away.

a Vaward-the van. The explanation of the commentators,

such as it is, we give : "When an army is attacked in the rear * Nourish. Nourice, nourish, nursh, are the same words the van becomes the rear in its turn, and of course the reserve

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