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The famous History of the Life of King Henry the Jouson, upon the theory that he wrote it after ShakEighth' was first published in the folio collection of spere's retirement from the stage, when the old play was Shakspere's works in 1623. The text, taken as a whole, revived in his absence. We believe in the one piece of is singularly correct: it contains, no doubt, some few external evidence,—that a " Henry VIII.' was produced typographical errors, but certainly not so many as those in 1613, when the Globe was burned: that it was a new which deform the ordinary reprints.

play; that it was then called • All is True;'—and that The date of the original production of this drama this title agrees with the idea upon which Shakspere has been a subject of much discussion. The opinions wrote the · Henry VIII.' Those who believe that it was in favour of its having been produced in the reign of written in the time of Elizabeth have to reject this one Elizabeth are far more numerous than those which hold piece of external evidence. We further believe, from it to be a later production. But the accomplished the internal evidence, that the play, as it stands, was Sir Henry Wotton, writiug to his nephew on the 6th of written in the time of James I., and that we have reJuly, 1613, gives a minute and graphic account of the ceived it in its original form. Those who assert the fire at the Globe in that year:—“ Now to let matters of contrary have to resort to the hypothesis of interpolation; state sleep, I will entertain you at the present with what and, further, have to explain how many things which happened this week at the Bankside. The king's are, to a plain understanding, inconsistent with their players had a new play, called All is True, representing theory, may be interpreted, by great ingenuity, to be some principal pieces of the reign of Henry the Eighth, consistent. We believe that Shakspere, amongst bis which was set forth with many extraordinary circum- latest dramas, constructed an historical drama to constances of pomp and majesty, even to the matting of the plete his great series,—one that was agreeable to the stage; the knights of the order, with their Georges and tone of his mind after his fiftieth year :Garter, the guards with their embroidered coats and the “ Sad, high, and working, full of state and woe." like; sufficient, in truth, within a while to make great. Those who take the opposite view hold that the chief object ness very familiar, if not ridiculous. Now King Henry, of the poet was to produce something which might be acmaking a mask at the Cardinal Wolsey's house, and ceptable to Queen Elizabeth. Our belief is the obvious certain cannons being shot off at his entry, some of one; the contrary belief may be the more ingenious. the paper, or other stuff wherewith one of them was Shakspere has in this play closed his great series of stopped, did light on the thatch, where, being thought Chronicle Histories. This last of them was to be "sad. at first but an idle smoke, and their eyes being more high, and working." It has laid bare the hollowness of attentive to the show, it kindled inwardly, and ran worldly glory; it has shown the heavy “ load" of " to. round like a train, consuming, within less than an hour, much honour.” It has given us a picture of the times the whole house to the very ground. This was the fatal which succeeded the feudal strifes of the other · Hisperiod of that virtuous fabric, wherein yet nothing did tories.' Were they better times? To the mind of the perish but wood and straw, and a few forsaken cloaks: poet the age of corruption was as “sad” as the age of only one man had his breeches set on fire, that would force. The one tyrant rides over the obligations of perhaps have broiled him, if he had not, by the benefit justice, wielding a power more terrible than that of tie of a provident wit, put it out with bottle ale.” Here, sword. The poet's consolation is to be found in the then, is a new play described, “representing some prin- prophetic views of the future. cipal pieces of the reign of Henry VIII.;" and further, We have a few words to add on the style of this the passage of Shakspere's play in which the “ chambers" drama. It is remarkable for the elliptical construction are discharged, being the “ entry " of the king to the of many of the sentences, and for an occasional pecur “mask at the cardinal's house,” is the same to the letter. liarity in the versification, which is not found in any But the title which Sir Henry Wotton gives the new other of Shakspere's works. play is 'All is True.' Other persons call the plav A theory has been set up that Jonson " tampered " so represented · Henry VIII.' Howes, in his continua- with the versification. We hold this notion to be utterly tion of Stow's Chronicle, so calls it. He writes some untenable; for there is no play of Shakspere's which has time after the destruction of the Globe, for he adds to a more decided character of unity, no one from which his account of the fire, “ and the next spring it was new any passage could be less easily struck out. We believe builded in far fairer manner than before." He speaks that Shakspere worked in this particular upon a principle of the title of the play as a familiar thing :-“the house of art which he had proposed to himself to adhere to. being filled with people to behold the play, viz. of Henry wherever the nature of the scene would allow. The the Eighth." When Howes wrote, was the title · All is elliptical construction, and the licence of versification, True' merged in the more obvious title derived from brought the dialogue, whenever the speaker was not lie the subject of the play, and following the character of cessarily rhetorical, closer to the language of common the titles of Shakspere's other historical plays ? life. Of all his historical plays, the · Henry VIII.' is the

The commentators also hold that the Prologue was nearest in its story to his own times. It professed to be written by Ben Jonson, to allow him an occasion of a “truth." It belongs to his wwn country. It has two sneering at Shakspere's fools and battle-scenes. But poetical indistinctness about it, either of time or place : we hold that the Prologue is a complete ex positiou of all is defined. If the diction and the versification hal the idea of this drama. Prologue is fastenerl upon been inore artificial, it would have been less a reality.

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King Henry VIII. Appears, Act I. sc. 2 ; sc. 4. Act II. sc. 2; sc. 4. Act III. sc. 2.

Act V. se. 1; sc. 2; sc. 4.

Cardinal Wojsey. Apprars, Act I. sc. 1 ; sc. 2; se. 4. Act II. sc. 2; sc. 4. Act III.

SC. 1 ; sc. 2.

CARDINAL Campeius.
Appears, Act II. sc. 2; sc. 4. Act III. sc. 1.
Capucius, ambassador from the Emperor Charles V.

Appears, Act IV. sc. 2.
CRANMER, archbishop of Canterbury.
Appears, Act II. sc. 4. Aci V. sc. l; sc. 2; se. 4.

Appears, Act I. sc. 1 ; sc. 2. Act II. sc. 2. Act IIl. sc. 2.

Appears, Act I. sc. 1. Act II. sc. l.

Duke of Suffoj.K.
Appears, Act I. se. 2. Act II. sc. 2. Act III. sc. 2. Act V.

sc. I: sc. 2.

Appears, Act III. sc. 2. Act V. sc. 2.

Lord Chamberlain.
Appears, Act I. se. 3; sc. 4. Act II. sc. 2; sc. 3. Act III. sc. 2.

Act V. sc. 2; sc. 3.

Lord Chancellor,

Appears, Act V. sc. 2.
GARDINER, bishop of Winchester.
Appears, Act II. sc. 2. Act V. se. 1; sc. 2.


Appeurs, Act II. sc. 4.
Appears, Act I. sc. I.

Appears, Act I. sc. 3; sc. 4. Act II. sc. I.

Appears, Act I. se. 4.

Appears, Act I. sc. 2; se. 3: sc. 4. Act II. sc. 1. Act III. sc.2.

Act V. sc. 1.

Appears, Act V. sc. I.


Appears, Act II. sc. l.
Secretaries to Wolsey.

Appear, Act I. sc. I.
CROMWELL, servant to Wolsey.

Appears, Act III. sc. 2. Act V. sc. 2. Gripfith, Gentleman-Usher to Queen Katoarine

Appears, Act II. sc. 4. Act. IV. sc. 2.

Three Gentlemen.
Appear, Act II. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 1.
Doctor Butts, physician to the King.

Appears, Act V. sc. 2.
Garter King at Acms.

Appears, Act V. sc. 4.
Surveyor to the Duke of Buckingham.

Appears, Act I. sc. 2.

Appears, Act I. sc. 1.
A Sergeant at Arms.

Appears, Act I. sc. 1.
Door-Keeper of the Council Chamber.

Appears, Act V. sc. 2.
Porter, and his Man.

Appear, Act V. sc. 3.
Page to Gardiner.
Appears, Act V. sc. I.

A Crier.

Appears, Act II. sc. 4. Queen KATHARINE, wife to King Henry, afterwarde

divorced. Appears, Act I. sc. 2. Act II. so. 4. Act III. sc. 1. Act IV. sc. 2 Anne Buli.xn, maid of honour to Queeu Katharine,

and afterwards Queen.
Appears, Act I, sc. 4. Act II. sc. 3.
An old Lady, friend to Anne Bullen.

Appears, Act II. sc. 3. Act V. sc. 1.
PATIENCE, woman to Queen Katharine.

Appears, Act IV. sc. 2.
Several Lords and Ladies in the dumb shows, Women

attending upon the Queen ; Spirits which appear to, her; Scribes, Officers, Guards, and other Attendants



I come no more to make you laugh ; things now, That bear a weighty and a serious brow, Sad, high, and working, full of state and woe, Such noble scenes as draw the eye to flow, We now present. Those that can pty, here May, if they think it well, let fall a tear; The subject will deserve it. Such as give Their money out of hope they may believe, May here find truth too. Those that come to see Only a show or two, and so agree The play may pass, if they be still and willing, I'll undertake may see away their shilling Richly in two short hours. Only they That come to hear a merry, bawdy play, A noise of targets; or to see a fellow lu a long motley coat, guarded with yellow,

Will be deceiv'd : for, gentle hearers, know,
To rank our chosen truth with such a show
As fool and fight is, beside forfeiting
Our own brains, and the opinion that we bring,
(To make that on!y true we now intend)
Will leave us never an understanding friend.
Therefore, for goodness' sake, and, as you are knowu
The first and happiest hearers of the town,
Be sad, as we would make you : Think, ye see
The very persons of our noble story,
As they were living ; think, you see them great;
And follow'd with the general throng and sweat
Of thousand friends ; then, in a moment, see
How soon this mightiness meets misery !
And if you can be merry then, I 'll say
A man may weep upon his wedilmg-day.


SCENE I.-London. An Antechamber in the Nor.

As you guess :

One, certes, that promises no element

In such a business. Enter the Duke of Norfolk, at one door ; at the

Buck. I pray you, who, my lord ? other, the DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM, and the LORD ABERGAVENNY.

Nor. All this was order'd by the good discretion

Of the right reverend cardinal of York. Buck. Good morrow, and well met. How have you Buck. The devil speed him! no man's pie is freed done,

From his ambitious finger. What had he
Since last we saw in France ?

To do in these fierce vanities! I wonder
I thank your grace :

That much a keecho can with his very bulk
Healthful; and ever siuce a fresh admirer

Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun, or what I saw there.

And keep it from the earth.
An untimely ague


Surely, sir, Stay'd me a prisoner in my chamber, when

There's in him stuff that puts him to these ends : Those suns of glory, those two lights of men,

For, being not propp'd by ancestry, whose grace Met in the vale of Andren."

Chalks successors their way; nor call d upon Nor.

'Twixt Guynes and Arde: For high feats done to the crown; neither allied I was then present, saw them salute on horseback ; To eminent assistants ; but spider-like, Beheld them, when they lighted, how they clung Out of his self-drawing web,-0! give us note! Iu their embracement as they grew together;

The force of his own merit makes his way; Which had they, what four thron'd ones could have i A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys weigh'd

A place next to the king, Such a compounded one ?


I cannot tell
All the whole time

What heaven hath given him, let some graver eye I was my chamber's prisoner.

Pierce into that; but I can see his pride
Then you lost

Peep through each part of him: Whence has he that? The view of earthly glory: Men might say,

If not from hell the devil is a niggard, Till this time pomp was single, but now married Or has given all before, and he begins To one above itself. Each following day

A new hell in himself. Became the next day's master, till the last


Why the devil, Made former wonders its : To-day, the French, Upon this French going-out, took he upon him, All clinquant,” all in gold, like heathen gods,

Without the privity o' the king. to appoint Shone down the English ; and, to-morrow, they

Who should attend on him! He makes up the file Made Britain, India : every man that stood

Of all the gentry; for the most part such Show'd like a mine. Their dwarfish pages were

To whom as great a charge as little honour As cherubins, all gilt: the madams too,

He meant to lay upon : and his own letter Not usd to toil, did almost sweat to bear

(The honourable board of council out) The pride upon them, that their very labour

Must fetch him in be papers. Was to them as a painting : Now this mask


I do know Was cry'd incomparable; and the ensuing night

Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have Made it a fool, and beggar. The two kings,

By this so sicken'd their estates, that never Equal in lustre, were now best, now worst,

They shall abound as formerly. As presence did present them;


0, many Still him in praise : and, being present both,

Have broke their backs with laying manors on them 'Twas said they saw but one, and no discerner For this great journey. What did this vanity, Durst wag his tongue in censure. When these suns But minister communication of (For so they phrase them) by their beralds challengd A most poor issue ? T'he noble spirits to arms, they did perform


Grievingly I think, Beyond thoughts compass; that former fabulous The peace between the French and us not values story,

The cost that did conclude it. Being now seen possible enough, got credit,


Every man, That Bevis was believ'd.

After the hideous storm that follow'd, was Buck. 0, you go far.

A thing inspir'd; and, not consulting broke Nor. As I belong to worship, and affect

Into a general prophecy,—That this tempest, In honour honesty, the tract of everything

Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded Would by a good discourser lose some life,

The sudden breach on 't. Which action's self was tongue to.


Which is budded ont; Buck.

All was royal ;

For France hath flaw'd the league, and hath altachd To the disposing of it nought rebella,

Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux. Order gave each thing view ; the office did


Is it therefore Distinctly his full function. Who did guide ?

The ambassador is silenc'a ? I mean, who set the body and the limbs


Marry, is 't Of this great sport together ?

Aber. A proper title of a peace; and purchas a

At a superfluous rate! & Andren. So the original; so the Chroniclers. Bat the modern editors write “the vale of Arde." Arde, or Ardres, is " Element - constitnent qnality of mind. Thus in Twent the town, which in the next line is spelt Arde in he origiual. Night' (Act III Sc. 4) Malvoliš says, "Go, hang yourselves Andren, or Ardren, is the village near the place of meeting. all you are idle shallow things. I am not of your element.** b Clinquant-bright will gingling ornaments.

6 Keech. A "keech” is a lump of iat; and Buck in base Censure--comparise .

here denounces Wolsey as an overgrowo bloated fatourite.

him in eye

This cunning

with papers.

Why, all this business

And proofs as clear as founts in July, when
Our reverend cardinal carried.

We see each grain of gravel, I do know Nor. 'Like it your grace,

To be corrupt and treasonous. The state take notice of the private difference


Say not treasonous. Betwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you,

Buck. To the king I 'll say 't; and make my vouch (And take it from a heart that wishes towards you

as strong Honour and plenteous safety,) that you read

As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fox, The cardinal's malice and his potency

Or wulf, or both, (for he is equal ravenous Together : to consider further, that

As he is subtle; and as prone to mischief, What his high hatred would effect wants not

As able to perform it: his mind and place
A minister in his power · You know his nature, Infecting one another, yea, reciprocally,)
That be 's revengeful; and I know his sword

Only to show his pomp as well in France
Hath a sharp edge: it's long, and 't may be said, As here at home, suggests the king our master
It reaches far; and where 't will not extend,

To this last costly treaty, the interview,
Thither be darts it. Bosom up my counsel,

That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a glass You 'll find it wholesome. Lo, where comes that rock Did break i' the rinsing." That I advise your shunning.


'Faith, and so it did. Enter Cardinal Wolsey, (the purse borne before

Buck. Pray, give me favour, sir.

cardinal him,) certain of the Guard, and Two Secretaries

The Cardinal in his passage fixeth The articles o' the combination drew his eye on BUCKINGHAM, and Buckingham on him, As he cried, Thus Jet be: 10 as much end,

As himself pleas d; and they were ratified, both full of disdain.

As give a crutch to the dead : But our count-carWol. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor? ha ?

dinal Where 's his examination ?

Has done this, and 't is well; for worthy Wolsey, I Secr. Here, so please you.

Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows, Wol. Is he in person ready?

(Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy I Secr.

Ay, please your grace.
Wol. Well, we shall then know more ; and Buck- To the old dam, treason,)-Charles the emperor,

Under pretence to see the queen his aunt,

(For 't was, indeed, his colour; but he came Shall lessen this big look. (Exeunt Wolsey and Train. His fears were, that the interview betwixt

To wbisper Wolsey,) here makes visitation : Buck. This butcher's cur is venom-mouth'd, and I

England and France might, through their amity, Hare not the power to muzzle bim; therefore, best

Breed him some prejudice; for from this league Not wake him in his slumber. A beggar's book

Peep'd harms that menac'd him: He privily
Out-worths a noble's blood.

Deals with our cardinal; and, as I trow,—
What, are you chaf'd ?

Which I do well; for I am sure the emperor
Ask God for temperance; that is the appliance only

Paid ere he promis'd; whereby his suit was granted Which your disease requires.

Ere it was ask'd ;—but when the way was made, Buck, I read in his looks

And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus desir'd, Matter against me; and his eye revil'd

That he would please to alter the king's course, Me, as his abject object : at this instant

And break the foresaid peace. Let the king know,
He bores me with some trick : He's gone to the king ; (As soon he shall by me,) that thus the cardinal
I'll follow, and out-stare him.

Does buy and sell his honour as he pleases,
Stay, my lord,

And for his own advantage.
And let your reason with your choler question


I am sorry What 't is you go about: To climb steep hills

To hear this of him; and could wish he were Requires slow pace at first: Anger is like

Something mistaken in 't. A full-hot horse; who being allow'd his way


No, not a syllable; Self-mettle tires him. Not a man in England

I do pronounce him in that very shape
Can advise me like you : be to yourself

He shall appear in proof.
As you would to your friend.

I'll to the king : Enter BRANDON; a Sergeant at Arms before him :d And from a mouth of honour quite cry down

two or three of the Guard. This Ipswich fellow's insolence; or proclaim There's difference in no persons.

Bran. Your office, sergeant; execute it.

Be advis d.

Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot

My lord the duke of Buckingham, and eari That it do singe yourself: We may outrun,

Of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I By violent swiftness, that which we run at,

Arrest thee of high treason, in the name And lose by over-running. Know you not

Of our most sovereigu king.

The fire that mounts the liquor till it run o'er,

Lo you, my lord,
In seeming to augment it, wastes it? Be advis u : The net has fallen upon me; I shall perish
I say again, there is no English soul

Under device and practice.d

I am sorry
More stronger to direct you than yourself;
If with the sap of reason you would quench,

To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on
Or but allay, the fire of passion.

The business present : 'T is his highness' pleasure,

You shall to the Tower. Buck.



It will help me nothing I am thankful to you : and I 'll go along By your prescription :-- but this top-proud fellow, To plead mine innocence; for that die is on me, Whom from the flow of gall I name not, but

Suggests-excites. From sincere motions,b) by intelligence,

+ Rinsing-in the original wrenchiny. Bores--wounds-thrusts. So in the Winter's Tale


d Practie-art:fice. So in Othello: the ship boring the mown with her rainmast. Motiens-impulses

“ Fallen in the practice of a curs' i slava.'


Thanks you

Which makes my whitest part black. 1 he will of Nor.

Not almost appears, heaven

It doth appear: for, upon these tz xationis, • Be done in this and all things !—I obey.

The clothiers all, not able to maintain O my lord Aberga'ny, fare you well.

The many to them "longing, have put off Bran. Nay, he must bear you company :-The king The spinsters, carrers, fullers, weavers, whe,

[TO ABERGAVENNY. Unfit for other life, compell’d hy bunger,
Is pleas'd you shall to the Tower, till you know And lack of other means, in desperate manner
How he determines further.

Daring the event to the teeth, are all in uproar,
As the duke said,

And Danger serves among them.
The will of heaven be done, and the king's pleasure K. Hen.

Taxation ! By me obey'd.

Wherein ? and what taxation ?-My lord cardinal, Bran. Here is a warrant from

You that are blam'd for it alike with us,
The king, to attach lord Montacute; and the bodies Know you of this taxation ?
Of the duke's confessor, John de la Car,


Please you, sir, One Gilbert Peck, his chancellor,

I know but of a single part, in aught Buck.

So, so;

Pertains to the state; and front but in that file
These are the limbs of the plot : no more, I hope. Where others tell steps with me.
Bran. A monk o' the Chartreux.

Q. Kath.

No, my lord, Buck.

O, Michael Hopkins ? You know no more than others : but you frame Bran.

He. Things, that are known alike, which are not wholesomr Buck. My surveyor is false ; the o'er-great cardinal To those which would vot know them, and yet must Hath show'd him gold : my life is spann'd already : Perforce be their acquaintance. These exactions I am the shadow of poor Buckingham;

Whereof my sovereign would have note, they are Whose figure even this instant cloud puts on,

Most pestilent to the hearing; and to bear them By dark ning my clear sun.—My lords, farewell. The back is sacrifice to the load. They say

[Exeunt. They are devis'd by you; or else you suffer

Too hard an exclamation.
SCENE II.—The Council-Chamber.

K. Hen.

Still exaction! Cornets.

The nature of it? In what kind, let 's know, Enter King HENRY, CARDINAL Wolsey, Is this exaction? the Lords of the Council, Sir Thomas Lovell.,

Q. Kath. I am much too venturous Oficers, and Attendants. The King enters, leaning In tempting of your patience; but am bolden d. on the CARDINAL's shoulder.

Under your promis'd pardon. The subject's grief K. Hen. My life itself, and the best heart of it,

Comes through commissions, which compel from each this great care : I stood i' the level The sixth part of his substance, to be levied Of a full-charg'd confederacy, and give thanks Without delay; and the pretence for this To you that chok'd it.-Let be call'd before us Is nam'd, your wars in France : This makes bold That gentleman of Buckingham's: in person

mouths : I 'll hear him his confessions justify;

Tongues spit their duties out; and cold hearts freeze And point by point the treasons of his master

Allegiance in them; their curses now He shall again relate.

Live where their prayers did ; and it 's come to pass, The King takes his State. The Lords of the Council To each incensed will. I would your highness

This tractable obedience is a slave take their several places. The Cardinal places Would give it quick consideration, for himself under the King's feet, on his right side.

There is no primer baseness. A noise within, crying, Room for the Queen! Enter K. Hen.

By my life, the QUEEN, ushered by the DUKES OF Norfolk and This is against our pleasure. SUFFOLK : she kneels. The King riseth from his Wol.

And for me, State, takes her up, kisses, and placeth her by him. I have no further gone in this, than by Q. Kath. Nay, we must longer kneel; I am a suitor. A single voice; and that not pass d me, bat K. Hen. Arise, and take place by us :-Half your Praduc'd by ignorant tongues, which neither knos

By learned approbation of the judges. If I am suit Never name to us; you have half our power ;

My faculties, nor person, yet will be The other moiety, ere you ask, is given;

The chronicles of my doing, let me say Repeat your will, and take it.

'T is but the fate of place, and the rough brake Q. Kath. Thank your majesty.

That virtue must go through. We must not stint That you would love yourself, and, in that love,

Our necessary actions, in the fear Not unconsider'd leave your honorir, nor

To cope malicious censurers ; which ever, The dignity of your office, is the point

As ravenous fishes, do a vessel follow Of my petition.

That is new trimm'd; but benefit no further K. Hen. Lady mine, proceed.

Than vainly longing. What we oft do best, Q. Kath. I am solicited, not by a few,

By sick interpreters, once" weak ones, is And those of true condition, that your subjects

Not ours, or not allow'd; what worst, as oft, Are in great grievance : there have been commissions

Hitting a grosser quality, is cried up Sent down among them, which have flaw'd the heart

For our best act. If we shall stand still, Of all their loyalties :-wherein, although,

In fear our motion will be mockd or carp'd als My good lord cardinal, they vent reproaches

We should take root here where we sit, or sit Most bitterly on you, as putter-on

State statues only. Of these exactions, yet the king our master,

K. Hen. Things done well, (Whose honour heaven shield from soil !) even he escapes Things done without example, in their issue

And with a care, exempt themselves from fear not Language unmannerly, yea, such which breaks

Are to be fear d. Have you a precedent The sides of loyalty, and almost appears

Of this commission? I believe not any In loud rebellion.

* Once is here lised in the scuse of keres

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