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Maura, Pudicitiæ veterem quum præterit aram,
Tullia quid dicat notæ collactea Mauræ.

Noctibus hic ponunt lecticas, micturiunt hic 310 Effigiemque Deæ longis siphonibus implent Inque vices equitant ac luna teste moventur. Inde domos abeunt: tu calcas luce reversa Conjugis urinam magnos visurus amicos. Nota Bonæ secreta Deæ, quum tibia lumbos 315 Incitat et cornu pariter vinoque feruntur

Adtonitæ crinemque rotant ululantque Priapi
Mænades. O quantus tunc illis mentibus ardor

ὡς ἀπὸ κρουνοῦ προχέοντες· Petr. Alex. in

Theodor. E. H. iv. 22. naribus corrugatis aerem sorbens inhonestos strepitus promit; Sever. Ep. in Baron. Ann. t. v. VL.

307. There were two temples of Chastity at Rome; one of Patrician Chastity in the Forum Boarium or 'Cattle-market,' the other of Plebeian Chastity in the Vicus Longus or High Street.' The

former was the more ancient. LU. G. Liv. x. 23. R.

'She passes the temple, not only without saluting it, but even with a sneer.' R. They are not content with every variety of wantonness, unless they show their contempt of the goddess of Chastity at her antiquated and neglected altars. STA.

308. Quid what impious jeers.' G. Well-known;' x. 224. G.

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• Her foster-sister ;” ὁμογάλακτος. LU. 309. Here they alight from their litters and the very first thing they do, is to show their thorough contempt of the deity within whose precincts they assemble.' i. 131. R.

310. And bedew the image of the goddess with copious irrigations.' LU.

311. The chaste Moon (Hor. C. S.) is witness (cf. viii. 149 sq. Manil. i. 283.) to their filthy orgies.' vii. 240. Rom. i. 26 sq. LU. R. M.

313. On your way to see.' i. 33. iii. 127 sqq. 184. v. 76 sqq. M. R.

314. Cf. ii. 86 sqq. LU. reλeral dì ἀπόῤῥητοι καὶ χωρὶς ἀνδρῶν ὕποπτα μυστή gia Luc. Am. 42. R.

Quum carmina lumbum intrant; Pers. i. 20 sq. GR. cf. i. 45. ix. 59. Pers. iv. 35. R.

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Ferri is said of those who rush wildly' under the impulse of some irresistible stimulus illuc mentis inops, ut quam furialis Erichtho impulit in collo crine jacente, feror; Ov. Her. xv. 139 sq. (BU.) R. notes on pigiolar Her. vii. 210. viii. 87. 91.

316. Bewildered:' Liv. xxxix. 15. Hor. III Od. xix. 14. R.

Caput jactare et comas rotare fanaticum est; Quint. xi. 3. Our author seems to have borrowed Lucan's description of the priests of Cybele; crinemque rotantes sanguineum populis ulularunt tristia Galli; i. 566. The Gallus is elsewhere similarly represented as ῥομβητοὺς δονέων λυσσομανεῖς πλοκάμους, and ἐδίνησε δ εὐστροφάλιγγα κόμαν· Antip. Sid. Ep. xxvii. 2. 18. R. The priests of Isis also, as demisso capite cervices lubricis intorquentes motibus crinesque pendulos rotantes in circulum; Apul. Met. viii. p. 214. cf. Ep. xxv. p. 246. Eur. B. 150. 864. Iph. A. 758. Cat. lxiii. 23 sqq. HU.

Ululant howl or yell' (λoλúove) is applied to sounds of frantic mirth or woe indiscriminately. Mart. V. xlii. 3. Luc. i. 567. Virg. Æ. iv. 609. Stat. Th. iii. 158. Call. H. in Del. 258. R.

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Concubitus! quæ vox saltante libidine! quantus Ille meri veteris per crura madentia torrens! 320 Lenonum ancillas posita Saufeia corona

Provocat et tollit pendentis præmia coxæ.
Ipsa Medullinæ fluctum crissantis adorat :
Palmam inter dominas virtus natalibus æquat.
Nil ibi per ludum simulabitur: omnia fient
325 Ad verum, quibus incendi jam frigidus ævo
Laomedontiades et Nestoris hernia possit.

Tunc prurigo moræ impatiens, tunc femina simplex,
Et toto pariter repetitus clamor ab antro :

"Jam fas est; admitte viros!" Jam dormit adulter, 330 Illa jubet sumto juvenem properare cucullo.

Si nihil est, servis incurritur. Abstuleris spem
Servorum, veniet conductus aquarius. Hic si

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318. As lust dances in their veins.' cf. Arist. N. 1393. Aristan. Ep. ii. 5. Theocr. iii. 37. Call. H. in Cer. ER. R. 319. They have drunk so much, that they cannot retain the liquor.' GRE.

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320. Saufeia, or Laufella, ix. 117. xii. 45. Mart. III. lxxii. a matron, challenges the common prostitutes (lenonis puellæ; 127.) to contend with her, and, by throwing each antagonist, bears off the prize: GRE. R. which was a gammon of bacon. VS. Furca levat ille bicorni sordida terga suis nigro pendentia tigno; Ov. M. viii. 647 sq. cf. vii. 119. xi. 82. H. RI.

Posita corona a prize being proposed:' compare primam merui laude coronum; Virg. Æ. v. 355. with tres praemia primi accipient flavaque caput nectentur oliva: primus equum phaleris insignem victor habeto; 308 sqq. imitated by Silius xvi. 300 sqq. 506. Tilivas ästλa Hom. Il. 653. 740. It might also mean her chaplet being laid aside.' R. cf. iii. 56.

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322. Extols to the skies the graceful motion of the wanton Medullina. Fluctum is a metaphor taken from the billows of the sea: thus αἰετὸς κνώσσων ὑγρὸν vrov aiwest Pind. P. iv. 16 sq.


323. Manly prowess raises the victorious fair to the level of high-born dames.' LU. R.

324. "Nothing is feign'd in this unnatural game." G.

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Quæritur et desunt homines; mora nulla per ipsam, Quo minus imposito clunem submittat asello. 335 Atque utinam ritus veteres et publica saltem His intacta malis agerentur sacra: sed omnes Noverunt Mauri atque Indi, quæ psaltria penem Majorem, quam sunt duo Cæsaris Anticatones, Illuc, testiculi sibi conscius unde fugit mus, 340 Intulerit, ubi velari pictura jubetur,

by the ladies to carry letters to their sweethearts: Festus. HN. The persons employed about the baths, we may conclude, would not be very attractive: and the office itself was looked upon as very degrading. note on Her. iii. Î4.

333. There would be no hesitation on her part to follow the foul example of Pasiphae.' xii. 111 twice. R.

335. If such impurities must be, would they were restricted to modern rites and private occasions, that we might avoid the scandal which now arises from them.' VS.

336. It is known all over the world:' omnibus et lippis notum et tonsoribus esse, ⚫ to be known all over the city;' Hor. I S. vii. 3. R. to be matter of public notoriety.' ii. 58. 337. "What singing-wench produced his ware Vast as two Anticatos." G.

This was Clodius; who, when a very young man, had an intrigue with Pompeia, the wife of Julius Cæsar. As the lady was narrowly watched by her mother-in-law, Aurelia, they had few opportunities of meeting; this irritated their impatience, and forced them upon an expedient, as flagitious as it was new. The mysteries of the Bona Dea were so respected by the Romans, that none but women had the privilege of officiating at them; every male, even of animals, was driven from the house, and every statue, every picture of the masculine kind scrupulously veiled. Clodius dressed himself like a woman, and knocked at the door of Cæsar's house, where the mysteries were then celebrating. One of Pompeia's maids, who was in the secret, let him in; but unluckily, while she was gone to acquaint her mistress with his arrival, the impatient Clodius advanced towards the assembly. On the way, he was met by another domestic, who, taking him for one of her own sex, began to toy with

him. Clodius was confused; which the other perceiving, insisted on knowing who and what he was. His voice, and still more his agitation, betrayed him. The women, struck with horror at such a profanation, covered the altar and the implements of sacrifice with a veil, and drove the intruder from the house. Immediately after, they left it themselves, and went to acquaint their husbands with the unprecedented abomination. Clodius was instantly accused, and would have been condemned; but for the clandestine influence of Pompey and Cæsar, (of whom he was a necessary tool,) and a species of bribery almost too infamous for belief, though asserted as a fact by Cicero. G.

338. The inference is that Pompeia loved Clodius, because he was more than twice the man that Cæsar was. Cæsar had not only seduced Servilia, the sister of Cato and mother of Brutus, x. 319. but had written two books, against Cicero's work entitled Cato,' which he named Anticato.' Suet. 56. Plut. V. Cæs. Opp. t. i. p. 733. c. Gell. iv. 16. Cic. Att. xii. 41. xiii. 48. Div. ii. 9. Top. 94. R.

The volumes of the ancients were so called from their cylindrical form. VS. GR. PR. There is also an insinuation that Cæsar's honour was more touched by his wife's infidelity, than Cato's was disparaged by all the obloquy with which Cæsar had assailed it. LU.

339. Rites held so sacred that the presence of any male (were it the very least animal) would be a profanation." VS.

340. Submotis extra conspectum omnibus viris, ut picturae quoque masculorum animalium contegantur, &c. Sen. Ep. 97. R. Such extreme delicacy is not very unlike that of the maiden lady, who carried her notions of propriety so

Quæcumque alterius sexus imitata figuram est.
Et quis tunc hominum contemtor numinis? aut quis
Simpuvium ridere Numæ nigrumque catinum
Et Vaticano fragiles de monte patellas

345 Ausus erat? Sed nunc ad quas non Clodius aras?
Audio, quid veteres olim moneatis amici :

"Pone seram; cohibe." Sed quis custodiet ipsos
Custodes? Cauta est et ab illis incipit uxor.

Jamque eadem summis pariter minimisque libido, 350 Nec melior, silicem pedibus quæ conterit atrum, Quam quæ longorum vehitur cervice Syrorum.

Ut spectet ludos, conducit Ogulnia vestem,
Conducit comites, sellam, cervical, amicas,

far as never to allow of male and female authors occupying the same shelf in her library.

342. Quis; see note on iii. 49.

Even in those days, bad as they were, gross profaneness had never reached the height it now has.' cf. xiii. 53. LU. Juvenal is always laudator temporis acti; Hor. A. P. 173. SCH. Orthen' may refer to quondam, 288. and 'now,' 345. to nunc, 292. R.

343. Simpuvium from simul bibere, because all the priests drank from it :' VS. probably the same as simpullum or simpulum; vas parvum, non dissimile cyatho, quo vinum in sacrificiis libabatur; Fest. quo vinum dabant, ut minutatim funderent, a guttis guttum appellarunt; et quo sumebant minutatim, a sumendo simpulum nominavere: in hujusce locum in conviviis e Gracia successit epichysis et cyathus, in sacrificiis remansit guttum et simpulum; Varr. L. L. iv. 26. R. in fictilibus prolibatur simpuviis (or simpullis); Plin. xxxv. 12 s 46. Cic. de Legg. iii. 36. Paupertas imperium populo Romano fundavit a primordio, proque eo in hodiernum diem diis immortalibus simpuvio et catino fictili sacrificat; Apul. Ap. p. 285,

41. PR.

'Of Numa,' who was the founder of religious rites at Rome. Flor. i. 2. PR. The dish of dark earthen-ware. PR. 344. Brittle,' because they were not of gold or silver. R. in Vaticanis condita musta cadis; Mart. I. xix. 2. The Vatican was one of the seven hills, which produced clay used in the manufacture

of pottery; and its name was derived from vaticinium: Gell. xvi. 17. Fest. PR. Now daring Clodii swarm in

345. 66
every fane." G.

346. Old-fashioned friends:' but 'the times are long gone by, when such precautions would have been of avail.' M. Olim; iv. 96. R.

347. Apposita sera; Ov. Am. III. xiv. 10. H.

⚫ Restrain her by surrounding her with spies and keepers,' after the Greek custom. PTR, iv. 13. R.

348. She is cunning:' decipit illa custodes aut are domat; 234 sq. Tac. A. xi. 35. Ov. Am. III. iv. A. A. iii. 611– 658. Prop. II. vi. 37 sqq. R. 350.

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The poor woman who tramps afoot over the muddy pavements.' LU. Prop. II. xxiii. 15. Prud. c. Sym. 582. The pavement at Rome consisted of hard lava." W, on Lucr. i. 316 sq. R.

351. Tall Syrians:' cf. i. 64 sq. PR. iii. 240. M.

352. Ogulnia, a poor but ambitious matron, whose character appears no better than that of any other lady of those days. LU. PR. cf. iii. 180-183. R.

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In order to appear in style, she is obliged to hire every requisite.' ibid. and vii. 143. It is mentioned as characteristic of meanness: nrgíardas Orgaπαίνας, ἀλλὰ μισθοῦσθαι εἰς τὰς ἐξόδους· Theoph. xxii. CAS. R.

353. Matrons seldom went out without 'a large retinue of waiting-women' to accompany them. CAS.

A chair and cushion ;' i. 65. in which

Nutricem, et flavam, cui det mandata, puellam. 355 Hæc tamen argenti superest quodcumque paterni Levibus athletis ac vasa novissima donat.

Multis res angusta domi: sed nulla pudorem
Paupertatis habet, nec se metitur ad illum,

Quem dedit hæc posuitque modum. Tamen utile quid sit,
360 Prospiciunt aliquando viri; frigusque famemque
Formica tandem quidam expavere magistra.
Prodiga non sentit pereuntem femina censum
Ac, velut exhausta recidivus pullulet arca
Numus et e pleno semper tollatur acervo,

365 Non umquam reputat, quanti sibi gaudia constent. Sunt, quas eunuchi imbelles ac mollia semper

Oscula delectent et desperatio barbæ

Et quod abortivo non est opus. Illa voluptas
Summa tamen, quod jam calida matura juventa

she was carried to the Circus, and in formica laboris &c. Hor. I S. i. 33 sqq. FA. which she sat while there. LI. LU. Prov. vi. 6-8.

'Female clients:' nec Laconicas mihi trahunt honesta purpuras cliente; Hor. II Od. xviii. 6 sq. R.

354. 6 A nurse,' that she may appear to have a family. LU.

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A yellow-haired girl, to pass for her confidante,' PR. and to attract notice, (see note on 120.) as it was considered a beauty to have such hair: Phyllis flava; Hor. II Od. iv. 14. flava Chloe; III Od. ix. 19. M. cf. v. 115. R.

355 sq. Cf. 82 sqq. M. Mart. IV. xxviii. R. "She wastes the wreck of her paternal store On smooth-faced wrestlers: wastes her little all, And strips her shivering mansion to the wall." G. 356. Levis; iii. 111. R. Novissimus; xi. 42. R.

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357. Pudor paupertatis (1) 'a dread of the disgrace of poverty, especially as it is owing to her own folly and extravagance,' M. R. or (2) the modest frugality which is, or should be, attendant upon poverty,' FA. M. R. or (3) a fear of being ridiculed for the notorious discrepancy between her means and her expences.' BRI. FA. paupertatis pudor et fuga; Hor. I Ep. xviii. 24. R.

358. Cf. xi. 35 sqq. R.

359. Mensura census; xiv. 316. R. 361. Parvula (nam exemplo est) magni

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"As if the gold, with vegetative power, Would bloom afresh, and spring from hour to hour." This is a plain allusion to a notion very generally received among the ancients, that mines, after being exhausted, sometimes reproduced their ores. G. Recidiva arborum sunt, quæ aliis sectis repullulant; Isidor. SC. Virg. Æ. iv. 344. Ov. F. iv. 45. Sen. Tro. 472. Claud. Pho. 66. H. GRO. R.

364. Suave est ex magno tollere acervo ; Hor. I S. i. 51. R.

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365. Their sensual indulgences.' PR. Tib. I. v. 39. &c. R.

366. Cf. i. 22. aiunt illos maximos mulierum amatores, sed nihil potesse; Ter. Eun. IV. iii. 23 sq. Mart. VI. lxvii. BRO. MU. JS. Sunt quas delectent: cf. Hor. I Od. i. 3. &c.

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Unwarlike,' a metaphor derived from the same source as prælia; Virg. G. iii. 98. Hor. I Od. vi. 17 sq. VS. Claud. in Eutr. ii. 271-283. R.

'Soft' i. e. beardless:' mollia basia are opposed to duro ore; Mart. XI. xxii. sq. R.


368. Cf. ii. 32. R.

369. Domitian, merely out of opposition to his brother Titus, prohibited the making

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