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SGN. Schoettgenius, Christian,

Ti. Tiraquellus, Andr.
Columella, 1745. 1790

Annotations on A. 1594
SIG. Sigonius, Car.

TO. Torrentius, Lævinus,
On the Rom. Civil Law, 1590

Horace ; Suetonius,

SL. Schleusner, Joh. Frieder.

Tz. Tzetzes, Is.

Lycophron, 1546

1791 U. Ursinus, Fulvius, Varro, 1587
SM. Schmid, Erasmus, Pindar, 1616 V. **Valla, Georg.

SN. Schneider, J.G.


Valesius, Hadr. Notes, 1683
Script. Rei Rusticæ, 1775 VAL. Valesius, Henr. Ammian, 1636
SP. Spanheim, Ezechiel,

VK. Valckenaer, Lud. Casp.
On Coins ; Callimachus ; Ju-

Euripides, &c.

lian, &c.

1670 VL. Valesius, Car. (son of Hadr.)
SPA. Spalding, George Ludov.



1800 VO. *Vossius, Gerard John,
SR. Schurzfleisch, Conr. Sam.

Catullus ; Virgil ; Patercu-
Animadversions, 1717

lus, &c.

ST. **Stephanus, Rob.


VS. Old Scholiast
ST'A. Stapylton, Sir Robert,

VU. Vulpius, Joan. Anton.
Translation of Juvenal, 1647

Commentary; Propertius; Ca-
STE. Stelluti, Franc.

tullus, &c.

Italian Vers. of Persius, 1630 W. Wakefield, Gilbert,
SV. Servius, Virgil,

Lucretius, &c.

SW. Schweighauser, Joh.

WB. Weber, Ernest Guil. and Gul.
Appian; Herodotus ; Athe-



1785 WE. Wernsdorf, J. C.
Sz. Schwarz, Chrn. Gottl.

Lesser Latin Poets, &c. 1780
Pliny Panegyric ; 1735 WEI. Weichert, Aug.
T. *Turnebus, Adrian,

Val. Flaccus,


1555 WIE. Wieland, C. M.
TA. Taylor, J. LL.D.

Horace; Germ. Vers, of Aris.
Civil Law,


TB. Taubmann, Fridericus,

WO. Wolf, F. A. Plato, 1812

1605 WS. Wesseling, Petrus,
TH. *Thysius, Anthon.

Diodorus Siculus; Herodotus,
Antiquities and Miscell. 1653


* These authors occur in the Variorum List; which also includes
Boëthius (de Boodt), [Anselmus, 1636] Leopardus, [Paul, 1568]
Bond, [John, 1614]

Lud. Carrio, [1604]
Bongars, [James, 1587]

Budæus, [William, 1520]

Castalio, (Sebastian, 1550]

Mercerus, [Nic.]
Crucius, [Jac. 1600]

Puteanus, [Erycius, 1620]
Delrio, [Mart. Anth. 1580]

Realinus, [Bern. 1600]

# Editors of Juvenal and Persius.
+ Editors of Juvenal only.
+ Editors of Persius only.

The Satires of Juvenal are sometimes divided into five Books: of which Book I
contains Satires i-V; Book II, Sat. vi; Book III, Sat. vii-ix; Book IV, Sat.
Xxii; and Book V, Sat. xü---xvi.





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This Satire was probably composed subsequently to most of the others,

and as a kind of Introduction; it was, apparently, written at that
period of life, when the dignity derived from years and the intrepidity

of conscious rectitude entitled the Poet to assume a tone of authority. He breaks silence with an impassioned complaint of the clamorous impor

tunity of bad poets, and with the humorous resolution of paying them off in their own coin by turning writer himself, 1 sqq. After ridiculing the frivolous taste of his contemporaries in the choice of their subjects, 7.52. he intimates his own determination to devote himself wholly to Satire; to which he declares, with all the warmth of virtuous indignation, that

he is driven by the vices of the age, 19. 30. 52. 63. 79. He then exposes the profligacy of the women, 22. 69. the luxury of up

starts, 24. the baseness of informers 32. and fortune-hunters, 37. the treachery of guardians, 45. the peculation of public officers, 47. and the

general corruption of manners, 55. 73. Kindling with his theme, he censures the general avidity for gaming, 87.

the selfish gluttony of the patricians, 94. 135. their sordid avarice, 100. 117. and the abject state of poverty and dependence in which they

kept their clients and retainers, 132— 146. Finally, he makes some bitter reflections on the danger of satirizing living

villainy, 150. and concludes with a determination to elude its vengeance

by attacking it under the names of the dead, 170. In this as in every other Satire, Juvénal's great aim is to expose


reprove vice, however sanctioned by custom or countenanced by the great. G. R.


SEMPER ego auditor tantum ? nunquamne reponam,
Vexatus toties rauci Theseide Codri?
Impune ergo mihi recitaverit ille togatas... comerus

Hic elegos? impune diem consumserit ingens 5 Telephus? aut summi plena jam margine libri

Scriptus et in tergo, nec dum finitus Orestes? 1. The Romans were in the habit of as in Afranius, VS.), (i) 'Aridháry C reciting their literary productions either (farce, acted by amateurs), vi. 71. (iv) in private circles, or in public assemblies. TæBegrapíad (low comedy),(v)Posbwriezote T'he latter were held sometimes in the (burlesque tragedy), (vi) nautidagich temple of Apollo, sometimes in spacious (the actors wore the recinium, see F.) mansions, either hired, or lent for the viii. 191. and (vii) Miyesxà (low farce, purpose by a wealthy patron, who ex- acted by mummers). (a) From the acpected the attendance of his clients and

tors wearing asuràs xguridas. (6) From dependents to swell the audience and the respective dresses, præteata, pallium, applaud the author. cf. vii. 40. Pers. and tnga. JS. (©) From Atellu, a town prol. 7. Hor. I S. iv. 73. M. I S. iii.. of the Osci, in Campania. F. (d) Because 86. II E. ii. 67. A very picturesque shopkeepers, &c.' were the classes reprepassage of Pliny describes the listlessness sented. (©) From Rhintho, one of the which pervaded such meetings: lente authors. (*) From being acted not on a cunctanterque veniunt, nec tamen per- ' raised stage. REU. Prætextự and Togatæ manent, sed ante finem recedunt ; alii dis-, are sometimes used as the generic terms simulanter et furlim, alii simpliciter et for Tragedy' and . Comedy;' Hor. A.P. libere ; ( E. xiii. G. PR. II E. xiv. R. 287. cf. Virg. Æ. i. 286. PR. R.

* Reponere' is a metaphor taken from 4. These poems consisted of hexameter repayment of a debt incurred: possum and pentameter verses alternately, which jam repetere recessum, et scribere aliquid, metre is hence called 'elegiac.' cf. Hor. quod no recitem; ne videar, quorum reci- A. P. 75 894. M. cf. Pers. i. 51. HR. tationibus adfui, non auditor fuisse, sed Auditur toto sæpe poeta die ; Mart. VIII. creditor: nam ut in cæteris rebus, ita in lxx. 10. PR. Ingens, bulky, lengthy, uudiendi officio, perit gratia si reposcatur ; pompous;' cf. Hor. A. P. 96 sq. R. Plin. 1 E. GR. It is equivalent to par 5. Telephus, son of Hercules and Auge, , pari referre, PR. as ira est cupiditus do- the hero of this tedious tragedy, was a kingloris reponendi; Sen. de I. i. 3. HK. of Mysia, who was mortally wounded by.

2. Horace amusingly describes the per- the spear of Achilles, but afterwards tinacity of these declaimers, A.P. 474 healed by the rust of the same speari

Ov. Tr. V. i. 15. PR. Vulnus et au-The Theseid' was an epic poem, of xilium Pelias hasta tulit. LU. which Theseus was the hero. In like man- It was usual to leave 'a margin,' and ner we have the Odysseis of Homer, the not to write on the outside or back' of . Æneis of Virgil, the Achilleis of Statius, &c. the parchment. LU. cf. Mart. VIll. Ixii.

Of this Codrus little is known; he is PR. Sidon. Ap. viii. 16. GR. margo, in probably different from the Codrus men- Ovid, is masculine. VS. Liber primarily tioned iï. 203. G. He is hoarse' from means 'the inner bark of a tree;' hence constant recitation (FA. cf. vi. 515. it was secondarily applied to a book Mart. IV. viii. 2. X. v. 4. R.) and pom- made of that rind,' and afterwards to any pous declamation. Prælegat ut tumidus book,' whatever the materials of it might rauca te voce magister; Mart. VIII. üi. be. M. Folium experienced a 15. of. Pers. i. 14. HK.

sponding succession of significations. F. 3. According to Lydus (de Mag. i. 40.) 6. Scenis agitatus Orestes, Virg. Æ. iv. the pūdos (or Fabula) was divided into 471. son of Agamemnon and Clytæmne (1) Teayqdía, and (II) Karpe qudia : Tipe- tra, figures conspicuously in many an exyodia was subdivided into (i) Kontidárca, tant tragedy; the Choëphorce and Eumeand (ü) Ipartitrérab, according as the nides of Æschylus, the Electra of Sophostories were Greek or Roman: Kupodía cles, the Orestes, the Iphigenia in Tauris, into (i) Manasérab (Greek, as in Terence and the Electra of Euripides. PR.cf. Hor. after Menander), (ii) Torárab (Roman, A. P. 124. II S. ii. 132 sqq.

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