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3. Write from the following paragraph the example of Allegory.

4. Write from the following paragraph the two examples of Metonymy.

5. Write from the following paragraph the two examples of Synecdoche.

6. Write from the following paragraph the two examples of Hyperbole.

7. Write from the following paragraph the two examples of Personification.

8. Write from the following paragraph the two examples of Apostrophe.

9. Write from the following paragraph the two examples of Irony.

PARAGRAPH FOR EXERCISES.

The sword has laid waste many a fertile tract of country. Moist, bright, and green, the landskip laughs around. Love swells like the Solway, but ebbs like its tide. Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. I am the true vine. Thou art sounding on, thou mighty sea, for ever and the same ! Mine eyes run down rivers of water. Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it up in three days, save thyself. The groves poured forth their music. o Jonathan !

O thou wast slain in thine high places! No useless coffin enclosed his breast. The mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands. The clouds were tinged with gold. The cotton manufacture employs a great number of hands. The righteous shall flourish as the palm tree. No doubt but ye are the people, and wisdom shall die with you. And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees : therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down and cast into the fire.

SECTION III.

DISTINCTION OF FIGURES CONTINUED.

FIGURES OF ARRANGEMENT. 1. Write from Scripture three examples of In terrogation.

2. Write three examples of Interrogation from any other source.

3. Write from Scripture three examples of Exclamation.

4. Write three examples of Exclamation from any

other source. 5. Write from Scripture three examples of Transposition.

6. Write three examples of Transposition from any

other 7. Write from Scripture three examples of Pleonasm.

8. Write three examples of Pleonasm from any other source.

9, Write from Scripture three examples of Antithesis.

10. Write three examples of Antithesis from any other source.

11. Write from Scripture three examples of Climax.

12. Write three examples of Climax from any other source.

source.

FIGURES OF CONVERSION OR TROPES.

1. Write from Scripture three examples of Simile.

2. Write three examples of Simile from any other source.

3. Write from Scripture three examples of Metaphor.

B

4. Write three examples of Metaphor from any other source.

5. Write three examples of Allegory from any source.

6. Write from Scripture three examples of Metonymy.

7. Write three examples of Metonymy from any other source.

8. Write from Scripture three examples of Synecdoche.

9. Write three examples of Synecdoche from any

other source. 10. Write from Scripture three examples of Hyperbole.

11. Write three examples of Hyperbole from any other source.

12. Write from Scripture three examples of Personification.

13. Write three examples of Personification from any other source.

14. Write from Scripture three examples of Apostrophe.

15. Write three examples of Apostrophe from any other source.

16. Write three examples of Irony from any

source.

SECTION IV.

MISCELLANEOUS EXERCISES ON FIGURES. 1. Write a figurative expression for each of the following words. EXAMPLE: Youth—the Morning of Life.

EXERCISES.
Sun. Thunder. Sea. Sleep.
Moon. Lightning. Night.

Death.
Stars. Clouds. Sky.

Grave.

2. Write sentences with a metaphorical application of each of the following words.

EXAMPLE.

PATH_The paths of glory lead but to the grave.

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3. Write the first twelve Similes in the first book of Milton.

4. Write the first twelve examples of Personification in Thomson's Season of Summer.

5. Distinguish the Figures in the following Passages of Poetry.

EXAMPLE.

Sun of the sleepless ! melancholy star!
Whose tearful beam shines tremulously far ;
That show'st the darkness thou canst not dispel ;
How like thou art to joy remembered well!
So memory gleams, the light of other days,
That shines, but warms not with its powerless rays :
A night beam Sorrow watches to behold,
Distinct, but distant; clear, but oh ! how cold !

FIGURES.

The first four lines—apostrophe. “ Sun”-metaphor. Melancholy star”-personification. 66 Tearful beam”-personification. “How like thou art to joy remembered well!” -simile. “ So memory gleams, the light of other days, that shines, but warms not with its powerless rays”-comparison. “ Gleams”-metaphor. “ The light of other days”metaphor. “Shines"-metaphor. “Shines, but warms not”antithesis. “Rays”—metaphor. “Night beam"-metaphor. “ Sorrow”—personification. “Distinct, but distant; clear, but oh! how cold !”-antithesis.

EXERCISES.

I. And now, lashed on by destiny severe, With horror fraught the dreadful scene draws near! The ship hangs hovering on the verge of death, Hell yawns, rocks rise, and breakers roar beneath. Uplifted on the surge, to heaven she flies, Her shattered top half-buried in the skies ; Then, headlong plunging, thunders on the ground : Earth groans ! air trembles! and the deeps resound ! Her giant bulk the dread concussion feels, And, quivering with the wound, in torment reels. Again she plunges! hark ! a second shock Tears her strong bottom on the marble rock! Down on the vale of death, with dismal cries, The fated victims shuddering roll their eyes In wild despair, while yet another stroke, With deep convulsions, rends the solid oak; Till, like the mine, in whose infernal cell The lurking demons of destruction dwell, At length asunder torn, her frame divides, And, crashing, spreads in ruin o'er the tides.

II. The North-east spends his rage; he now shut up Within his iron cave, the effusive South Warms the wide air, and o'er the void of heaven Breathes the big clouds with vernal showers distent. At first a dusky wreath they seem to rise, Scarce staining ether; but, by swift degrees, In heaps on heaps, the doubling vapour sails Along the loaded sky, and mingling deep, Sits on the horizon round-a settled gloom ; Not such as wintry storms on mortals shed, Oppressing life, but lovely, gentle, kind, And full of every hope, and every joy, The wish of nature. Gradual sinks the breeze Into a perfect calm, that not a breath Is heard to quiver thro' the closing woods,

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