Towards Universality: Le Corbusier, Mies, and De Stijl

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Psychology Press, 2002 - 237 strán (strany)
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There is no shortage of books about Le Corbusier, or Mies van der Rohe, or De Stijl. However, this book considers them in relation to each other, observing how a study of one can illuminate the works of the others. Going beyond a superficial look at the end-products of these architects, this book examines the philosophical foundations of their work, taking as its central theme the aim of universality, as opposed to the individual and the particular.

Each of these three aimed at universality, but for each this concept took on a different form. The universality of De Stijl and artists like Van Doesburg and Mondrian resembled that of the universe itself: it was boundless, going beyond the limits of the canvas and seeking to abolish the wall as the boundary between interior and exterior space. In contrast, each of Le Corbusier's creations was a self-contained universe within a clear frame, while Mies fluctuated between these two perspectives.

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The Open or the Closed De Stijl and Le Corbusier
1
12 An art of destruction
2
evolution from the individualnatural to the universalabstract
4
the goal of history and fourdimensionality
7
15 Giedions authorized history of the modern movement
11
architecture as the construction of reality
14
17 The Schroder house
16
18 The De Stijl house as a fragment of a continuous city
18
411 Poissy and Barcelona
109
412 The Barcelona Pavilion as a symbolic form
110
413 The end of the heroic period of modern architecture
113
414 Mies Le Corbusier and Van Doesburg after 1929
114
415 lt is necessary not to adapt but to create
117
Lauweriks Van Doesburg and Le Corbusier
120
52 ViolletleDuc Cuypers and Beriage
126
53 Dusseldorf and the Werkbund
131

19 De Stijl openness versus the increasingly private future
19
spatial interpenetration and the new spirit
20
111 Le Corbusiers ordered compartmentation of space and time
24
112 The tree and the semilattice
26
113 Purist containment versus De Stijl continuity and multivalence
29
114 The role of the corner junction in architecture
33
De Stijls Other Name
36
22 Chinese Greek and German philosophy
43
23 The way forward through architecture
47
24 The way forward through mathematics
52
25 The necessity of proportion
54
The Furniture of the Mind
59
32 Appearance reality and representation
64
33 Representation as substitution
67
34 The abstraction of function
70
abstract painting versus concrete architecture
72
36 Gerrit Rietveld furniture maker
77
both particular and general
82
The Pavilion and the Court
87
42 Three house projects
88
43 Tent and pavilion
89
44 Romanticism and the pavilion system
90
45 Le Corbusier classical architect
93
46 Van Doesburgs architectural programme
95
47 Standardization
96
48 The Schroder house Utrecht 1924
97
49 Mies van der Rohe and De Stijl
100
La RocheJeanneret and Pessac
106
54 Cosmic mathematics
134
55 Grids
125
56 The entire cosmos in a single image
129
Mies The Correspondence of Thing and 1ntellect
132
62 Mies Aquinas and the definition of truth
136
63 Art as a way to knowledge
139
64 The impact of expressionism and De Stijl
142
65 From Barcelona 1929 to Berlin 1962
149
66 The truth and its exposition
152
67 The house as machine à mediter
154
Figure and Ground
160
72 Rasmussen and the Rubin vase
163
73 Dom van der Laan and architectonic space
169
74 Towards a deeper perspective
172
The Unchanging and the Changeable
178
82 An alternative manifesto
184
83 Particular functions and universal construction
187
84 The utilitarian support system
190
Rossi and Mies
198
Hertzberger and the necessity of differentiation
202
Oud and Le Corbusier
205
88 Collage and contradiction
207
89 Both that which is unchangeable and that which is in change
210
Bibliography
215
Index
221
Credits
224
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O tomto autorovi (2002)

Richard Padovan lectures at the University of Bath. He has worked as an architect in various European countries.

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