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And tastes the good without the fall Hope of known bliss, and Faith in blise to ill;

unknown Where only Merit constant pay receives, (Nature, whose dictates to no other kind Is blest in what it takes, and what it Are given in vain, but what they seek gives;

they find). The joy unequall'd if its end it gain, Wise is her present ; she connects in this And if it lose attended with no pain : His greatest Virtue with his greatest Without satiety, though e'er so bless'd,

Bliss ; And but more relish'd as the more dis. At once his own bright prospects to be tress'd ;

blest, The broadest mirth unfeeling Folly wears And strongest motive to assist the rest. Less pleasing far than Virtue's very tears : Self-love thus push'd to social, to di. Good, from each object, from each place vine, acquir'd,

Gives thee to make thy neighbour's bless. For ever exercis'd yet never tir'd ;

ing thine. Never elated while one man's oppress'd; Is this too little for the boundless heart? Never dejected while another's bless'd : Extend it, let thy enemies have part : And where no wants, no wishes can re. rasp the whole worlds of Reason, Lise, main,

and Sense, Since but to wish more Virtue is to gain. In one close system of Benevolence : See the sole bliss Heav'n could on all Happier as kinder, in whate'er degree, bestow !

And height of Bliss but height of Charity. Which who but feels can taste, but thinks God loves from whole to parts : but can know ;

human soul Yet poor with fortune, and with learning Must rise from individual to the whole. blind,

Self-love but serves the virtuous mind to The bad must miss; the good, untaught,

wake, will find :

As the small pebble stirs the peaceful Slave to no sect, who takes no private road,

The centre mov'd, a circle straight suc. But looks through Nature, up to Nature's ceeds,

Another still, and still another spreads; Pursues that chain which links th’ im. Friend, parent, neighbour, first it will mense design,

embrace; Joins heaven and earth, and mortal and His country next; and next all human divine ;

race ; Sees, that no being any bliss can know, Wide and more wide th' o'erflowings of But touches some above, and some below; the mind Learns, from this union of the rising Take ev'ry creature in of ev'ry kind; whole,

Earth smiles around, with boundless The first, last purpose of the human soul ; bounty blest, And knows where Faith, Law, Morals, all And Heav'n beholds its image in his began,

breast. All end in Love of God, and Love of Man.

THE PRESENT CONDITION OF For him alone Hope leads from goal to

MAN VINDICATED. goal, And opens still, and opens on his soul; HEAV'N from all creatures hides the book Till lengthen'd on to Faith, and uncon.

of Fate, fined,

All but the page prescrib'd, their present It pours the bliss that fills up all the

state ; mind.

From brutes what men, from men what He sees why Nature plants in man alone spirits know,





Or who could suffer being here below? Destroy all creatures for thy sport or gust,
The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day, Yet cry, if Man's unhappy, God's unjust ;
Had he thy reason, would he skip and play? If man alone engross not Heav'd's high
Pleas'd to the last, he crops the flow'ry care,

Alone made perfect here, immortal there : And licks the hand just rais’d to shed his Snatch from his hand the balance and the blood.

rod, O blindness to the future ! kindly giv'n, Re-judge his justice, be the God of God. That cach may fill the circle marked by In Pride, in reasoning Pride, our error

Heav'n; Who seos with equal eye, as God of all, All quit their sphere, and rush into the A hero perish, or a sparrow fall ;

skies, Atoms or systems into ruin hurl'd, Pride still is aiming at the blest abodes, And now a bubble burst, and now a Men would be Angels, Angels would be world.

Gods. Hope humbly, then, with trembling Aspiring to be Gods, if Angels fell, pinions soa: ;

Aspiring to be Angels, Men rebel : Wait the great teacher, Death; and God And who but wishes to revert the laws adore.

Of Order sins against th' Eternal Cause. What future bliss, he gives not thee to

know, But gives that Hope to be thy blessing

ON THE ORDER OF NATURE. Hope springs eternal in the human breast; Man never is, but always to be blest : SEE through this air, this ocean, and this The soul, uneasy and confined from home, earth, Rests and expatiates in a life to come. All matter quick, and bursting into birth. Lo, the poor Indian ! whose untutor’d Above, how high progressive life may go! mind

Around, how wide 1 how deep extend Sees God in clouds, and hears him in the below! wind;

(stray | Vast chain of Being! which from God His soul proud Science never taught to began, Far as the solar walk, or milky way; Natures ethereal, human, angel, man, Yet simple Nature to his hope has giv'n, Beast, bird, fish, insect, what no eye can Behind the cloud-topp'd hill, a humbler see, heav'n;

No glass can reach; from Infinite to thee, Some safer world in depth of woods em. From thre to Nothing. On superior brac'd,

pow'rs Some happier island in the wat'ry waste, Were we to press, inferior might on ours; Where slaves once more their native land Or in the full creation leave a void, behold,

Where one step broken the great scale's No fiends torment, nor Christians thirst destroy'd; for gold.

From Nature's chain whatever link you TO BE, contents his natural desire,

strike, He asks no angel's wing, no seraph's fire: Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the chain But thinks, admitted to that equal sky, alike. His faithful dog shall bear him company, And, if each system in gradation roll Go, wiser thou ! and in thy scale of Alike essential to th' amazing whole,

The least confusion but in one, not all Weigh thy opinion against Providence ; That system only, but the whole must fall. Call imperfection what thou fanciest such, Let earth unbalanc'd from her orbit Ay, Say, here he gives too little, there too Planets and suns run lawless through the much :



one ;

Let ruling angels from their spheres be All Nature is but Art, unknown to thee : hurl'd,

All Chance, Direction which thou canst Being on being wreck'd, and world on not see world,

All Discord, Harmony not understood ; Heav'n's whole foundations to the centre All partial Evil, universal Good : nod,

And, spite of Pride, in erring Reason's And nature tremble to the throne of God: spite, All this dread order break from whom? One truth is clear, WHATEVER IS, 18 for thee?

RIGHT, Vile worm !-Oh madness! pride! im

piety! What if the foot, ordain'd the dust to tread,

THE ORIGIN OF SUPERSTITION Or hand to toil, aspir’d to be the head ?

AND TYRANNY. What if the head, the eye, or ear, repin'd To serve mere engines to the ruling mind? WHO first taught souls enslav'd and Just as absurd for any part to claim

realms undone, To be another, in this gen’ral frame: Th' enormous faith of many made for Just as absurd to mourn the task or pains, The great directing Mind of All ordains, That proud exception to all Nature's All are but parts of one stupendous laws, whole,

T'invert the world, and counterwork its Whose body Nature is, and God the Soul: cause ? That chang'd through all, and yet in all Force first made conquest, and that con. the same,

quest, law ; Great in the earth, as in th' ethereal Till Superstition taught the tyrant awe, frame,

Then shared the tyranny, then lent it aid, Warms in the sun, refreshes in the breeze, And Gods of conqu’rors, slaves of subGlows in the stars, and blossoms in the jects made. trees,

She, 'midst the lightning's blaze, and Lives through all life, extends through all thunder's sound, extent,

When rock'd the mountains, and when Spreads undivided, operates unspent ; groan'd the ground, Breathes in our soul, informs our mortal She taught the weak to bend, the proud

part, As full, as perfect, in a hair as heart ; To pow'rs unseen, and mightier far than As full, as perfect, in vile man that mourns, they : As the rapt seraph that adores and burns; She, from the rending earth and bursting To him no high, no low, no great, no skies,

(all. Saw Gods descend, and fiends infernal He fills, he bounds, connects, and equals

rise : Cease, then, nor Order Imperfection Here fixed the dreadful, there the blest

abodes; Our proper bliss depends on what we Fear made her Devils, and weak Hope blame.

her Gods; Know thy own point: This kind, this due Gods partial, changeful, passionate, un. degree

just, Of blindness, weakness, Heav'n bestows Whose attributes were Rage, Revenge, or on thee

Lust; Submit.-In this, or any other sphere, Such as the souls of cowards might conSecure to be as blest as thou canst bear : ceive, Safe in the hand of one disposing Pow'r, And, formed like tyrants, tyrants would Or in the natal, or the mortal hour.


to pray,

small ;




Zeal, then, not Charity, became the Th' according music of a well-mix'd

guide; And Hell was bailt on spite, and Heav'n Such is the world's great harmony, that on pride.

springs Then sacred seem'd tt' ethereal vault no From order, union, full consent of things: more ;

Where small and great, where weak and Altars grew marble then, and reek'd with mighty, made gore :

To serve, not suffer, strengthen, not Then first the flamen tasted living food; invade : Next his grim idol, smear'd with human More pow'rful each as needful to the blood;

rest, With Heav'n's own thunders shook the And, in proportion as it blesses, blesć : world below,

Draw to one point, and to one centre And play'd the God an engine on his foe. bring So drives Self-love, through just and Beast, Man, or Angel, Servant, Lord, or through unjust,

King. To one Man's pow'r, ambition, lucre, For Forms of Government let fools lust :

contest; The same Self-love, in all, becomes the Whate'er is best administer'd is best :

For Modes of Faith let graceless zealots Of what restrains him, Government and fight, Laws;

His can't be wrong whose lise is in the For what one likes, if others like as well, right; What serves one will, when many wills In Faith and Hope the world will dis. rebel?

agree, How shall he keep, what sleeping or But all Mankind's concern is Charity: awake

All must be false that thwart this one A weaker may surprise, a stronger take !

great end, His safety must his liberty restrain : And all of God, that bless mankind or All join to guard what each desires to mend. gain.

Man, like the gen'rous vine, supported, Forced into virtue thus by self-defence,

lives; Even kings learn'd justice and benevo- The strength he gains is from the embrace lence;

he gives. Self-love forsook the path it first pursu'd, On their own axis as the planets run, And found the private in the public good. Yet make at once their circle round the 'Twas then the studious head or sun; gen'rous mind,

So two consistent motions act the soul, Follow'r of God,' or friend of human. And one regards itself, and one the whole. kind,

Thus God and Nature link'd the Poet or Patriot, rose but to restore

gen'ral frame, The faith and moral Nature gave before ; And bade Self-love and Social be the Relum'd her ancient light, not kindled

new; If not God's image, yet his shadow drew;

ON HAPPINESS. Taught pow'r's due use to people and to kings,

O HAPPINESS ! our being's end and aim! Taught nor to slack nor strain its tender Good, Pleasure, Ease, Content ! whate'er strings,

thy name; The less or greater set so justly true, That something still, which prompts th That touching one must strike the other eternal sigh ; too ;

For which we bear to live, or dare to Till jarring int'rests of themselves create


die ;

kind ;

soil :

Which still so near us, yet beyond us Subsist not in the good of one, but all. lies,

There's not a blessing individuals find, O’erlook'd, seen double by the fool, and But some way leans and hearkens to the

wise, Plant of celestial seed ! if dropp'd below, No Bandit fierce, no Tyrant mad with Say, in what mortal soil thou deign'st to pride, grow ?

No cavern'd Hermit rests self-satisfied : Fair op'ning to some court's propitious Who most to shun or hate Mankind preshine,

tend, Or deep with diamonds in the flaming Seek an admirer, or would fix a friend : mine?

Abstract what others feel, what others Twined with the wreaths Parnassian think, laurels yield,

All pleasures sicken, and all glories sink : Or reaped in iron harvests of the field ? Each has his share; and who would more Where grows ?-where grows it not? If obtain vain our toil,

Shall find the pleasure pays not half the We ought to blame the culture, not the pain.

Order is Heav'n's first law; and this con. Fix'd to no spot is happiness sincere,

fess'd, 'Tis nowhere to be found, or ev'rywhere ; Some are, and must be, greater than the 'Tis never to be bought, but always free, rest; And, fled from monarchs, St. John More rich, more wise : but who infers dwells with thee.

from hence

(sense. Ask of the Learn'd the way, the That such are happier shocks all common Learn'd are blind,

Heav'n to mankind impartial we confess, This bids to serve, and that to shun man. If all are equal in their Happiness : kind :

But mutual wants this Happiness increase; Some place the bliss in action, some in All Nature's diff'rence keeps all Nature's ease,

peace. Those call it Pleasure, and Contentment Condition, circumstance, is not the thing; these :

Bliss is the same in subject or in king.; Some, sunk to beasts, find pleasure end in In who obtain defence, or whc defend ; pain,

In him who is, or him who finds a friend: Some, swell’d to Gods, confess e'en virtue Heav'n breathes through ev'ry member of vain :

the whole Or indolent, to each extreme they fall, One common blessing, as one common To trust in ev'rything, or doubt of all. soul. Who thus define it say they, more or less But Fortune's gifts if each alike possess'd, Than this, that Happiness is Happiness ? And all were equal, must not all contest ? Take Nature's path, and mad Opinion's If then to all men Happiness was meant, leave,

(ceive ; God in externals could not place Content. All states can reach it, and all heads con- Fortune her gifts may variously dispose, Obvious her goods, in no extremes they And these be happy callid, unhappy dwell;

those ; There needs but thinking right, and But Heav'n's just balance equal will ap meaning well ;

pear, And mourn our various portions as we While those are placed in Hope, and please,

these in Fear; Equal is common sense and common ease. Not present good or ill, the joy or curse, Remember, Man, "The Universal Cause But future views of better or of worse. Acts not by partial, but by gen’ral laws;" O, sons of earth, attempt ye still to rise,

makes what Happiness we justly By mountains pil'd on mountains, to the all


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