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Right Rev. John Douglas, D.D. F. R. S. & A. S. political life of Mr. Burke, which he has writing. It relates principally if not er. thus finely improved in his speech to the clusively, to the governments and politiElcctors of Bristol on declining the Poll: cal relations of the several countries

Gentlemen, the melancholy event of through which he passed." Returning yesterday reads to us an awful lesson to England in 1749, he acquired two against being too much troubled about any ecclesiastical benefices on the presentaof the objects of ordinary amlition. The tion of Lord Bath. The “ Biographical worthy gentleman who has been snatch- Memoirs" of the Bishop, (attributed to ed from us at the moment of the elec. his son,) of which we have already tion, and in the middle of the contest, availed ourselves, give the following acwhilst his desires were as warm, and his count of the manner in which he now hopes as eager as ours, has feelingly told executed an office undertaken on the us what shadows we are, and what sha. Candidate declaring himse f " inwardly dows .we pursue.” (Works, 8vo. iii. moved by the Holy Ghost,'' according 433.)


to the fo m of ordination.

“ He only May 18, at Wind or, aged 86, the resided occasionally on his livings, and Right Rev. JOHN DOUGLAS, D.D. at the desire of Lord Bath, took a house F. R. S. and A. S. Bishop of Salisbury in a street contiguousto Bath house, where and Chancellor of the Order of the Gar- he pas-ed the winter-n.onths. In the

summer he generally accompanied Lord Dr. D. was born in 1721, at Pitton- Bath in his excursions to Tunbridge, ween, a sta-port town in the county of Che tenham, Shrewsbury and Bath, and Fife, where his father was a merchant in his visits to the Duke of Cleveland, His Grandfather, while the Church of Lord Lyttleton, Sir H. Bidingheld, Scotland was episcopal, had held the liv- &c." We know not how far Dr. D. when ing of East Lothian, in which he im. he became a Bishop might exact or dismediately succee sed Bishop Burnet of pense with the residence of his Clergy, whom the grandson became the remote but we are persuaded that his celebrated successor in the See of Salisbury. Af- predecessór, the author of " A Discourse ter receiving his grammatical education of the Pastoral Care," would have been át Dunbar, Dr. Ď. at the age of fifteen ill-satisfied with such a performance, not became a Commoner of St. Mary Hall, to say neglect, of clerical duty, where, so Oxford, and 2 years afterwards removed far as respects their proper pastor, to Baliol College. In 1742,“ to acquire “ The hungry sheep look up and a facility of speaking French,” he passed are not fed." We are also of opinion, some time in France and Flanders. On that this merely occasional residence by his return, having been appointed Chap- which the shepherd so seldom appeared lain to a Regiment of Guards, he re- except perhaps at “the shearer's feast," visited the continent in 1745, where he as Milton long ago complained. would was present at the battle of Fontenoy, do more to promote Methodism than “ on which occasion he was employed in cou'd po sibly be counteracted by Dr. D.'s carrying orders from General Campbell to opposition from the press, however acute the English who guarded the village and able. We refer to his “ Apology in which he, and the other generals were for the Clergy" against the Methodists, stationed." We presume that the spiri- &c. followed by an ironical pamphlet tual and pacific functions of our divine on the same subject, entitled “The Dewere now unavoidably suspended as the struction of the French, foretold by Ezemaxim“ silent leges inter arma,” is pecu- chia,” both published in 1755. liarly applicable to the laws of the gos- However unprepared Dr. D. might pel.

have been, at least at this period, to cxMr. Pulteney, afterwards Lord emplify "the character of a good parBath, the persevering, and at length son,” who, according to the poet, successful opponent of Sir R. Walpole, “ durst not trust another with his care," was an early patron of Dr. D. whom he he had not neglected his studious purappointed to accompany his son on his suits amidst tic allurements of fashiontravels. “Of this tour there exists a able life. Already he had entered on a manuscript account in the Bishop's hand career of literature, not unconnected with

Right Rev. Jibn Domglas, D. D. F. R. $. & 4.S, an important branch of theology, in the author hath produced several well-, which he has attained deserved and attested instances, which yet cannot lasting reputation. In 1950, he pub- reasona ly he pretended to be properly lished in a letter to Lord Bach, “ Milton miraculous.” To these instances the vindicated from the charge of plagiarism History of Animal Magnetism would brought against him by Mr. Lauder,'' have since supplied several curious adfollowed in 1756 by a Po tcript. 1a0- ditions. Dr. D. appeurs generally to der, who had been a Schoolmaster in have agreed with Middleton as to the Scotland, commenced in 1747 in he duration of miraculous powers in the Gentleman's Magazine, an attack on the Churchthough he animadverts with some originality of Paradise Lost, charging severity upon the language used by that Milton with plagiarism fom modern writer in discus ing his : ubject, and Latin poets, especially from the “Adamus which has brought into question his beExul," a juvenile work of Grotius. This lief in Revelation. The "Citerion" charge he repeated in his “Essayon Mii- was re-published in 1806 by the author, ton's Imitation of the Moderns” 1750. Dr with scarcely any alterations or addi. Johnson, whose inveteracy to the politics tions.

“ He had many years ago, of a Republican, made him ready enough collected material for a new and enlarged to disparage Milton under any charac. edition, but they had been mislaid or ter, contributed a preface and a posto destroyed by mistake with other manuscript. Dr. D. from his investigation of scripts." the subject, was able completely to de- In 1756, Dr. D. again employed his tect the fraudulent attempt of Lauder, pen to detect imposture in the case of who, to accomplish his base design, Archibald Bower, a Scotch Jesuit, who had interpolated the “ Adamus Exul” had been an officer of the Inqui ition in with several verses copied from a neg- Italy. On his arrival in England, he lected Latin translation of Paradise Lost. publicly abjured the Romish religion. Johnsori, though he retained his malevo. When his * History of the Popes” aplence to Milton, withdrew his support peared in 1750, it was so well received, from Lauder, whom he obliged pub- that the two first volumes soon came to licly to confess the fraud, and who sink- a third edition ; but Dr. D. by three ing into contempt, retired to Barbadoes, pamphlets written in 1756, 7 and 8, the where he died in indigence and obscu- last entitled “ The Complete and final picy.

dere. tion of Bower,'' proved to the in 1954, Dr. D. published in I vol. satisfaction of the public—that the pre8vo. a work occasional by Hume's“ fs- tended convert from popery had in 1744, say on Miracles," and of which the de- been re-admitted among the Jesuits' sign is well explained in the following though he afterwards broke with them copious title: "The Criterion; or, Mis agaill

, and inat his work, professedly. racles examined, with a view to expose wsitten from original papers, was little the pretensions of Pagans and Papists; more than a translation from the Ecto compare the miraculou: powers re: clesiastival History of Tillemont, a' recorded in the New Testament, with spectable French writer, who died in those said to sub ist in latter times, and 1698. to shew the great and matcrial difference After employing his pen during the between them id point of evidence; from intermediate years upon a variety of whence it will appear, that the former pamphlets, chiefly political, he was enmust be true, and the latter may be gaged to draw up the introduction to false." In this work, as Dr. Leland ob- Cook's last voyage, in which he very serves, (D. W. 3d ed. iii. 336,) will be ably marked the prog ess of maritime found "a full proof of the wonderful Discovery and especialy the beneficial force of the imagination, and the mighty effects likely to result from the discoveinfluence that strong impressions made ries of that justly lamented navigator. upon the mund, and vehement passions This appears to have been the auchor's raised there, may have in producing last publication.except a Sermon preached surprising changes on the body, and par. before the Lords in 1789, on that threadticularly in removing discases; of which bare theme, King Charles's Martyrdom,

2 x 2


Dr. D. was not one of those scholars with the literary characters of his time, who have had so much pea on to com- among whom Goldsmith has mentioned plain that they devoted themselves to him in bis humorous “ Retaliation." « un ndowed Philosophy” nor can he be Dr. D.'s acquaintance was not confined cla : ed amon the divines who were left to his own ecclesiastical communion as to “ starve upon a dog-ear'a Pentateu. h.' he shared considerable intimacy with the After enjoying several inferior prefere doctors, Price and Kippis. His attach

ht., in 1787, he was advanced to the ment to literature i, described as so pre Bi hopric of Carslisle on the death of dominant, that "he was never seen by Dr. Law. In 1988, he becanie Dean of any of his family, when not in com Windsor, and in 1791 wa translated to pany with strangers, without having a the see of Salisbury, to which the office book or a pen in his hand. He retained of Chancellor of the Order of the Gar. his faculties to the last, and died in the ter has by custom been constantly an. arms of his son, without a struggle or Dexed. He had been early connected a pang."



his belief in the gospel; but declared he UNITARIANISM IN AMERICA. considered baptism as circumscribed to A Letter received the 23d of April from the Apostolic age, which was no obstathe worthy Mr Vanderkemp, dated cie to his acceptance. He then made a 17th Feb. 1807, enables us to add some pathetic harangue to the assembly to proparticulars concerning the state of Uni- fess Jesus and not to follow his example tarianism in that country, to the informa- in delaying it so long. In the next week tion which we communicated in our Re Mr. Sherman, preaching at Oldenbar. pository for last December, p 668. neveld, four more of the most respecte

Previou ly to the Unitarian Christians able characters joined the Church. " 'You at Oldenbarneveld having organized sce," says Mr. Vanderkemp. our lathemselves into a Church, Mr. Wander- bour is not in vain, and not withstanding kemp gave them lectures from time to the stupid bigotry and intolerant spirit time, and on Sundays were read to them of many of the American Clergy, the the sermons and publications of Clarke, kingdom of our Lord and its unadulte. Lindsey, Priest.ey, Price and Toulmin. race doctrine shall prevail more and more. Mr Sherman, their Minister, is a young Mr. Mappa, a gentleman of fortune and man of great respectability, uncommon influence, leads che van of rational relju talents, and atriable manners. His prin- gious worship. The first Deacon has cipai want yet, is books and learned qua. deserted the cause and endeavoured to lification, but supplied in the former injure it, but in vain. A worthy Cale from the library of Mr. Vanderkenıp, he vinistic Clergyman attacked the articles pr. mises to make son a great profici- of the Church creed, which Mr. Vans ency in the latter. Mr. Vanderkemps derkemp defended so successfully, that daughter gave the fir t examp e of pro- the Clergyman candidly yielded the fesorg public y, by baptism, the religion argument to him. Another exposed them of ":tsus: Mr. Sherman's performance wi h bitter violence: whom, as of ano on that’ik casien was masterly. On the th:t stamp, Mr Vanderkemp, with: next'e'unday he preached at another set- severity, lashed into silence. Mr.Sherman tlement, it is pposed in Holland's Pa- pub ished in 1805, a Treatise on the tent,) five se pecable per ons, men and Unity of God: which a Clergyman of women, made a profession of heir be- Connecticut attacked; to whom Mr. Inef in One God and Je us the Chrit, Vanderkemp replied, in a Tract entitled and were baptised'. An e{derly Magis “ A Wreath for the Rev. Daniel Dow;". trate made at the same tine profession of to which there has been no answer.

• One of them a magistrate, a 'man Besides the Church, there is formed, at respectable in many views.

Oldenburneveld, a Society for promoting

the knowledge of the sacred Scriptores, committee are hereafrer to be appointed, and to bestow premiums on approved Our next yearly meeting is to be at Wick, dissertations: the Church and the So- in the vale of Glamorganshire, ist Wed: ciety both, stand in need of contribu-, nesdav'in June, Brothers David Davies tions; and the smallest donacion, in and Evan Evans, Newcastle, and James books or money, would be gratefully Davies Reedygaia, to preach. Some two received! the expenses of each, fall too to preach at Norage, the preceding .. heavily at pre ent on Mr. Vanderkemp. Evening. They have also instituted a monthly

W. M." collection to form a library.

MISSIONARY SOCIETY. The The annual mee ing of the SOU7H; Thirieenth General Meeting of this SoERN UNITARIAN OCIETY, wil be held at Horsham, Sussex, on 'Weda ciety, was held in London on the 13, ne day, Ju y the 8th, the Rev. Mr. Par. 14 and 15th days of May, 1807. The

religious services commenced on Wed., ker of Lewes will preach the Sermon to the Society, in the Morning, in Mr. Sada nesday

, morning, May 13th at Surry

Chapel. Mr. Newton, of Wiham, Es ler's Meering-tlouse of that Place ; there will also be service in the Evena sex, preached the Sermon, from Ps. 72,

17: « All nations shall call him blessed." ing Account of the ASSO IATION of the nations destitute of the knowledge

“'from which he pointed out the state of WELSH GENERAL BAPTISTS, from of the Missiah-the genuine effects of one of the Ministers. « May 19, at three o'clock in the the universal prevalence of it hereafter--

that knowledge, where it is obtained Evening, we met at Newca tle Em.in. and the duties incumbent on us who are W. Morris began the service by giving favoured with it." The Scrmon in the out a hymn and praying: Brother Mor Evening of the same day, was preached ses Williams of Llandyfane, preached from John, iii. chap. 16 verse. Brother immense auditory, by Mr. Jack, of,

at the Tabernacle, Moorfields, to an Thomas Jenkins, of Swansea, from Manchester, from Isa. xxvii. 6. • He Isaiah, lv.chap. 7 verse, who also con- shall cause them that come of Jacob to cluded the service. May 20. We met take root; Israel shall b'assom and bud, at Cardigan at ten o'clock in the morne and fill the face of the earth with fruit." ing. Bother john Simon of Cwmdie “ From hence a view was taken of the began the service. Brother Thomas future pro perity of the Church, in ice Jenkins, of Swansea, preached from Luke, number. vigour, beauty, fruitfulness, joy, xiii. chap. 31 verse. the Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, stability

and extent, as the effect of diving

influence." - Tottenhain-Court Chapel ii. chap. and latter clause of the 16 verse Brother Moses Williams, from the time of service. The Sernion was

was filled on Thursday Evening, before. Deuteronomy, xxxii. chap: 3 verse. Brother James Davies,

Řhdeedygaia, from Ps. cii. 13.
preached by Mr. Griffin, of Portsca,

“ Thou shalt: arise, concluded the service. We met again and have mercy on Zion;, for the time abour three o'clock in the afternoon, and read the letters from the Churches. All to favour her, yea, the sct time is come."

“ In this discourse, the preacher consider, of them are at peace among themselves, ed the signs of the time favourable to's and most of them had some members the cause of Missions, vize the present ; added last year. The whole increase

state of Society in Europe and America last year is 108. We re.oved upon a ---the analogy between the events of plan, which in my opinion is likely to the last

30 years, and the present affairs be of great utility for spreading the of Europe--the relative situation of cause iti some future time; that is, that Britain, and the aspect of prophecy every member in our societies, who is

on the success of mis.iopary efforts able shall be desired to give a periny. or on Friday morning, a great. congregamore, according to his or her ability, tion, as usual, assenibled in St. Saviour's either wezkly er monthy, toward, mak- Church, where the discourse was delio ing a fand to support itinerant preaching, ve:ed by Dr. Draper, of London, from and other exigences. The trea ver and Matt. xxviii. 18--20; the apostolis






162 13



commission. “ In this scripture, the wasted on South Sea schemes; though preacher directed the attention of the it is too much to expect that such a Society to the command of Christ, to mighty machine should be always didisseminate his gospel among all nations rected by adequate wisdom. -his instructions as to the inancer of doing it and the promise of his pre

Mr. BRANSBY, of Dudley, is presence as the ground of encouragement paring for the press --to be published by to Christian Misionaries." On the subcription, in 2 volumes, 12010. price Evening of the same day, such mem- 9 shillings; Sermons for the use of labers and friends to the Society as milies. His design is to suply Unitawere “ stated commuuicants of some rian Chii-tians, with some plain, imEvangeliíal Society," to the number pressive discourses, which, while they of 2000, received the sacrament are calculated to assist in forming and gether, at Sion Chapel. Dr. Hawes strengthenin; a spirit of enlightened presided on this occasion. Above 40 piety and active virtue, are also unministers were engaged in the service exceptionable in point of religious Great order and decorun were pre- doctrine. He intends to select and served. Collections were made at the reprint, with the permission of the several places of Worship, as under- respective proprietors of the copy-right, Surry Chapel

[255 16 8 the Sermons, which he conceives to The Tabernacle.

148 18

be best suited to his purpose ancongst Tottenham-Court Chapel . 149 5 o those already published, especially such, St. Saviour's Church . 153

as are least known, inserting at the same Sion Chapel

time several original discourses, which

somere pectable dissenting ministers have Total

E69 17 10 engaged to furnih. Tru ting that the

work, should it prove acceptable, will In connection with the collections, it comribute, under the divine blesing, 10 is stated in the official account of the an- extend the influence of the pure and niversary, " that a short time since, a simple docirine of the gospel, as it pious lady presented to the Society may render Christian worship and ina beautiful diamond ring, of consider struction in families more practicable *able value, desiring that it might be and interesting, Mr. Bransby pledges sold, and the produce applied to the ob- him.ef to spare no pains in the cxejects of the Society, especially to the cution of his plan. support of their mission to the Jews.” lcisi: tended to publish, in a short time,

No particular Intelli ence is said to AN ENCYCLOPÆDIA OF MANU. have transpired at the meeting con- FACTURI.S. The work will comprize cerning the objects of the ni: ion, nor accounts of every principal manufacture as far as yet appears, is any new mie obtained froni the manufacturers then. sionary plan adepted. The Report of selves. Every raw material arill be traced the Directors and the Sermons are to from its growth, until it be delisered into be published. li is reported by some the hands of the work-man, and the vathat have been in the habit of at- rious modes in which it is worked tending the Misionary meetings, that up will be expiained. Actual inthis was less interesting and less ex- provements will be siated, possible cited the passions, than any preceding ones suggested. An account will be one, though not less numerously at- given in what places of the United tended; whether it be that the origi- Kingdom metals, and other useful mi. nal Otaheitau schame has nearly, if nerals have been discovered; which not competely, füled--that the pro- of these are worked, and which yct jects of the Society are no linger no- lie untouched by man.

The foreign velor that the preachers were less articles of importation for manufacture's ahle and populus, than those that went will be elucidated, and tables of cu. before than

tonis, &c. given. The staple comThe establishment and preservation modity of every town and district will of such a vast Society, is a great and be pointed out, together with the generous effort of Chritian zeal. We names of the principal manufacturers. shall rejoice if its rund, are not again lhe undertaking may probably be coin

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