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found himself wholly incapable of fulfilo spicuous rather than lowery; and his ling any longer the duties of his station. style rather argumentative than sentiIn his walk he was so feeble as to re- mental. Upon thorough conviction in quire a staff in each hand to support his own mind, he was a Dissenter and a him, his voice was extremely debilitat. Trinitarian; yet, from an intrinsic libeed, and his hearing was imperfect; and rality of heart, and from always allowing with much grief of heart he announced to others the same claim to private judge to his congregation his necessity of re. ment which he exercised for himself, he linquishing his pastoral office among succeeded in living on terms of the close them, and provided them with an able est friendship with several clergymen of and worthy successor. It was his inten- the established and Roman Catholic tion to have taken a formal leave of churches, as well as of a variety of other them, and of his ministerial functions, communities. With him, the Christian from the pulpit, by a farewel sermon he religion was a system of love and har: had prepared for the occasion ; but the mony; and be hence always preferred sensibility of his heart was well known; adverting to those points op which all and his congregation, conceiving such an Christians agreed, to points on which effort would have been fatal to him, dis- they differed. On this account, he con. suaded him from the attempt; and his stantly endeavoured, in all less impor. sermon, instead of being preached, was tant matters, to assimilate as nearly as only circulated among them. He retired possible his own mode of conducting to Charmouth very soon afterwards, public worship to that of the Church of where he sedulously dedicated the re- England. He uniformly wore a gown, mainder of his days to the private exer- commenced the service in the desk, and cises of devotion. His increased deaf- strongly inculcated by precept, as well as Dess, and difficulty of walking, rendered example, that very decent and reverenhim incapable of attending on the public tial act of addressing a short prayer to services, or ordinances of the church. the Supreme Being on entering into the By way of amusement, he composed, oc- pew. "By this happy system of conciliacasionally, at this period, several little tion, he never failed in producing harpieces of sacred or nioral poetry, having mony and marked esteem among Chrisalways possessed a turn for poetic com- tians of all parties in the different towns position; many of these have a conside, in which he resided, althongh, in more rable portion of merit, and the world than one instance, he found them in his may yet, perhaps, be savoured with them first entrance among them divided by in some form or other. At this period, the bitterest animosities. For the same St. Austin's Meditations appear to have reason, he was always adverse to the been siodied by him with a particular custom of itinerary preaching, or licendegree of pleasure, and some of the poe- sing private or other houses for the purtry with which they are interspersed, he pose of diffusing different religious opitook much delight in rendering into nions, which has of late years been beEnglish verse, and accomplished with coming so common. He was ready to SUCCESS. Towards the close of the last admit that some benefit might result year, he was again attacked with violent from it; but in the party spirit, divisions spasmodic affections, that extended by and jealousies it introduced, he was con, degrees from the chest over the whole vinced that the benefit was by no means region of the abdomen; and his feeble equal to the mischief. He was also one frame being incapable of resisting so se- of the very few Dissenters who disapvere an assault, he died on January 1, proved of the late petitions to parliament 1807, in the seventieth year of his age. for a repeal of the Test Act. By the He was twice married; having a year or excellence of the constitutional code, and two after the death of the niecc of the the liberality of the present times, he Rev. John Mason, who died in child. conceived that Protestant Dissenters birth about the year 1766, re-married to were already in possession of all the liMiss Baker, daughter of Mr. J. Baker, berty that is necessary to their acquisiof Cannon-street, London, who now sura tion of wealth or honours, and especially vives him.

to that of their eternal well-being ; and In his person, he was rather below the he was fearful that if this grand partycommon stature; but in his manner, and wall were once broken down, Disienters especially in the pulpit, dignified and would, by degrees, become so much in. commanding. His discourses were well terwoven and amalgamated with the studied and arico

'nse per- established church, as that the very of der itself would soon be extinguished in Catho'ic church, and the most popular checommunity. The friends with whom preacher of his day; and the Rev. Dr. he appears to have lived on terms of the Toulmin, who has lately removed from closest intimacy, beyond those of his own Taunton to Birmingham. In his literary personal connexions, were the late Rev. acquisitions, he was well acquainted with Dr. Wren, of Portsmouth, ju tly cele- the French and the Hebrew languages brated for his benevolent attention to the which last he always read with the wants of the American prisoners during points, and deeply and critically skilled the colonial war; the Rev. Mr. Renaud, in the Latin and Greek tongues. His rector of Havant, a most worthy and ex- printed productions never amounted to emplary clergyman, with whom during more than a few single sermons, preachthe whole period of his residing at Hac ed on particular occasions. The vanity vant, he lived on the footing of a bro- or ambition of becoming an author, hay ther, rather than of any other character; ing always yielded to the desire of being the Rev. Dr. Hussey, a highly celebrat- useful in a more retired, but, perhaps, ed member and ornament of the Roman more important capacity.

RELIGIOUS, LITERARY, AND POLITICO

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

the Improved Version; and that the Sub. UNITARIAN SOCIETY.—The Se- criber be requested to pay the money at cond Report of the Committee of the the time of subscription, that the Society Unitarian Society, appoin:ed to consider may be able to treat with the persons of the best means of obtaining and pub- whom they may employ upon the best Lishing an Improved Version of the New ternis; and that as soon as a sum fixed Testament :

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RELIGIOUS.

by the Society shall be paid into the “ This Committee have the satisfac- Treasurer's hands, the work shall be tion to report, that as far as their in- ininiediately sent to the press. Your quiries and their means of information Committee further recommend, that a Have extended, the plan which the Uni- number, not less than five thousand tarian Society have proposed of publisi:- cupies of the Improved Version, should ing an Inproved Translation of the be printed: four thousand upon a roya) New Testament, meets with universal duodecino, and one thousand of an approbation : and the method which octavo size.-The expense of the under. the Society have recommended, of tak- taking, to the best of their judgment, ing the late Archbishop Newcome's ex- will amount to a sum not less than cellent Version as the basis of their own, seven hundred pounds. As the dewith no other variations than such as mand for the New Testament, and the may appear to be necessary, has been charges attending it, will probably be very generally approved, as being most more than for all the other books of the piacticable, and at the same time the Society taken together, your Committee lease liable to cavil and objection.-The beg leave to recommend that a separate Committee acknowledge with gratitude, fund and a separate account be kept for that they have received many valuable the purpose of publishing and distributcommunications and hints from persons ing the improved Version. --- And they of great learning and judgment, who also recommend, that, in the first in. are desirou of promoting the object of stanice, one hundred pounds of the funds the undertaking, and they trust that they of the Unitarian Society for the current shall be furnished with further commu- year be appropriated to this purpose, in nications of a similar kind, from the preference to all other claims, after the cane, or other quarters in the progress just debts and the necessary expenses of the work.---Havirg thus digested the of the Society are discharged. They plan upon which the work is to proceed, further reconimend, that means should the Committee are solicitous thai it may be inimediately adopted forcirculating the he carried into effect without delay. Society's Proposals, and that as soon as To thisend they leg leave to recommend, three hundred pounds shall have been that a Sub-c iption he forth with set on paid into their Treasurer's hands, the foot, to raise the sun which may be ne. work shall be sent to the press. And

sars for printing a large Ldition of she Conimittee likewise recommend

IN

that every Subscriber of One Guinea the same in order that the work may be shall be entitled to Five Copies of the immediately sent to the press. New Testament in extra boards, and

J. JOYCE, SECRETARI. so on in proportion, according to the Jan. 1, 1807 amoont of each person's subscription : and that the price of the octavoedition to PROGRESS OF RELIGIOUS IN subscribers be Six Shillings and Sixpence QUIRY AMERICA.--We are each copy.-The Committee also re- happy to lay before our readers an accommend, that all the following Gen- count of the establishment of a Book Sotlemen, members of this Society, be ciety in the Western part of the State of carnestly solicited to receive subscrip- New York, America, extracted from tions, and to transmit the same to Even- an American newspaper, and transmit, £218 JOHNSTON,Esq.No.7,Bishopsgate- ted to us by the Rev. Jeremiah Joycea street, Treasurer; or to the Rev.J.Jovce, of the Unitarians in these parts, and of 13, Gloucester Place, Camden Town, the Rev. John Sherman, their minister, en or before the annual meeting in April some information has been already given Dext, viz.

in the Monthly Repository, Vol. L. Mr. W. Alexander, Woodbridge. pp. 385.441. and 668. The Unitariaa Rev. R. Aspland, Hackney. Rev. T. Book Society, London, have voted Belsham, Hackney. Mr. John Com- books, of the value of ten pounds, to min, Tavistock. Rev. Joha Corrie, the infant society in America. Their Birmingham. Rev. Mr. Dewhurst, example will, we truse, be followed by Hackney. Rev. Mr. Drummond, Ips- the other Unitarian Book Societies, and wich. Rev. J. P. Estlin, Bristol. Mr. by liberal individuals. Subscriptions Thomas Foster, Bromley Hall, Rev. and books will be gladly taken in, and Ed Harries, Hanwond, Salop. J. Hone, forwarded to America by the Editor. Esq. Dublin.

Rev. T. Houlbrooke, “ COMMUNICATION.--At a meeting Liverpool. Rev. N. T. lleinekin, on Sept. 20, 1806, of the Society for Brentford. Rev. Mr. Higginson, promoting the knowledge of the Sacred Stockport. Rev. Mr. Holden, Ten- Scriptures, and the practice of the Gogo terden. Rev. T. Jervis, Gray's-Inn pel Doctrine '-Resolved to make the Square. Rev. J. Joyce, Gloucester following publication : Place, Camden Town. Ebenezer John- “ The members of the “Society for ston, Esq. Stoke Newington. Rev. Mr. promoting the knowledge of the Sacred Johns, Manchester. Rev. John Ken. Scriptures, and the practice of the Gostish, Birmingham.. John Kirkpatrick. pel Doctrine,' informed by extracts, Esq. Fair Lee, Isle of Wight. Rev. lately published from the ninutes of the Theoph. Lindsey, Essex Street, Strand. • General Synod of the Reformed Dutch Mr. R. Miller, Dundee. Rev. T. Mor. Churches' in this state, of the laudable gan, Redcross Street. Mr. Nash, Royo endeavours of that liigh Reverend Body,

Rev. S. Parker, Lewes. Rev. to promote the interest of the RedeemT. Pine, Maidstone. Mr. R. Rees, Pater, er's kinodon, think it becoming their Doster Row. Rev. J. Rowe, Bri-tol. character and Christian profession, to Rev. J. Simpson, Bath. Rev. R. Scott, co-operate with these endcavours, acPortsmouth. Rev. W. Thomas, Chester. cording to their ability, and in view of Rev. Dr. Toulmin, Birmingham. Rev. the situation aloited them by Divine W.Turner, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Rev. Providence. The limited circumstances J. Taylor, Nottingham. Mr. John Tay- of the people of these Western parts do lor, Norwich. Rev. Charles Wellbe- not cnable them, at pres. nt, to afford loved, York. Rev. John Yates, Liver. pecuniary aid to their more wealthy pool. Rev. Mr. Youatt, Chichester. brethren in the mercantile citie:', for the

At a GENERAL MEETING, January particular purpose specified in the printed 8, 1897, the above Report being unani- cxtracts of the General Synod. On the mously agreed to, it was ordered to be contrary, from the known generosity printed, and copies of the same to be sent and affluence of our brethren, we might to every Subscriber to the Unitarian hope for pecuniary a sistance from them, Society. The Secretary was also or- were they duly apprized of the various dered to write to all the above-named and increasing enemies of our Lord by Gentlemen, entreating their aid in re- whom we are surrounded. Notwithceiving Subscriptions, and transmitting standing the eminent blessings of a spia

ston,

ritual nature enjoyed at the hand of a Greek literature, Jewish antiquities and merciful Propidence, our situation is Ecclesiastical History, is requisite to rendered truly' disagrecahle by a grow- qualify a Minister of the Gospel to ing fanaticism and enthusiasm which silence the cavils, and successfully to degrade the pure and excellent faith of refute the objections of ancient and mo our divine Master, and by a demoralizing dern infidels against the Jewish and infidelity, which, while it successfully tri- Christian revelations?" umphs against the absurd inventions of “ The Society for promoting Knowpren sacrilegiously atrached to the re- ledge, &c.' appeal to the hearts of their ligion of Jesus of Nazareth, proudly Christian brethren of all denominations, boasts of victory over Christianity here to co-operate with them in the importself. Having deliberated on the radi- ant cause. Each member of the society cal causes of the prevailing evil, and pays two dollars at his admission, and candidly discussed the subject among one dollar annually so long as he contiourselves, we are apprehensive that a nues to be a member. Donations in shameful ignorance, on the one hand, money, for the general purposes of the and a disposition for licentiousness on the Society, or in useful books and tracts, other, combine to give it birth, and that particularly Bibles, to be distributed its only remedy lies in the diffusion of among the poorer classes, will be thankreligious knowledge, and in a more ex. fully received. The money to be transemplary deportment among the profess- mitted to Col. A. G. Mappa, Treasurer, ed friends of the Christian cause. Aware, and the books (free of expense) to the however, of the difficulty of comprising Rev. John Sherman, Minister of the in a single view the various causes, die Reformed Christian Church, both residrect and remote, which contribute to ing in Trenton, county of Oneida, and the sad phenomenon ; at the same time state of New York. A statement of the sensible that the true causes must be ap- concerns of the Society shall annually be parent before our exertions to remove it made at their general meeting. can be directed in such a manner as to furnish a well-grounded hope of success,

Signed by order of the Society, the Society propose to their enlightened

JOHN SHERMAN, Scc.” Christian brethren the following ques. tions ; upon which the answers are ex. “ HORRID SECT”- From the pected before the first day of December, Evangelical Magazine )—Extract of a 1807, in a fair legible hand, copied by letter from a very respectable gentleman another, with a Symbolum, as usual, the in Germany, dated August 15, 1806. author's name written in a separate in some parts of Suabia a horrid sect sealed, paper, superscribed with the has lately arisen, of which I have resymbolum of his dissertation, and for- ceived the following description from warded with the dissertation, free of different quarters : The men wear white postage, to the Rev. John Sherman, cockades; the women distinguish them Secretary of the Society

selves by something wory in the bosom. “ 1. What are the principal causes of They deny Christ and the Holy Trinity the increasing fanaticism, enthusiasm, in a blasphemous manner, and declare and infidelity within the limits of the the Emperor Napoleon to be the only Middle and Eastern States 1-2. What true God; they renounce marriage, are the most potent remedies for these church, and sacraments; call every one moral discases ?-3. In what manner Tbow; and will not submit to magis may these remedies be the most success- trates. I don't know how numerous fully applied ?

these mad people are; but that they • The crowned dissertation upon are dispersed throughout a considerable these questions shall be published, and district, and maintain such principles, is the author shall receive a premium of fifty certain.A subsequent letter from dollars. The second shall be noticed another respectable gentleman in Stut. with an accesset. Members of the So- gard, confirms the above account in all ciety, who write upon the subject, shall material points ; it only adds, that some sign their dissertations with their pro. of the poor deluded fanatics call Buonaper names, without being candidates for parte Jesus Jebovals ; and also mentions, the prize.

that some of the most obstinate of this "'The Society also propose the fol- sect have been seized by order of the lowing questions for 1808 Whar de. King of Wirtemberg, on account of gree of knowledge in Oriçatal and their riotous and rebellious conduct, and

LITERARY

are not confined in one of the public have raised him to a deservedly high prisons, where the author of the last rank in the commonwealth of learning. letter was introduced to them, in order, The attainments which he had made in if possible, to bring them to their righe Eastern literature had eminently qualiseise; ; but he found that they were de- fied him for both the arduous undertakplorably ignorant, obstinately' persisting ings which he had planned; for one of in their awful de!usion."

which, the more perfect and complete collation of all the known manuscripts of the New Testament, he had made,

as an individual, unprecedented collecLITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL tions. But it was not as a mere man of SOCIETY

learning that his death is to be lamented

by us. As a Literary Association, we NEWCASTLE-UPON-7YNE. have sustained a severe loss of great verWe have received from a correspon- satility of talents and variety of knowdent the annual Reports of this Society, ledge; enlivened by a brilliant vivacity from the latest of which it appears that of conversation, which rendered his soit is in an unusually flourishing state. ciety so eagerly sought by the few it was established in 1993. The early whose acquaintance in this place his views of its projectors were limited to health would allow him to cultivate ; meetings for literary discussion. in but which, in more favourable circuma. 1994, however, it was resolved to esta- stances, would have qualified him to act blish a general library, and this measure an eminently useful part, not only as greatly increased the number of the connected with this Institution, but as a meinbers. The library now contains a

member of society at large." ve number of volumes, some of then, The following extract from the 13th we observe, extremely valuable: In and last Report will give the reader 1862, a New Institution, for Philoso- some idea of the nature and present phical Lectures, grew out of the former state of the Society:institution, and is connected with it. “ The Papers this year have not been The Rev. W. Turner is the lecturer. numerous, but some have been of conWe have seen some of the syllabuses of siderable importance. In April, Mr. bis lectures, which give us a high idea, Clennell read an. Essay on thc Expedi. both of him as a philosophical lecturer, ency of disclosing the Processes of Maand of the growing state of science in nufactures,' a subject which was after. Newcastle. A Report of the state of wards discussed at one or two meetings. the Society at large is published every In May, an Essay was read, “On the Na year, in which, after the manner of the ture of Style, and

the Causes of its DiverFrench Academy, the deaths of eminent sity,' by Mr. W.Turner, jun. In August, and active members are noticed, and Mr. G. Gray gave an Account of some their hoge briefly pronounced. We Experiments on the Root of the Crocus copy from the 12th Report the follow- Vernus, as a Substitute for Wheat Flour, ing beautiful character (we suppose, with specimens of bread, &c. In Sep from the able pen of the Secretary) of tember, Mr. Turner read a "Sketch of Professor CARLYLE:

the History of the Society, from its First “ Among the deceased members of Establishment to the End of its Twelfth the past year, the Society has particu- Year, which was ordeaed to be printed larly to regret the loss of the Rev. Jo- as an Introduction to the New Catalogue seph Dacre Carlyle, B.D. lare Vicar of of the Society's Books, Philosophical this town, and Professor of Arabic in Apparatus, and other property. At the the University of Cambridge ; of whose November meeting was read . Dr. Fenmerit as a polite and elegant scholar the wick's Memoir of the Life, Character, world has already had ample proof, in and Professional Merit of the late Dr. • Select Specimens of Arabic Poetry," Clark ;' and also Dr. Ramsay's shorter and expects, with confidence, a power- Summary of Dr. Clark's Character, ful additional testimony, in those Poe- both as a Man and a Physician. In tical Effusions, inspired by the interest December, Mr. Turner read an Outing scenery of the Troad, which will line of the Lectures on Optics and As. shortly be laid before the public. But tronomy proposed be delivered in the his meditated services to the cause of Early Part of 1806, in the New InstituScience and Religion would, doubtless, tion established under the Patronage of

VOL. 11.

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