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tual. Judgments and statutes in they follow the impulse of nature, various passages, of the Psalms, and as crucl only when they stille particularly. cxix, 7, 36, mean its voice, that this author himthe moral law.
self, speaking of the barbarity The principles which our author which the sons of Jacob shewed espouses, lead him not unfrequent- towards their brother, exclaims, ly to allude to the doctrine of the “ Surely in their bosom nothing depravity of human nature, by human was left undestroyed;" and which they who are reputed or- again, in p. 257, referring to the thodox, mean, that we are by chiet' butler of king Pharoah, he nature averse to all that is good, says, “ Nature was not dead withand prone to every thing evil in him, and humanity pleaded for and wicked. And yet, what. one so young, so kind, and so in ever a man's system may bs, so jured as Joseph.” Surely then difficult it is to conceive of man. poor human nature is not quite so kind as otherwise than compas- vile as we sometimes hear it sionate and tender-learted, when represented. Art. II.-Hore Ecclesiasticæ. Practical Essays, in a
Series of Reflections, on Documents of the Uniied Church, By the Rev. James Harriman Hutton. Vol. 1, 12mo. pp. 194. Rivingtons.
“ These Essays lay no claim to Mr. Hutton adduces " the ta. novelty of invention, nor are they lents of Divines and Divines' marked by the labours of dispute. friends," as a recommendation at There is something noble and least of revealed religion. “They commanding in truth: she needs have proved themselves not inade. but little the aid of argument, and quate to their work. They have looks as if she ought to be be- yielded neither to physicians in lieved. I deem it no inglorious sagacity, nor to lawyers in reoccupation to have selected fair search. They have always been and venerable forms of truth.” legitimate scholars of the best Pref. p. 6.
habits and education; occasional. This rant is continued through- ly, they have been arbiters of taste out the whole volume, which con- and rotaries of general science." tains Essays, as they are called, “ Hebrew and Greek scholars. on the Articles of the Church of Chemists and Mineralogists. AsEngland, the diving Attributes and tronomers and natural PhilosoRevelation. A rny of good sense, phers. • Live in numbers and in however, now and then breaks song,' excel in painting, in music, through the author's inanity and and in mathematics, are of the ubscurity, and the tenor of his first value to their country as reflections, as far as we under- heads of colleges and schools ; have stand them, is temperate, though acquired an insight into nautical orthodox. He is never dull for many affairs and the Mores Hominuin, pages together, for when he is unin. trom their nationally important telligible, he is happily ridiculous. services as chaplains." pp. 139, 140, VOL. II.
Another notable argument in the profanum vulgus, was somewhat favour of revelation is,
different. In that he is represente “ That its principles are che- ed as having been for some days rished also in the system of the previous to his decease in a state law. This appears by the respect of insensibility, from which he was shewn to these principles in our with difficulty roused at intervals. Inos of Court, and their intimate It further describes the dignitary connexion with the practice of the who attended him as offering upJaw itself. From the sovereignty on the approach of death to ad. to the lowest office, all is built minister to him the all-atoning upon religion."
sacrament. The answer ascribed Bravo! Fiction, chicanery and to the dying statesmen is memor. perjury, are evidences of the able :-ic P
-n you know as truth, attestations to the excel. well as I do that in my situation lence of religion,
that ceremony would be of no But the best arguments are to avail.” We have no high authocome. They are, reader, " the rities to vouch for our statement, memory of the Christian Judge, but we think it contains more in. Lord Kenyon,” and “the last ternal probability than Mr. Hut. moments of Mr. Pitt himself,” 'ton's, which we now lay before the which, says the author, "present reader. us with all the resiguation and dig. 66 Mr. Pitt died in Jan. 1806, nity of a true believer, and are having been attended at his death with us instead of many argu- by his venerable friend who had ments !!" What if Kenyon were also been his tutor, the Bishop of covetous, profane and brutal, and Lincoln. He heard with fortia Pitt were an habitual drunkard tude of the approaching crisis, and a duellist, they promoted and and expressed, in the strongest flattered Churchmen; and the terms, his sense of the truths of Church, we know, has power to revealed religion-of his own un. forgive sins and is the keeper of worthiness--and of his reliance. the keys of heaven. Lords How- on the merits of Christ. He de. ick and Erskine will never be cited clared that he died in peace with after their decease, unless they all mankind. This great man's should come into power again hates were all public ones. He hefore they dic, as witnesses to had no personal animosity. I am the reality of vital religion ! able to assure the reader, from
In a note, the author gives on authority, af the truth of this authority," "an account of Mr. note,” p. 139. Pitt's last inoments. We shall'ex- A numerous list of subscribers tract it, stating only beforehand, prefixed to this volume, shews that that the picture of the late prime the author has been very assiduous minister's death-bed which was cir- in courting patronage, or that he culated among the distant crowd, is highly deserving of it. ART. III.-A Brief Account of the Proceedings of the
Committee, appointed by the yearly meeting of Friends, held in Baltimore, for promoting the Improvement and Civilization of the Indian natives. 8vo. Pp. 47. Phillips and Fardon. 1806.
Art. IV.- Brief Account of the Proceedings of the Com
mittee, appointed in the year 1795, by the yearly meeting of Friends, of Pennsylvunia, New Jersey, &c. for promoting the Improvement and Gradual Civilization of the Indian natives. 8vo. pp. 48. Phillips and Fardon. 1806.
These pamphlets contain ac- makes no provision for, the apcounts of two missions of civi. proach of winter, be expected to lization, undertaken by the Qua- live under the habitual influence kers of America among their of the hope of a future life? Indian neighbours: the first in- Experience may however super. stances on record of a religious sede argument ; for there is no body attempting to civilize, example in the history of the without any immediate design of world, of any considerable num. converting, the Heathen. The ber of barbarians, really sach, success of the attempt, contrasted becoming permanent Christians, with the failure of the Otaheitan without passing through the inand other missions, confirms us termediate stage of civilization. in the opinion, we have always Those who are so denominated entertained, that a considerable in the New Testament, were not degree of civilization, and of barbarous in our acceptation of social and mental improvement, the term, that is, uncivilized, is absolutely necessary to the re. wild and savage, but merely Reption of Christianity. The gos. foreigners to the Greeks and pel is superior to Pagan supersti. Romans, in whose haughty modes tions, in the first place, only so far of speech a person of an unknown as it is more reasonable, or in or distant nation was designated other words as contains more as a barbarian, a stranger as an truth; and in the second place, enemy.—The negro listens to an inasmuch only as it supplies more European missionary with defer. powerful motives to virtue. But ence and respect, and is in some the mind of a savage is not suffi- measure obedient to him, because ciently opened to distinguish he is an European ; but let him truth from error, or to perceive withdraw and leave the negro to the beauty of the one and the himself, and the supposed convert deformity of the other; nor his will relapse into an idolater. The heart suficiently softened to feel Sonth-sea-islander receives the the force of purely spiritual mo. Christian propagandist with cour. tives. How can he sin in whose tesy and attention, because he mind associated scarcely associates with the person of more ideas than are found in that the missionary the idea of riches; of a child of two years old, but let him once perceive that his upon righteousness, instructor
has exhausted his temperance and judgment to wealth, and has no more tools come?"
How can he who in or trinkets, iron or glass, and it the summer is unmindful of, and is well if he permits him to dwell
in safety. When one of the 'mis. Americans; and much more by sionaries in Oaheite reproached the thirst which they have caught a native for not coming to hear from these new.comers for spithe word of God so regularly as rituous liquors, the immoderate at a former period, the islander ase of which was described by reminded him that, though he still one of themselves to their Qua. ofered lum plunty of the word, ker visitors, as being more des. he gave him no more haichets. tructive than the gun or the toma.
The American Quakers have hawk. Another cause perhaps proved, however, that if it be of the reduction of their n'imbers next to impossible to make bar. is their custom of devolving all barians Christians, it is compa. laborious employment upon their ratively easy to render them so. women, who of course are the cial and civilized. The success more oppressed with labour as of the efforts recorded in these they become fewer, and as sub. tracts, though not extraordinary, sistence becomes more difficult; is satisfactory and encouraging and who from this cause are less The greatest difficulty will be ex. prolific, and less desirous of perienced in the outset of such children and less attentive to them. philanthropic missions. If one So deeply rooted is this custoin tribe or even family of wander. that Indian men, respectable from ing Indians be induced to settle age or rank, are ashanied to be and to practise agriculture and seen at work by the women, the arts, other families and tribes, who, in their turn, do not fail to seeing their prosperity and com- ridicule such of them as are so fort, will follow their example; feminine as to apply to hard and an Indian missionary, whe- labour. ther of civilization or religion, will
The Indians have been hibe most likely to convert In. therto kept down in point of civi. dians. The Friends of Baltimore lization by the persuasion, which avow their expectation, which has not been discouraged by the we think extremely reasonable, white people who have chiefly that when their rude neighbours traded with them, that they are have been formed into civilized an inferior race of beings. But society it will not be difficult to whilst they look up with a kind of incorporate them into the Chris. awe to the civilized intruders on tian church.
their lands, they are not insensible The North American Indians to their vices. Their pre-possession appear from these accounts to in favour of Quakers, as being be greatly reduced in number, an exception, in point of moral. The scanty territory which is ity, from their brethren, is well left them in the back settlements known. One of their chiefs is insufficient to supply subsistence asked the committee of Friends, to nations of hunters, and po. with a degree of anxiety, and pulation always bears a direct with prefatory apologies which ratio to the means of life. They bespoke the sentiments of his have been much thinned also lvy heart very forcibly, “ Whether the novel and fatal diseases intro- Quakers kept slaves !" duced among them by the Anglo- The pleasure which the Indians aperience on first feeling the they find a pearl of great price. practical benefit of their industry An ingenious Indian, after having is so great, as to remind us al. a grist of wheat, of his own most of the joy of the first con- raising, ground and bolted, said verts to Christianity. In the with animation, “I think this will knowledge of the arts of life, make the Indians see day light!”
OBITUARY. Mr. George Paton.—Matthezu Guthrie, M. D. F. R.S.S.- M. Blin de St. More. Rev. Lewis James.-Mrs Peppen-William Roberts, Esq.--A1r. Clark.
Mr. Kirk.--. Mrs. Prebe Tyley. May, at Edinburgh, aged 86 Mr. spectable classical attainments. He was GEORGE PATON, a Clerk in the of an athletic form, and had accustomCustom House. He had acquired a ed him eis to take food only once a day, valuable library, particularly on sub- at the hour of dinner. His wife died jects connected with the antiquities. four days before him. history and topography of Nor h Bii- Sept. 25, at Northampton, aged 70, tain. Mr. Gough the Edito the after a few days illness, Mr. CLARK, new editions of the British Topogra- di tributor of stamps for that county. phy, and of Camden's Britannia, has He was the last surviving son of Dr. very handsomely acknowledged himself Samuel Clark, dissenting Minister of indebted to Mr. P. fur nich useful in. St. A bans, who died in 1750, and had formation. He had a brother who was been the intimate friend of Doddridge. minister of Eckfechan, and died lately Mr. C.'s place is said to be worth from possessed also of a valuable library. 800 to 10ool. per annum, and that the
Aug. 7, at St. Petersburgh, MAT- business might be done for 100l. His THEW GUTHRIE, M. D. F. R. S.S. death therefore affords a very fair oppo;Lond. and Edin. Physician to the im- tunity for economy in this department. perial corps of Noble Cadets in that Sept. aged 88, Mr. KIRK, watch encity, and counsellor of state. He was graver, better known by the name of a native of Scotland, and went early in “Water Kirk.” He never experilife into the medical service of Russia. enced any serious illness till within
Sept. at Paris, sudden.y, while enter- a few hours of his death; and from a ing his cabinet, aged 64, M. BLIN de religious principle never tasted animal ST. MORE, author of several tragedies food, nor any liquor but water. He and poems. The Emperor had lately was a great antiquary, and formerly a appointed him librarian to the arsenal. celebrated field preacher.
Sept. 9, at Blanc-Ivor,near Caerfilly, October 29, at Wedmore, Somerset, aged 87, the Rev. LEWIS JAMES, after a short but severe illness, MRS. upwards of 50 years pastor of the Bapo "PHEBE TYLEY, aged 68, a nember tist Church at Cevan-Hengoed, in the of the General B. ptist Congregation in parish of Gellygore, in Glamorganshire. that place. She was a lady distinguished
Sept. 21, at Hillingdon, Mrs. PEP- for the simplicity of her manners, the PEN, a lineal descendent of Sir Tho. sincerity of her piety, and the extent of Inas More, to who:e portrait in her lat- her benevolence and hospitality. Though ter ycars, she was supposed to bear a her religious connexion exposed her to strong resemblance.
the ridicule and even frowns of some Sept. 23, at Stanmore, in consequence gay and opulent relatives, yet she reof a fall down the cliffs in the Isle of mained inflexible in her determination to Wight, aged 80, WILLIAM RO- follow her convictions, and, like Moses, DERTS, Esq. formerly master of a appeared ready to prefer affliction with school at Wandsworth, at which seve- the people of God, to the momentary ral public characters were educated and and delusive pleasures of sin. Her loss froni which he had retired for some will be severely felt by the little society years. He was elder brother to Dr. she was connected with, as she was unRoberts, who has been for nearly 40 remitting in her attention to its welfare, years head master of St. Paul's School, and liberally contributed to its support. Mr. R. had the reputation of very re•