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Art. 1.-Transactions of the Parisian Sanhedrim, or Acts of

the Assembly of Israelitish Deputies of France and Italy, convoked at Paris by an Imperial and Royal Decree. Dated May 30, 1806. Translated from the Original, published by M. Diogene Tama, with a Preface and Notes. By F. D.

Kirwan, Esq. 8vo. pp, 334, 8. Taylor. ART. II.-New Sanhedrin (in) and Causes and Consequences

of the French Emperor's Conduct towards the Jews; including Official Documents, a Sketch of their History, and Considerations on the Prophecies. By an Advocate for the House of Israel: 12mo. Pp. 190. 35, 6d. Jones.

The singular history of the Jews of all such, of whatever religious points them out as peculiar objects profession, as are " waiting for the of Divine Providence, and prophee consolation of Israel;” though we cy constitutes them the heirs of are aware that the mere man of the unparallelled blessings in some fu. world will smile at them, and the ture period. They have not been mere politician deem them beneath preserved a separate people, among his notice. The Almighty some. all the nations whither they have times moçks human expectations been driven, for no purpose, or for by bringing about the greatest re. an unimportant one. The time sults from operations that are al. may not be far distant when “God most imperceptible. The world will comfort his people, and speak has witnessed, with total unconcern, animating words to Jerusalem, and the annihilation, within these few declare unto her that her warsare years, of the papal dominion, and is fulfilled; that the expiation of the judgments of Heaven upon her iniquity is accepted; that she those countries which had given shall receive at the hand of Jehoć their power to the beast, and vah, blessings double to the punish- “ become drunk with the blood of ment of all her sins*.”

the saints." The same insensibility The events in relation to the Jews prevailed in the minds of the Jews that have lately occurred in France on the destruction of Jerusalem : cannot fail of exciting the attention hence the prophetic question of

Christ to his disciples, which seems

to characterize ihe nineteen no Isa. xl. 1, 2. Bp. Lowth's version... less than the first century; “When the Son of man cometh, shall he vice (the heaviest of all personal find faith on the earth*?" taxes) but had profited, as mercan

One reason perhaps why the tile men, by the distresses of their people of this country have looked neighbours, a pecuniary considerawith indifference upon the change tion for their valuable privileges. that has taken place in the condi. If this country were invaded by tion of the Jews on the Continent the French, and the expulsion of of Europe is that it has been effect- them were found difficult, who ed by a power in hostility to Great would complain of the injustice of Britain. Our patriotic animosities, levying a tax upon the property of usually violent, are here ridicu. the Clergy and of Dissenting Milous. We think no name too abu. nisters, as a substitution for persive for the Emperor of the Frenchi sonal service :-Rapacity would We give credit to every charge that rather have kept the Jews in a state renegade Frenchmen or needy wri- of subjection and fear, and have ters publish against him. Nothing doled out privileges by morsels and that he does is praiseworthy, none at a heavy price, than have, for any of his measures are even acciden- bribe completely emancipated tally beneficial. Englishmen ex- them. They are now to all intents patiate with raptures upon feudal and purposcs French citizens, and vassalage because Bonaparte has as much secure as any other classes delivered Germany from it, and of their countrymen from extor. defend persecution becausc Bonaa. tion. They can no more be opparte is tolerant.

pressed as a people: and if gain On the same principle the en. were the object of the French gofranchisement of the Jews in France vernment in its late measures tois never adverted to but in ridicule wards them, it has duped itself and and contempt. Their convocation realized the fable of the boy and at Paris is either a scheme for ex- the goose which laid golden eggs. torting money from them, or a That the assembling of the Jews, mere theatrical shew, devised to in solemn council at Paris, was a gratify the vanity of an upstart proud spectacle cannot be denied, ruler.

nor is it improbable that an ambi. To substantiate the charge of tion of glory might have mingled rapacity against the French go- itself with the motives that induced verument, a story is told t of a Bonaparte to convoke them. But douceur of 30 millions of livres it is surely no disgrace to a prince being required of the Jews, previ- that he builds his glory upon the ous to their assembling to form a happiness of his subjects. Would Sanhedrim. We utterly disbelieve to God that all that occupy thrones it. Even were it true, we see no bad no other ambition ! violation of equity in demanding Putting aside all national aniof a coinmunity who, in the most mosity and vulgar sospicions, it troublesome periods of the French would be interesting to inquire in. Revolution, had not only enjoyed to the real motives of Bonaparte an exemption from military ser. for bettering the condition of

the Jews. They are no doubt po

litical: there are few instances on Luse xviij. & 4 Traosast. Pref. p.s. record of kings and emperors doing

good for its own sake. His main ob- granted to the Sublime Porte in ject in calling the Jews together was, Europe the Holy Land may be we are persuaded, to devise some quietly surrendered into the hands plan for making them good and use of the Christian Emperor. The ful citizens, to repress their usurious kingdom of Persia may be at any practices, and to convert them into time won over to the side of France. manufacturers, husbandmen, and A bribe would convert the Arabs conscripts. The effects of the mea. into useful allies. The native Indian, sure will exactly coincide with his powers are easily stirred up to reviews of policy. Paris is to be the volt. And in such a conjunction of metropolis of the world, and it is circumstances it might be wisdom fit that there the Jews, who are dis.. in the British to stipulaie for their persed overall nations, should have safety by engaging to leave Hina representative council. The seat dostan. of The Sanhedrim will be their, Our opinion briefly is that home. They may look for gain in the measures now pursuing in other countries, but they will turn to France with regard to the Jews, France for respectability and com- will lead to their restoration. How fort. Wherever they are they will near this event may be is not for secretly favour the French cause, us to pronounce. The signs ofthe and, like the Jesuits, will commu• times seem to prognosticate its bee nicate important intelligence to the ing at hand. Emperor, distribute his bribes, and The Jews in France and Italy in short, become his agents. Their amount, it seems, to about a huna opulence, which procures them ac- dred thousand, Germany and liolcess to prime ministers and prin- land, which are in some measure ces, and their mercantile activity, under the control of France, conwhich carries them over all the tain probably twice as many. The world, will be subservient to the in- whole of this population would terests of their benefactor, the forin but a weak stute; but cousiCenturion "who “ loveth their dered as a body of non-conformists nation and hath built them a sy, in religion, it is sufficiently strong to nagogue. It may be necessary le respected, andimportant enough hereafter, for the security of Euro- surely for the care of a wise legispean states, ihat the Jews resident lator. The National Assembly of in then should take an oath of abo France had, in the year 1790, en. juration of the Grand Rabbi and franchised all those of the Jewish the Sanhedrim of Paris. The Jews persuasion that took the civic oath ; in France are to become soldiers, and though, in the stormy period and Bonaparte would be at no loss that succeeded, their rights could how to employ an army composed scarcely be pronounced secure, of “the children of Israel.” He their condition was constantly imhas not dropt his predilection for proving till the memorable "Imthe conquest of Egypt, and the peo- perial Decrec" of May 30, 1806, ple thrat should establish themselves elevated them to a higher rank than in Palestine would easily subjugate the most sanguine among them, the neighbouring countries. From everexpected to attain, establishing Italy to Syria is only a short toy- their religion not on the sandy age. . In consideration of favours foundation of toleration, but on tlie

immutable basis of justice and ogene Tama, who is, we appreproviding for its permanence and hend, a Parisian Jew. The former respectability.

part of the volume is filled with It is not our intention to relate extracts from some dull Jewish in this place the history of the controversial pamphlets; the latter Jewish Convocation. That has contains a Journal of the deliberabeen given in part and will be, from tions of the Deputies. The whole time to time, more fully given in is as immethodical as French works another separtment of our work. commonly are. The translation The members of the Assembly is respectable. F. D. Kirwan, Esq. seem to bave displayed greater ta- is we conjecture a mere bookseller's lents than was to have been ex- name. The “ Preface” by the pected from persons who had been translator is ill written, and displays hitherto detained in such political the most vulgar prejudices and the obscurity. Their deliberationsshew most contemptible ignorance of the that they are as well qualified for principles of religious liberty. In civil government as any other class scurrility it is not surpassed by of men, and afford ground to hope the London ministerial newspapers, that when tie occasion arises He. The title of this volume is a sheer brew senators will not talk less deception, for instead of being an eloquently or decree less wisely account of the Sanhedrim, it conthan an equal body of Christians. cludes with the breaking up of the We may wish that they had not Assembly of Deputies some time been quite so lax in the interpre- before the Sanhedrim had been tation of their law, or so extrava. convened. gant in their praise of Napoleon, “ The New Sanhedrin” (m) is a but, comparing their past with their work of less pretension. It contains present condition, their feelings the accounts of the Jewish Asseme heretofore with those which must bly and Sanhedrim, which have now spring up in their bosoms, we appeared in the Moniteur. It was cannot allow ourselves to charge evidently compiled in haste: the them-after the English manner - translation is sometimes incorrect, with impiety and blaspheiny. We and the names of the Jewish depu. are acquainted with men who rea- ties and members of Sanhedrim are dily sacrifice better principles than here and there misprinted. It conthose of Moses, and oder adulation tains however much novel and useas gross and disgusting as any ful information, and, to the credit presented by the Jewish deputies, of the bookseller, is published in a to a monarch not altogether so he. cheap and popular form. The roic, or su wise, or su tolerant as author is truly “ An Advocate for Bonaparte.

the House of Israel." He thinks Having indulged in these gme- that Bonaparte is raised up to be ral retections we shall now briefly their temporal Messiah. He spirinotice the publications before us, tualizes the prophecies and contends which, as may be easily couceived that France may prove the holy are more interesting on account of lanı, Paris the holy city. He has their subject than thóir execution. no tenderness for the whore of Ba

The“ Transactions" is a trans. bylon, but he argues that religious lation from the original of M. Di- tyranny is every where anti-christ. VOL. II.

4 Q

He augurs ill for England of the upon us. His speculations, however present contest with France, and disagreeable, are worthy of atten. in concluding, warns his country- tion. It is not the part of a faithful men, as intelligibly as was prudent, scer to prophecy always smooth of the calamities which are coining things. ART. III.- A Letter to the Rev. Dr. Brilby Porleus, Lord Bishop

of London, on the Subject of his citation of the Writer before the Spiritual Court, on an unfounded Charge respecting certain Doctrines contained in his Visitation Discourse, preached before Dr. Greiton, Archdeacon of Essex, at Danbury, July 8, 1806. By Francis Stone, M. A. F. S. A. Rector of Cold-Norton, Essex, 8vo. pp. 42. Eaton, 187. HighHolborn, 1807.

This is a very important pub. reader. It did not appear, howlication, and highly deserving of ever, that the Archdeacon or any the attention of every serious of the clergy who heard the ser. Christian, to whatever denomina- mon had expressed any indignation tion he may belong. The circum- against the author, or the sentistances which gave rise to it are ments contained in his discourse ; the following: Mr. Stone is an and after going throughone edition, aged Clergyman, between seventy a second was published, the dis. and cighty years of age, with a persion of which was stopped by a family of eight children. It is ne- criminal prosecution being insti. cessary that this circumstance tuted against the author. should be mentioned, because it The mode in which this was is not improbable that it had some instituted is perhaps the most exweight in the prosecution instituted traordinary that has hitherto ocagainst him. He is rector of a curred in the annals of the Church parish in Essex, and in consequence of England; and it is peculiarly of holding a living he was called incumbent on the clergy of that upon by the Archdeacon to preach church to attend to it, or from a visitation sermon. Obedient to being one of the most independent this call, he preached a sermon they may become one of the most before Archdeacon Gretton, at servile bodies that has hitherto Danbury, July 8, 1806, disgraced' ecclesiastical history.

It is usual ai these visitations for On April 10, 1807, an appa. the clergy to dine together and at ritor, that is, a messenger or this dinner the preacher sat down bailiff, from the bishop of Lon. with his reverend brethren, and don, knocked at Mr. Stone's door parted from them apparently in and put into his hand a citation to christian charity. About a month appear in the Spiritual Court, in after, he printed and published Doctor's Commons, betore Sir this sermon; and the doctrines William Scott, a Doctor of Laws, contained init, being open to public who is also the gentleman who animadversion, received as might presides in the Admiralty Court on be expected, applause or censure prize cases, and has full employaccording to the tenets of the ment upon his hands is marine

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