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Mr. Adqvard Best--Mrs. Clara Reeve-Mr. T. Pomery. - Mrs. Judith Gundry. engaged in a large and extensive line of the event of his death make a lasting business : in which he succeeded his impression upon all, who are engaged master, Mr. Franklin, who, some years in the business and bustle of the world, back, handsomely relinquished it in his and lead them so to number their days, favour, as a testimony of respect and af- that they may apply their hearts unto fection to him, and as a reward of the ac. wisdom.
C. tiviry, diligence and fidelity, with which Dec. 3, at Ipswich, at an advanced he had conducted it as his apprentice. age, Mrs. CLARA REEVE, sister On the Sacurday se'nnight, after his to the late Vice Admiral Reeve Shs death, the 13th of Dec. his mourning was authoress of the Romance called relict to whom he had been scarcely the “ Old English Baron ” and other a year married, was brought to bed of works a son.
T. On the oth. inst. in the 17th year On the first instant died Mr. ED. of his age, THOMAS POMEROY. WARD BEST, of Brinks Place, Bolion jun.of Grove-Place, Hackney. His death be Moors, aged 37 years. It may be was occasioned by a discased organizaa deemed worthy of remark, that previ- tion which defied the power of Media ous to his late indi-position, he had en cine. This fact being ascertained, is joyed for the course of swenty years up- a source of consolation to his aflicted interrupted good health, not having ex. parents and relatives. Every effort was -perienced one day's confinement occa j. made which human skill could devise, oned by sickness during that period.- to save his life.
Y. Health is no security against the stroke This is the second affecting instanco of death. July 1806, when in the bloom of mortality which has been exhibited of manhood, he was suddenly reduced within a very short time in one Chrisby a discharge of blood from his mouth; tian congregation, and which this mco after this first attack, his strength was in lancholy part of our monthly labours some degrce restored; but the attenti- calls upon us to record. Mr. Henry on, solicitude and skill of the faculty Holden (of whose death notice has failed in their endeavours to prevent à just been taken) and Mr. Thomas Po. repecition of the complaint. In May meroy, were both of them attendants at 1807, he was again seized, when every the Gravel-Pit Meeting, Hackney, and effort was exerted to save life. Alas! a on Mr. Aspland's Sunday Morning consumption cpsued, and he gradually Lectures to young persons. They were declined tiil he expired. He was an both buried in Bunhill Fields; one on ornament to society, and very much eso Wednesday, Dec. 2, the other on Wedteemed by his friends. His public spi• nesday, Dec. 16. The premature death rit, his goodness and openness of heart, of these young men is an instructive his social disposition, his urbanityof man- lesson to the surviving youths of the hers, his presence of mind, his powers same congregation, and the same class of conversation, his cheerful and pica- of catechumens, on the uncertainty of sant temper, his desire to please and be life, the vanity of all human expectations, pleased very much endeared him to a and the unspeakable value of that religia large circle of acquaintance, who sin- on " which hath brought life and inno serely lament his loss. In the domestic mortality to light. capacities of husband and father, his iri
EDITOR, als had been a ute. Five years ago, the Dec. 16, clied at Sidinouth, Mrs. messenger of death summoned his anii- JUDITH GUNDRY, in the 85th year able and beloved wife to the tomb ; she of her age. This exemplary and truly was destined 'to suffer a long and very amiable woman was for some years bepainful illness before her exit ; ne along fore her death, by her excreine weakness, with four young and delicate children was almost wholly shut out from soiety left to regiet their irreparable loss; three A frame at all tines delicate, and a of whom are now surviving both parents. coustitution peculiarly tender, rendered He resigned his breath in the pleasing it inconvenient for her, even in her own! and certain hope, that a kind Provi. house, and she was utter y unable to yo dence would be a father to the father out of it, to enjoy the conversation of less, and continue friends to protect his her ncarest friendi. Still, aowever, her orphans, and that infinite wisdom, join- cheerful and contented tempor continued, and with infinite goodness reigns. May and, ungil the last eleven 'wec's of her
Denis H.uimpson.- Mrs. Poole. - Earl Grey, K. B. life, that serenity for which she had all expected to pass that way in a few days, her days been distinguished was undis- and who were in the habit of stopping turbed. During this last period, her to hear his music: shortly after, howe sufferings were very great. She could ever, he felt the approach of death, and, not help longing for her dismission, but calling his family around him, he resignstill she was resigned to the Divine will ed his breath without a struggle; being and willing to wait, all ber appointed in perfect possession of his facultie. to time. Her religious views were hi hly the last moment. rational and consolatory. She locked Nov. 6, at the Episcopal Palace, in upon God as the Futber, and not the Chichester, aged 98 Mrs. POOLE, relict Tyrant of his creatures. She had full of William Poule Esq. of the Hook confidence in the divine wisdom and This lady enjoyed all her faculties to goodness, and a firm per uasion, that the last, and died suddenly while sitting all things, whatsoever clouds and dark- at table among her friends. The folo ness hung over the present moment, lowing lines on the occasion of her „were working together for good. She death, have been attributed to Mr. Hay. rejoiced in the Gospel of Jesus, as con- ley. taining not only the glorious assurance Hail and farewell! dear venerable of a resurrection from the dead, but
friend, cvery thing that is necessary in the way Whose lengthen'd days without a strug. of Precepi, Example, and Encouragement, gle end, to fit its followers both for this life, and The placid angel who had blest thy that which is to come. By frequently birth, returning pains, and at length, an almost Watched thee almost a century on utter incapacity of taking in any nutri- earth; ment, the lamp of life was exhausted, and And led thee through the Christian with scarcely a sigh or srtug le this tru- cares of life, ly valuable Christian fell asleep in Jesus. A tender step-dame, and a duteous wife:
Her loss in society will be felt' by a Then at thy destined season to depart number of persons to whom, almost be- Joyed (as the witness of so pure a yond her ability, she was a liberal and heart) constant benefactress. Her income was Exempt from mortal anguish to dismiss, Jimited, and as it was never large, she Thy peaceful spirit to celestial bliss. felt very sensibly the pres. ure of the Nov. 13, at his house called Fallowtimes : it was not however so much on den, near Alnwick, Northumberland, in her own account, but that it rendered the 70th year of his age, CHARLES her less capable of doing that goodto the EARL GREY, K. B. General of the poor and afflicted which her liberal heat Third Regiment of Dragoons, and was always wishing. She early mani. Governor of the Island of Gucrosey. sested a turn for poetry, and an impromptu His I.ordship served at the battle of Minwhich she pronounced upon the first den, and was the only surviving oficer intelligence of that victory in which who served under General Wolfe at Lord Nelson lost his life, dues her con- Quehec, to whom he was Aid-du-Camp siderable credic-she was then 82 years
In 1782, he was made a Knight of the old.
Bath, on his appointment as command.
er-in-Chief in America; but, in consc. Two different pa
quence of peace being concluded he did Pleasure and sorrow blend,
not proced chither. He served a.so at We praise the Lord who sav'd our the relief of Ostend, and Nieuport, in Fleet,
1793, and went, soon after, to the best But mouin for Nelson's end.
Indics, as Commander-in-Chief, with the
E. B. Earl of St. Vincent, which was fo:lowed Lately died in Ireland, at the advanced by the reduction of Martinique, St. Lu. age of 110 years, DENIS HAMPSON, cie, and Guadaloupe. in 1802, he was the bind bárd of Magiiligan. A few created Baron; and in 1806, Earl Grey. hours before his death, he tuned his harp, He has left four sons, of whom Viscount in order to have it in readiness to enter. Howick succeeds him in the Peerage, tain Sir H. Bruce's family, who were and two daughters, the eldest of whoin
is lady Elizabeth Whitbread.
LITERATURE IN INDIA.--The of some of the learned natives attached following is an extract from a late speech to the College. It is highly satisfactory of Sir G. Barlow's, Governor-General to me to observe the native officers of in India, from the Visitorial Chair of the College, imbibing the spirit of litethe College of Calcutta :
rary industry, and employing their ta** In reviewing the literary works lents and acquirements in the cultivation published under the auspices of the and diffusion of literature and science. College during the last year, I notice, There are also various other useful and with sentiments of peculiar satisfaction, ingenious works, which, under the pas an elementary analysis of the laws and tronage of the College, have engaged regulations for the government of the the labours of several scientific persons British territories in India. The facility antecedent to the past year, and have which this work is calculated to afford to either been actually published, or are the study of the laws and regulations, now in the press. í dcem it an act of and the practical advantage which may justice to the industry and ability of Mr. be derived from it, is peculiarly valuable Matthew Lumsden, the first assistant to both to the college and the public. The the Persian and Arabic professor, to nodesign and execution of the work are tice, in terms of peculiar approbation, equally creditable to the zeal, industry, the grammar of the Persian language, and ability of its distinguished author, which has long engaged the labours of Mr. John Herbert Harrington, the that gentleman. The acknowledged desecond judge of the Court of Sudder fects of every work of that description Dewanny and Nizamut Adawluts, and now extant, have rendered the construcprofessor of the laws and regulations tion of an accurate grammar of that of the British Government in India. language peculiarly desirable. Mr. Mr. Harrington's application of the in- Lumsden's extensive knowledge of Araconsiderable portion of leisure time, bic and Peisian has enabled him to diswhich the duties of his arduou; and im- cover the true principles of the dialect portant public situation have afforded, to of Persia, as it at present exists in its the accoinplishment of this laborious un- condition of intimate combination with dertaking, manifests a degree of public the language of Arabia, and with sinspirit, and individual industry, to which, gular judg:nent and discernment, Mr. perhaps, no other parallel can be found Lumsden has adapted the construction than in the eminent exertions and scien. of the Persian language to the principles tiâc labours of his colleague, Mr. Hen- of general grammar. The completion ry Thomas Colebrooke, to whom the of this valuable work will materially College and the public are indebted for facilitate the acquisition of the Persian various important additions to the gene- language, will constitute an important ral stock of literary knowledge and in- addition to the existing stock of philo. struction. The assiduous attention of both logical knowledge, and will reicct disthese able and respectable public officers tinguished cedit on its author, and on io the interests of this institution, both the institution which has encouraged as prose-sors and members of the coun- and promoted it. I have received, with cil of the college, reflects the highest great sati faction, the information, that credit upon their character and talents, under the patronage of the Asiatic Soand establishes their claim to the public ciety, the Society of Mis ionaries at approbation and applause. Other works the Danish Settlement of Serampore, of great utility and merit have also dis- aided and superin:ended by the ability tinguished the literaiy labours of the of Mr Carey, Profes:or of the Shanscrit past ycar:
and Bengalee languages, has undertaken “A Hindostane Dictionary now in the the tran lution of some of the most anpress.
cient and authentic works of literature, " A General Ilistory of the Hindoris. in the forner of those languages. The “ A Review of the Manners and Cur greatest advantagés may be expected to toins of he Hindous.
the interests of castern literature from “ For the two la toinentioned works, this co-operation of the Asiatic Society we are indebted to the labour and ability with the college of Fort William, in facilitating the acquisition of oriental CHINESE RELIGION AND LAWS. knowledge and science I notice also, In our magazine for August, (Vol. 11. with peculiar satisfaction, the extensive P:442,) we inserted the .“ Imperial Edict and valuable collection of books which of the Emperor of China,” which pronow enriches the library of the college scribes the Christian religion. Upon of Fort William. The preservation and this Edict, together with the more reaugmentation of the collection of East- cent occurrence of an affray between en manuscripts, afford the only means the British and Chinese sailors, a sensiof arresting the progresive destruction ble and entertaining writer, turning of oriental Icarning. Since the dismem- matter that common writers would pass berment of the Mahommedan empire, over, to a good account, makes the fulthese works have been dispersed over lowing reflections India, and have been exposed to the in- “ China has within the last twelve juries and hazard of time, accident, and months afforded sufficient matter for re. neglece. It is worthy of the ambition Alection to the thuking mind. By the of this great enpire to employ every last accounts two occurrences have taken effort of its influence in preserving from place, which shew the nature of the destruction and decay, these valuable re- government in a very strong point of cords of oriental history, science, and view: the one relates to the exercise of r:ligion; and in encouraging indivi. religion, the other to their criminal law. duals, who may be in possession of scarce The body of the Chinese nation is well and valuable literary works to promote known to be idolatrous; their deities this important object, by depouting are monstrous figures, hideous to the works of that description in the library sight, and giving just as gross concepof the college. I am happy to learn tions of the great Supreme, as the fico that the dascriptive catalogue of the tions of the imagination under the name boks and manuscripts which constituied of the 'Trinity entertained by the Papist the library of Tippoo Sultaun, has been and the Calvinist. They do not how. completed by the industrious labours of cver, like the Papists, make a gnd of Captain Charles Stewart, second assise. brcad-four and then eat him and tant to the Persian Professor. I un- whatever follies they entertain, the ders and it is the intention of Captain higher classes are free from .dolatry; Stewa:t, who has proceeded to England, and, if we have true accounts, they to print that useful and interesting docu- universally adopt a system of epicurcas ment. I cannot close niy view of the deism or complete atheism. literary branch of this institution, with- “ A great feature in the Chinese is out adverting to the advantages which an atta hment to incient customs, and may be expected to be derived both in this is kept up by the government, Europe and in Asia, from this mutual which watches with extreme anxiety cultivation of Asiatic and European the introduction of any thing foreign, Icarning. The numerous works which and particularly any thing from Europe. have been published under the auspices Bit this attachment does not prevent of the college in the course of the last them, as is absurdly imagined, from exsix years, will not only open to the learned amining and adopting what is good in in Europe ample sources of information other countries, and in which they are on all subjects of oriental history and deficient : witness the mathematical colo science, but will afford to the various lege established at Pekin, filled with nations and tribes of India, and especi- Europeans; and the introduction of vacally to those which compose the body cination, the account of which very of our Indian subjects, a more favour. useful practice was communicated to able view, and a niore just and accurate them in a book in the Chinese language, conception of the British character, by Sir George Staunton, the first book principles, and laws, than they have ever written in that_language by an hitherto beer enabled to form, and may Englishman. The European religion be expected gradually to difusc among also, as it is called, might have been ite them a spirit of civilization, and an in- troduced with equal ease: and the Marie proved sense of those genuine principles darins, with their usual good humour, of morality and virtue, which are equalwould have laughed only at the triangu. ly calculated to promote their happiness, lar god, and the god in the womb of a and to contribute to the stability of the virgin for nine months, adored by the British dominion in India."
interfered in matters of state, and shewn ject is treated by many Englishmen. a disposition, which the Chinese im. With what contempt does not many a properly attribute to Christianity, that churchman look upon a dissenter; and of perpetually quarrelling with their pet both one and the other probably co, neighbours who are not of the same the one to church, and the other to his opinion, and making their religion a meeting, merely because by accident his matter of state, so that every body must father did so before him, and he was believe as they believe, or not be capable brought up in this habit. The law, inof holding any office under the govern- deed, allows persons to have meetings ment. These maxims to the Chinese for religion, different from those of the Mandarins, who are very fond of good establi hed church; but it makes a humour, and who seize in a moment great difference between those who fol. whatever is absurd in their own Bonzes, low the rule laid down by law and the appeared to be the most ridiculous that rule adopted by the dissident, a difference could be imagined.
oftentimes so very minute that a Chi« The Christian Bonzes, however, nese would assuredly not be able to made considerable progress, and in their find it out. But every nation has its usual manner excited a spirit of dissa- own peculiar follies. tisfaction and quarrelling; and, being « In affairs of life and death the found to exact a kind of obedience to a Chinese are more scrupulous than any man living some thousand miles off, they other nation. They rigidly adhere to were deemed dangerous to the state, and the precept given to the father of their their religion was proscribed. Before empire : - whoever sheds man's blood, that time they were permitted to have by mau shall his blood be shed. Hence, churches; and the crucifix, and the tri. whenever a murdered body is found the angular emblem of the trinity, and the utmost inquiry is made after the murwax.lights, and the wafer-god, were derer; and that country is by no means upon the altars.. Many thousand Chi- favourable to duelling, as in case of a nesc, chiefly of the lower classes, em- person killed, the surviving duellist, the braced the sect, and books on the popish seconds, and the surgeon, would all inreligion were printed in the Chinese lan- evitably be put to death. In an affray guage. Several of these books have lately between some Chinese and English been lately discovered in a province of sailors, a Chinese was killed; the usual China, and, on inquiry, it was found, inquiries were made, and it was found that even some Tartar soldiers had quite that he was murdered by one or more rod their original customs, and embraced English. A demand was made in form the new faith. Strict inquiries were to the factory for the murderer ; but made at the lower tribunals, and the they, not knowing the murderer, could whole matter was sent up to the higher not comply with the request. This does tribunal for its final decision. The de- not satisfy the Chinese. The murderes cree of the lower tribunals was in gene- is, they say, amongst the English: if he ral confirmed; and the offending par- were with us, we should easily detect ties were variously treated according to him; if they do not use the proper the supposed magnitude of the crime: methods to discover him, that will not some were bani hed, others were com- satisfy us, we must either have the pelled to wear the ignominious yoke, and murderer, or a man in his stead. This the chief Mandarin of the province, law must strike us as a very extraordiwhose office it is to inspect the morals of nary one, but in consequence of it, the people was, for not having sooner anong upwards of threc hundred mil. detected this affair, degraded. All the lion of people, murder is a very rare books on the European religion were or. crime, and in Pekin, a town much larger dered to be burnt.
than London, an instance of a house “ The Chinese, we see, are not freer falling down and burying in its ruins from absurdity than come European twenty or thirty inhabitants never oco nations... They have not yet learned to curs. The consequences of this refusal leave religion entirely to itself. They on our part are not wholly known*. All make it dangerous by the interposition of the state. Yet we caonot inveigh very bitterly against them, when we * The dispute is now said to be amis think of the manner in which this sub- cably adjusted. Dec. 16. LA. VOL. II.