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esides, we owe him fervent prayers for bidden to disobey our superiors, to hia-, his safety, and for the temporal and spi der or speak ili of them." ritual prosperity of the state -Q. Why are we bound to all these duties towards The orthodox Christian will not our emperor ? A. First, because God find in the catechism all the "doc. who creates empires, and who distributes them according to his will, in loading trines of grace,” as they arequaint. our emperor with favours, whether in ly called, expressed in his own peace or war, has established him our way; but he will perceive, to his sovereign, has made him the minister of satisfaction, some of the peculiar honour and serve our emperor, is there doctrines" stated with great prefore to honour and serve God himself. cision. France is no retreat for Secondly, because our Lord Jesus Christ, Arians and Socinians. as well by his doctrine as by his example, has himself taught us what we owe

“ Lesson.Of the Mystery of the Holy to our sovereign; he was born under Trinity.-Q. Are there more Gods than obedience to the decree of Cæsar Augus- one? A. No, there is but one God." tus; he payed the tribute prescribed; Q. How many persons are there in God? and in the same manner as he has come A. There are three persons in God.manded to render to God what belongs . What are the three persons ! A. to God, he has also commanded to ren- The Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit, der to Cesar what belongs to Cæsar. and that is what we call the Holy Trini-Q. Are there not particular motives ty.--Q. Is the Father, God? A. Yes.which ought to attach us more strongly . Is the Son, God?. A. Yes.-Q. Is to Napoleon the First, our emperor? the Holy Spirit, God? A. Yes.A. Yes: for he it is whom God has Are there then three God:? A. No, raised up in difficult circumstances to re- they are three distinct persons, who, establish the public worship of our fa- notwithstanding, are but one God

.. thers' holy religion, and to be the pro- Why are they but one God? A. Be lector of it; he has restored and preserv. cause they have but one and the same cd public order by his profound and nature; but one and the same divinity, active wisdom; he defends the state by & Which of the three Divine Persons his powerful arm, and is become the is the greatest, the wisest, and the most anointed of the Lord by the consecration powerful ? A. They have all the same which he has received from the chief greatness, the same wisdom, and the Pontiff, head of the Universal Church.- same power.-Q. Is the Father older Q. What are we to think of those who than the Son and the Holy Spirit ? A.' should fail in their duty towards the No; they are all three of the same eteremperor ? A. According to St. Paul, nity; in fine, they are equal in all things, the Apostle, they would resist the order for they are but one God.” established by God himself, and would render themselves worthy of eternal Reason is as carnal in the eye damnation.-Q. Are the duties by which of the Catholic as of the Calvinist, we are bound towards our emperor, and this circumstanceshould some. equally binding towards his legitimate successors, according to the order estab. what abate the confidence of this lished by the constitution of the em- latter in the spirituality of his no.' pire ? A. Yes, undoubtedly; for we tions. Bcat down reason, and read in Sacred Scripture, that God, the the doctrine of Transubstantia. Lord of heaven and earth, by a disposi- tion is as demonstrable as the tion of his supreme will, and by his providence, gives empires not only to a per- doctrine of the Trinity. son in particular, but also to bis family. -Q. What are our obligations towards “ Lesson. On the Incomprehensibility of magistrates ? A. We ought to honour, the Mysteries.-Q. Is this mystery then to respect, and to obey them, because the procession of the Holy Ghost) imthey are invested with the emperor's penetrable ? A. Yes.-Q. And the authority.-Q. What is forbidden in the whole mystery of the 'Trinity? A. Is fourth commandment? A. We are for- likewise impenetrable, -9. And that's of the incarnation? A. Yes; is in like quite ridiculous, by the substitu. manner.-Q. Why then do we believe tion of thc familiar pronouns your all these things ? A. Because God has

and revealed them.-Q. And why has God

for the more solemn

your, obliged us to believe things that are in: ones, thou, and thee, and thine, comprehensible? A. Because it has in the addresses to the Supreme pleased him thus to exercise our faith.

Being. “Almighty God! who hath Q. Are we treated ill in being forced to

(hast) created us in your likeness, believe things which are above our comprehension? A. On the contrary, by it and made us capable of knowing we are honoured-Q. Why? A Be- and enjoying you for ever, we cause it is raising us above ourselves.- adore

you, &c." 60 God! who Q. What ought the belief of so many have hast) all in your power, we us? A. The desire of one day seeing acknowledge that we have nothing them.-Q. Where shall we see them? but what comes from you, &c." A. In heaven, where God shall clearly 66 We adore

you,

O reveal him elf to us. What say you God, who art here present; we

my (our) of those who imagine they can understand the secrets of God? A. That they praise you, &c.” These barba. are fools and madmen.-Q. Why do you risms we should have thought it call them fools and madmen? A. Be- impossible for a school boy to cause they know not themselves; they disgrace paper with, who had reknow not how the smallest things are made, as a dy, an ant, a barley-corn; ceived half a dozen lessons in and they wish to dive into the secrets of grammar. God."

Prefised to the catechism, is an This Lesson is an excellent pre- containing many sensible and tru

"Introduction" by the translator, paration for orthodox believing. ly Protestant remarks, strongly, The man that lias well digested it is in a fit state for receiving the though not elegantly expressed.

More remarks might have been following

made opon the creed of an Antio “Lesson - Of the Commandments of tbe christian Church, which prosesses Church.-Q. Has the church the power to believe, that God consists of of making commandments?

A. Yes, three persons, each perfect, inde. undoubiedly.-Q: Who has given this pendent God, and yet that he is power ? A. God himself, in appointing her our mother. Q. Why does the but one; that the second person church make commandinents? A: To of the unchangeable, opinipre.' direct us in the observation of the com- sent Godhead, underwent a me. mandments of God.- How many tempsychosis or incarnation, that commandments of the church are there? A. Six-Q, Repeat them? A. 1. Thou is, came down to earth and be.' shalt keep the holidays which are com- came a man; that this second manded. II. Thou shalt attend -mass person, still God, though become on Sundays, and holidays likewise. Thou shalt confess all thy sins at least inan, and as God impassible and once a year, IV. Thou shalt receive immortal, snllered and died; that thy Creator” (into thy mout) " with this “ condescending God," per. bumility at least at Laster. V. Thou fectly holy, bore, by imputation, shalt fast on Ember weeks, Vigil, and the guilt and punishment of bis the whole Lent. VI. Thou shalt eat meat neither Friday, nor Saturday."

own creatures, imputed and in.

flicted by himself; and that his The translation was evidently blood, the blood of a God-man, done in haste. The prayers at extinguished his own wrath, con. the end of the catechism are made sidered only as God!!

ART. III.-A. Vindication of the Unitarians; or, Remarks:

on a Late Publication, entitled 'A Vindication of the Me

thodists,' &c. By John Hill, Merchant, of Hull. In Four Letters to the Author. By WILLIAM SEVERN. 8vo. pp.

35. ls. Vidler. 1806.

Unitarians, relying on the good- them in their own language. Mis ness of their cause, have never he. " vindication” exhibits an edify. sitated to embark in controversy, ing pattern of zeal and charity, when a favorable opportunity of of hard arguments, and soft and agitating it has seemed to call them courteous words. forth ; and to their controversial That our praise may not appear activity and skill, must be ascrib- indiscriminate, we take the libered, we think, the rapid spread of ty of remarking that there are their opinions in late years. Dis. but few Unitarians, none with cussion is certainly favorable to whom we are acquainted, that. truth; and it is no light presump- would agree with Mr. Severn in tion in favour of Unitarianism, acknowledging“ in the strictest that every public discussion of its sense, the principles" of the Apos. arguments and merits, increases tle's Creed; and we are inclined the number of its professors. to think that he himself, upon a

A new defender of the Unita. re-consideration of that undoubt. rian doctrine, has arisen in the per- edly ancient, but not apostolic son of the author of this pam- symbol, would demur to the prophlet, who has proved himself to positions, that Jesus Christ was be no mean or upworthy cham. conceived by the Holy Ghost, pion of the sect, every where spo- and born of the Virgin Mary, that ken against, and every where he descended into hell, and that gaining ground. An intimate ac- the Holy Ghost, the Holy Catho. quaintance with the Methodists, lic Church, and the Resurrection has enabled him to meet their pee of the, Body, are proper objects culiar arguments, and to address of a Christian's belicf.

ART. IV.--A Sermon preached at the Opening of the Chapel

of the Philanthropic Society, Nov. 9.1806. By VICESIMUS Knox, D. D. Printed at the Request of the Society, for the Benefit of the Institution. 4to. pp. 28. - 25. Society's Manufactory, St. George's Fields; and Mawman, 1907.

From a good preacher, stand. taste would think tumid, which a ing up on a good occasion, we sober judgment would prononnce. espect an excellent sermon, and extravagant, and which a very this character we cannot refuse liberal mind would regard as nar. to give to this discourse of Dr. row, and almost superstitious. Knox's, delivered before the Phi. The opening of the Society's lanthropic Society : though there chapel leads the preacher to deare parts of it which a correct scant in rapturous language or

YOL. 11.

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the sanctity of Places, and to in the cylindrical stone, to the gora sist with great earnestness on the geous abbey and august cathedral multiplication of churches and of our own metropolis," and laying chapels of the Church of Eng. it down as a sure position that, land. These topics were surely “ the Great Lord of the Uni. not wisely selected for an address verse, has deigned to shew a preto a society consisting partly of dilection for religious edifices, and Quakers and other Disseriters. for modes 'of worship, adorned Yet Dr. Knox tells these charita« and recommended with all that ble sectaries that he purposely the art of man can contrive, or omits many remarks in tender- his dexterity execute, the finest ness” to them, “and with a res- productions of mechanical inge. pectful deference to the wisdom nuity, the melody of music, the of those, whose immediate duty it pathos of poetry, the sublimity is, TO TAKE CARE (the capitals are of architecture, the pencil's blafrom the copy) THAT THE CHURCH zonry, and the high-wrought deSHALL NOT BE IN DANGER.” corations of the chisel," proceeds

The Doctor's text, Isaiah xxviii. in a " seductive digression," " to 16, suggests remarks on the struc- conduct our imaginations through ture of the church; the church the aisles of the abbey, and point allegorical, and the church, or to the concave dome of the catherather churches, material.

dral; to bring before us the vivid

images of the sculptured marble « Such, (says he, after explaining the on the wall, the painted canvas at text) is the foundation of a temple truly the altar-piece, the storied illumi. Christian. Let us gratify the mental eye with a transient survey of the figurative nations of the window, the rich superstructure. I look up with admira- embellishments of the shrine, and tion at the broad expansíve arch of cha- all the graces- of Gothic and Gre.' rity, the massy columns of truth, the cian architecture, combining in and compassion, the whole compactly humble, ministerial, instrumentacemented by piety and philanthrophy; lity, to promote the sublime pur. by a cement of godliness and love, inti- poses of religion.” We have here mately blerded and tempered in a per. much eloquence and (pardon as, fect, inseparable amalgamation. If it

These be asked, of what architectural order is reader,) much nonsense. the fabric? It is neither the Tuscan, passages forcibly reminded us of a the Doric, the Ionic, nor the Corin- sermon preached by a Mr. Ramsthian, but it is the Composite Christian den, before the University of order; more beautiful in its form, more durable in its materials, than the most

Cambridge, some few years ago ; celebrated productions of classic anti- in which, enumerating all the inquity, modelled in the polite schools of gredients of national strength, he Athens or of Rome. And it is finished mentions and classes together, with a giace which they could only, at a distant interval, faintly and imperfect: among an infinitude of other ly conceive."

things, (we quote from memory,)

the clergyman's gown, the judge's The Dr. then adverts to “ the wig, the solemn pomp of tragedy, origin and progress of religious the fascinating humour of come. fabrics, from the tabernacle of dy, and the influences of the Holy Moses, to the temple of Solomon, Ghost.! from the altar of green turf, or In an ardour of ecclesiastic

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feeling, Dr. Knox, in one part of prayer. May he pour down the stret the discourse, pours contempt up- pointed tcachers, causing the instruc

influence of his loving spirit on the apon that species of benevolence tions to be afforded from this place, to which builds on statistical eco- diffuse universal philanthropy among the nomy, and political calcnlation.” sons of men, in every clime, and of eve- He remarks that he would term rý colour, persuading them to love one

another, as Christ has loved us, to conthe new chapel, “if it wanted a ciliate, to pacify, to relent, to forgive; name, and if the name which he and to say to the sword, in the words of would give it had not been prosti- the prophet Jeremiah, O thou sword, tuted, the Temple of Theophilan- how long will it be ere thou art quiet; thropism :” and his lively fancy and be still. May the example of this

put up thyself into thy scabbard, rest sees " a white banner waving over institution, and the doctrines taught from the portal of the edifice, (turning this pulpit, proceed auspiciously from now from the house of God to age to age, to convince the world that the bouse of the poor,) with an in- ought to be Philanthropists; that man,

all men, however, divided by oceans, scription, as it claims, in letters born of woman, who hath but short time of gold. To our Father in hea- to live, and is full of misery, was not ven, sacred; to our brother on formed to be the enemy of man, but the earth, (both the unfortunate and brother, the friend, the protector, thic

guardian, and the guide. May the the guilty) a refuge and a re- prayers, together with the alms now of form.” The sermon both opens fered, and to be for ever offered, from and concludes with an animated this sanctuary, ascend to heaven as inaddress to heaven. The conclud. cense; and, while they bring down

blessings on the institutors, blessings on ing prayer we willingly extract, the worshippers, and blessings on the and heartily adopt.

poor objects of their charity, open the gates of that celestial mansion, where

shall be no more misery to relieve, and « May the Most High, who delights where Philanthropy shall be completely in mercy and in merciful men, look gratified, in finding all moral and all oadown with peculiar favour, on this house, tural evil cease, under the eternal reign and grant that it may be perpetual; de. of the supreme Lover of Men, Jesus dicated, for ever, as it is opened, for the Christ, our Saviour and Redeemer." first time, this day, to charity and to Amen and Amen.

Art. V.-A Sermon preached before the University of Cam

bridge, June 29, 1806; being Commencement Sunday. By EDWARD MALTBY, D.D. 4to. pp. 19. 2s. Cadell and Davies. 1806.

This discourse is worthy of the work or cmployment. Secondly, that a judicions author of Illustrations distinct and proper season is assigned to

each individual for his work. And, of the Christian Religion ;" it is thirdly, he insists on the fatal error

comrational and impressive. The text, mitted by those, who fail to improve the John ix. 4. is not chosen as a opportunities they enjoy of gaining the motto merely, but is clearly ex. knowledge, and discharging the duties

suited to their respective stations." plained, and ably enforced. In the progress of the sermon, Dr.

These points Dr. M. discusses Maltby shews,

with much ingenuity of illustra" First, that to every individual is al- tion, and strength of argument. lotted chc performance of his peculiar The following observations, on

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