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Some natural tears they dropped, but wiped them soon;
The world was all before them, where to choose
Their place of rest, and Providence their guide;
They, hand in hand, with wandering steps and slow,
Through Eden took their solitary way.


Paradise Regained.'


I, who erewhile the happy garden sung,
By one man's disobedience lost, now sing
Recovered Paradise to all mankind,
By one man's firm obedience fully tried
Through all temptation, and the tempter foiled
In all his wiles, defeated and repulsed,
and Eden raised in the waste wilderness.

Thou Spirit, who ledst this glorious eremite
Into the desert, his victorious field,
Against the spiritual foe, and brought him thence,
By proof the undoubted Son of God, inspire,
As thou art wont, my prompted song, else mute,
And bear through height or depth of nature's bounds,
With prosperous wing full summed, to tell of deeds
Above heroic, though in secret done,
And unrecorded left through many an age;
Worthy to have not remained so long unsung.

Now had the great proclaimer, with a voice More awful than the sound of trumpet, cried

1 “Paradise Regained," observes Jortin, “has not met with the approbation that it deserves. It has not the harmony of numbers, the sublimity of thought, and the beauties of diction, which are in 'Paradise Lost.' It is composed in a lower and less striking style, a style suited to the subject. Artful sophistry, false reasoning, set off in the most specious manner, and refuted by the Son of God with strong unaffected eloquence, is the peculiar excellence of this poem. Satan there defends a bad cause with great skill and subtlety, as one thoroughly versed in that craft."

2 The same as our "hermit."

3 So in Paradise Lost, vii. 421-" They summed their pens." The term is properly applied to a hawk in full feather.

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Repentance, and Heaven's kingdom nigh at hand,
To all baptized:' to his great baptism flocked
With awe the regions round, and with them came
From Nazareth the son of Joseph deemed
To the flood Jordan, came as then obscure,
Unmarked, unknown; but him the Baptist soon
Descried, divinely warned, and witness bore
As to his worthier, and would have signed
To him his heavenly office, nor was long
His witness unconfirmed: on him baptized
Heaven opened, and, in likeness of a dove,
The Spirit descended, while the Father's voice
From Heaven pronounced him his beloved Son
That heard the adversary, who, roving still
About the world, at that assembly famed
Would not be last; and with the voice divine
Nigh thunder-struck, the exalted Man, to whom
Such high attest was given, a while surveyed
With wonder; then, with envy fraught and rage
Flies to his place, nor rests, but in mid air
To council summons all his mighty peers,
Within thick clouds, and dark, tenfold involved,
A gloomy consistory; and them amidst,
With looks aghast and sad, he thus bespake:

“O ancient powers of air and this wide world,
For much more willingly I mention air,
This our old conquest, than remember Hell,
Our hated habitation; well


know How many ages, as the years of men, This universe we have possessed, and ruled, In manner at our will, the affairs of earth, Since Adam and his facile consort Eve Lost Paradise, deceived by me, though since With dread attending 4 when that fatal wound Shall be inflicted by the seed of Eve Upon my head : long the decrees of Heaven Delay, for longest time to him is short; And now, too soon for us, the circling hours This dreaded time have compassed, wherein we ii. e. to such as were baptized, since by John's baptism they were prepared for the reception of the Gospel.

Milton probably uses this term with a sly reference to the meet ings of the Pope and his Cardinals, under the same name: 2.

4 Awaiting.

Must bide the stroke of that long-threatened wound, At least, if so we can, and by the head Broken be not intended all our power To be infringed, our freedom and our being, In this fair empire won of earth and air : For this ill news I bring, the woman's seed Destined to this, is late of woman born; His birth to our just fear gave no small cause, But his growth now to youth's full flower, displaying All virtue, grace, and wisdom to achieve Things highest, greatest, multiplies my fear. Before him a great prophet, to proclaim His coming, is sent harbinger, who all Invites, and in the consecrated stream Pretends to wash off sin, and fit them so Purified to receive him pure, or, rather, To do him honour as their king; all come, And he himself among them was baptized, Not thence to be more pure, but to receive The testimony of Heaven, that who he is Thenceforth the nations may not doubt; I saw The prophet do him reverence; on him rising Out of the water, Heaven above the clouds Unfold her crystal doors; thence on his head A perfect dove descend, whate'er it meant; And out of Heaven the sovran voice I heard, This is my Son beloved, in him am pleased.' His mother then is mortal, but his Sire He who obtains the monarchy of Heaven, And what will he not do to advance his Son ? His first-begot we know, and sore have felt, When his fierce thunder drove us to the deep; Who this is we must learn," for man he seems In all his lineaments, though in his face The glimpses of his Father's glory shine. Ye see our danger on the utmost edge Of hazard, which admits no long debate, But must with something sudden be opposed (Not force, but well-couched fraud, well woven snares) 1 Our author favours the opinion of Ignatius and others, who believed that the devil, though he might know Jesus to be some extraordinary person, yet knew him not to be the Messiah, the Son of God; and the words of the devil, " if ou be the Son of God," seem to express his uncertainty concerning that matter.—Newton.

Ere in the head of nations he appear,
Their king, their leader, and supreme on earth.
I, when no other durst, sole undertook
The dismal expedition to find out
And ruin Adam, and the exploit performed
Successfully; a calmer voyage now
Will waft me; and the way found prosperous once,
Induces best to hope of like success."

He ended; and his words impression left
Of much amazement to the infernal crew,
Distracted and surprised with deep dismay
At these sad tidings; but no time was then
For long indulgence to their fears or grief:
Unanimous they all commit the care
And management of this main enterprise
To him their great dictator, whose attempt
At first against mankind so well had thrived
In Adam's overthrow, and led their march
From Hell's deep-vaulted den to dwell in light,
Regents, and potentates, and kings, yea gods,
Of many a pleasant realm and province wide
So to the coast of Jordan he directs

easy steps, girded with snaky wiles,
Where he might likeliest find this new-declared,
This man of men, attested Son of God,
Temptation and all guile on him to try;
So to subvert whom he suspected raised
To end his reign on earth, so long enjoyed;
But, contrary, unweeting he fulfilled

The purposed counsel pre ordained and fixed
Of the Most High, who, in full frequence bright
Of angels, thus to Gabriel smiling spake:

Gabriel, this day by proof thou shalt behold,
Thou and all angels conversant on earth
With man or men's affairs, how I begin
To verify that solemn message, late
On which I sent thee to the virgin pure
In Galilee, that she should bear a Son
Great in renown, and called the Son of God;
Then told'st her, doubting how these things could be
To her a virgin, that on her should come

1 Alluding to the habit of sorcerers and necromancers, who are preresented in some prints as girded about the middle with the skins of snakes and serpents.


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