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seem it of never so little account, but will stand our student in stead at one time or other, and, therefore, in reading nothing to be prætermitted.'

It has been well observed that it is one of the characteristics of a great mind that it can contract and dilate itself.2

A weak mind is, not unaptly, compared by Lord Chesterfield to a microscope, which magnifies trifling things, but cannot receive great ones.

Rien n'est bon que d'avoir une belle et bonne ame-on la voit, en toute chose, comme au travers d'un cœur de crystal.

Ne vous amusez point amusez point à vous inquieter en l'air:cela n'est point d'un bon esprit.

Je ne trouve rien de plus divin que le pouvoir de donner, et la volonté de le faire à propos.3

Soyez tendre aux prières des malheureux. Dieu ne vous a fait naître dans ce haut rang que pour vous donner le plaisir de faire du bien. Le pouvoir de rendre service, et de faire des heureux, est le vrai dédommagement des fatigues, et des désagrémens de votre état.4

Genius begins where rules end; when a painter is master of every rule already found out-let one more rule be added-not to be confined by any, but to think for himself."


1 Co. Litt. 9. a. See some admirable advice as to the Profession of the Law, in the Discourses of M. le Chancelier d'Aguesseau, l'Indépendance d'Avocat, et sur la Connoissance de l'Homme."

2 Sir Thomas Raffles. (See Life.) 3 Madame de Sevigné.
4 Mad. de Maintenon (à la Duchesse de Bourgogne).
5 Reynolds (Northcote's Life).


Look at the object you are painting with your eyes half closed; this gives breadth to the object, and subdues all the little unimportant parts.'

The Persian prince asked who that figure above was designed for. Was it "our Saviour?" I said no; it was intended to represent the Almighty. "The Almighty!" repeated he, "paint the Almighty!— and under what likeness-that of an old man with a beard! Why not paint the wind? Can you do that? Can you see it as well as the Almighty? Where is it, and where is He? I will give any man twenty thousand tomaums for a handful of the wind if he will bring it me."

You say you cannot conceive how Lord Shaftesbury came to be a philosopher in vogue. I will tell you: 1st, He was a lord: 2dly, He was as vain as any of his readers: 3dly, Men are very prone to believe what they do not understand: 4thly, They will believe any thing at all, provided they are under no obligation to believe it: 5thly, They love to take a new road, even when that road leads nowhere: 6thly, He was reckoned a fine writer, and seemed always to mean more than he said."

A spirit of innovation is generally the result of a selfish temper and confined views. People will not look forward to posterity who never look back to their ancestors. The people of England well know that the idea of inheritance furnishes a sure principle of conservation, and a sure principle of

1 Reynolds (Northcote's Life).

2 Gray (Life by Mason).

transmission, without at all excluding a principle of improvement. It leaves acquisition free, but it secures what it acquires.'

Ambition often puts men upon doing the meanest offices; so climbing is performed in the same posture as creeping.2

There is no qualification for government but virtue and wisdom, actual or presumptive. Whereever they are actually found, they have, in whatever state, condition, profession, or trade, the passport of Heaven to human place and honour.

He alone evinces the superiority and strength of his mind who is able to disentangle truth from error, and to oppose the clear conclusions of his own unbiassed faculties to the united clamour of superstition and of false philosophy."

Few works have been read by me with greater pleasure than Watts' Improvement of the Mind.

Happy will be that reader whose mind is disposed, by his verses or his prose, to copy his benevolence to man, and his reverence to God."

Those who have better conveniences (for a flower garden) may proceed on a larger scale; but I continue to keep up a due succession, which, to a flor epicure, is every thing.

God Almighty first planted a garden; and, indeed, it is the purest of human pleasures. It is the greatest refreshment to the spirits of man."

1 Burke (Reflections).
4 Stewart's Philosophy, 35.

2 Swift. 3 Burke (Reflections).

5 Johnson.

6 Bacon.

Disappointed joys are woes as deep

As any man's clay mixture undergoes,
Our least of sorrows are such as we weep;
'Tis the vile daily drop, on drop, which wears
The soul out, like the stone, with petty cares.1

And felt what kind of sickness of the heart it is which arises from hope deferred.2


Can counsel and give comfort to that grief
Which they themselves not feel; but, tasting it,
Their counsel turns to passion, which before
Would give preceptial medicine to rage,
Fetter strong madness in a silken thread,
Charm ache with air, and agony with words:
No, no, 'tis all men's office to speak patience
To those that wring under a load of sorrow,
But no man's virtue nor sufficiency

To be so moral when he shall endure
The like himself.3

It is perfectly right what you say of the indifference in common friends, whether we are sick or well, happy or miserable. The very maid servants in a family have the same notion: I have heard them often say, "Oh, I am very sick, if any body cared for it!" 4

Une peine, dont personne ne vous parle; une peine qui n'éprouve pas le moindre changement, ni par les jours, ni par les années, et n'est susceptible d'aucun evénement, d'aucune vicissitude, fait

3 Much ado about Nothing.

1 Byron.
2 Sterne.
4 Swift to Pope, xix. 34.

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encore plus de mal que la diversité des impressions douloureuses.1

Ce rire du désespoir emeut bien plus que les larmes; cette amère ironie du malheur est son expression la plus déchirante. 2

The leafless desert of the mind;
The waste of feelings unemploy'd.3

I injure my feelings in trying to express them.

Thy tears are no reproach;

Tears oft look grateful on the manly cheek;
The cruel cannot weep! 4

Do come and have a look at this fine ocean: it is one of those few fine things one delights to gaze at, but of which one is never tired."

Lady — excuses her passion for diamonds and precious stones; she says they are the only bright things which never fade.

Gardening is certainly the next amusement to reading."

People are never so near playing the fool, as when they think themselves wise."

If thou lookest too often in thy glass, thou wilt not so much see thyself as thy folly.

La peine a ses plaisirs, le péril a ses charmes.

What is within the skin is of far more consequence than what is without. This is my plain, old way of saying how much virtue and health

1 Corinne.

4 Sophonisba.

Lady M. W. Montague.


2 Ibid.

5 Garrick Corr. 7 Id.

3 The Giaour,

8 Voltaire.

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