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Laffan agree that the charge against Altham and treated as part of his Lady Aliham was false ; that Laffan family ; but it is contended that he attributes the plot to the revenge of was the illegitimate child of Lord the servants, on account of some Altham, by a woman of the name of mischievous boyish tricks which had Joan Landy, who had been a servant been played upon them by Palliser; in the house at Dunmaine, and that whilst Palliser himself attributes it he had been brought to the house to the deeper, and more probable, subsequently to Lady Altham's demotive, of a determination, on the parture. part of Lord Altham, to get rid of a In the earlier part of the case the wife from whom he hoped for no claimant is met with the general heir-a motive which, we have seen, denial-Lady Altham never had a gave rise to some of the darkest do- con. Prove that she had, and we mestiç tragedies that have disgraced will admit you to be that son. In humanity. The case, however, is the latter part, the defendant says in beset with difficulties on all sides ; substance, I admit that, during Lord for if we are to accept the evidence Altham's residence at Kipmay, there of Palliser as true, the inevitable was a boy who passed as his son. I consequence follows, that we must admit that you are that boy; but you hold, not only Joan Laffan, but Ma- are not the heir of Lord Altham, but jor Fitzgerald, Turner, and many, his illegitimate son by Joan Landy. indeed most of the fifty witnesses The whole of the evidence, therecalled on behalf of the claimant, and fore, changes its character: when who swore positively to the exist- Mary Heath swears that her mistress ence of the child, to have been deli- never had a child, whilst Eleanor berately perjured.

Murphy swears that both she and After the separation Lady Altham Heath were present at the birth, one went to reside at Ross, and subse- or the other must be perjured. But quently removed to Dublin. Her Lord Altham might use expressions circumstances were extremely nar- as to "little Jemmy” which one witrow, and her health bad, but she ness might understand as being a was faithfully attended until her distinct declaration of his legitimacy, death, which took place in October and another might think only con1729, by Mary Heath. From her veyed the expression of his affection first arrival in Ireland, in 1713, a for his natural child. . period of sixteen years, with the ex- During the first period the existception of a single week, this woman ence of the child is denied ; during was never absent from her. Whilst the second it is admitted ; and we she resided at Dunmaine, Heath shall now proceed to follow the fordressed her every morning, and un- tunes of the boy, waiving for the dressed her every night, and this present the question of who was his witness swore in the most distinct mother. and positive manner that she never Lord Altham, after his separation hail a child. It seems to be enough from his wife, formed a connection to shake one's confidence in all hu- with one Miss Gregory, who seems man testimony to find evidence so to have exercised an unbounded inclear, distinct, and unimpeachable, fluence over him. After a short time on each side, to be compelled tó poor “Jemmy” was turned out to admit that on one side or the other wander in rags about the streets of there must be the most wilful and Dublin. Here, however, he met with deliberate perjury, and yet to feel it friends : a good-natured student in impossible to say on which side per- Trinity College, of the name of Bush, jury exists.

clothed and fed him, and employed Lord Altbam removed, shortly after him to run of errands, till his grandhis separation from his wife, to a father told him it was not fit he place called Kinnay, in the county of should have a lord for his servant, Kildare, and the issue now assumes when he was turned out upon the a different aspect. It is admitted world again. He was next taken that there was a child at Kinnay, charge of by an honest butcher, that he was put to school by Lord named Purcell, who took him home




and brought him up with his own same kind from his lordship, the de. son. Purcell tells the Court that ponent said, 'My lord, he is no thief : whilst

you shall not take him from me; and

whoever offers to take him from me, I'll “ The boy was in his house, a gentle knock bis brains out ;' then deponent man (who was then called Richard Annes

took the child (who was trembling with ley,and is the now defendant, the Earl of fear) and put him close between his Angliseа) came to deponent's house and legs.” + asked if one Purcell did not live there, and said he supposed they sold liquors; Some high words passed, but the that the gentleman had a gun in his butcher was true to his trust ; tbe hand, and sat down, and having called lord and the constable sneaked off, for a pot of beer, asked deponent if he and the child was carried back had a boy in his house called James in safety. He was not long so Annesley ? To which deponent an- fortunate. Fear of a repetition swered that there was such a boy in the of the attempt to capture him house, and called his wife and told her induced him, very foolishly, to leave that a gentleman wanted to see the boy;

He then says that the child was sitting by the his friend the butcher. fireside, and immediately saw Mr Richard took refuge in the house of a Mr Annesley, though he could not see the Tigh; but it was not long before the child by reason of the situation where he emissaries of his uncle discovered his sat ; says the child trembled and cried, retreat, forced him into a boat, and and was greatly affrighted, saying, “That on board a ship bound for Philadel. is my uncle Dick;' says that when the phia, which sailed on April 1728. child was shown to the defendant, he

His uncle himself placed him in the said to Jemmy, 'How do ye do? That ship, and returned to Dublin, thinkthe child made his bow, and replied, ing, no doubt, that he had heard the "Thank God, very well.' fendant then said, 'Don't you know me!'

last of him. All the details of this 'Yes,' said the child, you are my uncle nefarious transaction are given with Annesley.' That thereupon the defendant the utmost minuteness, and without told the deponent that the child was the shame or hesitation, by the very son of Lord Altham, who lived at Inch- agents who were employed in it. core; to which deponent replied, 'I wish, The share which Lord Anglesea took sir, you would speak to his father to in the abduction of his brother's do something for him.'

child is hardly disputed. The conThe child's fear of his uncle was not tention is confined to the point that without good cause. About three the child was illegitimate. The vilweeks after Lord Altham's death, lany of the act seems never to have Richard Annesley came a second time, stryck any of the parties concerned. to seek for the child, and desired it But this act appears to us to turn should be sent to one Jones's in the the wavering balance of evidence market. Purcell suspected mischief. against Lord Anglesea. If this boy The honest butcher shall tell his story were really the son of Joan Landy, in his own words :

it could not be difficult for Lord “ Then deponent took a cudgel in one

Anglesea to procure proof of that hand, and the child in the other, and fact whilst the events were so recent, went to the said Jones's house, when he whilst Lady Altham was still living, saw the present Earl of Anglesca (who and when he had himself, by comwas then in mourning), with a constable, mon consent, been admitted to the and two or three other odd-looking fel title and estates of his brother. If, lows attending about the door; that de.

on the other hand, he knew that the ponent took off his hat, and saluted my boy was his brother's legitimate son, lord, which he did not think proper to

he had the strongest interest to rereturn; but as soon as he saw the child in the deponent's hands, he called to a

move him out of the way before any fellow that stood behind deponent's inquiries could be made, and whilst back, and said to him, “Take up that he was in the obscurity into which thieving son of a (meaning the his father had permitted him to fall

. child), and carry him to the place I bid Yet a suspicion, almost equally you. After some more language of the strong, against the truth of the

State Trials, vol. xvii. 1201.

+ 1bid., vol. xvii. 1202.


claimant's case, would seem to arise tiff appears to have been disposed to from the fact, that Joan Landy was follow up his victory, for an indictliving, and yet was never called. ment for perjury was at once pre

The claimant's story was, that this ferred against Mary Heath. The same woman was his nurse; that her own evidence was repeated ; Joan Laffan child, which was a few months was again examined. But the jury older than himself, had died, when found her“ Not Guilty.” They must, he was four or five years old, of therefore, have considered that Laf

Who could be so valu- fan, and all those who swore to Lady able à witness for the claimant as Altham having had a child, had been this woman? Yet she was never guilty of the crime of which they examined, nor was her absence ever acquitted Heath. James Annesley satisfactorily accounted for. If it is does not appear to have taken any argued that she might have been further steps to obtain possession of called by either side—that it was the estates and honours to which the equally open to the defendant to pro- decision of the jury had established duce her to negative, as to the claim- his title. He died at Blackheath on ant to produce her to support the the 2d of January 1760. His uncle story—it may be answered, that she Richard Annesley, Lord Anglesea, could hardly be expected to come closed his career of profligacy and forward to denounce her own son as cruelty twelve short months afteran impostor. The non-production of wards. James Annesley left a son, a witness who must have important who died an infant, and a daughter, evidence in her power, who was na- who married, and whose children turally the witness of the claimant, died young. Thus his line became and whose absence is not satisfac- extinct; and his rights, whatever they torily accounted for, throws the grav- were, reverted to his uncle. Such est suspicion upon his whole case. was the termination of the "AnnesTo what conclusion, then, can we ley Case," memorable for the dark come? The jury, after a consultation mystery in which it must for ever of about two hours, found for the remain shrouded, and for the curious claimant. They must, therefore, have picture which it affords of the manconsidered Heath, Palliser, Rolph, ners and habits of life that prevailed and the other witnesses who swore little more than a hundred years beto the non-existence of the child, to fore our own day. have perjured themselves. The plain



2 Q



The painter of “ Francesca di Ri- sketch of his life, with an analysis of mini” has, we rejoice to say, been his genius. fortunate in a biographer. The his- Ary Scheffer was born in the year tory of so true a man--the develop- 1795, at Dordrecht, in Holland. ment of a genius so great and so His father, a German, had possessed benign out of a career so checkered competent fortune, and pursued paintand an epoch so troublous—the ever ing more from choice than necessity. onward progression of an art which Under the French Revolution, when at length essayed such sublime argu- Holland became annexed to the ment, --such a life and such a history Republic, Scheffer the elder was dewell deserved to be recorded. It was spoiled of his property, and his widow Ary Scheffer who, beyond all his with three children found themselves contemporaries, strove to make a in necessitous circumstances. We picture the exponent of poble thought; soon learn, however, that Ary, the and now in these Memoirs we are eldest son, at the age of twelve, maniglad to find that the beauty and the fested a talent so precocious, that in pure emotion which breathe from out the “salon,' at Amsterdam, a picture his works, were but the expression of which he exhibited attracted much an earnest life devoted to virtue and attention. Henri, too, showed a proreligion. Mrs Grote has brought to mise in the same direction. Madame her well-wrought task no ordinary Scheffer wisely, then, considered that advantages. The life of the gifted the best course was to foster talents painter, hidden from the world in thus early and strongly manifested. home seclusion, is here gracefully For this purpose she transported her sl:etched, from personal recollection, family to Paris, the city where, bewith all the finish and tender solici. yond doubt, the best instruction could tude which intimate and affectionate be obtained. In the year 1811, Ary intercourse could bestow. The career was placed as a pupil in the "atelier" of Scheffer as the devoted patriot, of Guerin, a disciple of the famed now fighting for his country's free- Louis David, the chief of the classic dom, and then doomed to weep over or heroic school. Here for some her bondage, is also recorded by Mrs years he was devoted to the study of Grote in colours caught from vivid drawing, anatomy, and perspective, reality, and with a detail and an as the preliminary and necessary anecdote taken from the actors them- elements to his adopted profession. selves. It has been her object to We find, however, that the exigencies trace the painter's genius through of his family impelled him to practise the patriot's virtue-to look at the painting for profit before he was artist's works as mirrors into which eighteen years of age. It was at this a noble life had cast its beauteous period, says Mrs Grote, “that Ary reflections-shadowy spiritual forms, began to produce those agreeable rising from out the depths of the pictures, in which the expression of soul's calm consciousness. In the the gentler sympathies form the inteManchester “Art Treasures," and in rest and the subject-a description other collections public and private, of composition always certain to atwe have all known and loved the tract purchasers, and falling within works of this great and good man; the powers of execution at the comand we think it may be interesting mand of a youthful hand.” To theso and instructive to give, within the and some subsequent years belong limits of the present article, a slight such familiar yet tender compositions

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Memoir of the Life of Ary Scheffer. By Mrs Grote. London : Murray, 1860.

Curres de Ary Scheffer, reproduits en Photographie par Bingham d'après les Tableaux Originaux, accompagné d'une Notice sur la vie et les Ouvrages de Ary Schejter. Par L. VITET. Goupil et Cie., Paris.

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as “Le Baptême," "La Veuve du now becomes instructor of the royal Soldat,” “ La Mère Convalescente," children; he is the master who fos"Les Enfans du Marin ;” followed by tered the art talent, and cherished more mature works : "La Défense de the enthusiasm of the Princess Marie; Missolonghi," " Les Femmes Souli- he is for years a constant visitor at otes,” and “La Bataille de Morat.” the palace; and yet throughout, to But it must be admitted that, in the his honour' be it spoken, he is ever "atelier” of Guerin, Scheffer's pro- the honest patriot, whose independfessional education had commenced ence and truth can neither be bought amidst the ruins of a degenerate nor biassed. The spirit of the man school. “The Restoration " of the is noble and uncompromising A legitimate government, setting loose simple drawing-master to the royal the springs of energy, wrought a re- children, he yet knew what was due volution even in the arts. The classic to his self-respect. We find that, cost school to which Scheffer bad been what it might, he either would mainbound,“ everywhere gave way,” says tain his authority or surrender his Mrs Grote, "to the romantic; the post. Thus Mrs Grote relates, thatconventional, again, to the sentimen

“During one of the lessons which, at tal and passionate. Victor Hugo in dramatic literature, Rossini in lyric children of the royal family, one of the

a later stage, Scheffer was giving to the music, Géricault and Delacroix in brothers forgot the respect due to the painting—these led the van of the master, and used some unbecoming exnew movement. The young Ary also pressions towards him. Scheffer banished tried his hand, and in 1819 exhibited the offending prince from the lesson. his picture of ‘Les Bourgeois de The Queen interposing to obtain a re. Calais,' in which was discerned an

mission of this penalty, Scheffer resigned evident intention to break through

his appointment. The brothers and old traditions, and to aim rather at

sisters were so grieved and discomposed compositions clothed in expression begged and entreated him to resume his

at the loss of their master, that they and feeling." But Scheffer soon allied himself in the King 'adding his own earnest en.

position; yet he was inexorable, until politics to the opposition which ha- deavours, Scheffer was induced to give rassed the government of the Restor- way, and he presided anew over their ation. He is a frequent visitor at artistic studies. But he made it a conthe Château de la Grange, the well- dition that the mutinous pupil should known residence of General Lafayette. never more join in the lesson, and he was He becoines the associate of Augus- accordingly excluded. I am afraid,” says tin Thierry, of Lady Morgan, and Mrs Grote, “it must be added, that this others of advanced opinions.

He incident was long remembered by both enters warmly into political confederacies, and enrols himself a member The high mental culture, the simple of the “Carbonari.” Thus for a time yet uncompromising honesty and were his energies diverted from his truth of Ary Scheffer, no less than art, and his slender means of subsist- his skill in art, soon won for him ence heavily taxed. It is, we confess, the confidence, and secured, as we with little regret that we find a suc- have said, the abiding friendship of cession of misfortunes at length drive the Orleans family.

Scheffer pos. Scheffer once inore to the tranquil sessed, indeed, all those qualities and more remunerative labours of his which'inspire affection and respect, studio. At this fortunate juncture Duty was the law of his beiug, and in his destiny, he was introduced to self-sacrifice the practice of his life. the Duke and Duchess of Orleans, Engaged in the severe study of his the future King and Queen of the art, secluded in the retirement esserFrench. From this moment dates tial to the unfolding of his genius, the mutual and memorable friendship he yet ever responded to the call of which grew up between Scheffer and private friendship and public patriotthe royal family; a friendship which, ism. Occupied in works of high year by year, seems to have matured imagination, holding converse with into warmer affection, and which the spirits of the great departed, he death only could terminate. Scheffer yet was a man who walked the path



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