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party to the last. This, being made him with money for his drafts and known to the Portuguese, had either other conveniences; and, when he the effect of a reproof or of intimida- was well enough, gave him leave and tion, and the embarkation was not credentials to enable him to return interrupted.

home through Paris, where he was The main body of the French army present at the fêtes for the marriage embarked for France at Lisbon, under of Napoleon I. to Maria Louisa of the same treaty, with their arms and Austria. baggage. Great complaints, however, No unnecessary harassing warfare were made by the Portuguese, that á was carried on between the outposts quantity of effects which had been of the two armies ; on the contrary, forcibly taken possession of in the there were frequently amicable uncountry, during the French occupa- derstandings between them. Sometion, was being removed among the times in changes of position or cirbaggage.

cumstances, partial alterations would One fine conscientious old French be required, or one party have to General, touched, it is believed, by retire more or less; this would be the justice of these complaints, which frequently settled by a polite meswere mentioned to him by the British sage, or, if in movement, by a wave officer who was about to succeed him of the hand, when, if the party in his billet in a private house, called appealed to saw that it was reasonup the proprietor, and said to him, able, they would give way. "Monsieur, I think you will bear mé Thus, after the close of the battle witness that when I entered your of Busaco, a French outpost rehouse on my arrival in Lisbon, ļ mained in a village nearer to our brought with me two portmanteaus.” lines than was justifiable in our reThis being acknowledged, he turned lative positions. Instead of attackto the British officer and said, “You ing them, General Crawford sent a will now bear me witness, sir, that I message to request them to remove am retiring with but one!”

to a greater distance. The officer At the battle of Talavera, the commanding the post said that he French had been repulsed in their had been placed there by superior first attack. The weather was hot, authority, and could not retire, and there was a partial cessation of unless obliged by force; upon which fire in parts of the field for an hour the general ordered out one of his or two about the middle of the day. field-pieces, and fired a round or two During this time, the soldiers of each into the village. This satisfied the army went down to get water at the honour and responsibility of the same little stream, and were near officer, who made a bow and withenough to hold amicable intercourse drew his party, which, in fact, we together, renewing the battle again could have annihilated. immediately afterwards.

In the retreat to Corunna, our The French finally retired, but re- cavalry halted one evening at Benaturned after some days with an in- vente, and took measures for decreased force, before which the Allies stroying the bridge. Napoleon in found it necessary to abandon Tala- person followed us as far as this vera, and to leave their sick and spot. During the night, the French wounded at the mercy of the enemy. patrols came several times on their So far from these unfortunate men end of the bridge, to ascertain suffering by the change, the French whether we still held on; but on marshal, Mortier, immediately or- being challenged by our sentinels, ganised' a good hospital for them, retired. One dragoon advanced far

. by beds and other conveniences de ther than the rest, and one of our manded from the inhabitants, and sentinels, of an Irish regiment, called placed them in a very superior posi- out, “Will I shoot that fellow ?” tion to that in which they had been “By no means," replied his officer, under our own arrangements. One and the dragoon, hearing the hubbub, very fine young officer, who had lost speedily withdrew. a leg, seemed particularly to attract At the battle of Corunna, our Mortier's sympathy. He supplied wounded were carried off the field, and we retired at nightfall and em- sometimes made by agreement bebarked. A French drummer, with tween the two generals. Where both others, the next day, was wandering parties were so far from their own about the field, in hopes of picking countries, the transmission of priup something of a little value, and, soners was embarrassing, and might in fumbling over the body of a well be spared where each was conBritish officer, discovered that he tent with an exchange. Sometimes was not dead. Upon giving that in- an officer, who was a favourite of formation, the officer was removed, one, would fall into the hands of the taken great care of, and finally re- other, and a request to have him covered. He was one of the heroic back for another of equal rank, to be Napiers.

named by the opposite party, would After the action of Fuentes d'Onor, always be acceded to. At times, the village was between the two when an officer was taken, bis bagarmies. Men from each were scat- gage, a little money, &c., would be tered over it, somewhat mixed, in sent in to the enemy's outposts for search of chairs, or utensils, or con- him by a flag of truce. veniences, to take out to their re- On one occasion an attaché to the spective bivouacs. To prevent con- army, of no defined rank, was taken, fusion, or perbaps quarrels, they drew and when questioned by the enemy a line of demarcation along one street, as to his position in the army, with which neither party was to pass; and reference to a more general exchange this amicable arrangement was re- than usual, put so high a value on spected by both.

himself, that Lord Wellington would At the Lines of Lisbon, as they not confirm it, and he suffered a conwere called—but, in fact, some twelve tinued imprisonment in consequence. or fifteen miles in advance of that Several private gentlemen came city-the two armies lay in front of out to the army, during short periods one another quiescent for some of excitement, as pleasure excursionmonths; their advanced posts in ists, such as Mr Edwin James was a some parts so near, that friendly short time ago with Garibaldi. One communicationsfrequently took place of them was made prisoner in some between them. The British had the affair ; and being questioned as to his fine city of Lisbon in their rear, position, as he bore no uniform, dewhere every sort of comfort could be clared himself to be an amateur ! obtained; the French had no such The French general turned up bis resource within reach. It happened, eyes, and said that he had heard of on more than one occasion, that the amateurs in painting, amateurs in French officers at the outpost would music, &c., but he never heard before ask of ours to obtain for them some of an amateur in war! little luxury from Lisbon,-a box of The British had greatly the advancigars, coffee, stationery, or other ob- tage of the French in the position of ject, - which requests were always prisoners; so many of them found readily complied with.

means to escape by connivance of the Perhaps one of the most interest- natives. The feeling of the Spanish ing anecdotes of the courtesies of nation was so absolute and universal war is that beautiful trait of the against the French, and so chival. French dragoon, who came across rously honourable, that there was Felton Harvey of the 14th Light not an instance, during the whole Dragoons, in a cavalry skirmish. war, of a British soldier, officer or man, Harvey had lost an arm, and, as they having been betrayed by them, or not approached each other, instinctively obtaining every possible assistance raised the stump to endeavour to from them; that is, when in a state save his head from the coming blow; of absolute dependence on their aid; but the Frenchman, perceiving the for when the English army marched disabled condition of his opponent, into a town, in all their force and instead of cutting at him, dropped glory, none could show a higher tone his sword to the salute, and galloped and bearing of independence, or a past.

greater determination to resist opAn exchange of prisoners was pression or insult, than the Spaniards.


In their routes through the country, taken prisoner. Among the first of if the prisoner could by any contriv- the enemy who came up to him was ance get from under the eye of his a French grenadier, who, in admiraescort, and among the inhabitants, tion of his gallantry, which he had he was invariably concealed and har- witnessed, ran up and kissed him. boured till an opportunity offered of A day or two after that town was forwarding him to the army, during taken, the garrison having retired to which time all his wants were scru- the castle, and everything being still pulously attended to.

in confusion, one of our officers When Colonel Waters, a fine old pressed on to the buildings at the soldier, and noted for understanding foot of the steep hill, to ascertain how to make the best of any circum- and fix the limits occupied by the .stances, was caught during a recon- French. He walked into the open noitring excursion, the Duke of doors of a church which was backed Wellington was asked whether they against the hill, and so cautiously should send his things in for him by up the centre aisle, when he heard a a flag of truce; but he said, “By no voice from the arched ceiling calling means; Waters will soon find his out, “ Retirez vous, retirez vous ! way out ;” and in he came, sure Looking up, he could see nothing, enough, in a very few days. He was but became at once aware that the a great man for field sports; and be- enemy had access to the ceiling from ing allowed by the French to ride his the hill, while they had abandoned own horse, which, though not showy, the floor, and there were probably was a capital jumper, in passing a musket or two directed on to the through a somewhat close country, floor from some holes, from whence, he put spurs to him, cleared, in fox- of course, he might have been shot hunting style, a stiff stone-wall fence, but for this courteous conduct. He and galloped across the country, bid- of course took the hint, made a bow ding adieu to his escort, who could and retired. only follow him with their eyes, an The Duke of Wellington rode out oath, and a flying pistol-shot or two. one day, attended by some officers

At the siege of Burgos, the Engi- and a cavalry escort, from the front neers were in very small number; so of Bayonne, to reconnoitre the river much so, that the same few individuals Adour, when it was proposed to force were as much in the trenches as the a passage across it. He had to pass necessity for refreshment would pos- round a portion of the fortress at a sibly admit. One, in particular, who mile or two from it, and in going had a more general superintendence through a village, a number of French than the others, commenced early soldiers, stragglers from the garrison, to try and take a few liberties, by and unarmed, rushed out of publiccrossing the open from one part of houses into the street, in confusion. the trenches to another, of course We could have swept them all away very charily at first, till by degrees into our lines, but scorned to take the enemy became accustomed to such a useless advantage ; so, after a him, and would allow him to do few polite cursory remarks and queswhat they would not permit to tions, we parted very good friends. others. Of course, he received the Such are specimens of amenities compliment with respect, and did which may pass in war between the not attempt to take impertinent contending armies, and which, when or obtrusive advantage of his pri- kept within reasonable bounds, canvilege. Among his comrades, the not be too much admired. They will peculiarity was in joke thought to be practised in proportion to the arise from a very particular kind of state of civilisation of the nations coat, down to his ankles, which he engaged, and to the length of the wore, beivg a new and outrageous periods during which campaigns may fashion just arrived from England. last. We did not find the same re

At the tirst storming of San Sebas- fined spirit in the Crimea, among the tian, which was unsuccessful, an Russians. They had a hard sense of officer, a very young man, was very irritation, and, to all appearance, of forward on the breach, wounded, and individual personal rancour, even to


the extent, it is confidently asserted, purpose of an irregular and harassof bayoneting the wounded. This ing warfare, such as may probably refers, however, more particularly to be pursued by large bodies of our the soldiers; the officers, in general, volunteers; and although desultory

; were brave and courteous.

attacks on individuals or parties, on The French and English treat their a small and uninfluential scale, are opponents in a more chivalrous and to be deprecated, yet if important civilised manner than other na- effects to the final result can be antitions; and it was quite an excep- cipated, of course such advantage tion to the usual French practice, would not be foregone. Nor are inwhen the first Napoleon suggested dividuals to be allowed to reconnoitre bringing up a dozen or more field- or perform other useful -services to pieces, slyly to open a volley on any the enemy. This, however, can genassemblage of mounted officers, by erally, be prevented in the manner which “quelque petit général” might already pointed out, by warning off be killed. In fact, it was in that way the parties concerned, and giving Moreau fell in 1812.

them at least the chance of retreat There is a wrong and somewhat before proceeding to extremities. delusive impression entertained, as to The distinction, however, may be the feelings by which we should be considered as clear between those actuated were the soil of England to cases and a state of constant annoybe polluted by the foot of an enemy; ance and suffering, inflicted to no It is frequently asserted that it should really good end. The slaughter of a be then war to the knife, and no quar- solitary individual, merely because ter; but why with regard to England he forms one of the many thousands more than to the attack of any other of an enemy's force, and by which no country, is not easily to be understood. ultimate advantage can be gained, Besides the barbarity of the feeling, is a useless piece of barbarity. Agwe must recollect the reciprocity it gressive measures should not be produces, and that will be far more taken without a view to secure adsevere on the inhabitants of a coun- vantages which may basten the final try who venture on such a system, result; and if war be a necessary than on the army which invades it. evil, everything should be done to Men, women, and children sacrificed, mitigate that evil

, so far as lies in the innocent as well as the guilty — our power. Let us fight in our counhouses burned, and property plun- try's cause with all our strength; dered and devastated-are all consi- but let us not be carried away by the dered legitimate retribution for acts bad passions engendered by warfare, of aggression by an unorganised po- to confound the murder (for it is pulation.

little less) of helpless individuals, It should be understood that the with the one object we ought to bear preceding remarks do not apply to in view—that of using every effort to an armed and organised system, under bring the war in which we may be certain regulations, for the distinct engaged to a glorious termination.


(Since the death, a few years ago, of this remarkable man (the only man, probably, who ever followed oyster-eating as a regular profession), a good deal has been written about him ; but nothing, so far as we are aware, in what our friend Hogg used to call “ Blanks." This seems the more extra.ordinary, as of late that style of composition has, in various forms, greatly prevailed among us; affording, it may be reasonably presumed, in a good many instances, strong confirmation of the worthy SHEPHERD's experience of it, as stated in his own memorable words,—“When I write blanks, I am never perfectly sure whether I am writin' poetry or not.” We are far from saying that, in the following lines, we ourselves have been without some misgivings on this point; but we hope the indulgence of our friends, and more especially of our oyster-eating friends, may be extended to an attempt, however feeble, to supply what seems to have been an omission on the part of our brethren of the verso sciolto.]

WHILE yet a child, and on bis father's knee,
“ Dainties he heeded not, nor gaud, nor toy,
But one large oyster-shell the live-long day
(Marvellous instinct! for the fish itself
No man surmises that he yet had seen)
He sucked unceasingly. The father smiled,
And wondered what his eldest-born might mean.
For to the doting sire 'twas then unknown,
That, on the mother's side, there once had been
A MÁYoR of COLCHESTER, who, it was said,
Married a mermaid, and would sometimes eat
Half his own weight of oysters in the day.

At school 'twas still the same. Nor bat, nor taw,
Nor hazel-nut, nor apple-stall for him
Had any charm. He walked or sat apart,
A silent, meek, and much-enduring boy,
Whose thoughts were all of oysters, and his dreams
Of tales no waking-thought might realise

Passing now
From pupilage to verge of man's estate,
The Mayor and Mermaid “ cropped out " more and more ;
And as the mighty Poet of that day,
When asked of what profession he would be,
Raised his hand to “the pulse of his young brow,'
And said, " I'll be A Poet,”-even so,
When of the youthful DANDO 'twas required
To name his future calling, fin-like hand
On pulse abdominal he placed, and said,

I'll be AN OYSTER-EATER—something here
Says it must be the business of my life.”


And so, through life, for eight months of each year,
From oyster-house to oyster-house he went,

Astonishing THE NATIVES.” All the tales
Of feats of Aldermen of amplest mould,
In their most favoured oyster-eating hours-

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