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are very simple, though for want of a suffi- Blocks of snow were falling on all sides, cient number of accurate observations, they and there was little time to do more than to have not yet been fully made out. My as. measure the size of the stream ; the main tonishment at the number, the richness, the breadth was 27 feet, the greatest depth extent, and the quality of the tin and cop about 18 inches, and the shallowest part per veins, is not yet over. When I saw the nine or ten inches. Captain Hodgson befirst heap extracted from a vein, I conceived lieves this to be the first appearance in day that it must have been obtained from a bed, light of the celebrated Ganges ! Zealous in and only satisfied myself by actual inspec- the prosecution of his inquiries, he attempttion, that the ore was really extracted from ed to proceed forward, but was obliged to a vein.
return, having frequently sunk in the snow, “ An object, on which several geologists one time up to his neck, and there being in England employ themselves in prefer- evident marks of hollows beneath. ence, is the study of the formations lying The height of the halting-place, near above the chalk. To see them, we went to which the Ganges issues from under the the Isle of Wight. These newer formations great snow bed, is calculated to be 12,914 are very remarkable. But the separation of feet above the sea ; and the height of a the fresh water formations from each other peak of the Himalaya, called St George by depends merely on the loose stones found in Captain Hodgson, is estimated to be 22,210 the different beds, and seems to be merely a feet above the surface of the sea. conclusion which has been borrowed, per- Captain Hodgson, in his account of the haps, on too slight grounds, from the course of the river Junna, observes, that at French.”
Jumnoutri, the snow which covers and conceals the stream is about 60 yards wide, and
is bounded on the right and left by precipiOn Monday evening, August 10, 1818, a ces of granite ; it is 404 feet thick, and has Meeting of the Asiatic Society was held at fallen from the precipices above. He was Chouringhee, the most noble the Marquis able to measure the thickness of the bed of of Hastings, president, in the chair. snow over the stream very accurately, by
On this occasion, the journal of a survey means of a plumb line let down through to the heads of the rivers Ganges and Jum- one of the holes in it, which are caused by na, by Captain Hodgson, 10th regiment, the steam of a great number of boiling native infantry, was presented by the presi. springs at the border of the Jumna, the dent. Captain Webb’s Survey, in 1808, thickness 40 feet 5 inches. The head of having extended from the Doon valley to the Jumna is on the S. W. side of the grand Cajane, near Reital, Captain Hodgson com- Himalaya ridge, differing from the Ganges, mences his scientific and interesting labours inasmuch as that river has the upper part of from the latter place, which, by a series of its course within the Himalaya, flowing observations, he found to be in latitude from the south of east to the north of west, 30 43 28 . The village of Reital con- and it is only from Sookie, when it passes sists of 35 houses, which are built of wood, through the Himalaya, that it assumes a and are two or three stories high. He left course of about south 20 west. The mean Reital on the 21st of May 1817. On the latitude of the hot springs of Jumnoutri ap31st he descended to the bed of the river, pears to 30,58. Captain Hodgson made and saw the Ganges issue from under a very his observation April 21, 1817. low arch, at the foot of the grand snow bed. The river was bounded on the right and
AUSTRIA. left by high rocks and snow, but in front M. GIESEKE, professor of mineralogy over the debouchee, the mass of snow was to the Dublin Society, will shortly pubperpendicular, and from the bed of the lish, in German and English, an account stream to the summit, the thickness was es. of his eight years' residence in Green. timated at little less than 300 feet of solid land, ornamented with charts and views, frozen snow, probably the accumulation of The first visit he paid to this inhospitable ages, as it was in layers of several feet country continued for four years, during thick, each seemingly the remains of a fall which time he was sedulously' employed in of a separate year. From the brow of this collecting objects of natural history, &c. curious wall of snow, and immediately above Unfortunately the vessel which was conveythe outlet of the stream, large and hoary ing these articles to Denmark, being taken icicles depended. The Gaghoutri Brahmin, by an English privateer, the cargo was sold who accompanied Captain Hodgson, and at Leith for the paltry sum of £15; an unwho was an illiterate mountaineer, observ- conquerable love for science, however, stimu. ed, that he thought these icicles must be lated M.Gieseke to renew his labours in Green. Mahadeo's hair, from whence, he under- land, and after another four years' residence stood, it is written in the Schaster, the in this wild country, he succeeded in formGanges flows. Captain Hodgson thinks ing a second and enlarged collection of nathat the appellation of the Cow's mouth is tural curiosities, which will soon form a aptly given to this extraordinary debouchee. part of the museum at Vienna. The height of the arch of snow is only suf- M. Loder, the celebrated landscape. ficient to let the stream flow under it. artist of Vienna, who accompanied the
Dachess of Parma to Italy as drawingmaster, will shortly publish a collection of A third edition of the learned Schneider's magnificent views in that country.
Greek and German Dictionary, in two large Adriatic Surveyed.—The survey of the volumes, quarto, will shortly be published Adriatic Sea, begun by Austrian and Nea. at Leipsic. politan Officers, is continued with all possi-Weimar, consisting of political and scien
A new Journal is about to appear at ble perseverance. It is understood, that an English Officer, well experienced in Nau- tific essays, nearly on the plan of the pamtical surveys, has a vessel under his com. phleteer, published in England. mand for the same purpose. We are cer.
M. Baucer is about to publish an importainly interested in this undertaking by our
tant work on botany, mineralogy, and mepossession of Corfou.
teorology; the result of observations and
discoveries in the mountains of Franconia. DENMARK. Paper, superior to common.The haber,
A description of some remains of German
and Roman tombs and altars discovered dasher Ehrenhold, at Copenhagen, has discovered a method of making paper from
near Wesbaden, on the banks of the Rhine,
by M. Dorow. the Alga Marina; which is reported to be
Dr Robbi on the use of phosphorus in superior in whiteness and strength to any different disorders, particularly in chronic paper prepared from linen rags.
affections, in German. The art of making paper from the Alga Marina is not a new invention ; but, it is
Icelandic Literature.-From some intepossible that in the improved state of ma.
resting accounts respecting the modern nufactures, and especially of Chemistry, a
literature of Iceland, we learn, that a considerable improvement may be made
translation has been made of Milton's Paraon processes before imagined. There are
dise Lost, and of the first fourteen books several other plants, also, at present of no
of Klopstock's Messiah, into the lan. use, from which very good paper might be
guage of that country, by John Thorlak, made: but, we know not at what compara.
son, a native. This poet is a minister at tve expense.
Baegisa, and lives in a little hut, situated
between three high mountains, and in the Dictimary of Danish and Norwegian Aue neighbourhood of torrents and foaming cata, thors. The second part of the dictionary of racts. The room in which he studies and Danish and Norwegian authors, including sleeps is scarcely large enough to contain a living writers, will be published in the
bed, a table, and a chair, and the entrance course of the present year. This work is is not four feet in height. His whole inprinted in quarto in columns; and the day come does not exceed six guineas a year, of the author's birth and death, the principal epochs in his literary life, and a com- is required to support life in Iceland, that,
although he serves two parishes. So little plete list of his works, are all given with formerly, the ministers had not more than great accuracy. Falsehood and calumny thirty shillings for their annual stipend. are said to be alike excluded from this publication.
An Almanack of the Muses in Dutch for Number of works published in France in 1820, to include the productions of the the year 1818.
most celebrated living poets, is announced. Physics,
24 In the Russian language, a geographical Natural History,
62 manual of the Russian Empire, in two voMedicine,
129 lumes by C. M. de Broemsen, who, during Pure Mathematics,
22 25 years active peregrination of this vast Astronomy,
11 country, has been enabled to visit the greatNaval Tactics,
31 er part of it. The work includes particular Military Tactics,
25 observations on the soil; and on the indusVarieties, Mathematical Recreations, &c. 22 try, commerce, manners, and customs, of Theology,
211 its inhabitants. Logic and Metaphysics,
11 Moral Philosophy,
The Lancasterian System of Education Legislation,
243 is about to be published in Spanish, and Education and Elementary Works, 71 dedicated, by permission, to king FerdiPolitical Economy,
47 nand. Commerce,
141 The literature of Iceland has lately be. Finances and Taxes,
109 come an object of research in Sweden and Politics,
360 Norway; and the royal library at StockHistory,
122 holm possessing a great number of Iceland Travels,
25 MSS. the Professor Lilliegren is now occuGeography,
13 pied in translating and preparing them for
publication. The first volume has appearTotal, 1783 ed, and a second is in great forwardness.
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
Shortly will be published, a Fifth Vo. In the press, and speedily will be publish-
the first part of a new work, entitled, ExMr Britton's Third Number of Chrono- cursions through Ireland ; to be comprised logical and Historical Illustrations of the in eight volumes, and containing four hunAncient Architecture of Great Britain ; con- dred engravings, with Historical and Totaining eight engravings; also, the Fourth pographical Delineations of each Province; Number of the History and Antiquities of together with Descriptions of the Residences York Cathedral. The Sixth Number, to of the Nobility and Gentry, Remains of finish this Cathedral, is announced for the 1st Antiquity, &c. of June.
Dr Spurzheim is preparing for the press, The Victories of the Duke of Welling. a Treatise on the Education of Youth, foundton, illustrated in a Series of Engravinys, ed on the Discrimination of Individual Chafrom drawings by Richard Westall, R. A. racter, by the form of the head. The outlines engraved by Charles Heath, Shortly will be published, the Fourth and and coloured, in imitation of the original Final Part of the Architectural Perspective drawings, will soon appear, in 4to.
Views of every Parish Church in London. The Englefield Vases. The first part of Dr Thornton will shortly publish his Ju. this work, containing Six Plates, engraved venile Botany ; being an easy Introduction by H. Moses, from the Vases in the posses- to that Science, through the means of famision of Sir H. Englefield, Bart. is nearly liar Conversation, illustrated with numerous ready for publication.
plates. John Adamson, Esq. is preparing for pu- Mr W. B. Taylor of Dublin, is about to blication, Memoirs of the Life and Writings print an Historical Account of the Univerof Luis de Carnoens, in 2 vols 8vo, illus- sity of Dublin, in 12 Numbers, elephant trated with engravings.
4to, to be illustrated with 24 superb colourThe Print of the Battle of Waterloo, by ed engravings. Burnet, from the capital painting of At. Nearly ready for publication, 16 plates, kinson and Devis, will be ready for delivery in illustration of the Architecture and Sculpon the 1st of June.
ture of the Cathedral Church of Lincoln, Mr J. S. Cotman of Yarmouth, has in from drawings by Mr C. Wild, accompanied great forwardness, in folio, a Series of Fin- by an Historical and Descriptive Account of ished Etchings, with Descriptions, of the Ec- the Fabric. clesiastical and Castellated Antiquities of Mr W. Hazlitt has in the press, a volume Norniandy, from drawings made by himself. of Political Essays.
The Iron Mask, a poem, ascribed to the Mr Godwin is preparing an answer to Mr pen of J. D. Humphreys, Esq. great-grand- Malthus's Work on Population. son of the late Dr Doddridge, and author A Comparative Estimate of the Claims of of the Recluse of the Pyrenees, will be pub- Burke, Dunning, Lord George Sackville, lished in May.
Horne Tooke, &c.; to be considered either Remarks on the Fore-knowledge of God, in union, or individually, the authors of the suggested by passages in Dr Adam Clark's Letters of Junius ; by Walter Symonds. Commentary on the New Testament, by A new edition of Observations on the Ca. Gill Timms.
nonical Scriptures, in 4 vols Svo; by Mrs Mr Dodwell's long promised Travels will Cornwallis of Wittepham, Kent, certainly appear in May, accompanied by A Series of Letters by the Hon. Lady the first portion of his Views in Greece. Sir Spenser, to her Nięce, the late Duchess of W. Gell's Itinerary of Greece.
Devonshire, are preparing for publication. Mr Samuel Drew, author of an Original The tenth and concluding volume of Do. Essay on the Immateriality and Immortality povan's British Birds, will shortly be pubof the Soul, and of an Essay on the Identi. lished. ty and Resurrection of the Body, proposes A new edition of Dr Gray's Work, much to publish by subscription, an Essay, entitl. corrected and enlarged, on the Connexion ed, an Attempt to Demonstrate, from Rea- between the Sacred Writings and the Lite, son, and from Revelation, the necessary Ex- rature of Jewish and Heathen authors. istence, Essential Perfections, and Superin- A new edition of Bishop Marsh's Trans. tending Providence of an Eternal Being, lation of Michaelis's Introduction to the
Study of the New Testament, will appear ham House, and which will be sold by Me in a few weeks.
Evans in the month of May. A Translation of a valuable French work, To be published in a few days, Peter Bell, entitled, Dictionnairé des Monogrammes, a tale, in verse ; by William Wordsworth, Chiffres, &c. is about to be published, by Esq. in 8vo, uniformly with the Lyrical Mr Ackermann, accompanied by numerous Ballads and other poems, by the same au. plates of Monograms, Mark, and Initials, thor. of celebrated Painters and Engravers.
A Collection of Letters, Relative to Public A second part of Dr Syntax's Tour, to Events in the latter half of the 17th century, be published by Mr Ackermann. The work from the originals in the archives of the announced, under the title of “Syntax in Rawdon family in Ireland, with an IntroLondon," is not written by the author of duction and Notes, is printing. the original poem.
Miss Lucy Aikin has nearly ready, in an Messrs Harding and Nicol are preparing 8vo vol. Memoirs of the Court of King a Catalogue of the valuable French, Ger. James the First. man, and English Library of her late Ma. Conversations on Geology, in a duodeci. jesty, removed from Windsor to Bucking, mo vol. will soon appear.
EDINBURGH. The Subscription Edition of Mr Hogg's The Edinburgh Philosophical Journal; Queen's Wake will be delivered to the Sub- exhibiting a View of the Progress of Disacribers in a few days.
covery in Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Peter's Letters to his Kinsfolk ; being a Natural History, &c. Number I. to be Series of Letters written during a late Visit published on the 1st of June, and to be to Scotland ; the second edition, corrected continued Quarterly. and enlarged, and illustrated with numerous The Lay of Agincourt, with other poems, portraits, etched and engraved by amateurs, will appear in the course of the month of 3 vols 8vo, will be published on the 1st of May. Jane.
MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
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&c. &c. An Appendix to the Synopsis Plantarum Ogle, Duncan, and Co.'s select Catalogue Succulentarum cum Descriptionibuts, sy. of Divinity for 1819. nonymis, &c. Auctore A. H. Haworth,
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