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despair.” “Oh no," replied she, “all The heroine of this drama was called the world are happy at Quimper-Cor- Gabrielle, like herself ; and, as the caentin; Mademoiselle Gabrielle is here tastrophe of this revolting tragedy, on her return from Spain with her she was forced to eat the heart of her dear Du Courcy, at present her hus- lover, named Conci, but which was band. Of the two nieces, one of them translated into Spanish, Da Courci. is come back from Calabria with St Du Courci was present also at this Leon, who has not turned capuchin, play, seated on the opposite side of the and Mademoiselle Aline is just re- house to Gabrielle, who was with her turned from India with the amiable husband and another lady in a side Sainval.” “ By Heavens,” cried Ke- box; and she no sooner heard from renflute, “ I believe you are all de- the stage those names that were so termined to make me more mad than dear to her heart, than she became ever ; how can what you say be true, affected and uneasy, which increased after what I have heard ?” “ You as the interest of the piece advanced. shall have no farther doubts on their It was superiorly well acted, for it account, if you will but listen to me,”. costs little to a Spanish actress to play said one of the company.

empassioned parts, and an actor of that If the uneasiness that was suffered nation can easily perform a jealous husfor Mademoiselle Balzamie was owing band. Gabrielle burst into tears, and to a dream, what was felt for Made as, towards the conclusion, the name of moiselle Gabrielle was merely found- Da Courci was often repeated, she was ed on the representation of a tragedy. quite overpowered, and after sobbing On her arrival at Cadiz, the relations aloud, fainted, and was carried home she had there formed a plan to marry senseless. her to an old merchant, who had late- It was on the morrow that she had ly brought immense wealth from Pe- written to Quimper, and her letter had ru. She was afraid of opposing their met with the same accident as that of will, feeling, on the one hand, that Balzamie, and caused a similar misthis alliance would make her very rich, take, which had given such uneasiand, on the other, that, from the age ness to the family of the Lokrenans. and infirmities of her future spouse, But this scene was not productive of she might soon hope for the enjoy- such melancholy effects in Spain ; ment of all his wealth in uncontrolled some of the gossips made malicious reliberty. She married, therefore, the flections respecting Frenchmen and Peruvian, and her marriage was scarce- French manners, especially such as ly concluded when Du Courci arrived. had heard of the prior attachment of In spite of the jealousy of the mer- Du Courci to Gabrielle. The husband, chant, he found means to see Gabri- however, was not any way jealous, and elle, and make her some tender re- had no thoughts of punishing it, or proaches. The amiable Bretonne was perhaps he had not time, as he very not displeased at hearing them, but shortly after fell dangerously ill, and advised him not to risk again entering died. The young widow, now amazingher house. “Be on your guard, ly rich, settled her affrirs, in which said she, “ especially as to husbands she was assisted by Du Courci ; and, of this nation, for the presumptuous having sent her most valuable effects French have often felt the effects of to France, followed them thither her. their revenge. I am interested in self. Du Courci was not long behind your days; be careful of them, for her, and on the expiration of her year my sakc, in times more fortunate." of mourning, they were married at the She would have continued, but a noise time when Kerenflute had returned to she heard made her retire.

his native town. Gabrielle was confirmed in her fears The adventures of Mademoiselle from the representation of a Spanish Adelaide were not near so simple as play, said to be a translation from the those of her two cousins, for what had French, but which the mistress of happened to her was indeed extraorSainval believed to have been origidinary. She had been forced by her nally Spanish; for the savage charac- father to accompany him into Calater there drawn of a jealous husband bria, where he had married her by was more analogous to that nation, menaces and violence, omitting some than to the manners, thinking, and essential forms, to a very rich but very acting of French lovers or husbands. disgusting Calabrese of Reggio. Her

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father returned to Leghorn as soon as some days in this sacred and inviola-
he had accomplished this fatal esta- ble asylum, the Breton missionary an-
blishment, and left her a prey to her nounced his intention of departing for
stupid husband. She fell ill with Sicily, on his road to the Levant. A
chagrin, and not daring to explain the vessel conveyed them speedily to Rus-
cause of her atfliction, complained bit- sina, attended by a youth to serve him
terly that she was not allowed a con- as a lay-brother; and it may be easily
fessor to whom she might open her guessed who this companion was. In-
heart. She would readily have ob- stead of crossing from Sicily to Turkey,
tained this satisfaction, had there been they sailed from Messina to Naples,
any French monks in the country, but and from Naples to Rome, under the
for a long time none had been in these same disguises.
parts. Unexpectedly, they learnt that In this capital of the christian
a Capuchin from Lower Britanny was world Saint Leon found protectors,
arrived at Reggio, to remain some time and employed them to obtain two con-
before he continued his journey to the siderable favours, but both founded in
missionaries in the Levant. The huse justice, when the situations of himselt
band, penetrated with all the esteem and Adelaide were considered. Adele
and confidence the monks of that au- aide retired to a convent of nuns, and
stere order obtain in catholic countries, demanded that her marriage with the
instantly introduced to his wife Father Calabrese should be set aside, because
Guignolet de Concarnean, by whom she had been married by force-some
he was politely received.

of the most essential ceremonies had
It was the enamoured Saint Leon, been omitted. Saint Leon solicited to
who, under the disguise of a beard and have the excommunication taken off,
hood, had come to offer her proofs of which he had incurred for having put
his zeal and tenderness. She did not on the dress of Saint François, without
discern him until they were left alone, having a right to wear it; and for hav-
and Heaven knows with what joy and ing forged a false order from the Ge-
sensibility she reproached him for his neral of the Capuchins to go to Reg-
imprudence, and for thus risking his gio, and for having, under this disguise,
life. Saint Leon assured her, that he assisted in the evasion of his fair
had employed certain means to prevent countrywoman.
any suspicion or jealousy, and soon The cause of the lady appeared to
their whole conversation turned on the courts more just than that of the
how she could be withdrawn from the gentleman ; her reasons seemed per-
tyranny of such a husband. The two fectly sound, and as it was only neces-
lovers agreed that nothing could be sary to have a verification of facts,
more difficult ; and the plan they at letters were sent to Reggio for infor-
last adopted was certainly most singu- mation. The affair of Saint Leon was
lar. It was settled that Adelaide should considered as more serious, they were
counterfeit being dead, and measures for having him remain a Capuchin,
were taken accordingly. The wife of since he had counterfeited one so well
the Calabrese, although more content --but that was not his intention, and
ed, and in excellent health, since she had it was necessary for him to press every
met again Saint Leon, made believe friend to exert himself, that such a
that her disorder was increased; a phy, rigorous sentence should not be put
sician, gained over by the presents into execution. It was while this
of the false Capuchin, certified her matter was pending, that, passing
danger, and soon the pretended Father through a village in Lombardy, hemet
Guignolet no longer quitted her cham with the thread-merchant from Quim-
ber, and every thing was so well ma- per, whom those who have commenced
naged, that she seemed to expire be- this history have spoken of. As he
fore their face. The funeral was ar- continued to wear the Franciscan dress,
ranged by Saint Leon, as he said, ac. he was obliged, through a singular
cording to the last wishes of the de- circumstance, to preach a sermon in
funct, who had desired to be buried in honour of the patron of the parish.
the convent of the Capuchins at Reg- He had arrived at this village exactly
gio, and on the night following the as the rector was sitting down to din-
burial, she was taken out of the vault ner, for, as it was the feast of the patron,
and transported to the cell of Father he was regaling his brethren of the
Guignolet. After she had reposed cloth; the pretended Father Guignolet

was handsomely entertained, and af- had often accompanied her to the ter dinner the rector was to preach country-house where she had made the panegyric of his patron ; unluckily butter, and assisted her in this rural he had made himself unfit for this bril- employment, and the idea of it had liant function; and the travelling Capu- remained strongly fixed in his memo. chin was intreated to perform it for him. ry. He quitted Britanny about the He felt that it would be unhandsome to same time that Aline embarked for refuse, having been so kindly treated; India, and when at Paris, admitted to but not being well acquainted with the society of some pretty women, the character of their saint whom he who desired him to compose to them was to praise, he bawled loudly and an agreeable and interesting tale, he so inarticulately, that his words could therefore imagined that of the Queen not well be understood, accompanied of Golconda. by gesticulations of such vehemence, The names of Aline and Sainval, that he fulfilled his task to the great and the details of the country-house, satisfaction of the clergy, and even to being ever in his mind, he introduced the edification of the parishioners. them into the tale, and what was con

At length Saint Leon succeeded in sidered at Paris as a novel, was at obtaining his pardon, and liberty to Quimper believed as authentic news; lay aside the dress of Saint Francis- which, if it wanted confirmation as to during this time, news was brought of some of the circumstances, had a the death of the Calabres, husband strong foundation of probability, to Adelaide-her father was also dead, There was not, however, one word of and his daughter having succeeded to truth in it; Aline had safely arrived his wealth, and at liberty, gave her at her uncle's in Pondicherry, and hand to Saint Leon, who, renouncing Sainval had likewise made the same alms and the hood, brought back fortunate voyage to that town. The triumphantly to Quimper-Corentin niece had captivated the heart of an her who had given him such extraor- old merchant who had settled all he dinary proofs of her love.

was worth on marrying her. Sainval There now only remained to satis- had offered himself when she was fy the unhappy Kerenflute, as to the freed by death from her old husband, fate of the fair Aline and her lorn and had met with her uncle's appro« Sainval. They assured him they were bation, as he was young and agreeable. returned from Pondicherry to Quim- A year afterward, they had embarked per as happy as kings, but without to enjoy their fortune at Quimper.having otherwise reigned than in the And you will agree with me, that no hearts of each other. Hence it may story can be more simple and less robe readily concluded, that the history mantic than theirs. Fortunate inhawhich had been made of their adven- bitants of Quimper-Corentin, what a tures, was a pure fiction, and only a happy lot is yours! You only suffer romance. But how could it have hap- from false alarms, whilst others enpened that, in this spirited history, dure real evils. I sincerely congratuthe names of Aline and of Sainval, late you on your happiness, and wish the description of the country-house the same to all who hear me. of M. de Lokrenan, and other circum- Thus did M. de Verbois conclude stances, should have squared so exact, the history of the lovers of Quimperly with the truth, that the writer must Corentin-Madame de Marcel and have been a sorcerer from Quim- the company applauded this denoueper-Corentin, to have done it so mar- ment; and should any critics dare to vellously well. I will explain the say that there is very little probability riddle-a young officer of dragoons, in the manner these heroes and hero full of wit and vivacity, had passed ines of this history were extricated two years in quarters with his troop from their embarrassments, the more at Quimper; during so long a residence just will allow that the restrictions he became acquainted with the best imposed were very hard and difficult company in that town and neighbour, to execute, and that, from the excluhood, and of course had frequented sion of magic and poison, they could the house of M. de Lokrenan ; he had scarcely have been otherwise brought even paid his court to Aline, and home again safely and happily.




wisely or wittily as men, being of the effe. Your Number for December last, con- minate sex, whose brains nature lath mix'd tained some remarks on the poems of with the coldest and softest elements;


to give my reason why we cannot be so wise the Duchess of Newcastle, a lady whose

as men, I take leave, and ask pardon of my writings have nearly fallen into obli

own sex, and present my reasons to the vion. The writer of that article does judgment of truth.” not seem to have examined many of

Her reasons are whimsical enough her Grace's works, and I, therefore, in some respects, but in others very far take the liberty of transmitting to you from foolish, and they have the merit a short account of one or two of the of being distinguished by their humileast common of these strange produc- lity. After ascribing the inferiority of tions.

women to the delicacy of their frame, Sir Egerton Brydges is perhaps cor

which prevents them from engaging in rect in his opinion, that the major part those enterprises, which, if they do not of her works was composed while she always lead to discovery, serve at least accompanied her husband in his exile; to enlarge and invigorate the faculties, but not more than five volumes were

she proceeds thus: published before the restoration of

“ What woman ever made such laws as Charles II., namely, Philosophical Moses, Lycurgus, or Solon, did ? What Fancies," 12mo, London, 1653.

woman was ever so wise as Solomon or Ari. “ Poems and Fancies,” folio, London, stotle ? so politick as Achitophel ? (here the 1653.—“ The World's Olio," folio, lady was probably mistaken) so eloquent as London, 1653.-" Philosophical and Tully? so demonstrative as Euclid so inPhysical Opinions,” folio, London, ventive as Seth or Archimedes? It was not 1655.-"Nature's Pictures, drawn by a woman that found out the card and needle, Fancy's Pencil, to the Life,” London, and the use of the loadstone ; it was not a

woman that invented perspective glasses to 1656.

pierce into the moon; it was not a woman From this enumeration it will ap- that found out the invention of writing letters pear, that what your correspondent (Pope's Eloisa thought otherwise), and the calls her “ earliest work, the World's art of printing ; it was not a woman that Olio,” was not the first of her publica- found out the invention of gunpowder, and tions, and I am mistaken if it was the the art of guns.” first of her writings. She says, indeed, Then follows a long string of names, in one of her epistles to the reader (it to prove that women were never such is not uncommon for her to have eight poets, physicians, painters, architects, or ten prefaces to the same volume), musicians, as Homer, Hippocrates, A that most of the book was written five pelles, Vitruvius, and Orpheus.

In years before it was printed," and was winding up her speculations on this lockt up in trunk, as if had been subject, she says, buried in a grave;" and, after all, in- “ Thus we see, by the weakness of our stead of being corrected, was sent into actions, the constitution of our bodies, and the world with all its defects. If this by our knowledge, the temper of our brains ; be true, she must have been known as by our unsettled resolutions, unconstant of an author for some time; for she often our promises, the perverseness of our wills; refers to her former books, which she by our facile natures, violent in our passions, says people would not allow to be her superstitious in our devotions, you may know

our humours; we have more wit than judge own writing, alleging that she had

ment, more courage than conduct, more will gathered her opinions from several phi-than strength, more curiosity than secrecy, losophers.

more vanity than good houswifery, more “ The World's Olio" is a folio of complaints than pains, more jealousie than 216 pages, dedicated first to "Fortune," love, more tears than sorrow, more stupidity secondly“to her Lord,” and, thirdly, to than patience, more pride than affaħility, her brother-in-law, Sir Charles Ca- more beauty than constancy, more ill-nature vendish.” Her second « Preface to

than good.” the Reader,” begins thus:

In another preface she insinuates, “ It cannot be expected I should write so that those who dislike her writings,

To say


are chiefly such persons as, from de- Here are one or two of her thoughts on fects in their voices, are unable to read loquacity: clearly ; from which it may be infer- “ Those that speak little, are either wise red, that Mr Pope, and Lord Orford, men or crafty men, either to observe what and S. K.C., may have laboured under was spoken by others, or not to discover some vocal infirmity.

themselves too suddenly ; and those that “ The very sound of the voice (says she), speak much, are either fools, or els very will seem to alter the sense of the theme'; witty men; fools, because they have little to though the sense will be there in despight of entertain them in their thoughts, and therethe ill voice or render ; but it will be con

fore imploy the tongue to speak like a par. cealed or discovered to its disadvantage. rote, by roat; and fools think the number

of words helps to fill up the vacant places of Some, in reading, wind up their voices to such a passionate scrue, that they whine or

sense ; but those that have wit, their brains

are so full of fancy, that if their tongue, like squeal rather than speak or read ; others

a midwife, should not deliver some of the fold up their voices with that distinction, that they make that narrow that should be issue of the brain, it would be overpowered, broad, and high that should be low. And and lost in painful throws.

“ And the reason why women are so apt some, again, so fast, that the sense is lost in the race; so that writings, though they are

to talk too much, is an overwening opinion Dat se, yet they sound good or bad, accord

of themselves, in thinking they speak well,

and striving to take off that blemish from their ing to the readers, and not according to their authors.”

sex, of knowing little by sp aking much, as

thinking many words have the same weight the truth, it is not every read- of much knowledge ; but my best friend er that can do justice to this fair writ- says, he is not of my opinion, for, he saies, er's periods. Sometimes an essay is women talk because they cannot hold their comprehended in half a line, and very tongues.” often a single sentence occupies two or

She has some ®curious, and, by three folio pages.

no means nonsensical, ideas, on It is exceedingly probable, that the breeding of children,” and on sendwritings of the Duchess of Newcastle ing young gentlewomen to boardingattracted considerable attention in her schools, which must have been furnishown lifetime, otherwise it is impossi- ed by her own experience ; as was also ble to account for the number of edi- what she says “ of a second wife," a tions through which some of them “subject on which she was qualified to passed, and for the spiteful surmise speak feelingly, having been in that that she had stolen many of her predicament herself. thoughts from great authors.' In “the " It is to be observed, that when a second World's Olio," she often gives her opi- wife comes into a family, all the former nion of the various kinds of writings, tious, and do foment suspicions against her,

children, or old servants, are apt to be facand she never fails to testify her con- making ill constructions of all her actions, tempt for book-learning-thus,

were they never so well and innocently “ Scholars are never good poets, for they meant, yet they shall be ill taken ; and aú incorporate too much into other men, which that they hinder her of, although it do them makes them become less themselves, in which no good, they think themselves enriched, not great scholars are metamorphosed or trans- so much by what they get, but by what she migrated into as many several shapes as they loseth." read anthors, which makes them monstrous,

Many of the opinions which she exand their head is nothing but a lumber, stuft presses, particularly with regard to the learned poet than a poet unlearned, but that accomplishments of a gentleman, were which makes a good poet is that which makes evidently intended to be complimenta good privie counsellor, which is observa- ary to her husband, who, when this tion and experience, got by time and com- book was published, had reached his

grand climacteric, but was still noted

as a first rate horseman, and an adept Her own productions, whether poetical or not, seem generally to have been in all manly exercises. One of her either the results of observation, or the aphorisms is : recollections of what she had heard in horses and weapons, than to fiddle and dance;

“ It becomes a gentleman rather to love conversation. She is rarely unintelli- and he is not worthy the name of a gentlegible, except when she dips into physi- man, that had rather come sweating from a ology or physics. In the knowledge of tennis-court, than bleeding from a battle." human nature she was no tyro, and it In another passage she says, is not a little strange that her harshest “ But in this age, although it be the iron remarks are levelled at her own sex. age, those men that have effeminate bodies,


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