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1. Whitish green, marbled with Sp. Gr. masses of oak, says he, dug from the alluvial dark green
3.330 strata of the country, where it has lain for 2. Dark Green variety
3.190 ages, many of them are found fresh and 3. Whitish green variety, same as sound as the day on which they had been No I.
3.400 thrown from their respective roots. In this 4. Light-coloured greenish white va- case the timber is uniformly black as ebony, riety
2.858 and obdurately hard. I was led from cu. “ The specimens, of which the specific riosity to examine chemically several of gravities are as above, were all, except the these old trunks, and found a far greater last, furnished me by the kindness of Sir proportion of iron than could be supposed George Staunton. The last is precisely of the to exist in the natural state of the tree. To same nature as the sceptre sent to his Royal this iron I attribute the incorruptibility and Highness the Prince Regent, and was put high state of preservation of this antedilu. into my possession for the purpose of ex. vian timber. This extraneous iron must amination by the Hon. Mr Amherst, to have been supplied from the ore of the soil whom it was presented by one of our at- or chalybeate waters ; in this state of solu. tendant Mandarins."
tion it would penetrate the substance of the The only part of this description which wood, unite with the astringent principle, cannot be reconciled to prehnite is the in- and produce not only the black colour, but fusibility before the blow-pipe. The spe- such a density of texture as almost to resist cific gravity of the fibrous variety of preh- the sharpest instrument. The same means nite is 2.901, its hardness is nearly the same will season new timber, and render it proof as that of the Yu ; and though its fracture against dry rot that will cure old : namely, is always fibrous, yet I can conceive it to be the application of iron in a state of solution. described by a person not familiar with the This can be obtained at a comparatively external characters, as having a splintery small expence from a solution of green fracture, which is not altogether erroneous. copperas, in which the wood must be The infusibility before the blow-pipe seems soaked till it has acquired the colour of new to separate the Yu both from prehnite and ink. This would completely counteract from nephrite, to which Mr Abel refers it.* every vegetable principle, and communicate
Power of the Screw.. The Admiralty durability and firinness of texture, with this yacht, lately under repair in Woolwich additional advantage, that the sulphut of dock-yards, was, on the 12th instant, raised the solution, penetrating the substance of the from her bearings sufficiently high to have plank, would defend it against the ravages the bottom of her keel coppered, by the ap- of insects. plication of a single pair of screws, under The Royal Medical Society of Copenthe direction of Mr W. Hookey, assistant hagen, which has existed more than forty builder. The vessel is one of 120 tons, years, and is similar to those established at having on board 30 tons of ballast, with all London, Edinburgh, and Paris, has just the stageing, &c. attached. The whole published a fifth volume of a new series operation was performed by eight men, in of its transactions, entitled, Acta nova five minutes ; and Mr Hookey is decidedly Regiæ Societatis Havnicnsis, which had of opinion, that he could, by the application been postponed for sixteen years. Twentyof ten such pair of screws, which are those six papers, on various medical subjects, used in his bending machine, raise any fri- form this collection; many of them display gate in the service, an operation which, in a considerable degree of research : from the many cases, would be of great public ad industry and accuracy with which the devantage.
scription of the diseases, mode of treatment, Prevention of Dry Rot. Mr Gavin and dissections, are detailed, they will tend Inglis, in some observations on the preven. equally to elucidate the object of their en. tion of dry-rot, concurs with several gentle. quiries. men, who recently published the results of The first part of a French translation of their experience, that timber, especially for Dr Wilson Philip's Treatise on Febrile ship-building, ought never to be cut till Discases, by Dr Letic, was published in after the fall of the leaf. In examining Paris last month.
• The Yu stone is probably massive arroganite.
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