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Stain'd with the purple tide his soul swam Like to the early branches of some tree forth in,

Whose hasty sap shoots into early fruit, Doth blush at its own guilt."

Till the o'erladen boughs crack with their When Ursini, in an absurd strain weight of court flattery, compliments Ferran- Ere yet they be full ripe.” do on his smiles, while the unhappy Calantha, being informed by her prince is in fact sufferingi the most ladies of this unexpected discovery, poignant distress, he answers him dis- sends for the unhappy Felicia to abuse dainfully

her with even harsher language than, * Thou should'st have said Heaven smiled it is to be presumed, Diana made use when set with clouds

of in upbraiding Callisto. This forces Black as night's swarthy mantle; when the from Felicia an avowal of her imaginair

ed intercourse with Ferrando, and

the Breaks out in hideous cracks that cleave the promise of marriage which she believes Temple,

herself to have received from him ; and And strike dead the devout Priest at the she eagerly embraces the proposal of Altar."

the indignant Princess to take her The catastrophe of the piece miser- place in the bridal bed, as belonging ably baulks the expectations which to her by prior right, while Calantha have been raised and kept alive dur- herself resolves on immediate flight ing the three first acts. The discovery from Naples, and a life of perpetual of Felicia, Alberto's daughter, in the seclusion. person of the supposed Sylvio, is in it- Meanwhile the plot of Zisco is ripe self by no means unpoetical; but so for execution. He obtains access to wretched an use is afterwards made of the nuptial chamber, and there finds her, that the reader must heartily wish time and opportunity to violate, and she had really met with the fate that afterwards murder, his own sister, misFederigo believes her to have expe- taking her for the princess-bride of rienced. The scene is in a garden Ferrando. Ferrando himself, entering where the two Sicilian ladies are pro- just after the accomplishment of this posing a garland for their mistress, delectable piece of vengeance, is stabbed and a pretty dialogue takes place on by the incestuous assassin, and falls, the emblematic qualities of the flowers exclaiming, in language richly worthy they gather.

the supposed Sylvio of Tom Thumb, enters without perceiving them, and utters his unguarded lamentations in

“ The spheres are out of túne, Nature's

distraught, their hearing

The orbs celestial have turn'd round so long -“ Methinks each thing That they are giddy ; the stars are in a I meet with all upbraids my fond credulity. mutiny ; The soaring lark hovers aloft in th' air, The intelligences are altogether by the At distance from th' enchanting glass that courts

He lives, however, to hear the comHer to her ruin - the fearful quail Suspects and shares the music of the pipe

mencement of the explanation which That sings her into fetters. Only poor I

Ursini, in a fit of repentance even more Am sillier than these.

extraordinary than his previous vilWitness the untimely swelling of this womb, lanies, undertakes, gratuitously to furPregnant to my disgrace. As I lay hid nish ; but finding that it is likely to In yonder thieket, the brambles gently prove a little long-winded, very good swell's

humouredly, stops him in the midst, And hid my shame, which yet each trivial wind,

“ Farewell, Ursini, I'l hear the rest But dallying with, persuaded from my cover,

anon." And left me naked to Heaven's eye: the and then quietly takes his departure boughs

to the other world. Of the next willow clung about my head, Calantha, who is arrested in her atAs if they'd knit themselves into a garland tempt to escape, addresses the guilty Which I should wear for my forsaken lover ;

minister in language more suitable to Oh you, the weak supporters of my woes ! Why do you fail me now in greatest need the former part of the tragedy. Bear me at least into some hollow cave

“ Dost tremble ? Where I may die, free from an after scorn, Thou look'st like one of those thin frozen And not, when I am dead, befriend the ghosts shame

That chattering lie on hills of thick-zibb'd, of our frad sex : Oh! I faint and fall



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She throws herself on the body of rintha, which is perplext and crossed Ferrando, when convinced of her er- by the intrigues of " that accomplishror, exclaiming in a tone of moralizing ed Machiavelist,” Ursini, he himself tenderness,

aspiring to the possession of the same “ Cold as the earth he lies on, and as dull lady, and with her, of the crown of too !

Naples after the intended removal of Where is the soul, that buried flame, that Ferrando by the hand of Zisco. In lent

consequence of those intrigues, VaHim life and motion-affected such vain lenzo and his friend Piero are apprepomp

hended on a charge of treason, and And glorious noise? Ah! Whither is it fled? condemned to die; but the king proPoor, lifeless trunk !

claims that he will pardon one of them It was unkindly done to leave thee thus,

upon the terms of his voluntary sube A prey to worms and rottenness.”

mission. Ursini contrives that this Here, Zisco, whom one would have proclamation shall be first communi. expected to run distracted, or die out- cated to Piero, who, out of love for right, with horror at the discovery of his friend, refuses to accept the profferthe consequences of his blind revenge, ed mercy, and, supported by Carintha probably having imbibed a taste for herself, uses all his entreaties to inmurder, and reflecting that one or two duce Valenzo to avail himself of it. added to the number of his former “Enjoy him long,"-he thus addresse peccadillos of this sort, cannot sink his the Princess soul much deeper than it is gone al

“ May you, a happy pair, ready, stabs Calantha also, and she Grow like two neighbouring roses on one dies in a strain of metaphorical playfulness, which, though grossly unna- Partaking mutually each other's sweets, tural and revolting, partakes of that Whence no rude hand approach to ravish wildness of fancy which distinguishes And when you are full blown and ripe for many of our older dramatists.

Heaven, “ Draw, draw the curtains there ! My May you fall gently both into one grave, love and I must sleep.- Uncivil, I protest! There lie entombed in your own odours." Put out the lights. We shall sleep best in The conclusion of the play leaves the dark ; pray, don't disturb us. You may fright him from mine arms but I'll of this pair of lovers and their worthy

us completely at our ease as to the fate hold-him-fast."

friend. Valenzo is associated with his The second plot has little in it of mistress in the dignity and cares of merit or originality, but nothing offen- royalty, and we may suppose that sive. It is built on the love of the Piero succeeds, without opposition, to General Valenzo for the Princess Ca- Ursiui's post of prime minister.


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OF SOME OF THE FAULTS OF EXGLISH MANNERS.* While we have been amusing long as they consider him selves, and, we trust, our readers, by thor of celebrity, they will relieve laughing at the image of our own pe- from the hideous imputation of proculiarities, as reflected by that mirror of vincialism, which otherwise he, like modern travellers, Dr Morris, we con- our countrymen, would incur, and will fess we have been looking about with no adopt the Briton as a son of England. small anxiety for a gallery of English Whether the Doctor will glory in the portraits as companions to his Scotch change, we know not. For our own ones. For, as that mighty nation have parts, we are content to continue to be at all times inclination enough to looked upon as Scotsmen, and should laugh at us, and to look upon us in by no means consider it as a feather the light of provincials and barbarians in our caps to be treated in this way, in one view, or democrats and Atheists any more than we look upon the act in another, no doubt they will plume which, by uniting our land with that themselves upon the ludicrous sketches of our haughty neighbours, kicked us of the clever Welshman, whom, as out of the circle of independent king

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• Brief remarks on English Manners, and an attempt to account for some of our most striking peculiarities, in a Series of Letters to a friend in France. By an Englishman. Bondon.


doms, as a charter of privileges, or a wards strangers, whom circumstances grant of new bonours.

have placed in theirs. Despairing at one time of finding He classes his remarks (which are what we wanted, we had some thought contained in a series of Letters from Engof fitting out an expedition, with in- land to a Friend whom he had left at Pa. structions to penetrate as far as possi- ris,) under several heads, as Every ble into the Arctic circles (as we shall man's house is his castle,”—“Shyness, presently find them to be) of their so- Reserve,”

“ The Great World,” ciety. But to this there were many Cutting,” &c., and gives examples objections. For, in the first place, we of the different defects he notices, in a doubted much whether we could pro- pleasing style. We fear, however, vide the means of overcoming the first that it is not one of the good qualities mighty barriers of snow which every of his countrymen, to listen with comstranger encounters in such an at- placency to a history of their own failtennpt; and, secondly, we suspect that ings, however greedily they may dee the quarto which must, either in the vour descriptions of those of others, case of failure or success, have issued and therefore our amiable author may from the press, together with our lu- not find the sale of his work equal to cubrations in the shape of a review, its deserts. There is none of the would have been treated as mere effu- dry caustic caricaturing spirit of Dr sions of Scotch spite, ignorance, or Morris in his sketches. His ob prejudice. We considered ourselves, ject plainly has not been to have his therefore, as peculiarly fortunate in countrymen laughed at by others, but discovering that they have a Sackeouse, to hold out to them kindly and broth who, after viewing and enjoying the erly advice for their own improvement advantages of milder climes, has been in politeness, which they will hear and anxious to unfold to his country even heed with the same sort of pleasure the means of improving theirs ; whose with which we used, when at the long experience has wiped away the High School, to listen to the lectures haughty feeling of universal superio- of our grandmothers, about scraping rity, which we must believe to be the our shoes, washing our hands and faces, constant companion of every English- or shutting the door after us on leava man setting out upon his travels, and ing a room. As to the truth of his who, in the very pleasing little vo- portraits, we shall abstain from offerlume before us, points out the princi- ing an opinion on that point. He is ple circumstances in the manners of an Englishman, and we will take his the English, as they struck him on word for it. his return from so long a residence In an introductory letter he gives us, in foreign lands, as had served effec- he thus points out what he considers tually to open his eyes to the foibles of the cause of all or most of the fautes his own.

contre la politesse, upon which he af. This anonymous author appears, terwards comments. from hints dropped in the different “ It would perhaps be impossible to point parts of the book, to be an officer in out all the causes that combine to produce the army, who had served in the long our national peculiarities ; but the attempt succession of busy campaigns abroad, to account generally for the most obvious of until shortly before the publication of them cannot be uninteresting. Goldsmith, these remarks. He possesses a quick in his admirable poem of the Traveller, deobservation of manners, and appears scribes our national character with his usual early to have noticed the decided su

discernment and knowledge of human na

ture. Our unsocial turn he ascribes to that periority of foreigners, when contrast- independence Britons prize too high ;' and ed with his own countrymen. He this strained feeling of independence may marks out, with a skilful hand, the not improperly be considered the foundation overbearing haughtiness of the English of the greater part of our peculiarities, which wherever they happened to hold the are all, I think, of an unsocial character ; mastery, and the distant and sulky and therefore not to be defended, in spite of shyness of unsociability, where they the fascination which the notion of independ. did not, in the various circumstances ence carries with it. People, however, are of the continental struggle ; and fol- apt to remark; as this feeling of indelows up his remarks upon their con

pendence has raised us to our present glori

ous political pre-eminence, we may be well duct, when placed in a strange land, satisfied to bear with the evils rasulung from with observations on their conduct to the same cause that produces all our nation

al greatness and happiness. All communi. than that of any of our own nobility; ties are remarkable for some peculiar foibles; all ranks are anxious to be introduced and we had better not be too anxious to de- and to be hospitable to them, and their stroy ours, lest at the same time we root out

presence at a route or a ball makes the our national virtues.'”

dowager, who is at home, hold her This, it must be acknowledged, is head an inch higher when a poor adthe softest and most gentle way of ex- vocate or a writer's daughter drops her pressing the origin of the failings in unnoticed bow or curtsey in passing question, and we agree with our au- her. thor on this point; only we would The two chief heads under which venture to suggest, that if the term our author arranges those faults of were employed which describes the English manners, particularly offen. genus of which“ Feeling of Inde- sive to foreigners, are taciturnity and pendence” is but a species, perhaps bluntpess. more of the peculiarities alluded to might be accounted for,

“ Dr Johnson is represented as thus dis

criminating between the characters of an Foreigners are in the habit of a

Englishman and a Frenchman :- Now, scribing much of the coldness of the there, Sir, is the difference between an EngEnglish manner to the influence of lishman and a Frenchman. A Frenchman climate. They are surprised by the must be always talking, whether he knows rebuffs they meet with when they at- any thing of the matter or not ; an Englishtempt to enter into communication man is content to say nothing, when he has with them, but they are by no means nothing to say.' My complaint, however, offended. They pity the unsociable is, that he is too apt to leave others to con quality which is the result of what he has something to say, but does not chuse

jecture what is passing in his mind, when they take for an endemic disease, and

to say it. To be sure, there is a prevailing pass over, with good humour, the character in the manners of all nations, treatment they experience. Every one which it is in vain to think of changing; who has met a foreigner in a stage and far be it from my wish to transform, if coach, travelling in the southern parts it were possible, British sedateness into of the island, can at once recall to his French garrulity. mind instances of the sort alluded to;

“ The vanity of a Frenchman, as disand we really are of opinion, that the played in conversation, is certainly very adisorder is not so much to be ascribed ignorant on any subject which happens to

musing. He never allows himself to appear to the gloomy fogs of November, as be started. Do not you recollect our being to the cause assigned by our author, at the theatre at Bourdeaux in 1814, when the pride of the English, or, as he a Frenchman, sitting near us, asked the calls it, their feeling of independence. name of an English admiral who appeared It may be said, that we ought not to in uniform in an opposite box? On my tell. do away the spirit which prompts us ing him it was admiral Malcolm, he mis. to dislike our natural enemies, as they claimed, · Ah ! Nelson ! l’Amiral Nelson !? are often called. If this were all, -Fully satisfied that this was the great Lord though the offence remained, it might Nelson ; about whom, if he knew any thing. better be excused, perhaps, when com- one would have supposed he had heard of mitted by the ignorant. But we fear his having been killed in action several even this apology will not hold, for years before, after gaining a splendid victhose who are well instructed are as tory over his countrymen and the Spaniards. apt as any to commit the offence, and This incident reminded us immediately of this equally to the people of every

Sterne's story about Yorick, the king's country, and to none more than to us

jester. poor Scotsmen. We venture to affirm, used to amuse myself sometimes by putting

“ In travelling through the country, I that on this side the Tweed, the mat- questions, merely for the sake of listening ter is somewhat better arranged, and to the answers they excited. One day, when foreigners of distinction coming here, on the point of leaving a town in which I are better received, and create a greater had passed the night, observing a tradesman sensation, perhaps because they more standing idle at his shop-door, I enquired seldom venture so far north, repuls- of l.im how far it was to a town whither I ed as they are by the manners of the

was going ? • Monsieur,' he replied, vous southern. In fact, foreigners of dis- been told, that the distance was but eleven

avez quinze lieues.' I mentioned having tinction or notoriety residing here, leagues. Oh! oni;' rejoined he, directly, may do any thing with us. Their

cest presqu'égal onze ou quinze lieues. patronage will do more for a protégé Wishing to see how far his politeness would


Farry him, I suggested, that perhaps the ac- tention, which we neglect, in use among tual distance was not above eight leagues ; them. Such as bowing to a stranger when between which and eleven, I remarked, he enters a coffee-room, or other place of there was not much difference. • Ah! meeting; or, if the case seems to demand dionsieur, a raison :-huit au onze lieues, so much attention, even going so far as to c'est à peu près la même chose. I tried speak to him ;-addressing a few words of to reduce him to five leagues, but he then civility to a shopkeeper, when they go to discovered that I was inclined to plaisanter, purchase any thing of him :-speaking to a and wishing me « bon voyage,' our conver- man, however low his condition, in passing sation dropped, and I pursu my journey. him on the road in travelling. These, and

"On another occasion, a fellow in a coun- many such, in my opinion, benevolent cusa try town was cutting my hair ; I told him, toms, prevail pretty generally on the contithat in order to make it grow thick and well, nent; nor can I conceive, as their basis is I constantly washed it with vinegar, which humanity, that our dignity would be at all I preferred greatly to oil. He agreed with lowered by adopting them.” me entirely, that oil was a nasty greasy thing, and vinegar far preferable ; - said he

of the English bluntness lie speaks had an excellent preparation of the latter,

thuswhich Messieurs les Officiers Anglois did “ The word I have adopted above, him the honour to approve greatly, and beg. does not convey a precise notion of the ged permission to bring a bottle of it for my peculiarity I wish to notice, nor am Lainspection. He returned presently, loaded ware of any English word that does. The with bottles; but as the word huile was writ. French word brusquerie would have given ten legibly on each, 1 objected to take any my meaning better, but I preferred heading of them. 'On this he remonstrated, and as my letter with an English term, and giving sured me, on his parole d'honneur, that the this explanation. The feature I wish to de iuile was une espèce de vinaigre, and I had scribe under this head, is a kind of blunt, some difficulty in persuading him civilly to quick, impatience of manner and conduct, quit the room.

which is as strongly marked as any of our “ But the incident that amused me mostother peculiarities. It would seem to arise, and which you may remember, as I think too, from the same cause as some of those you were of the party, occurred at one of the above described, though under a different palaces near Paris, Saint Cloud, I believe. form. For our feeling of independence gives We were looking about us in the rooms, us a strong notion of our own importance, when an officer of the national guard joined which manifests itself by impatient turbu. our party, and was very civil in explaining lence of spirit and restlessness under reto us at the curiosities of the place. Obe straint, while it changes our naturally reserving an allegorical painting on the ceiling served, silent deportment, into an energetick of one of the apartments, representing Mi. expression of our feelings, which is apt to Derra leading a youth by the hand, I en. astonish and alarm foreigners when they are quired of our friend what it meant. The liable to suffer from its effects, and to amuse Frenchman, never at a loss,--toujours prêt them greatly when they are not. -replied directly, Oh ! oui, Monsieur ; “ I have seen it remarked by an old Spa. c'est une Minerve qui conduit.'--Here he nish author, that at the time he wrote (when was puzzled for a moment-but taking the military reputation of Spain stood high), courage, he added (looking doubtingly at his countrymen were remarkable for evincme, however, as if he did not feel quite sure ing in foreign countries an overbearing inof his ground); qui conduit une jeune solence of behaviour, which they would not Jinerve!

have dared to shew at home. Does not this “ This, to be sure, is all ridiculous observation apply with too much force to enough. But because I conccive our man- our own countrymen in the present day ? I ners might be improved by adopting the am sure you think it does, and for myself I civility of Frenchmen, I by no means re- am convinced it requires all the worth, all cominend taking pattern by their absurdi- the integrity, and all the valour displayed in ties. And, indeed, as France is our nearest our general conduct abroad, to counteract neighbour, and her manners for the most the bad effects of the numerous deviations striking contrast to our own, we are too apt from propriety in individuals. In short, we to consider, as French grimace, every devia- do not act in foreign countries on the system tion from our more reserved or churlish (to use a familiar phrase) of "give and take.' habits. The truth is, that although the On the contrary, we are too apt to expect, not characteristick marks of French manners are only an extreme degree of attention and civi. easily defined by those who have been in lity, more than we are inclined to shew in other countries, and have attended to the return, but we even require the natives of a subject, yet many of those which we class country to adapt their customs to ours. If together as French peculiarities, are com- they resist our attempts at innovation, they mon to most of the continental nations. We are held up to reproach, as an insolent, unare apt to consider the Spaniards, for ex. accommodating race; and if they yield ample, a haughty retired people. Yet one quietly, as most foreigners, unaccustomed to finds many little acts of civility and at- such boisterous behaviour are disposed to do, VOL. V.


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