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thought its image so pleasing, that, in the whether you think that the sylph of Pope, catalogue of ships from Homer, he sets be- • trembling over the froth of a coffee-pot, fore us the prospect of English spires, not be an image as poetical as the delicate and Grecian. If the cloud-capt tower' itself be quaint Ariel, who sings, • Where the bee a striking, and often a beautiful, object ; sucks, there lurk I?' Or the elves of Sbak. now much more poetical, when, grey with speare : years, or illumined by the setting sun, it
-Spirits of another sort, carries the thought to that worship with
« That with the morning light make sport.' which it is connected, the sabbaths of our Whether you think the description of a game forefathers; or harmonizes with the soft, of cards be as poetical, supposing the execusinking landscape of evening, and the ideas tion in the artists equal, as a description of of another world.”
a walk in a FOREST ? Whether an age of This is written like a gentleman, a
refinement be as conducive to pictures of scholar, a poet, and a Christian. As poetry, as a period less refined 3* Whether we have quoted all that Mr Campbell passions, affections, &c. of the human heart, has charged Mr Bowles with, we are
be not a higher source of what is pathetic or
sublime in poetry, than habits or manners, in justice bound to give, as entire as
that apply only to artificial life? If you our limits will permit, that gentleman's agree with me, it is all I meant to say if reply. It concludes thus:
not, we differ, and always shall, on the prin* But, enough of this ! I bave read your ciples of poetical criticism. observations with greater attention than you *** Your last observation is this : * I know could have read mine; and having so read not how to designate the possessor of such them, I must confess I do not find one point gifts, but by the name of a genuine poet.' established against those positions which I Nor do I, nor did I ever; and I will venhad distinctly laid down, unless that may be ture to assert, that if you examine well what called an answer, where, in refutation of so I here have said on Pope's several writings, plain a position, you say the same thing. you will not think I ever shewed reluca
“ For another circumstance, which alınost tance to attribute to him that high name. persuades me you never read my Criticism “ Again. You say, • Pope's discrimion Pope's Poetic Character, is this. You nation lies in the lights and shades of " husay, “He glows with passion in the Epistle man” manners, which are at least as inte. of Eloisa ; and displays a lofty feeling, much resting as those of rocks and leaves !' Does above that of the satirist and man of the it require more than the commonest underworld, in his Prologue to Cato, and his standing to perceive the fallacy of this lan. Epistle to Lord Oxford.'-Campbell. guage.
* This may be called by Mr Perry 'an “ I fear it would be thought impertinent to answer!' how complete an answer it is, will ask you at what University you acquired your be shewn by the following few lines of my logic; but I guess your knowledge of the Criticism : * We regret that we have little art was not acquired at Oxford. Your logic more truly pathetic from his pen than the is this : · Human manners are the province Epistle of Eloisa ; the Elegy to the unfortu- of poets ;' therefore, the general and loftier nate Lady; and let me not forget one of the passions are not more poetical than manners sweetest and most melodious of his pathetic of artificial life.' Shall I hint further, that effusions, the Address to Lord Oxford, the expression human manners is vague and • Such were the notes my once-lov'd Poet inapplicable. Human manners may desig. sung.”
Bowles. nate equally the red Indian in the forests “ As I am conscious of having been mis- of the Mississippi ; the plumed soldier, and understood, may I again intreat pardon for the grey-haired minstrel of chivalry ; or shewing what I did say of a poem founded Peggy Moreen, in a Bath ball-room. on manners, and what I did not. I said this Every comedy, every farce, has human of the Rape of the Lock. In this compo- manners ; but my proposition was confined sition Pope stands alone, unrivalled, and to manners of a refined age, which I called arpossibly never to be rivalled. All his suc- tificial; and which you have artificially cessful labour of correct and musical versifi- slurred over with irrelevant expressions, cation, all his talents of accurate description, that prove nothing. Artificial manners are though in an inferior province of poetry, are human, but • human manners' need not be here consummately displayed; and as far as • artificial.' artificial life, that is, * manners," not Pas- I beg further to say, that there is not one sions, are capable of being rendered poeti. passage, concerning the poetical beauties of cal, they are here rendered so by the fancy, which you have so justly spoken, which I the propriety, the elegance, and the poetic have not expressly pointed out myself, as beauty of the machinery.'
the reader may find in turning to the pas“ Now I would put to you a few plain sages ; particularly let him remember what questions; and I would beseech you not to I have said respecting the Pathos and the ask whether I mean this or that, for I think PICTURES, and the SOLEMN and SWEET you must now understand what I do mean. HARMONIES, of the Epistle of Eloisa. 1 would beseech you also not to write beside And can I help pointing out, not with the question, but answer simply and plainly, triumph, but with regret, that you not only agree with me in some points, but that where fence. It would delight us to meet with we differ your criticism conflictingly labours Mr Bowles again on some more imagainst your own argument ; for when, nearly in the last sentence, you say, he,
He has written Pope, glows with passion in the Eloisa, tic poetry in our language--and though
some of the most beautiful and pathethat of the satirist and man of the world, he has, of late years, rather retired in his Prologue to Cato, and his Epistle to
from the world, that world has not Lord OXFORD ;' what is that but to say, forgotten him, but, on the contrary, that 'glowing passions and lofty feelings he is remembered by many thousand are much ABOVE those which distinguish hearts with admiration and love. He the SATIRIST and man of the world !!'
is, without doubt, an English classic In the concluding pages of his pam- -and we see no reason, while Crabbe phlet, Mr Bowles notices, with much and Rogers are still coming forward earnestness, but perfect temper, an as- with unimpaired power or elegance, sertion of Mr Campbell that “he why he too, who we believe is a had kept in the shade the good quali- younger man than either of them, ties of Pope, and exaggerated his bad.” should not rouse himself to some new He is, we think, equally successful in labours in which it is quite impossirepelling this accusation—but we have ble that he should be otherwise than no room for any part of his able de- completely successful.
REMARKS ON TYTLER'S LIFE OF THE ADMIRABLE CRIChron.*
We imagine it will be allowed by much patience, and apparently to the all Scottish men of letters who read very bottom-and he has embodied the this little book, that its author has results of his studies in a memoir which conferred a considerable service on his is extremely interesting and beautiful country by publishing it; and yet we in every respect, and shews, altogether, are not prepared to say that we find in that its author has inherited a fuli the book any very important addition measure, both of that taste for elegant to the sum of what had before been research, and that talent for elegant known and said concerning its very re- writing, which distinguished his famarkable subject. If we except a ther-the late amiable and accomplishsingle curious enough document dis- ed Lord Woodhouselee. covered last year by Mr Hibbert of Henceforth, weshall never be troubled Clapham, we do not think there is with any of that silly levity which any thing in this life, of which former has made so many of our second and memoirs of Crichton have not con- third rate critics and collectors attempt, tained some hints. But the merit of to throw discredit on the surpassing Mr Tytler consists in his having powers and achievements of this prince thrown together, in a regular form, all of precocious genius. For the honour the scattered materials of information of our nature, (for as to our country, concerning Crichton, which, till now, that is but a small matter indeed in rehad been afloat in the world-in other gard to such a person as this) it will words, in his having presented his coun- now be a thing denied by no one, that try with a compact and elegant view there did exist a being so exquisitely of all the facts, arguments, and specu- entitled to go down to all posterity by lations, with which the name of this the name of THE ADMIRABLE-a man, wonderful person had ever been con- who, having run through all the nected. The former biographers were career of competition, and placed himall either too credulous, or too scepti- self by one voice at the head of all his cal, or too superficial, or too hasty. contemporaries, whether in respect to Mr Tytler has examined his sub- the accomplishments of mind or body, ject in the proper spirit of rational died at the age of twenty-two-and veneration, as well as of sobriety and left behind him, in the unanimous calmness he has examined it with admiration of all that ever saw him, a
* Life of James Crichton of Cluny, commonly called the Admirable Crichton. With an
Appendix of Original Papers. By Patricá Fraser Tyder, Esq. F.R.S.E. Advocate. Edinburgh, Tait, 1819.
monument of glory, only less grand the testimony of his own individual admi(although after all not less lasting,) ration. In the dedication of his Lælius to than he might have left behind him Lorenzo Massa, who then held one of the in the history of letters and of arms, highest offices in the Venetian Republic, he had Heaven allotted him such a length intimacy with Crichton, “ divinum plane
congratulates this eminent man upon his of life as is usually bestowed on the juvenem ;” and he subjoins an ode which less wonderful specimens of the race had been addressed by the young scholar to to which he belonged. It would the Venetian secretary. Lastly, in a paseem, indeed, as if the untimely des- thetic dedication of the Timæus of Cicero tiny which cut off Crichton, had been to the memory of Crichton, he records the one of the very darkest of all the in- year of his death, the violence by which it explicable mysteries of Providence.- was occasioned, and the universal regret “ Chrichtonum Superi voluere ostendere
which accompanied it." mundo tantum :
The evidence in the Scaligerana is Non mundo hunc hi voluere dare."
thus treated. It is not necessary for us to go into “ There is one other testimony, which, as the details of the incidents of Crich- it proceeds from a contemporary author of ton's life, as they now have been set distinguished celebrity, who affirms that his forth by Mr Tytler. It is better to information was obtained in Italy, ought
not to be passed over ;-) allude to an acquote one or two passages from his dis
count of Crichton, preserved by Joseph quisition on the authorities from which Scaliger. • I have heard,' says the author, these details have been gathered—they when I was in Italy, of one Crichton, a will be sufficient to satisfy our readers Scotchman, who had only reached the age that our commendation has not been of twenty-one, when he was killed by the misplaced. The two chief contem- command of the Duke of Mantua, who porary authorities for the miraculous knew twelve different languages, --had studied history of Crichton, are the celebrated the fathers and the poets,—disputed de omni Aldus Manutius, his personal friend; He was a man of very wonderful genius;
scibili, and replied to his antagonists in verse. and a greater man still, Joseph Scali
more worthy of admiration than of esteem. ger, who travelled in Italy within a
He had something of the coxcomb about very few years of his melancholy death. him, and only wanted a little common Of the evidence of the former, Mr It is remarkable that princes are Tytler says very justly.
apt to take an affection for geniuses of this “It is at once of the most unexceptionable, Stamp, but very rarely for truly learned and the most conclusive nature. This au.
men. This passage, from the Scaligerana,
Scalithor does not transcribe what he only heard
is valuable in may points of view. from other persons, or had read in other books, ger obtained his information in Italy, in all regarding events which had passed before probability, from those who had been withis own time. He was a contemporary, an
nesses of the genius of Crichton ; and the intimate friend of Crichton's, and an eye. marks of truth and impartiality. "Crichton,
whole sentence bears strongly upon it the witness of those public disputations which he tells us, was a little of a coxcomb,' a he records. Tu vero me non solum auctorem consiliorum, sed spectatorem pugna- his eminent talents, and a failing exceed
circumstance by no means inconsistent with rum mirificarum, hubuisti.' He accord. ingly describes, with the most pointed mi- such uncommon powers of mind and beau
ingly natural in a young man possessed of nuteness, the different scenes in which Crichton exhibited his talents; he dwells ty of person, who had been tried by that upon the various powers, which, in the dif- miration, too, not of a limited circle of
severest of all ordeals-admiration; the adferent branches of philosophy, in the use of friends, or of an insulated university, but many different languages, and in his facili; of a whole people ; and what is perhaps still ty in poetical composition, he had exhibited before men who were Aldus's own contem.
more difficult to bear, who had listened to poraries, some of whom must have been been exposed to the radiance of the fairest
the praises of the sweetest tongues, and Crichton's literary rivals, and all of whom were ready to contradict his statement, had eyes in Italy; yet, after touching upon his it been unsupported by fact. He records failings, Scaliger does justice to his genius. the illustrious descent of Crichton, the C'estoit ingenium prodigwsum ; and I need
• He was a man of stupendous powers." estates possessed, and the authority enjoyed by his father, the extreme beauty of his finite force, when we take into account the
not say that this encomium comes with incountenance and person, his excellence in sarcastic matter with which it is accomall manly and martial exercises, his exact age, the eminent preceptors to whom his
panied." education was intrusted, his arrival at Ve
The following elegant passage sums nice, and the verses which he presented up- up the last of Mr Tytler’s dissertaon that occasion. Nor is he contented with tions, which is chiefly occupied with
reclaiming the arguments against the whimsical, but one of the most powerfamous Crichton, employed by some ful, also, of all the geniuses our part who have chosen to think his various of the island has produced. To give attainments impossible for a person of the world a good life of the exquisite his age.
Sir Thomas Urquhart, and a good edi“ We may be told, (and this is the very tion of his exquisite works, would be a point for which we contend,) that the union thing well worthy of Mr Tytler ; and, of all these talents, the combination of this
we are sure, a thing most acceptable variety of intellectual excellence, in so young to the whole world. Nothing has ever, a man, is a very remarkable circumstance. We may be told, and we do insist, that this
as yet, been written about this man, union becomes still more remarkable, when in a style at all corresponding to his we consider, that, in all the manly and merits ; but the few passages which military exercises, which are so commonly have been so often quoted from his Life neglected even by the inferior candidates for of Crichton, are quite enough to prove scientific or literary eminence, this singular the extent of his imaginative powers, man, arrived at such perfection as to ex- even to those whose delicacy prevents cel those whose lives were devoted to their them from reading the still finer mostudy ;-that in all the more elegant accomplishments which belong to the gentleman nument of his genius—his translation and the courtier, he was conspicuous by the of the two first books of Rabelais. It facility with which he had acquired, and the is well known that this cavalier was a ease and grace with which he displayed prime member of the Saltfoot Schoolthem ;-that, from the accounts of his most considering himself as the proper head intimate friends, he who concentrated in of the race of Japhet, the heir male and himself this various store of intellectual and representative of Seth the third son of physical powers, was remarkable for a mo
Adam. But, as his genealogy, or as desty of manner, and a sweetness and gen. he calls it, ITANTOXPONOXANON, is in tleness of disposition, which endeared him few hands, we shall make bold to ento his friends, and disarmed the jealousy of liven our pages with a few of the richhis rivals ; and that, to finish the picture, he was, in his figure and countenance, one est passages. One of his progenitors of the handsomest men of his age. When was Esormon, who lived in the year beall this is put together, when all these rays fore Christ, 2139. He was, it seems, the of excellence are traced back into one focus, first who took the name of Urquhart. and found centering in one personi, we may “ He was sovereign prince of Achaia. indeed be told, and there are few who will for his fortune in the wars, and affability not assent to the observation, that this per- in conversation, his subjects and familiars son must have been no common man. We surnamed him xgozágros, that is to say, for. say, that if, as has been shewn, the authors, tunate and well beloved. After which time, through whom this account has been trans- his posterity ever since hath acknowledged mitted, are entitled to perfect credit, this him the father of all that carry the name of union of talent, is, although neither super URQUHART. He had for his arms, three natural or incredible, entitled to high ad- Banners, three Ships, and three Ladies in a miration ;---that it is not to be wondered at, field Or; with the picture of a young Lady that his contemporaries should have been above the waste, holding in her right hand astonished and dazzled by the appearance a brandished sword, and a branch of myrof so brilliant a vision,-a vision, too, tyle in the left, for his crest: and for supwhich rose so bright and beautiful only to porters two Javanites, after the soldier haset so sadly and so soon. And we, lastly, bit of Achaia, with this motto in the scroll of contend, that the possessor of such unrivall. his coat-armour, Tauta'n agoce a'zoodia Tu : ed excellence was not only entitled to re- that is, these three are worthy to behold. ceive from them, but is now as fully en- Upon his wife Narfesia, who was sovereign titled to demand from us, that appellation of the Amazons, he begot Crattynter.". by which, as the only reward of his labours, This high lineage became transplanthis genius, and his misfortunes, he has de- ed into our island a few centuries bescended to posterity,—the Admirable Crich- fore the Christian era. Its chief was ton."
After all that Mr Tytler has done, at that time Lutork Urquhart, whose however, it will still be in the inimita history is thus summarily given. Our able pages of the Jewel that people will readers will not fail to observe, that seek for the most graphic, original, Ensign and Adjutant Odoherty has a and delightful picture of Crichton and good claim of kindred with the house his fate. We wish Mr Tytler had
of Lutork. been a little more full in his notices of Olbion, after he had, in honour of his pre
“ Ferguse the First, at his coming into that most remarkable of all his prede decessor Gathelus, given unto his landing cessors,-in our humble mind, not place the name of Argile, and called the only one of the most curious and whole country he was to possess, Scotland,
after the Scotobrigants (by Seneca, in his “ Where nothing tending to the pleasure satyrs, called Scutobrigantes,) by a Doric of all the senses was wanting : the weather dialect, for Scotobrigantes, from Brigansa, being a little chill and coldish, they on a a town in Galicia, now called Compostella, blew velvet couch sate by one another, towhich the Scots, of old, both built and in wards a char-coal fire burning in a silver habited : he likewise giveth them the epithet brasero, whilst in the next room adjacent of Cærulei, because (in my opinion) the thereto, a pretty little round table of cedar. most of the inhabitants there, were accus- wood was a covering for the supping of tomed, even then, to the wearing of blue them two together : the cates prepared for caps, after the Scotogalli, (of whom our them, and a week before that time bespoke, Scots-Irish language is termed Galick, as were of the choisest dainties, and most delithey from Galicia) and lastly, after those cious junkets, that all the territories of Italy that had the surname of Scot, without any were able to afford ; and that deservedly; other designation. He gave in marriage to for all the Romane empire could not proLutork sporetes, the captain-general of all duce a completer paire to taste them.” his forces, because of his dexterity, both in the Macedonian and Romish discipline of And so on to the minute when they were war, his own sister Benedita ; for which disturbed by the noise of the young cause, the river upon whose bank the pro- prince of Mantua and his drunken commise was made, hath ever since been called panions at the door—" the clapper up Urquhart, and the valley or glen (as they again, they rap with a fiap, till a threeterm it there) where the marriage was con
fold clap makes the sound to rebound.” summated, Glen-Urquhart, or Glenurchi, and that in honour of the Odocharties, “ The admirable and ever-renowned Ochonchars, Clanrurie, Scotobrigants, Clan- Crichtoun, who at the prince's first manning molinespick, and Esormon, who were all of the court taking the alarm, step'd from of them Lutork's predecessors, and sur- the shrine of Venus to the oracle of Pallas named Urquharts. This Lutork, besides armata ; and by the help of the waiting his own ancient inheritance from Cromarty gentle woman, having apparelled himself to castle Urquhart, inclusive, and several with a paludumental vesture, after the another lands, successively derived to him from tic fashion of the illustrious Romans, both Nomostor, took possession then of the Thane- for that he minded not to make himself dom of Lochaber, with many other terri. then known, that to walk then in such like tories of a large extent. On Benedita he be- disguise was the anniversary custome of all got Machemos."
that country, and that all both gentlemen He sums up his pedigree thus :
and others standing in that court, were in The said Sir THOMAS is,
their mascaradal garments ; with his sword By line. By succession. in his hand, like a messenger from the From Adam the
153 gods, came down to relieve the page from From Noah the 134 144 the post whereat he stood sentry; and when From Esormon the 128 138 (as the light of the minor planets appears From Molin the 109 114 not before the glorious rays of Titan) he From Rodrigo the 100 104 had obscured the irradiancy of Pom ponacio From Alypos the 91
94 with his more effulgent presence, and that From Char the
79 under pretext of turning him to the page to From Astioremon the 68
71 desire him to stand behind him, as he did, From Lutork the 67
69 he had exposed the full view of his left side From Zeron the
33 (so far as the light of torches could make it From Vocompos the 30
perceivable) to the lookers on, who being all His account of Crichton is written in cuerpo carrying swords in their hands inthroughout with the same unbridled stead of cloaks about them, imagined real. license of imagination exhibited in this
ly, by the badge or cognizance they saw more than Allantonian pedigree. We
near his heart, that he was one of my ladies
chief domestic servants : he addressed his would very fain quote the whole of it, but must confine ourselves to a single
discourse to the prince, and the nine gentle
men that were with him ; neither of all passage which has been very often quot- whereof, as they were accoutred, was he ed already, viz. the account of the death able, (either by the light of the tapers, or of the admirable youth. He has already that of the moon, which was then but in told us that Crichton was spending the first week of its waxing, it being the the night in company with an Italian Tuesday next to the first new moon that lady, who fell in love with him on oc- followed the purification day) to discern in casion of some public displays of his ge- any manner of way what they were: and nius—and the whole scene in the lady's postures, that the influence of the grape had house is described with the most pic- made them subjects to Bacchus, and that torial minuteness-beginning from the their extranean-like demeanour towards him moment he entered into her apartment, (not without some amazement) did mani
or rather into an alcoranal paradise,' fest his certainty of their not knowing him;