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Those who are fond of observing the vidual spectator to be considered, we changes that take place in the man- must own that we should very much ners and customs of nations, the sort approve of seeing this old fashion reof Periplus of the globe which particu- vived ; and hesitate not to say, that li fashions are at all times making, even the pleasure we experienced in must of course be familiar with the seeing our good friend Mackay enact travels of Paul Hentzner, a German his inimitable “ Glasgow body would Eruditus, who visited this island in have been still more exquisite, could the reign of Elizabeth. A transla- he have been permitted to sit during tion of his book was published by the whole of his performance with Horace Walpole, at Strawberry hill; the bowl of our Meerschaum in the but as we have no copy of that in our one hand, and a jug of “ Giles' maspossession, we must be excused if we terpiece" in the other. quote from the original a short pas- The general contempt into which sage which strikes us, and will strike tobacco has fallen is viewed by us, in our readers, as containing as lively an spite of our own private affection for instance of the mutability of modes the herb, with a sufficiently philoso23 could well be wished for. This phical degree of composure, chiefty, Bohemian travelling tutor stares at perhaps, because we regard the pronothing so much in England as the spect of its revival as neither a very fashion (misabile dictu !) of smoking doubtful nor a very distant one. The tobacco.. At that period it seems it present rage for travelling which leads was the custom for all “ your gale so many hundreds of our young genlants" to take their pipes with them tlemen on a dance from the Zuyderwhen they went
to the play and, by zee to the Hadriatic, sends back to us the bye, the puffing of so many lusty every returning year a host of prosea performers must undoubtedly have lytes to the use of the tube--who, been very serviceable to the manager not contented with a secret and furtive in producing a seemly degree of new indulgence in the worship of their bulosity when battles were to be re- new idol, make it a point, in whatever presented on the stage. It is amusing company of good fellows they chance enough to observe the pains which to find themselves, to celebrate, with our German takes to give his own all the ardent enthusiasın their nam countrymen some faint idea of an tures enable them to display, the utensil which is now so familiar to
“ Innocuos calices, et amicam Vatibus her. them as the tobacco pipe" Utun
bam tur," says he, “ in hisce spectaculis, Vimque datam folio, et laeti miracula fumi.” sicut et alibi ubicumque locorum sint Angli, herbâ nicotianá quam Ameri
It is chiefly for the further encoucane idiomati tobaca nuncupant (Pae- ragement and stimulation of these tum alii dicunt) hoc modo frequen- solved to commence the present series
zealous individuals that we have retissimè. Fistulæ in hunc finem ex argillà factæ, orificio posteriori, dic- of very learned and instructive diatam herbam, probe exsiccatam ita ut tribes, wherein above all things it in pulverem facile ridigi possit, im- shall be our main and most impormittunt, et igni admoto accendunt, tant endeavour to shew in what digunde fumus ab anteriori parte oré nity and estimation our neglected root attrahitur, qui per nares rursum tan- hath in former times been held by the quam per infurnibulum exit, et phleg- prime wits, poets, and philosophers,
both of this and other christian na. ma et capitisd effuxiones magnâ copiâ secum educit.” In order to complete
tions. So encouraged and so stimuhis picture of spectacular luxury, he lated, let them gird themselves as it adds, “ circumferuntur insuper in
were anew unto their labour, and rehisce theatris varii fructus venales, ut member, with a higher enthusiasm,
the words of their appointed motto, poma, pyra, nuces, et pro ratione temporis, etiam vinum et cerevisia.” Were « Non ex fumo lucem, sed ex luce dare nothing but the comfort of the indis fumim."
Nor, on mature consideration of sequences are depicted by the Dutch the vast chaos of materials wherefrom Lucretius in these affecting lines. this our regular creation is to be form
“ Nec mora: quis patulis lateat sub fronded, have we been able to think of any
ibus error, more fitting or auspicious commence- Eventus docuit: totis (mirabile) castris ment, than a brief account of the Evomitur, caditurque velut cum gurgite most elaborate and comprehensive pleno poem to which the Nicotian phantasy Ingruit admissi miranda potentia Bacchi ; hath as yet given birth-we mean Volvitur in gyrum tellus, cælumque videtur the hymnus tabaci, in two books, of Nubibus adductis surgenti occurrere terræ : the illustrious Dutch bard Raphael Tum sopor obrepit somnique invicta cupido Thorius, master of arts.
Germanam dubia præsagit imagine mortem ; This great work is composed in imi- Cernere erat, disiecta solo deffessa furentum
Capripedes mediis diffusos stertere arenis tation of that of Lucretius “ de rerum Membra Mimallonidum devota jacere senatura,” and is indeed entitled, in ad- pulcro.” dition to what we have already said“ de Pato seu tobaco.” The style of
Silenus, who acts in this poem the versification, however, which Thorius place of Nestor in the Iliad, at once has adopted is more rich, in general, comprehends the nature of the blunthan that of the Roman-noť indeed der which had been committed, and that the Batavian ever rises above the he delivers the result of his reflections
as follows: more splendid passages of his predlecessor, but that throughout he seems “ Sed rationis opus; superum nec munera to be more studious of maintaining an elevated and etherial spirit in his dic. Contemeranda usu. si quid sapit ista se. tion, Nothing can be finer than the
nectus, commencement, in which he invokes Viribuseximiis permistum in stirpe venenume (Pieridum loco) a certain celebrated Delitet: in ventrem virides ne mittite succos, sinoking knight of Amsterdam, by Virus inest crudis: æstivo Sole recocta
Mandite nec folia ingestis confusa salivis : name Paddæus, or Van Paddy.
Credibile est tutos præbere halatibus haustus; * Innocuous calices, et amicam vatibus Nec ventri, at cerebro, (si tecta evolvere fas herbam,
Da puer accensum selecto fictile Pæto, Comminui manibus jubeo, cannaque reponi, Vt Phæbum ore bibam : quis enim sine Protinus educto radiis solaribus igne sumine Pæti
Contingi, et positis adversa parte labellis Digna canat Pæto, et tantis se comparet Exsucti calidas nubes adducere fumi, ausis ?"
Ocyus ut possint cerebri pervadere flexus, The poet next proceeds to the Mubose Vinosisque leves recreare vaporibus auras." of his subject, the legend of Tobacco. Still, however, the spirit of blunderBacchus, it seems, in his progress of ing continues. The Satyrs procure triumphant warfare through the pipes as he directs, and they cut their Mahratta country, was, on one occa- tobacco into shag, for the
purpose of sion, reduced to great distress by a filling the bowls, but it never occurs scarcity of wine. Without this nei. to them to light the pipes, and they ther he, nor Silenus, nor the Satyrs, continue, for some time, to occupy nor the Bacchantes could, with the themselves in the very unpleasant least vigour or comfort, pursue the work of sucking the more minute tenor of their march. An old grena, shreds of the Oroonoko through the dier Satyr, who had served many cam- narrow thoroughfare of their tubes. paigns in the woods of that quarter, recommends tobacco as a substitute, Pars stricto ore trahit (risumque sodalibus
“ Pars tubulos arsuro pulvere complet, but he appears to have been very little
affert) qualified for the office he had under Pulvereum Aumen, tussesque inducit in. taken, for both he and his companions
iquas. begin with eating the leaf. The cone Ipse pater fremitus vana et conamina risit.”
Silenus, however, is at hand with a Et victoris amor: simili discrimine victos burning glass, and he has ere long the Victoresque videt bellis utrinque remissis sätisfaction to see the whole of his Una dies miscere epulas, Bacchumque ciere, camp filled with genuine smokers.
Et simul alternis fumum potare cicutis ;
Mirantur bona nata domi, nec nota quer“ Indulgent Cereri primo, tim Massica
Et nebulas animi jucundis nubibus arcent." Viteaque admistis alternant pocula fumis, Cuncta freniunt fumo, cantu, mistisque
After the historical part of the subchoræis,
ject has been thus felicitously brought Donec dulcem oculis fudit nox alta sop. to its close, the poet proceeds to take a brem."
philosophical view of the component Next morning they are disturbed parts of the herb, and to speculate, by an assault of the enemy. Thorius in a highly dignified manner, on the does not tell very exactly who they rationale or rather the medicale of its were, or in what force they came, but effects. He sets out with the followŞilenus no sooner sees thein coming ing fine apostrophe, in which it is down the hill, than he issues a gene- easy to see, that he derives his infora ral order for every man to light his mation from experience. pipe, and so armed, he very boldly
“ Planta beata ! decus terrarum, munus draws them beyond the lines, and ad- Olympi! vances to meet the foe. The horror Non tantum agricolis duro lassata labore which was felt by the Mexicans," the
Membra levas, minuis victus absentis amo. first time they saw Cortes and Pizarro Fundis et absque cibo sparsas in corpora on horseback, appears to have been inferior to what the enemies of Bacchus Sed radium specimenque Dei sapientibus ipsis on this occasion experienced. The Ingenium illustras, si quando aut multa narrative is in very splendid style.
tenebras " Erea sistra manu quatiunt, et tym
Colligit ingluvies cerebro, aut molimine pana pulsant,
longo Vino acuunt iras resides, haustoque Tobaco Intellectus hiat, rerum neque concipit um. Excludunt lethi faciem, suaque agonina cir.
Conceptas ve tenet, vel cæca oblivia regnant; Nabe tegunt atra : spirantes naribus ignem Ut semel irrepsit blando lux indita fumo, Procedunt: medio glomeratur in æquore Aufugiunt nubes atræ, curæque tenaces. nimbus
Vis micat inventrix, dempto velut obice veli Igne micans, tonitruque fero, fumoque stu
Tota oculis animi patet ampli machina pendus.
mundi, Ostento attonitos subitus pavor occupat Indos,
Æternæ species Naturæ ex ordine nexæ Non homines sed furva rați de faucibus orci
Succedunt, redeuntque suis simulacra fiNumina, consternati animo certamen ini
He then introduces, with much proDetrectant, trucibusque timent confligere priety, a description of the hesitation monstris.
and embarrassment felt by some young Pars fugit, et positis quærunt velocius “ black barrow-tram” of the Dutch
armis, Qazm dare victoris mallet clementia, vitam; a few whiffs of the pipe taken in
Kerk, and of the delightful effects of Pars orat veniam, parere et jussa modestis Imperiis patiente jugum cervice capessit ;
that disagreeable predicament. This, After they discover the cause of it is obvious, must have been some their alanın, they feel considerably
severe personal allusion in the days of
Thorius; ashamed of themselves; but the mild
but alas ! Preacher and pipe and benignant conduct of their con
are alike forgotten in ours. querors soon effectually reconciles “O quoties visus magna spectante corona them to their fate. Victors and van
Orator populi cupidas dicturus ad aures
Contremuisse metu, docti scrmonis acervos quished sit down together in amity,
Confudisse locis, lingua et siluisse rigenti, and by way of putting the last touch Quum memor ex tantis opibus sopita facultas to the tenderness of the scene, the Nil daret in vocem, sed res et verba negaret, poet represents them as exchanging Si modo vel micam generosa è stirpe vorasset pipes with each otherma truly Bata- Fumanti tubulo, accenso seu lumine, sensin vian token of affection.
Res reperisse suas, prendisse fugacia verba, Sed pudet erroris, stulta et formidine tactos
Thesaurosque animi populo exposuisse stu. Extimuisse piget vani sufflamina fumi; Libertate dolent serva; solatur at illos In the second book, our poet treats Indulgentis heri condita lepore potestas, at great length of the grave question VOL V.
-what sort of persons ought to smoke We shall quote his adieu to the tobacco-fat or lean, sanguine or a- too delightful herb, not doubting that, dust, &c. &c. and he determines, ap- so of our paper as of our pipe, the last parently with much propriety, that will be the sweetest :those who have most moisture to spare ought to be the most diligent consumers of a commodity which has so strong a tendency to exhaust the A Farewell to Tobacco. salivatory organs. With equal good
May the Babylonish curse sense and good feeling Raphael de
Strait confound my stammering verse, cides, that nobody should smoke, if I can a passage see merely because pipes are introduced- In this word perplexity, as it would appear a very common Or a fit expression find, manifestation of the mauvaise honte of Or a language to my mind, young inexperienced Dutchmen. (Still the phrase is wide or scant)
To take leave of thee, GREAT PLANT ! “Sunt qui fumum ideo, ut potent tuntummodo, potant,
Or in any terms relate Urbarios inter ne non habeantur amani,
Half my love, or half my hate: Prosit ne an noceat sibi sus deque ferentes :
For I hate, yet love, thee so, Rusticus ille, malusque pudor: nam vel ju- The plain truth will seem to be
That, whichever thing I shew, vat haustus, Vel lædit. te ipsum noscas, et idonea fumo
A constrain'd hyperbole, Corpora, ne sero tandem tua damna queraris.”
And the passion to proceed
More from a mistress than a weed. The following hints ought not to be lost upon the frequenters of Ben “ Sooty retainer to the vine, Waters, and with them we conclude Bacchus' black servant, negro fine ; our extracts from this illustrious Sorcerer, that mak’st us dote upon
Thy begrimed complexion, poet:
And, for thy pernicious sake, ** Si cui grande caput prostanti fronte rotun
More and greater oaths to break dum,
Than reclaimed lovers take Lati humeri, pectus patulum, torosaque Gainst women : thou thy siege dost lay membra,
Much too in the female Sub cute obesa caro, pituitaque multa palato, While thou suck'st the labʼring breath
way: Is bibat impune, et repetito indulgeat Faster than kisses or than death.
haustu, Si libet, et justos sumendi respicit usus :
“ Thou in such a cloud dost bind us, Parcius attingant graciles, quibus ardua cer.
That our worst foes cannot find us, vix,
And ill fortune, that would thwart us, Frons angusta, caput minimum, præcordia Shoots at rovers, shooting at us; pressa,
While each man, thro' thy height'ning Excarnesque genæ, et pauca mucagine nares. steam, Ollis spirituum ut brevis est annona cerebro, Does like a smoking Etna seem, Obruitur facile conferti aspergine fuini,
And all about us does express
A Sicilian fruitfulness.
“ Thou through such a mist doth shew us, Mane tremunt, altaque obeunt in luce sop. And, for those allowed features,
That our best friends do not know us, Quod si præterea roseus color infici ora,
Due to reasonable creatures, Et subeunt tusses, et densus anhelitus, illum Liken’st us to Chimeras, Ejurare tubos jubeo, carosque sodales,
Monsters that, who see us, fear us ; Ne redimat nocuos vitæ discrimine lusus.
Worse than Cerberus or Geryon,
Or, who first lov'd a cloud, Ixion.
“ Bacchus we know, and we allow dereliction of tobacco, which he found
That but by reflex can'st shew absolutely necessary for the preserva- What his deity can do, tion of his health, does or does not As the false Egyptian spell confirm these remarks of Raphael. Aped the true Hebrew miracle? From what we have heard, however, Some few vapours thou may'st raise, we do suspect that Mr Lamb cannot The weak brain may serve to amaze, by any means claim to be one of those But to the reins and nobler heart blessed with the
Can'st nor life nor heat impart. " Lati humeri, pectus patulum, torosaque Brother of Bacchus, later born, membra.'
The old world was sure forlorn,
Wanting thee, that aidest more
And their hasty wrath let fall, The god's victories than before
To appease their frantic gall, All his panthers, and the brawls
On the darling thing whatever, Of his piping Bacchanals.
Whence they feel it death to sever, These, as stale, we disallow,
Though it be, as they, perforce,
Guiltless of the sad divorce.
“ For I must (nor let it grieve thee, The reformed god now weaves
Friendliest of plants, that I must) leave thee. A finer thyrsus of thy leaves.
For thy sake, TOBACCO, I,
Would do any thing but die, “ Scent to match thy rich perfume And but seek to extend my days Chemic art did ne'er presume
Long enough to sing thy praise. Through her quaint alembic strain,
But, as she, who once hath been None so sov'reign to the brain.
A king's consort, is a queen Nature, that did in thee excel,
Ever after, nor will bate Fram'd again no second smell.
Any title of her state, Roses, violets, but toys
Though a widow, or divorced, For the smaller sort of boys,
So I, from thy converse forced, Or for greener damsels meant ;
The old name and style retain, Thou art the only manly scent.
A right Katherine of Spain ; “ Stinking'st of the stinking kind, And a seat, too, 'mongst the joys Filth of the mouth and fog of the mind,
Of the blest Tobacco Boys ; Africa, that brags her foyson,
Where, though I, by sour physician, Breeds no such prodigious poison,
Am debarr'd the full fruition Henbane, nightshade, both together,
Of thy favours, I may catch Hemlock, aconite
Some collateral sweets, and snatch “ Nay, rather,
Sidelong odours, that give life Plant divine, of rarest virtue ;
Like glances from a neighbour's wife;
And still live in the by-places
And in thy borders take delight,
An unconquer'd Canaanite.
In our next paper of this series, we To paint forth their fairest fair,
shall consider, at some length, the efOr in part but to express
fects which have probably been proThat exceeding comeliness
duced on the literati and churchmen Which their fancies doth so strike,
of England by the disuse of the ToThey borrow language of dislike ;
bacco Pipe; illustrating the subject And, instead of Dearest Miss,
by copious quotations from a curious Jewel, Honey, Sweetheart, Bliss, And those forms of old admiring,
Ms. collection of Oxford jeux-d'esprit, Call her Cockatrice and Siren,
which we were so fortunate as to pick Basilisk, and all that's evil,
up at Mr John Ballantyne's a few Witch, Hyena, Mermaid, Devil,
ago ; and concluding the whole Ethiop, Wench, and Blackamoor,
with an original ode of Mr Odoherty, Monkey, Ape, and twenty more ;
composed in the Cheshire Cheese Friendly Traitress, loving Foe, Tavern, Fleet Street, in the year 1814, Not that she is truly so,
and addressed, as might well befit its But no other way they know
theme, to no less a personage than A contentment to express, Borders so upon excess,
that prince of puffers-Field Marshal That they do not rightly wot
Blucher. We shall also insert " An Whether it be pain or not.
Elegy inscribed to Miss Foreman, by “ Or, as men, constrain’d to part
William Wastle, Esq.” and “ Lines With what's nearest to their heart, written on seeing a spark fall from While their sorrow's at the height, Mr Hogg's pipe, by R. P. Gillies, Lose discrimination quite,