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themselves, as it mixes with the roar greater part of the rivers on which the of the tempest, they never fail to rise storm was most deadly, run into the from their devotions with their spirits Solway Frith, on which there is a cheered and their confidence renewed, place called the Beds of Esk, where and go to sleep with an exaltation of the tide throws out, and leaves whate mind of which kings and conquerors soever is carried into it by the rivers. have no share. Often have I been a When the flood after the storm subsharer in such scenes; and never, sided, there were found on that place, even in my youngest years, without and the shores adjacent, 1840 sheep, having my heart deeply impressed by nine black cattle, three horses, two the circumstances. There is a subli- men, one woman, forty-five dogs, and mity in the very idea. There we liv. one hundred and eighty hares, be ed, as it were, inmates of the cloud sides a number of meaner animals. and the storm; but we stood in a re- To relate all the particular scenes of lationship to the Ruler of these, that distress that occurred during this treneither time nor eternity could ever mendous hurricane is impossiblea cancel. Woe to him that would volume would not contain them. I weaken the bonds with which true shall, therefore, in order to give a true Christianity connects us with Heaven picture of the storm, merely relate and with each other.
what I saw, and shall in nothing exBut of all the storms that ever Scot- aggerate. But before doing this, I land witnessed, or I hope ever will must mention a circumstance, curious again behold, there is none of them in its nature, and connected with that can once be compared with the others that afterwards occurred. memorable 24th of January 1794, Some time previous to that, a few which fell with such peculiar violence young shepherds (of whom I was one, on that division of the south of Scot- and the youngest, though not the least land that lies between Crawford-muir ambitious of the number), had formed and the border. In that bounds there themselves into a sort of literary sowere seventeen shepherds perished, and ciety, that met periodically, at one or upwards of thirty carried home insen- other of the houses of its members, sible, who afterwards recovered; but where each read an essay on a subject the number of sheep that were lost far previously given out; and after that, outwent any possibility of calculation. every essay was minutely investigated One farmer alone, Mr Thomas Beate and criticised. We met in the evening, tie, lost seventy-two scores for his own and continued our important discusshare and many others, in the same sions all night. Friday the 23d of quarter, from thirty to forty scores January was the day appointed for one each. Whole flocks were overwhelmed of these meetings, and it was to be with snow, and no one ever knew held at Entertrony, a wild and remote where they were till the snow was dis- sheiling, at the very sources of the solved, that they were all found dead. Ettrick, and now occupied by my own I myself witnessed one particular in- brother. I had the honour of havstance of this, on the farm of Thick- ing been named as preses-so leaving side: there were twelve scores of ex- the charge of my flock with my mascellent ewes, all one age, that were ter, off I set from Blackhouse, on missing there all the time that the snow Thursday, a very ill day, with a famlay, which was only a week, and no ing bombastical essay in my pocket, traces of them could be found ; when and my tongue trained to many wise the snow went away, they were disco- and profound remarks, to attend this vered all lying dead, with their heads extraordinary meeting, though the one way, as if a flock of sheep had place lay at the distance of twenty dropped dead going from the wash- miles, over the wildest hills in the ing. Many hundreds were driven in- kingdom, and the time the depth of to waters, burns, and lakes, by the winter. I remained that night with violence of the storm, where they were my parents at Ettrick-house, and next buried or frozen up, and these the flood day again set out on my journey. I carried away, so that they were never had not, however, proceeded far, beseen or found by the owners at all. fore I perceived, or thought I perceivThe following anecdote somewhat ile ed, symptoms of an approaching storm, lustrates the confusion and devasta- and that of no ordinary nature. I retion that it bred in the country :-The member the day well: the wind, which
was rough on the preceding day, had till the fall of evening; and as the
But at the same time a smart thaw had
ascertain what was going on without, ed to make a bold effort to reach them, for not a ray of light could I see. I Our master made family worship, a could not then, nor can I yet, express duty he never neglected ; but that my astonishment. So completely was morning, the manner in which he the air overloaded with falling and manifested our trust and confidence in driving snow, that but for the force of Heaven, was particularly affecting. We the wind, I felt as if I had thrust my took our breakfast-stuffed our pockets arm into a wreath of snow. I deemed with bread and cheese-sewed our plaids it a judgment sent from Heaven upon around us-tied down our hats with us, and lay down again in my bed, napkins coming below our chins-and trembling with agitation. I lay still each taking a strong staff in his hand, for about an hour, in hopes that it we set out on the attempt. might prove only a temporary hurri- No sooner was the door closed becane; but, hearing no abatement of hind us than we lost sight of each its fury, I awakened Borthwick, and other—seeing there was none it was bade him get up, for it was come on impossible for a man to see his hand such a night or morning, as never held up before him, and it was still blew from the heavens. He was not two hours till day. We had no means long in obeying, for as soon as he of keeping, together but by following heard the turmoil, he started from his to one another's voices, nor of working bed, and in one minute throwing on our way save by groping with our his clothes, he hasted down the ladder, staves before us. It soon appeared to and opened the door, where he stood me a hopeless concern, for, ere ever for a good while, uttering exclamations we got clear of the houses and hayof astonishment. The door where he stacks, we had to roll ourselves over stood was not above fourteen yards from two or three wreaths which it was imthe door of the dwelling-house, but a possible to wade through; and all the wreath was already amassed between while the wind and drift were so viothem, as high as the walls of the lent, that every three or four minutes house-and in trying to get round or we were obliged to hold our faces down through this, Borthwick lost himself, between our knees to recover our and could neither find the house nor breath. his way back to the byre, and about We soon got into an eddying wind six minutes after, I heard him calling that was altogether insufferable, and, my name, in a shrill desperate tone of at the same time, we were struggling voice, at which I could not refrain among snow so deep, that our progress from laughing immoderately, notwith- in the way we purposed going was instanding the dismal prospect that lay deed very equivocal, for we had, by before us, for I heard, from his cries, this time, lost all idea of east, west, where he was. He had tried to make north, or south. Still we were as busy his way over the top of a large dung- as men determined on a business hill, but going to the wrong side, had could be, and persevered on we knew fallen over, and wrestled long among not whither, sometimes rolling over snow, quite over the head. I did not the snow, and sometimes weltering in think proper to move to his assistance, it to the chin. The following instance but lay still, and shortly after, heard of our suocessful exertions marks our him shouting at the kitchen door for progress to a tittle. There was an ininstant admittance; still I kept my closure around the house to the westbed for about three quarters of an ward which we denominated the park, hour longer; and then, on reaching as is customary in Scotland. When the house with much difficulty, found we went away we calculated that it our master, the ploughman, Borth- was two hours until day-the park wick, and the two servant maids, site did not extend above 300 yards-and ting round the kitchen fire, with looks we were still engaged in that park of dismay, I may almost say despair. when day light appeared. We all agreed at once, that the sooner When we got free of the park we we were able to reach the sheep, the also got free of the eddy of the wind better chance we had to save a rem- -it was now straight in our faces nant; and as there were eight hundred we went in a line before each other, excellent ewes, all in one lot, but a and changed places every three or four long way distant, and the most valua- minutes, and at Jength, after great fac ble lot of any on the farm, we resolve tigue, we reached a long ridge of a hill where the snow was thinner, having possible to extricate myself, for the been blown off it by the force of the more I struggled I went the deeper. wind, and by this we had hopes of For all our troubles I heard korthreaching within a short space of the wick above convulsed with laughter ; ewes which were still a mile and a he thought he had got the affair of the half distant. Our master had taken dunghill paid back. By holding by the lead; I was next him, and soon one another, and letting down a plaid began to suspect, from the depth of to me, they hauled me up, but I was the snow, that he was leadling us quite terribly incommoded by snow that had wrong, but as we always trusted im- got inside my clothes. plicitly to him that was foremost for The ewes were standing in a close the time, I said nothing for a good while, body; one half of them were covered until satisfied that we were going in a over with snow to the depth of ten direction very nearly right opposite to feet, the rest were jammed against a that we intended. I then tried to ex. brae. We knew not what to do for postulate with him, but he did not spades to dig them out; but to our seem to understand what I said, and, agreeable astonishment, when those on getting a glimpse of his counte- before were removed, they had been nance, I perceived that it was quite so close pent together as to be all touchaltered. Not to alarm the others, noring one another, and they walked out even himself, I said I was becoming from below the snow after their neighterribly fatigued, and proposed that bours in a body. If the snow-wreath we should lean on the snow and take had not broke and crumbled down each a mouthful of whisky, (for I had upon a few that were hindmost we brought a small bottle in my pocket should have got them all out without for fear of the worst), and a bite of putting a hand to them. This was bread and cheese. This was unani- effecting a good deal more than I or mously agreed to, and I noted that he any of the party expected a few hours swallowed the spirits rather eagerly, before ; there were 100 ewes in another a thing not usual with him, and when place near by, but of these we could he tried to eat, it was long before he only get out a very few, and lost all could swallow any thing. I was con- hopes of saving the rest. vinced that he would fail altogether, It was now wearing towards midbut, as it would have been easier to have day, and there were occasionally short got him to the shepherd's house before intervals in which we could see about than home again, I made no proposal us for perlaps a score of yards, but we for him to return. On the contrary, got only one momentary glance of the I said if they would trust themselves hills around us all that day. entirely to me, I would engage to lead quite impatient to be at my own them to the ewes without going a foot charge, and leaving the rest I went out of the way-the other two agreed away to them by myself, that is, I to it, and acknowledged that they knew went to the division that was left far not where they were, but he never out on the hills, while our master and opened his mouth, nor did he speak a the ploughman volunteered to rescue word for two hours thereafter. It had those that were down on the lower only been a temporary, exhaustion, ground. I found mine in miserable however, for after that he recovered circumstances, but making all possible and wrought till night as well as any exertion, I got out about one half of of us, though he never could recollect them, which I left in a place of safety, 2 single circumstance that occurred and made towards home, for it was during that part of our way, nor a beginning to grow dark, and the storm word that was said, nor of having got was again raging, without any mitigaany refreshment whatever.
tion in all its darkness and deformity. At half an hour after ten, we reach- I was not the least afraid of losing my ed the flock, and just in time to save way, for I know all the declivities of them, but before that, both Borthwick the hills so well that I could have and the ploughman had lost their hats, come home with my eyes bound up, notwithstanding all their precautions, and indeed long ere I got home they and to imperle us still farther, I went were of no use to me. I was terrified inadvertently over a precipice, and go- for the water, (Douglas Burn) for in ing down heal foremost, between the the morning is was tooded and gorged scaur and tie snow, found it im- up with snow in a dreadful manner,
and I judged that it would be quite making a bold exertion to escape from impassable. At length I came to a place the fairy vision, I came all at once in where I thought the water should be, contact with the old tower. Never in and fell a boring and groping for it my life did I experience such a relief, I with my long staff. No, I could find was not only all at once freeil from no water, and began to dread that for the fairies, but from the dangers of the all my accuracy I had gone wrong. I gorged river. I had come over it on was greatly astonished, and standing some mountain of snow, I knew not still to consider, I looked up how nor where, nor do know to this wards Heaven, I shall not say for what day. So that, after all, they were trees cause, and to my utter amazement that I saw, and trees of no great magthought I beheld trees over my head nitude neither, but their appearance to flourishing abroad over the whole sky. my eyes it is impossible to describe. I never had seen such an optical delu. I thought they flourished abroad, not sion before, it was so like enchantment for miles, but for hundreds of iniles, to that I knew not what to think, but the utmost verges of the visible heavens. dreaded that some extraordinary thing Such a day and such a night may the kas coming over me, and that I was eye of a shepherd never again behold. deprived of my right senses. What befell to our literary meeting, member I thought the storm was a and the consequences of the storm as I great judgment sent on us for our sins, witnessed them, must be deferred to and that this strange phantasy was a future Number. connected with it, an illusion effected
JAMES Hogg. by evil spirits. I stood a good while
Eltrive, in this painful trance; at length, on April 15th, 1819.
OBSERVATIONS ON SALAME'S ACCOUNT OF THE EXPEDITION TO ALGIERS,
The author of this book, Mr Abra- tion of all the great dialects of the ham Salamé, is a native of Alexandria Arabic language, as well as of the in Egypt, but of a Syrian family. Turkish and Italian, and the events His grandfather, a merchant of high which occurred about the close of the respectability at St. Jean d'Acre, was last and opening of the present cencompelled to quit that city in conse- tury, furnished him with almost quence of some of the atrocities of Djez- equal facilities for the more rare aczaz Pashaw, (the Butcher); and, the quisition of a little French and a little greater part of his children following English. In the course of a life of him in his flight, the race of the Salamés wandering mercantile adventure, Saseems now to be fairly transplanted. lame has since improved all these adThe family are all of the Christian vantages, and is now, it is probable, persuasion, and their name, as our one of the best qualified persons in author is at great pains to inform us, Europe forinterpreting between Franks signifies in the Arabic peace or saluta- and Mahometans. His power of action; and he explains his anxiety in quiring languages will indeed require regard to this point, by mentioning, no better illustration than what is that in Italian the same word is used afforded by the very singular volume to denote a particular kind of sau
When Salamé came first sage.
to England, at the close of the year In Alexandria young Salamé seems 1815, although he had some smatterto have enjoyed considerable opportu- ing knowledge of our language, he asnities of iinprovement in his educa- sures us, he could not have spelt the tion. The immense variety of traders word bread; but such is his capacity, who inhabit or visit that city, gave and such has been his diligence, that occasion and facility for the acquisi. he has now presented us with an oc
A narrative of the expedition to Algiers in the year 1816, under the command of the Right Honourable Admiral Lord Viscount Exmouth; by Mr A. Salamé, a native of Alex. andria, in Egypt, interpreter in his Britannic Majesty's service for the Oriental languages, who accompanied his Lordship for the subsequent negotiations with the Dey. London, Murray, 1819. l'ol V.