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tavo volume, written entirely by him- things, as our Alexandrian has now
self (“ in his own rough English,” as given us of the comparatively small
he calls it) and certainly written in a matters of Algiers.
style out of all comparison superior We regret that Mr Salamé should
in expressiveness and vigour, and even have published his account in the form
we think in purity, to any thing that he has chosen. He should have been
is to be found among the great majo- satisfied with a very small and a very
rity of our native travellers and jour- cheap 12mo, and then his book would
nalists. We are happy to observe, by have sold ; but since he has thought
various hints scattered throughout the fit to beat the gold he really has, over
volume, that its author by no means so absurd an expanse of surface, and
considers it as the ultimatum of his li- to charge 15s. for what, with all his
terary labours, and look forward with beating, covers no more than a very
pleasure to the prospect of much infor- puny 8vo. of 390 pages, we suspect
mation and much amusement, from few people will think of giving him a
the future productions of his ready and place on their shelves. But, however,
interesting pen.

that is none of our business-or rather,
Mr Salamé had been employed for we should thank Mr Salamé for having
several months in the English Foreign adopted a course of conduct which
Office, before the period of Lord Ex- cannot fail to add very much to the
mouth's expedition, and was selected interest of the copious extracts we
to accompany our excellent admiral in mean to borrow from him. Of these
quality of interpreter. The important (for, to reviewers as well as to poets,
duties of this office seem to have been there is nothing like rushing in medias
discharged by him in a manner highly res), the first shall be Salamé's account
creditable to himself, and entirely sa- of the destruction of the batteries and
tisfactory to all his superiors ; nor is ships of the Algerines. Our readers
this any slight praise--for those who recollect that Lord Exmouth sent in a
are acquainted with the circumstances boat with a letter to the Dey, in which
under which the expedition sailed, and he demanded,
with the obstacles thrown in the way 1st, The abolition of christian sla-
of negotiation by the barbarous and very.
obstinate jealousies of the Dey and his 2d, The delivery of all christian
officers, will be sensible that a very slaves in the kingdom of Algiers.-
rare degree of delicacy and manage- Besides, the restoration of all the
ment must have been demanded from money which had been paid for the
the person who carried on the business redemption of slaves by the Kings of
of communication between Lord Ex- Naples and Sardinia since the com-
mouth and the Divan ot' Algiers. Sa- mencement of the year.
lamé, like a true oriental, has thrown Salamé was in the boat which carried
the whole of the negotiations into a the letter, and waited in it for two hours
dramatic form, and as he has besides immediately below the batteries, in ex-
given a drawing of the persons engag. pectation of the Dey's answer. The
ed in the conferences as they appeared signal being given at the expiration of
at the time, nothing is wanting to come that time, that no answer had been re-
plete our idea of the whole transaction. turned, Lord Exmouth immediate-
It is not often now-a-days that ordic ly brought his whole fleet close
nary people are permitted to see so under the walls, his own ship, the
much into the minutize of public af- Queen Charlotte, casting anchor with-
fairs; for despatches, military and na- in a hundred yards of the great bat-
val, are in general as monotonous as a teries on the Mole. But we must take
drum, and as dry as a sea-biscuit; and up Salamé a little earlier.
among all officers of the modern school,
it is looked upon as the most unknow- “ Mr Burgess, the flag-lieutenant, hav.
ing thing in the world to talk over the ing agreed with me, we hoisted the sig-
incidents of their campaigns. We nal, that no answer had been given;"
wish heartily that Mr Salamé had and began to row away towards the Queen
attended the Duke of Wellington to get out of danger ; for, knowing their

Charlotte. At this time I was very anxious throughout the peninsular war, or that some person who did so would Lord Exmouth, on his seeing our signal,

perfidious character, and observing that have the goodness to write as full and immediately gave order to the fleet to bear amusing an account of those mighty up, and every ship to take her position for

the attack, I had great fear that they (the almost all the feet had passed their batteAlgerines) would fire on us ;-in short, till ries. At a few minutos before three, the I reached the Queen Charlotte, I was al. Algerines, from the Eastern battery, fired most more dead than alive. After I had the first shot at the Impregnable, which, given my reports to the Admiral, of our with the Superb and the Albion, was ameeting with the Captain of the port, and stern of the other ships, to prevent them our waiting there, &c. I was quite surpris- from coming in; then Lord Exmouth, ed to see how his Lordship was altered from having seen only the smoke of the gun bewhat I left him in the morning ; for 1 fore the sound reached him, said, with knew that his manner was in general very great alacrity, ' That will do ; fire my fine mild, and now he seemed to me all-fightful, fellows ! and I am sure, that before his as a fierce tion, which had been chained in Lordship had finished these words, our its cage, and was set at liberty. With all broadside was given with great cheering, that, his Lordship's answer to me was, which was fired three times within five or ** Never mind, we shall see now ;" and at six minutes ; and at the same instant the the same time, he turned towards the officers other ships did the same. This first fire saying, “ Be ready :" whereupon I saw was so terrible, that they say more than five etery one standing with the match or the hundred persons were killed and wounded string of the lock in his hand, most anxi- by it. And I believe this, because there ously waiting for the word “ Fire!"

was a great crowd of people in every part, “: I remained on the poop with his Lord. many of whom, after the first discharge, ship, till the Queen Charlotte passed through I saw running away, under the walls, like all the enemy's batteries, without firing a dogs, walking upon their feet and hands. gun. There were many thousand Turks “ After the attack took place on both and Moors looking on astonished, to see so sides in this horrible manner, immediately large a ship coming all at once inside the the sky was darkened by the smoke, the mole, without caring for any thing. When sun completely eclipsed, and the horizon Fe opened over the mole head, I saw, as I became dreary Being exhausted by the thought, a boat coming out, which I sup- heat of that powerful sun, to which I was posed was that of the Captain of the Port, exposed the whole day; and my ears being and told his Lordship of it ; but on look- deafened by the roar of the guns, and ing with a glass, we found the mistake. finding myself in the dreadful danger of

“ During this time, the Queen Charlotte such a terrible engagement, in which I had in a most gallant and astonishing manner, never been before, I was quite at a loss, took up a position opposite the head of the and like an astonished or stupid man, and mole, and we let go the anchor at three did not know myself where I was. At last, quarters past two o'clock, within eighty his Lordship, having perceived my situagards from the mole head batteries : but tion, said . You have done your duty, noto afterwards, having found that we had not go below.' Upon which I began to descend more than two feet water under the bottom from the quarter deck, quite confounded of the Queen Charlotte, his Lordship let go and terrified, and not sure that I should the cable for twenty yards more ; and so reach the cockpit alive ; for it was wost we were within about one hundred yards of tremendous to hear the crashing of the the mouths of their guns ;-when Lord shot, to see the wounded men brought from Exmouth took a position in such a master- one part, and the killed from the other; ly style, that not more than four or five and especially at such a time to be found guns could bear on us from the mole ; among the English seamen ! and to witthough we were exposed to the fire of all ness their manners, their activity, their cour. their other batteries, and musketry, we gave age, and their cheerfulness during the batthem three cheers; and the batteries, as tle !-it is really most overpowering and well as the walls, being crowded with troops, beyond imagination. they jumped on the top of the parapets to « On this subject I wish to give only one Look at us, for our broadside was higher remark :- While 1 was going below, I was than their batteries ; and they were quite stopped near the hatchway by a crowd of surprised to see a three-decker, with the

seamen who were carrying two wounded tesi of the fleet, so close on them. From men to the cockpit ; and I had leisure to what I observed of the Captain of the Port's manner, and of their confusion inside of the mole, (though they were making great The Superb and the Albion had almost preparations,) I am quite sure, that even reached their proper positions, but the Im. themselves were not aware of what they pregnable being rather slow, and the Algewere about, or what we meant to do ; be- rines having opened a tremendous fire upon cause, according to their judgment, they her, and the smoke being so thick that she thought that we should be terrified by their could not distinguish her exact position, fortifications, and not advance so rapidly Admiral Milne was obliged to lie in that siand closely to the attack. In proof of this, tuation and begin the attack; and thus, unI must observe, that at this point their guns fortunately, was exposed to the Eastern and were not even loaded ; and they began to the Lighthouse batteries, which were very load them after the Queen Charlotte and strong.


observe the management of those heavy, said, “ Where are you going ? you are. guns of the lower deck ; I saw the com- wounded." In reply he said, " I am very panies of the two guns nearest the hatchway, well now, I must go." And so he went they wanted some wadding, and began to directly. call “ wadding, wadding ?" but not hav. “ After two hours time, I saw him, poor ing it immediately, two of them swear. fellow, brought down to the cockpit again, ing, took out their knives and cut off the by four seamen, with his left arm taken off breasts of their jackets where the buttons quite from the shoulder, and it only hung are, and rammed them into the guns instead by a little bit of flesh. of wadding, I was really astonished to see " When I met him in that horrible state, such extraordinary magnanimity.

he could not bear to be carried on, but “ At last I reached the cockpit; when wished to be laid down where he was; and Mr Dewar, the surgeon, Mr Frowd, the began to call, · The Doctor, the Doctor ;' chaplain, and Mr Somerville, the purser, when we all took care of him, and the docwith some other friends, met me, and be- tor immediately came, and took off his arm gan to congratulate me on my safe return, quite from the joint of his shoulder. I saw for they never expected that I should escape; that all the side of his breast was borribly and they gave me something to eat and to After he was dressed, we laid him drink, but I could eat nothing, I only on a sofa, with great care, and were all very drank a litttle wine and water. Now í sorry, because we never expected that he wished to assure myself if I was out of would live. danger or not, I asked them how much we “ About this time, I was sorry to see my, were above water ? They told me that we friend Mr Grimes (his Lordship's secretary) were pretty safe, because the cockpit was conducted below ; he had received scveral about two or thrce feet below the water- wounds from splinters, and was obliged to mark, and that I had nothing to fear, as I quit the deck from loss of blood. was now out of the greatest danger.

“ Having seen that the battle was going “ Upon this, I was rather relieved,—but on favourably, and that the Algerines, after having heard that several shots had passed fighting extremely well for about five hours, through the Queen Charlotte between wind began to slacken their firing, and that our and water, and that the carpenter had been seamen, every time that an Algerine frigate to stop the leaks, I then lost the idea of be- took fire, or any of the batteries were deing quite safe, and I walked in the cockpit stroyed, gave a loud cheer, I began to have always fearful.- Afterwards, observing that more courage, and jump up now and then the action was going on without an appear

to the lower deck to see what was going on ; ance of soon ceasing, I began to encourage and so, for the rest of the action, I employmyself by thinking, that every living being ed myself in passing the empty powder is uncertain of his existence, and that, ' boxes to the magazine ; because i found it throughout our life, we are continually ex- more agreeable than attending the doctor. posed to the mercy of circumstances. And “ I observed with great astonishment thus, I commenced assisting those poor that, during all the time of the battle, not wounded people after they were dressed ; one seaman appeared tired, not one lament.. for, humanity and natural sensibility, at ed the dreadful continuation of the fight; such a dreadful time, call upon every body but, on the contrary, the longer it lasted, to have pity, and to help the unfortunate, the more cheerfulness and pleasure were Some of them could not walk; some could amongst them;" notwithstanding, during not see ; and some were to be carried from the greater part of the battle, the firing was one place to another. It was indeed a most most tremendous on our side, particularly pitiable sight ;-but I think the most shock- from this ship (the Queen Charlotte), the ing sight in the world, is that of taking off fire of which was kept up with equal fury, arms and legs ; in preference to beholding and never ceased, though his Lordship in which, if I was a military man, I should several instances wished to cease firing for a certainly prefer to be on deck than being short time, to make his observations, and it with the Doctor in the cockpit.

was with great difficulty that he could make “ From curiosity, I wished to observe the the seamen stop for a few minutes. Doctor's operations. But while I was at- “ Several of the guns were so hot, that tending to the first one, which was that of they could not use them again ; some of taking off an arm, I could not bear it, and them, being heated to such a degree, that felt myself fainting away, especially when when they fired them, they recoiled with the Doctor began to saw the bone! I then their carriages, and fixed the wheels by went out of sight. At this time, I saw making holes in the planks of the deck ; Lieutenant John Frederick Johnstone come and some of them were thrown out of their down to the cockpit, wounded in his cheek. carriages, and so rendered quite useless. -After he had been dressed, and remained for a short time, laughing at me, he asked I was told that some of the seamen's me to help him to put on his coat, and wives on board the Severn had employed went to the hatchway, wishing to go on themselves during the battle, in helping deck again ; I then held him from behind their husbands by passing them powder and by the shoulders to make him stop, and shot.

* At eleven o'clock, P. M. his Lordship. his voice was quite hoarse, and he had two having observed the destruction of the whole slight wounds, one in the cheek, and the Algerine navy, and the strongest parts of other in his leg.-Before I paid him my their batteries, with the city, made signal to respects, he said to me, with his usual gra. the fleet to move out of the line of the bat- cious and mild manner, Well, my fine teries; and thus, with a favourable breeze, fellow Salamé, what think you now In we cut our cables, as well as the whole of reply I shook hands with his Lordship, and the squadron, and made sail, when our fire. said, • My Lord, I am extremely happy ing ceased at about half


eleven. to see your Lordship safe, and I am so ** When the action was over, Mr Stair much rejoiced with this glorious victory, (the gunner) came out from the magazine, that I am not able to express, in any terms, and said, that he was about seventy years the degree of my happiness.' old, and that in his life he had been in more “ It was indeed astonishing to see the than twenty actions, but that he never coat of his Lordship, how it was all cut up knew or heard of any action that had cone by musket ball, and by grape ; it was besaimed so great a quantity of powder as hind, as if a person had taken a pair of

scissars and cut it all to pieces. We were all “ After the ships had hauled out, with.. surprised at the narrow escape of his Lordout any danger, (although the Algerines ship. began to throw some shells from the higher * At one o'clock in the morning, we ancastles) I went on the poop to see his Lord- chored, with all the fleet in the middle of the ship, and to observe the effect of our slot bay; immediately after, Admiral Van Capon the enemy's batteries, and to behold the pellan came on board ; and after having paid destruction of their navy, which, at this his congratulations to his Lordship, he said, time, with the storehouses within the mole, My Lord, I am quite happy if I die now, vas burning very rapidly.

after having got full satisfaction from these “ The blaze illuminated all the bay and pirates ; and we owe a great deal to your the town, with the environs, almost as clear Lordship for your gallant position with the as in the day time; the view of which was Queen Charlotte, which was the safety and really most awful and beautiful ; nine fri- the protection of more than five hundred gates, and a great number of gun-boats, persons of our squadron.' with other vessels, being all in flames, and “ After we had anchored, his Lordship, carried by the wind to different directions having ordered his steward in the morning in the bay.

to keep several dishes ready, gave a grand * I observed, with great surprise, how, supper to the officers of the ship, and drank in these nine hours' time, our shot had ef. to the health of every brave man in the fleet. fected so horrible a destruction of their bat- “We also drank to his Lordship’s health, teries; instead of walls, I saw nothing but and then every body went to sleep, almost heaps of rubbish, and a number of people like dead men.”. dragging the dead bodies out.

Next morning, as our readers will * When I met his Lordship on the poop, remember,* Lord Exmouth again put

Salamé gives a table of the shot expended in this action, which we transcribe, in the belief that it will open quite a new view to the great majority of our readers. A List of the general Consumption of Powder and Shot, on board the British and Dutch

Squadrons, in the attack upon Algiers, under Admiral Lord Exmouth's command, on the 27th August 1816.

On board of the British Squadron.

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Fury, a Bomb
Infernal, Hecla, and Beelzebub; three Bombs
Total in the British Squadron

3577 11,423

320 610

, 216,658 41,209


every thing in order for renewing his ed to represent, in a very picturesque bombardment, but before commencing manner, the sulky submission of the firing, he sent a second letter to the Barbarian. Dey, proposing the same conditions

Captain Brisbane. Lord Exmouth which had been rejected on the pre- desires, that your Highness will punish all ceding morning. With this letter also those people who insulted our Consul, for Salamé went near to the shore, and he (Lord Exmouth) persuades himself that while waiting for the answer, he had it was done without your orders. And he abundant leisure to observe the devas- also desires, that reparation may be made to tation caused by the fire of yesterday.

the Consul, for the losses he has sustained,

to the amount of 3,000 dollars : Should this “ During this time, I was indeed quite

sum be too much, he (the Consul) will rea surprised to see the horrible state of the bat. teries and the mole, since the preceding done are uncertain, the Consul not having

turn the overplus, (at present the damages day. I could not now distinguish how it was erected, nor where the batteries had had time to examine his property ;) and stood, as well as many fine houses which I should it be insufficient, your Highness had seen in the city the day previous. And shall make up the deficiency. I observed too, that they had not more than

“ The Dey.The persons who insulted four or five guns mounted on their car.

the Consul are impertinent and low people riages, and that of all the rest, some were

unknown to me, and did it without my ordismounted, and some buried in the rub

der. And, with respect to the things that bish. Besides this, all the bay

was full of the Consul says he has lost, I have already the hulks of their navy, smoking in every inquired, and been told that he had lost nodirection, and the water out and inside of

thing the mole was all black, covered with char.

• The Consul.-I can show the Dey all coal and half-burnt pieces of wood. But the people who insulted and robbed me, for

I know them individually. the most shocking and dreadful sight was, the number of the dead bodies which were

“ The Dey.-Suppose I take them and floating on the water. -Among these bo

cut their heads off, will it do the Consul dies, we saw a white one, which


any good ? on finding it was one of our seamen, we

“ Captain Brisbane..We do not wish to took with us on board."

have any body's head cut off; we wish The conversations between the Dey

that you should punish them by bastinados, on the one hand, and Sir James Bris- The Consul will show you what things have

and put them in irons, as our Consul was : bane and Admiral Penrose on the other, been stolen and damaged by your people, are afterwards described with much because we do not desire to make you pay effect; but we have room only for what without a cause. And in case you do not relates to the treatment of the British wish to punish those people who insulted consul. He, it will be recollected, was

the Consul.- as you say they are unknown thrown into chains at the first alarm to you, your Highness may, instead, make of the feet, and his wife and child indignities offered to him, and the detention

a public apology to Mr M'Donell, for, the with difficulty escaped in naval uni- of our two boats, are insults shewn to the forms. His house also had been plun- English nation ; therefore, we cannot pass dered, and for all this, redress was now over this point. demanded. Salamé has really contrive “ The Dey-(in confusion)—I knowit was

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Total in the Dutch Squadron

46,119 10,148 TOTALS. Consumption in the British Squadron

216,658 | 41,208 960 Ditto in the Dutch Squadron

46,119 | 10,148 Grand Total of the consumption of powder and shot on board the two Squadrons

262,777 ( 51,356 960 “ These incredible quantities of powder and shot, which are nearly 118 tons of the for mer, and more than 500 tons of the latter, were spent in the course of about nine hours. And, I think, the_Algerines very justly observed, "That Hell had opened its mouth upon them through the English ships.'

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