Holy Foolishness: Dostoevsky's Novels & the Poetics of Cultural Critique
Stanford University Press, 1992 - 213 strán (strany)
This book examines the ways in which Dostoevsky's adoption and reinvention of the medieval Russian holy fool - in Russian Orthodoxy, a person who feigned madness or folly as an ascetic feat of self-humiliation - serves as a locus for a critique of his culture's increasing reliance on the scientific paradigms of Claude Bernard's physiology, and as a source of formal narrative innovation in his novels.
The author first explores the paradoxical hagiography of the holy fool, whose saintly acts are disguised under the mask of demonic folly. She then traces the rise of medical science in the nineteenth century and the increasing authority of the new scientific models of human behavior, especially the all-important notion of "the normal and the pathological."
The book then shifts to close readings of four of Dostoevsky's major novels - Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, The Devils, and The Brothers Karamazov - always keeping the double focus of cultural critique and formal innovation. The author examines how Dostoevsky develops a specific literary procedure that is itself "holy foolishness." That is, his novels in their structure and, in particular, in the voice of their narrators mislead, tempt, and "scandalize" the reader, much like the street theater of the medieval holy fool. This difficult relationship between reader and text is mirrored in what is represented in the text as the interaction between the holy fool and other characters.
In its theoretical orientation, the book both builds from and criticizes Bakhtin's work on carnival. The author offers a less optimistic account, showing how in Dostoevsky carnival is more demonic than jubilant, particularly in The Devils, where carnival leads to a frightening chaos.
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Psychology on Trial
The Idiot and the Problem
abnormal Alesha Andrei argues Bakhtin behavior Boris Godunov Brothers Karamazov called canonized holy fools carnival century Chapter character Christ Christian chronicle church Crime and Punishment demonic describes Devils Diary discourse discussion disease divine Dmitrii Dostoev Dostoevskogo Dostoevsky Emerson Epanchins epilepsy epileptic example father Fedor Pavlovich folly Grand Inquisitor hagiographer hell hero Holquist holy fool holy foolishness human icon Idiot important insanity iurodivyi Ivan Iakovlevich Ivan's Jesus Karamzin katabasis Koreisha language Lebiadkina literary madness Mar’ia means Mikolka Mokroe motifs narrative narrator narrator's Nastasia Fillipovna nineteenth-century normal notebooks novel Panchenko pathological physiology play Poetics polyphony pretender Prince Myshkin prince's problem Prokopii Pryzhov PSS 9 psychology Pushkin Raskol Raskolnikov reader recapitulation resurrection Rogozhin role Russian history saint says scientific seen Smerdiakov social Sonia speech Stavrogin structure suffering suggests theme theology Tikhon Tikhon of Zadonsk tion tsar Uspenskii vision word writes wrote Zosima