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13. B. to R. Kt's 5th (ch.)

13. K. to B's sq. 14. B. to R's 6th (ch.) 14. K. to Kt's sq. 15. R. to R's 5th.

15. B. to B's 4th. 16. Q. to Q's 2nd.

16. B. to Kt's 3rd. 17, R. to K's sq.

And wins.


Mr. Morphy and the Rev. Mr. Salmon. WHITE. (Mr. M.) BLACK. (Rev. Mr. S.) 1. P. to K's 4th.

1. P. to K's 4th. 2. Kt. to K. B's 3rd.

2. Kt. to Q. B's 3rd. 3. B. to B's 4th.

3. B. to B's 4th. 4. P. to Q. Kt's 4th.

4. P. to Q's 4th. It is a question of some importance, whether the Evans' Gambit should be accepted or declined. In theory we have a satisfactory defence to the regular attack, but in practice this so frequently breaks down, that in matches, where money and reputati ii are at stake, it would seem as if the evasion of the gambit by the move in the text were more prudent play.

á. P. takes P. B. to Q. Kt's 5th is the more usual move here, and is followed up thus,

5. B. to 'Q. Kt's 5th.

5. P. takes P. (best.) 6. P. takes B.

6. P. takes Kt. 7. B. takes Kt. (ch.)

7. P. takes B. 8. Q. takes P.

8. Kt. takes K's 2nd. But even now White remains with a somewhat unsatisfactory game.

5. Kt. takes P. 6. Castles. Mr. Morphy considers this move the best at this juncture.

6. Kt. to K's 2nd. B. to K. B*s 4th is now the proper play. 7. Kt. takes P.

7. Castles. We should have preferred B. to Q's 5th. 8. P. to Q's 4th.

8. B. to Q's 3rd. 9. Kt. to Q. B's 3rd.

9. B. to K. B's 4th. 10. B. to Kt's 3rd.

10. P. to Q. R's 4th. 11. P. to Q. R's 3rd.

11. P. to R's 5th. 12. Kt. takes R’s P.

12. Q. Kt. takes Q's P. 13. P. to Q. B's 4th.

13. R. takes Kt. In making this sacrifice, Black was probably impressed with the idea that his adversary would take the Rook, and thus subject himself to the attack of Kt. to B's 6th and then to K's 7th (ch.); but Mr. Morphy evidently had all the variations in his mind's eye, and declined the proffered bait. 14. P. takes Kt.

14. R. to R's 4th. 15. Q. to B's 3rd.

15. B. to Kt's 3rd. 16. R. to K's sq.

16. B. to Q. Kt's 5th. 17. R. to K's 2nd.

17. Kt. to B's 4th. 18. B. to Kt's 2nd.

The accuracy and rapidity with which the young American replied to the most difficult moves of his opponents caused universal remark and astonishment, and we were ourselves as greatly impressed with the marvellous ability displayed as were the rest of the lookers-on.

18. Q. to R's sq. 19. P. to Kt's 3rd.

19. Q. to R's 2nd. 20. Kt. takes B.

20. R's P. takes Kt. 21. R. to K's 5th.

21. B. takes P. 22. P. to Q's 6th.

Finely played, ensuring the advance of the Queen's Pawn, which is almost equivalent to the winning of the game. The present position, which is very interesting, is illustrated in the diagram below :

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22. B. to Kt's 5th. Kt. takes P. at Q's 4th, would have been bad play, as the following Tariations will prove :

22. Kt. takes P. at Q's 4th. 23. B. takes P. (ch.)

23. K. to R's sq. (best.) 24. Q. to B's 4th.

24. R. takes R. 25. B. takes Kt.

And wins. If

23. R. takes B. 24. R. to K's 8th (ch.)

24. K. to R's 2nd (best.) 25. Q. takes R.

25. B. takes B. And White mates in four moves.

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35. B. takes Kt.

35. P. takes B. 36. R. to K's 8th.

This end game is a perfect chess study, and as such is deserving of a diagram, and the close examination of every student of the game :

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Mr. Morphy and Mr. Avery..
WHITE. (Mr. M.)

BLACK. (Mr. A.) 1. P. to K's 4th.

1. P. to Q. B's 4th. 2. P. to Q's 4th.

2. P. takes P. 3. Kt. to K. B's 3rd.

3. Kt. to Q. B's 3rd. 4. Kt. takes P.

4. P. to K's 3rd. 5. B. to K's 3rd.

5. Kt. to B's 3rd. 6. B. to Q's 3rd.

6. P. to Q's 4th. 7. Kt. takes Kt.

7. P. takes Kt. 8. P. to K's 5th.

8. Kt. to Q's 2nd. 9. P. to K. B's 4th.

9. B. to R's 3rd. P. to K. B's 4th would have been a better move.

10. Castles.

If White had captured the proffered Bishop, Black would have checked with Queen at R’s 4th, regaining the piece and strengthening his position.

10. B. takes B. 11. Q. takes B.

11. B. to B's 4th. 12. Kt. to Q's 2nd.

12. B. takes B. (ch.) 13. Q. takes B.

13. Q. to Kt's 3rd. We believe that Mr. Avery acted prudently in exchanging pieces and simplifying the game, Mr. Morphy having shewn himself so extremely accurate and skilful in complicated positions. 14. Q. R. to K's sq.

14. Castles (K. R.) 15. P. to Q. Kt's 3rd.

15. P. to B's 3rd. 16. P. takes P.

16. R. takes P. 17. P. to Kt's 3rd.

17. Q. R. to K. B's sq. 18. K. to Kt's 2nd.

18. Q. takes Q. 19. R. takes Q.

19. P. to Kt's 3rd. 20. K. R. to K's sq.

20. P. to K's 4th. Very well played. We give a diagram of the position of the forces, which is one of much interest:

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