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The two following games cannot fail to possess a more than ordinary interest, from the fact that they took place on the only occasions wherein the great English and American masters met in friendly contest. They played but two games, and both were gained by Mr. Morphy and his ally.

GAME I.-PHILIDOR'S DEFENCE. WHITE. (Messrs. S. and A.) BLACK. (Messrs. M. and B.) 1. P. to K's 4th.

1. P. to K's 4th. 2. Kt. to K. B's 3rd.

2. P. to Q's 3rd. 3. P. to Q's 4th.

3. P. to K. B's 4th. Philidor favoured this move, but we consider, with Der Laza, that it cannot safely be ventured either in reply to P. to Q's 4th or B. to Q. B's 4th.

4. P. takes K's P.

We believe that B. to Q. B's 4th leads to a more powerful attack. The following analysis of that move is given in the different Hand. books 4. B. to Q. B's 4th.

4. P. takes K's P. 5. Kt. takes P. And whether Black play 4. P. takes Kt., or 4. P. to Q's 4th, White gains an undeniable advantage by Q. to R’s 5th (ch.)

4. B's P. takes P. 5. Kt. to Kt's 5th.

5. P. to Q's 4th.

6. P. to K's 6th.

6. Kt. to K. R's 3rd. 7. Kt. to Q. B's 3rd.

The following train of play here is recommended by the best authorities, and we are of opinion that it gives White à game far superior to that obtained by the move in the text. 7. P. to K. B's 3rd.

7. B. to K's 2nd (best.) 8. P takes P.

8. B. takes Kt. 9. Q. to R's 5th (ch.)

9. P. to K's Kt's 3rd. 10. Q. takes B.

10. Q. takes Q. 11. B. takes Q.

11. Kt. to Kt's 5th. 12. P. takes P., &c.

7. P. to B's 3rd. 8. K. Kt. takes K's P.

8. P. takes Kt. 9. Q. to R's 5th (ch.) 9. P. to K. Kt's 3rd. 10. Q. to K's 5th.

10. R. to Kt's sq. 11. B. takes Kt.

Mr. Staunton and his ally here missed an evident opportunity of gaining a decided advantage. A study of the diagram appended will show that if correctly continued the game should have been played thus11. B. to K. Kt's 5th.

11. Q. to Kt's 3rd or (A). (B). 12. Castles.

12. Kt. to Kt's 5th.
13. Q. to B's 4th.

And must win.

11. Q. to Q's 3rd.
12. Q. takes Q.

12. B. takes Q. 13. Kt. takes K's P.

13. B. to B's sq. * 14. Kt. to B's 6th (ch.)

14. K. to K's 2nd. 15. Kt. takes R. (dis. ch.)

15. K. takes P. 16. Kt. takes Kt. And wins.


11. B. to Kt's 2nd. 12. P. to K's 7th.

12. Q. to Q's 2nd or (C). 13. Q. to B's 4th. And White, at least, regains the piece, with the better position, as he threatens to move Q’s R. to Q's sq. with fatal effect; and, play as Black may, White's following moves of K. B. to Q. B's 4th, and Kto $akes P. will prove irresistible. If

12. Q. to Q's 5th. 13. Q. to Q. B's 7th, &c.

* If

13. Kt. to B's 4th.

14. P. to K. Kt's 4th, &c.

12. B. takes Q. 13. P. takes Q. (ch.)

And mates next move.)


12. Q. to Kt's 3rd. 13. Castles.

13. B. takes Q. If Kt. to Q’s 2nd, White plays 14. Q. to K's 6th, which, followed by K. B. to Q. B's 4th, wins. 14. R. to Q's 8th (ch.)

14. K. to B's 2nd (best). 15. B. to B's 4th (ch.)

15. B. to K's 3rd (best). 16. B. takes B. (ch).

16. K. takes B. 17. R. takes R.

17. Kt. takes R. 18. P. Queens (ch.)

18. K. to B's 4th, 19. B. to K's 3rd.

With a superior game.

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11. B. takes B. 12. R. to Q's sq.

12. Q. to Kts 4th. Black might also have played Q. to K's 2nd, but the square chosen was much the better. 13. Q. to B's 7th.

13. B. takes P. 14. Q. takes Kt's P.

Had Kt. taken K's P., the following variation would probably have arisen 14. Kt. takes P.

14. Q. to K's 2nd.
15. R. to Q's 8th (ch.)

15. Q. takes R.
(He may also play K. to B's 2nd with a good game.
16. Kt. to Q's 6th (ch)

16. Q. takes Kt.
17. Q. takes Q.

17. K. to B's 2nd. Remaining with more than a full equivalent for the lost Queen.

14. P. to K's 6th. 15. P. to B's 3rd.

15. Q. to K's 2nd. With the view of imprisoning the Queen if she capture the Rook. 16. Q. takes R.

.16. K. to B's 2nd. 17. Kt. to K's 4th.

17. B. to K. B's 5th, This was necessary to prevent the escape of the Queen, by Q. to Kt's 7th, &c. 18. B. to K's 2nd.

We believe that 18. P. to K. Kt's 3rd, would have rendered Black's game much more difficult.

18. K. to Kt's 2nd. This was both prudent and farsighted; had Black attempted to gain Queen by Q. to B's 2nd, the variation following will show that they would have lost the game, e.g.

18. Q. to B's 2nd. 19. P. to K. Kt's 3rd.

19. Kt. to R’s 3rd (best), * 20. R. to Q's 7th (ch.)

20. Q. takes R. + 21. Q. takes R. (ch.)

21. K. takes Q. 22. Kt. to B's 6th (ch.)

22. K. to B's 2nd. 23. Kt. takes Q.

23. B. takes Kt. 24. B. takes Kt.

With the exchange a-head. * If

19. B. to K's 4th. 20. Kt. to Kt's 5th (ch.), &c. If

19. B. to R's 3rd. 20. Q. to Kt's 7th, liberating the Queen. + If

20. B. takes R. 21. B. to B's 4th (ch.), winning the Rook. We give a diagram of this position :


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