Towards Universality: Le Corbusier, Mies, and De Stijl

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Psychology Press, 2002 - 237 strán (strany)
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There is no shortage of books about Le Corbusier, or Mies van der Rohe, or De Stijl. However, this book considers them in relation to each other, observing how a study of one can illuminate the works of the others. Going beyond a superficial look at the end-products of these architects, this book examines the philosophical foundations of their work, taking as its central theme the aim of universality, as opposed to the individual and the particular.

Each of these three aimed at universality, but for each this concept took on a different form. The universality of De Stijl and artists like Van Doesburg and Mondrian resembled that of the universe itself: it was boundless, going beyond the limits of the canvas and seeking to abolish the wall as the boundary between interior and exterior space. In contrast, each of Le Corbusier's creations was a self-contained universe within a clear frame, while Mies fluctuated between these two perspectives.

 

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Obsah

The Open or the Closed De Stijl and Le Corbusier
1
An art of destruction
2
Mondrian evolution from the individualnatural to the universalabstract
4
Van Doesburg the goal of history and fourdimensionality
7
Giedions authorized history of the modern movement
11
Rietveld architecture as the construction of reality
14
The Schroder house
16
The De Stijl house as a fragment of a continuous city
18
Poissy and Barcelona
109
The Barcelona Pavilion as a symbolic form
110
The end of the heroic period of modern architecture
113
Mies Le Corbusier and Van Doesburg after l929
114
It is necessary not to adapt but to create
117
Lauweriksi Van Doesburg and Le Corbusier
120
ViolletleDuc Cuypers and Berlage
126
Dusseldorf and the Werkbund
131

De Stijl openness versus the increasingly private future
19
spatial interpenetration and the new spirit
20
Le Corbusiers ordered compartmentation of space and time
24
The tree and the semilattice
26
Purist containment versus De Stijl continuity and multivalence
29
The role of the corner junction in architecture
33
De Stijls Other Name
36
Chinese Greek and German philosophy
43
The way forward through architecture
47
The way forward through mathematics
52
The necessity of proportion
54
The Furniture of the Mind
59
Appearance reality and representation
64
Representation as substitution
67
The abstraction of function
70
Van der Leek and Mondrian abstract painting versus concrete architecture
72
Gerrit Rietveld furniture maker
77
Donald Judd both particular and general
82
The Pavilion and the Court
87
Three house projects
88
Tent and pavilion
89
Romanticism and the pavilion system
90
Le Corbusier classical architect
93
Van Doesburgs architectural programme
95
Standardization
96
The Schroder house Utrecht l924
97
Mies van der Rone and De Stijl
100
Le Corbusiers polychromy La RocheJeanneret and Pessac
106
Cosmic mathematics
134
Grids
139
The entire cosmos in a single image
143
Mies The Correspondence of Thing and Intellect
146
Miesi Aquinas and the definition of truth
150
Art as a way to knowledge
153
The impact of expressionism and De Stijl
156
From Barcelona l929 to Berlin l962
163
The truth and its exposition
166
The house as machine ò méditer
168
Figure and Ground
174
Rasmussen and the Rubin vase
177
Dom van der Laan and architectonic space
183
Towards a deeper perspective
186
The Unchanging and the Changeable
192
An alternative manifesto
198
Particular functions and universal construction
201
The utilitarian support system
204
The habitable ruin I Rossi and Mies
212
The habitable ruin 2 Hertzberger and the necessity of differentiation
216
The necessary and the essential Oud and Le Corbusier
219
Collage and contradiction
221
Both that which is unchangeable and that which is in change
224
Bibliography
229
Index
235
Credits
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O tomto autorovi (2002)

Richard Padovan lectures at the University of Bath. He has worked as an architect in various European countries.

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