« PredošláPokračovať »
Innuit: ergo vale nostri memor; et quoties te
Me Re Ar
318. Mindful of me.] An usual way of O Rus, &c. lib. ii. sat. vi. 1. 60—2. takiug leave. See Hon. lib. iii. ode xxvii. -Your Aquinum.] A town in the 1. 14.
Latin way, famous for having been the Et memor nostri Galatea vivas. birthplace of Juvenal, and to which, at 319. Hastening to be refreshed.] The times, he retired. poets, and other studious persons, were 320. Helvine Ceres.] Helvinam Cerevery desirous of retiring into the country rem-Helvinus is used by Pliny to defrom the noise and hurry of Rome, note a sort of flesh-colour. Ainsw. in order to be refreshed with quiet and Something perhaps approaching the yel. repose.
lowish colour of corn. Also a pale redHor. lib. i. epist. xviii, 1. 104. colour-Helvus. Arnsw. But we may Me quoties reficit gelidus Digentia rivus, understand Ceres to be called Helvinus &c.
or Elvinus, which was near Aquinum. See also that most beautiful passage, Near the fons Helvinus was a temple of
Hath hinted to me: therefore farewell mindful of me: and as
Ceres, and also of Diapa, the vestiges caligati. It is used here metaphori-
I, (says Umbritius,) unless your Sa.
-Your cold fields.] Aquinum was si-
From the luxury and prodigality of Crispinus, whom helashes 80
severely, sat. i. 26–9, Juvenal takes occasion to describe a
ECCE iterum Crispinus ; et est mihi sæpe vocandus
Line 1. Again Crispinus.) Juvenal virtue to rescue him from the total do-
infirmities from his luxury and debauch-
-By no virtue, &c.] He must be a tends interest or necessity, like those
be a boti dk
to pieces, and so dressed : at last they all came over to the opinion of the senator Montanus, that it should be dressed whole; and that a dish, big enough to contain it, should be made on purpose for it. The council is then dismissed, and the Satire concludes; but not without a most severe censure on the emperor's injustice and cruelty towards some of the best and most worthy of the Romans.
BEHOLD again Crispinus! and he is often to be called by me
a monster by no virtue redeemed
dows, in hopes of being their heirs. Sat. piece of luxury was to be carried in lit-
lucrative situation. Comp. sat. i. 1. 105.
castus in general is used to denote that 6. How great a shade, &c.]. Another species of unchastity, which consists in
Sanguine adhuc vivo terram subitura sacerdos.
defiling those who are near of kin—but, tial was Domitian to his favourite Crispiin the best authors, it signifies unchaste; nus, that what would be reckoned shame. also guilty, profane. As in Hor. lib. ful, and be punished as a crime, in good jii. ode ii. 1. 29.
men, was esteemed very becoming in -Sæpe Diespiter
him. Neglectus incesto addidit integrum.
Titius, or Seius.] It does not appear In this place it may be taken in the who these were ; . but probably they sense of profane, as denoting that sort of were some valuable men, who had been unchastity which is mixed with profane- persecuted by the emperor
for some ness, as in the instance which follows, of supposed offences. See this sat. l. 151, defiling a vestal virgin.
2. 9, 10. A filletted priestess.] The ves 14. What can you do, &c.] q. d. What tal virgins, as priestesses of Vesta, had can one do with such a fellow as Crispifillets bound round their heads, made of nus? what signifies satirizing his crimes, ribbons, or the like.
when his person is more odious and abo10. With blood us yet alive.] The vestal minable than all that can be mentioned ? virgins vowed chastity, and if any
broke What he
is so inuch worse than what their vow, they were buried alive ; by he does, that one is at a loss how to a law of Numa Pompilius their founder. treat him.
11. Lighter deeds.) i. e. Such faults This is a most severe stroke, and inas, in comparison with the preceding, are troduces what follows on the gluttony trivial, yet justly reprehensible, and and extravagance of Crispinus. would be so deemed in a character less 15. A mullet.] Mullus a sea fish, of abandoned than that of Crispinus, in a red and purple colour, therefore called whom they are in a manner eclipsed by mullus, from mulleus, a kind of red or greater.
purple shoe, worn by senators and great 12. Under the judge, &c.) This seems persons. Ainsw. I take this to be what to be a stroke at the partiality of Domi is called the red mullet, or mullus bartian, who punished Maximilla, a vestal, batus; by some rendered barbel. Hoand those who had defiled her, with the race speaks of this fish as a great greatest severity. Suet. Domit. ch. viii. dainty: See note 2. on 1. 60.
Laudas insane, trilibrem Crispinus was a favourite, and so he Mullumwas suffered to escape punishment, how
HOR. sat, ii. lib. ii. 1. 33, 4. ever much he deserved it, as was the So that about three pounds was their vestal whom he defiled, on the same ac usual weight: that it was a rarity to find
them larger, we may gather from his Suet. says, that Domitian, particularly saying, l. 36. His breve pondus. -Morum correctionem exercuit in ves But Crispinus meets with one that tales.
weighed six pounds, and, rather than 13. What would be base, &c.] So par not purchase it, he pays for it the enor