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1831.) Remains at St. Michael's, Crooked-lane.

295 cited, and that its threatened fate will to have been constructed about the be averted.

conclusion of the twelfth century. The proposed mutilation of St. Sa- The angle of the centre pier was viour's Church leads me to another worked into a small pillar between a sacred edifice destroyed by the same torus and a cavetto, the latter situated system of improvement which threa- on the return of the pier ; the capitals tens so severe a visitation to this inte- of the small columns are now mutiresting structure; and with reference lated, but were enriched with simple to St. Michael's Church, I beg to ob- leaves. This style of decoration was serve that the two pointed arches re- essentially Norman, and is found in ferred to by A.J. K. (March Mag. p. the earliest specimens of pointed ar196,) could not have formed any part chitecture. From the circumstances of a College built by Sir William Wal- of the Norman mouldings being acworth, inasmuch as the style of ar- companied with pointed windows, I chitecture of the remains belongs to a am induced to fix the conclusion of period nearly two centuries earlier. the 12th century as the age of the This relic of ancient London adjoined structure; and I do not assign an earthe southern wall of the vestry room lier period, because the Temple Church, of St. Michael's Church, and was pre- built in 1185, of which the main arches vious to the destruction of that edifice are pointed, has circular-headed winconcealed by some vaults which were dows, and the circumstance of Nortenanted by a basket-maker, and ap- man mouldings being found, forbid proached from Crooked-lane by a flap the assumption of a more recent date. door, The remains consisted of the

The accompanying slight sketch piers appertaining to two vaulted preserves the appearance of the recompartments of a crypt, and appear mains.

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The windows being placed so high, the cellar, that it closely resembled show that it was a crypt to which the vaults discovered on the site of the they belonged, the vaulting in all New Post Office. These cellars, howbasement structures being made to ever, did not form any part of the rise in a sloping direction to the crown crypt, but were not earlier than the of the window arch, which it would Reformation, or perhaps the Fire of otherwise conceal.

London. I always considered the The cellar which contained the re- vaults of St. Martin's to have no older mains was groined in stone, the vault- date than the destruction of the moing being sustained on square piers; and nastery; and I felt this opinion to be it will occur to the historian of St. Mar- corroborated by the cellar in Crookedtin-le-Grand, who doubtless recollects lane.

296 Family of Rodney.-- Registers of London Chapels. (April,

I think it will now be admitted that which Sir George Rodney wrote in his the remains in question cannot form blood in the Topographer, vol. I. part of a College built by Sir Wm. George Brydges of Avington was Walworth late in the 14th century; maternal half-brother to the Duke of and so far A. J. K. will acknowledge Shrewsbury, and descended from Thothe correction. Might not these arches mas Brydges of Keynsham, co. Som. have formed part of the mansion calls and Cornbury, co. Oxon, in which last ed the Leaden Porch? A similar crypt church he was buried,—who was and nearly coeval with it, belonged younger brother of John first Lord to Gisor's Hall. There are some very Chandos. See the succession of Moconsiderable remains eastward of the numents and Inscriptions in Keynsham site of the destroyed Church, the Church, printed in the last edition of origin of which I am happy to see is Collins's Peerage. likely to be elucidated by a gentleman George Brydges was the last of the who has bestowed so much attention male line of his own very honourable upon the early history and antiqui- branch, and left his large estates to ties of the Metropolis as your Corre- the last Duke of Chandos, who died spondent, and I anticipate much re- 1789, to keep up the name and honours search and information from his en- of the family. See also Hargrave's suing communications.

Law Tracts, regarding the manor of I would in conclusion observe, that Villiers in Ireland, which came from the old Church is said to have had its the Countess of Shrewsbury, the mosite where the parsonage house was ther of George Brydges, who was subsequently built; if so, we must be drowned in his canal at Avington near led to seek for the foundations of the Winchester.

M. L, earlier structure among the remains of the ancient and massy walls which

Mr. URBAN,

April 12. were disclosed near the south-east IT will be well known to your reaangle of the modern Church, but ders that previously to the Marriage which do not indicate that the origi- Act in 1753, marriages were performnal was a “small mean building," as ed at the several Chapels in and about it is said to have been. I shall there. London. Since the Act came into fore read with interest A. J. K.'s con- operation, the registers of these marjectures on the probable antiquity and riages have in many instances found destination of walls so compactly and their way into private hands; but as it strongly built as are the remains in is most desirable that their existence question.

E. I. C. and the place of their deposit should

be known, I have to request that any Mr. URBAN,

April 10. information which your readers can GENERAL MUNDY, in his Life contribute, may be contributed through of Lord Rodney (reviewed in p. 244), your medium. I annex a List of has given rather a blundering account Chapels, the Registers of which I have of the great Admiral's ancient family. not hitherto been able to discover. He was not brought up under the pa- Lamb's Chapel. St. John's (Bedfordtronage of the Duke of Chandos, to Knightsbridge. row). whom he was not at all related ; but Berwick-street. Serjeants' In. of old George Rodney Brydges of Bancroft's. Spring Garden. Avington and Keynsham, whose grand

Dacre's.

Wheeler's, Spital-fids. mother was the heiress of the elder Dean-street, Soho.

Wood-st. Compter.

Hammersmith, branch of the Rodneys. It is doubt- Ely House. ful whether the Admiral could produce Grosvenor-square.

Great Queen-street. Chelsea College.

Southgate. strict proof of his descent from a

Hill's, Rochester-row. Poplar, younger son of that venerable house; Kingsland.

Ilford. though he is called grandson of An- King-st. Oxford-st. Brentwood. thony, stated to be son of George by Long Acre. Romford. Anne Lake (misprinted Jakes, p. 26), London House. Ashford. widow of Lord Roos, of whom see the Westminster, New, Hounslow. curious history in Memoirs of King New-st. St. Giles's. Hampton Court. James's Peers; and see the prosecu

Oxendon.

Fulham Palace. tion against her husband for incest, Oxford (Marylebone). Highgate. and the consequences to her father Sir Queen-sq. (Westmr.) Kentish Town. Thomas Lake; see also the poem

Yours, &c.

J. S. B. * If Lord Rodney was descended from this George Rodney by this Anne Lake,

was related also to the Duke of Chandos's branch, though very remotely.

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1831.)
St. Mary's Chapel, Lambeth,

297 NEW CHURCHES,-No. XXX. arch, a tolerably fair copy of a ge. ST. MARY'S CHAPEL, LAMBETH

nuine window of the 15th century ; Butts.

and in the side divisions are lofty Architect, Bedford.

piches with ogee canopies, of a per

fect modern design. The entire front THE distinction between a Church rises to a pediment, the cornice ornaand Chapel of Ease is purely eccle- mented in the same style as the porch, siastical; in point of architecture and Above the front is a turret of entirely arrangement, both descriptions of edi, modern design, rising from the ridge fice have every part and member in of the pointed roof. It consists first of common. We see a Chapel with the a low square basement; then of an plan and detail of a Cathedral, and a octangular plinth, with dials : to this Parish Church little raised in point succeeds a lantern of the same form, of appearance above the tithe barn. consisting of eight arches divided by But our modern architects think and buttresses ending in pinnacles; and act otherwise ; they make a broad the whole is closed with a spire endistinction between the design of a riched with a few." fancy” mouldings, church and that intended for a cha. and crowned with a cross. Yet, al. pel; if they have occasion to erect though it is made into so many parts, an edifice of the latter denomina, the entire steeple possesses neither tion, they take the nearest Meeting- elevation nor magnitude. house as their model, and finding The flanks of the building are uni. it necessary that some provision form ; they are each 'made into six should be made for a bell, they set divisions by buttresses terminated by a cage or turret upon one of the pinnacles. "In every division, except gables, copied either from the watch- the first, is a window divided into box, when such things existed, or two lights by a mullion, with a quathe first public stables. · Lambeth trefoil in the head of the arch, of a Chapel, which forms the first sub- modern and unsanctioned design, difject of the engraving (Plate I.) is a fering from the window in the west building of this class, although it front, and very inferior to it. The differs from some others in being arch is most awkwardly constructed; erected in what the architect would, I it is slightly curved at the haunches, suppose, designate the Gothic style. but the remainder is formed of two The body of the structure consists of straight lines, ending in an obtuse an oblong square, without aisles or angle. The first window from the chancel, and covered with a slated roof, west is lancet-formed, and below it is and the whole might pass for a verita- an entrance, which with admirable ble Meeting-house, were it not for a propriety is lintelled, instead of being pyramidal composition perched on the arched. western gable, and intended of course The east end is a comely wall of for a steeple. Viewing the structure brick ;” it has a large window in the in detail, we shall observe on the on- centre with mullions and tracery, the set, that it

not an imitation of any latter crossed in tặe Chinese style, style which prevailed in the ancient

... THE INTERIOR history of Pointed architecture, but is a production entirely of the Wyatt is equal in all its 'parts to the outside. school, a complete specimen of Cars It is made into a nave and aisles by penter's Gothic. The western front five clusters of columns; 'an arrangeis made by buttresses into three divi- ment perfectly unnecessary, and as it sions, the angles being crowned with is not indicated by the external con slender and ill-formed pinnacles. štruction, at variance with utility as In the centre is a porch with an well as precedent. The architect's obtuse arch and a low gable; the idea of a column is evidently taken inclined cornice being ornamented from a scaffold pole ; four such poles with some puerile arch-formed or- united in a cruciform plan, with rings naments, copied perhaps from some round the tops to prevent their splitof the pasteboard watch-cases which ting, gives the design of each cluster are sold at the fancy stationers. Above -a genuine carpenter's composition; is a window of three lights, with per.

and with admirable consistency, the pendicular mullions in the head of the four, though they have different capi. Ģent, Mag, April, 1831.

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