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1831.]
Desiderata in Historical Literature.

317 que testamento cavet, ut corpus suum juxta cois_ de Condy (Gondy), Archbishop piorum hominum qui hic jacent corpora of Paris ; and immediately below it huinaretur. Tu verd quicumque es, quem is another, bearing as follows: in banc domum pietas adducit, tuae ipse mutabilitates ad huoc aspectum recordare,

“ Et pendant les cerimonies de la dedicace et clarissimam tanti viri memoriam precibus hault des gallerie du cæur avec lappuy et

deux filles de la parroisse tombèrent du potius quàm elogiis prosequere."

deux des ballustres, qui furent miraculeuseThe stone on which this is engraved ment preservées, comme aussi les assistans, is discoloured, as if it had lain in de sestant rencontré personne soubz les water; it is also very much cracked, ruynes, veu laffluance du peuple, qui asis. and in one part it has been necessary toyent ausdtes cerimonies.” to insert a fresh piece, in order to Out of many flat tomb-stones on supply a deficiency, which would have the pavement, scarcely any are legible; rendered several lines unintelligible. one has however been less exposed to A coat of arms, in outline, is placed the tread of the public. over it; viz. a shield bearing a swan, “ Ici repose le corps de Michel Morel, and surmounted with a helmet.

premier bedeau et sonneur de St. EtienneBelow it, but within the same frame, du-Mont." is a slab of black marble, with the fol- The date is not very distinct, but lowing in gold letters :

appears to be April 1717. “Epitaphium quod Nicolaus Boileau ad In this Church were likewise buried amici memoriam recolendam monumento the painter Eustace Lesueur, ob. 1655, ejus Portus Regii ecclesiâ inscripserat, ex il- æt. 38 ; and the Abbé Gallois, member larum ædium ruderibus, anno 1808 effossum. of the Academy, and author of the G.I. G. Comes Chabrol de Volvie præfec- Journal des Savans, ob. 1707, æt. 75. tus urbi, heic ubi summi viri reliquiæ denud Since I last addressed you, I have depositæ sunt, instauratum transferri et lo

ascertained that the tomb of the Duke cari curavit. A. H. S. 1818.

de Crequi, now in St. Roch's Church, Racine was born at La Ferté-Milon, was formerly in the Convent of the in Champagne, Dec. 21, 1639 ; he Capuchin Nuns, which stood near the died at Paris, April 21, 1699, and was Rue Neuve des Capucines. interred at Port Royal, where he was Yours, &c.

W. S. B. educated. On the suppression of that monastery in 1709, his remains, along

St. Servan, France, with those of Lemaistre de Sacy, were

Mr. URBAN,

March 1831. brought to this Church, and buried in THE following literary desiderata a little chapel in the north aisle, dedi. have occurred to me while forming an cated to St. John the Baptist. Louis historical library. I could not have Isaac Lemaistre de Sacy, celebrated supposed our stock was so defective. by his translation of the Bible, was A History of Greece, from the death born March 29, 1613, and died Jan. 4, of Alexander the Great, as a continua1684.

tion of Mitford's valuable work : I By the door, on the opposite side am aware that Dr. Gillies has already of the Church, is a tablet to the me- published a history of that period, but, mory of James Benign Winslow, an though copious and ably written, it is anatomist of great reputation. He much too extensive for the subject. was born at Odensee, April 2, 1669, Its original title of a History of the and died at Paris, April 3, 1760. He World from Alexander to Augustus, was converted to the Romish faith by would become it much better. The Bossuet, according to the following affairs of the different Greek kingdoms, paragraph :

together with those of Rome, are so “ Parentibus Lutheranis natus, hæresim blended in the same proportion, as to quam infans imbiberat, vir ejuravit, adni- want proper keeping, and to weary the tente ill. episcopo Meldensi, Jacobo Be- reader by calling for equal attention nigno Bossueto, cujus nomen Benigni in to every event, A History of that peconfirmationem suscepit : ad ecclesiam Ca- riod, written on Mitford's plan, would tholicam evocatus, stetit in ejus fide, vixit complete his work. It should be thus sub ejus lege, obiit in ejus siou."

arranged : I. Greece. 1. The affairs A roughly engraved stone, placed of Alexander's survivors to the battle in the northern wall, records, that on of Ipsus. 2. Greece Proper, and Mathe 15th of Feb. 1626, the Church cedonia, to the accession of Augustus. was consecrated anew by Jehan Fran. 3. Sicily and Magna Græcia, till their

318
Junius.- Lauchlin Macleane.

[April, disappearance in the Roman domi. the sale to be given to the Greek nions. II. The several Greek king- cause; the translation is printed at doms, growing out of Alexander's Guernsey. empire. 1. Egypt to the death of A History of Modern Greece. M. Cleopatra, including Cyrene. 2. Syria, Carrel (I think) has published a Réto the extinction of the Seleucidæ. 3. sumé on this subject. M. PouquePergamus. 4. Bactria to the irrup- ville's History is not much esteemed. tion of the Huns, B. C. 134. (The We want some good works on Uni. short-lived kingdom of Lysimachus versal History. The great collection would find its place under the first so called is too large. The Mavors, head.) 5. Pontic Heraclea. One of Russells, &c. are not sufficiently oriMitford's excellencies is, that he knows ginal. Millot's is the best, and it is what to omit, while Dr. Gillies seems translated into English ; but it wants anxious to include every event. How- copiousness, especially the ancient ever, one cannot refuse his book the part. Von Muller's is little more than praise of clearness of narration, and a sketch ; indeed Tytler and Nares's facility for reference.

is one of the best works in this deHistories of Russia, Poland, Swe- partment.

CYDWELI. den, and Denmark. Except Card's Revolutions, and a translation of Malling, our deficiency in this department Mr. URBAN, Gray's-inn, March 15. is almost a total one. I had forgotten I BEG leave to correct an error in Mr. Tooke, but he does not quite fill

my communication inserted in p. 104. up the vacuity. Ségur's work on

Upon referring to an original deed, Peter the Great is bombastic, or else

dated in August 1769, in which the boldly translated, but we should not

name occurs, I find it written as folbe content with translations.

lows : “ Lauchlin Macleane." A History of Holland and Flanders.

In this instrument it is stated that Mr. C. Butler, in his Life of Grotius, is three bonds, amounting together to absolutely obliged to quote a Résumé.

15,0001. were executed by Lord ShelA History of Spain. Mr. Coxe has

burne to Mr. Macleane (then described treated some portions of this subject, of the parish of Saint Marylebone), in but an entire work on that scale would

July 1769; that these bonds were asbe too long. The translation of Condé's signed by the latter to Messrs. PanHistory of the dominion of the Moors

chaud, Bankers at Paris, and were by has supplied excellent materials.

them transferred to Mr. Thomas TierA History of Portugal. Mr. Southey

ney, then of Paris (father of the late is said to be employed on this subject. Mr. George Tierney, M. P.), in part

A History of France. I cannot speak security for a larger sum mentioned of Dr. Ranken’s from knowledge. to be due to him from Messrs. Pan

Histories of Ireland, Scotland, and chaud. These bonds, which were supWales. Dr. O'Connor has collected posed to have been given to Macleane materials for the first. The second is for the purpose of raising money, bein a course of able elucidation by Mr.

came the subject of a lawsuit between Tytler, but he begins at too late a pe- Mr. Thomas Tierney and his Lordriod, with Alexander III. Warring- ship, which was for some time strongly ton's History of Wales rather makes contested, but afterwards compromised, us wish for a selection of Welsh events, the Earl having agreed to pay the leaving the rest to be buried in obli

money as mentioned in some of your vion. I had once the idea of writing former volumes.* a History of Wales, but abandoned it

Mr. Macleane, who was a native of with a sigh of humbled partiality, on the north of Ireland,t is mentioned, account of the little interest such a

as well as Lord Shelburne, in various narrative could inspire foreigners with. parts of Mr. Prior's Memoir of Mr. The late Edward Williams, the bard, Burke, particularly in vol. i. p. 411had projected an extensive work on this subject. Caveret lector.

* See a former letter by this CorreA History of the Caliphate. This

spondent, id vol. xciv. ii. 488 ; and a medefect is partly supplied by Mills's moir of Macleane, ibid. p. 400. History of Mahomedanism. M. Buisson of Rennes has translated it into Burke, that Sir Philip Francis was also a

† It appears from Mr.

Prior's Memoir of French, price 6 francs, the profits of native of Ireland.

1831.] Proof founded on Handwriting fallacious.

319 413, (2d edit.) of that entertaining matory of other evidence. The testimony work. This leads me to remark that, of au accomplice, if unconfirmed by other from the honourable, benevolent, and witnesses, is rejected, and I would put on generous mind, and the manly charac- the same footing testimony of this kind : ter of Mr. Burke, as there pourtrayed,

let it be regarded as a collateral, not as a he was incapable of the dark, cowardly, ship, not authorship. Cases continually oc

substantive proof,—as proving amanuensisa and assassin-like malignity evinced in

cur, where the personal identity of a prisoner many of Junius's letters; which suffi

is positively sworn to by a witness, while ciently accounts for that writer's dread

the prisoner himself establishes the fact of of being discovered. I might here add his non-identity. Hence I desire to see the marked difference in politics and courts of justice governed by this rule, that party connexions between Mr. Burke the personal identity of a prisoner should and that scorpion. Of Mr. Burke's not be admitted on the oath of a prosecutability to equal and excel the compo- ing witness, unless the identity should be sition of those letters, powerfully and shown by corroborating circumstances. With elegantly as they are written, I think what propriety can a court of justice solemnly, few persons acquainted with the works

but from mere inspection, declare any partiof that extraordinary man can enter

cular letter, produced before its eyes, to be tain a doubt.

P. R.

the composition and the writing of any specific individual, unless the court has sa

tisfied itself that no other individual could Mr. AN, Thetford, March 15. write a very resembling hand ? For what I DID not profess to advocate the crime is more common than the forgery of claims of Lauchlin Macleane to the hand-writing ? And what fraud oftener composition of Junius's Letters; but succeeds in eluding the vigilance of the made the quotation for the purpose of persons most accustomed to see the real

hand? But the difficulty of judging from showing that the fact of the sudden elevation of Macleane to an important great indeed; 1. because we have before us

the hand-writing, in the case of Junius, is station in India, deprived the Francis.

a mere fictitious personage ; 2. because we cans of one great argument, on which have no evidence that all the Letters of they relied.

Junius were written in one and the same Your correspondent P. R. refers to

hand; 3. because we have no proof to show the hand-writing of Macleane, which, that, if that were the case, the writing is

according to his recollection, bore not the hand of some amanuensis ; 4. beno resemblance to that of Junius;" cause it is an unascertained point, whether and as almost every writer on this per

Junius did (as Mr. Butler, in his Remiplexing question appeals to hand

niscences, i. 100, thinks) or did not (as Mr. writing as a test of authorship, permit Taylor, p. 370, thinks) employ an amame to lay before P. R. and your read

nuensis; 5. because it is an equally unde

cided point whether, if any amanuensis were ers in general, two extracts from my

employed, he did or did not convey the Letters on the Authorship of Junius's Letters to the office of Mr. Woodfall; 6. Letters, for the purpose of preventing because it is an equally undecided point such idle appeals in future, and of di- whether the writing, to whomsoever the recting inquiry to more legitimate hand belonged, was a real or a disguised sources of evidence. Even in a legal hand. This branch of the question, then, point of view the suggestions which I is involved in so much doubt and difficulty, have offered, are not unworthy of pub- that all reasoning about it is either unsatislic attention, and I know that these factory, or insecure ; and I must strongly suggestions, and some others contained impress on the reader the necessity of lookin my little volume, have attracted the ing at it with the greatest caution and the attention of gentlemen connected with keenest suspicion, because the advocates for

particular claims appeal to hand-writing as the legal profession.

one of the best tests for detecting the author “ Hand-writing is a very fallacious cri- of Junius. I have remarked that any arguterion for determining the authorship of ment in favour of an individual, grounded Junius's Letters; and I would remark that

on this test, will have peculiar and striking in any ordinary case proof founded on hand

force, if the same argument be not employed writing, though generally in the courts of

to support other claims; but that, if it be justice considered the least liable to suspi- so employed, it loses much of its effect, cion, is often in the courts of conscience and half of its value. Its strength lies in very insufficient evidence to demonstrate its exclusive adaptation to one particular guilt

. It ought in no case of importance claimant.”—p. 181. to be received as satisfactory proof in itself, though it may justly be admitted as confir- Yours, &c. E. H. BARKER.

320

Cheapside Cross.- Raphael's Cartoons. [April, Mr. URBAN, Coventry, March 21. MR. URBAN,

April 3. IF you think the following copy of AMONG other curious subjects of (I believe) an unpublished document inquiry contained in the recently concerning Cheapside Cross, is wor- edited “Cartonensia” (published by thy of being preserved in the pages of Ridgway), I wish to direct the attenthe Gentleman's Magazine, it is heart- tion of your readers to those that folily at your service.

low. Yours, &c. Thos. SHARP. From the view the author has given

of the establishment, progress, and A Letter from the Lords of the Coun- dereliction of the tapestry manufac

cell to the Lord Maire of London, to ture at Mortlake (p. 18), it is almost repaire the Crosse in Chepside, the

certain that the seven cartoons at 14 of Decemb. 1600.

Hampton Court were woven there. AFTER our hearty commendation to

Having learned from Dodsley's your good Lordship, some of us, her

“London and its Environs,” (vol. III. Maiesties councellors, did write to

p. 113,) that in the apartment of that your predecessor by her highnes ex

palace called the “ Prince of Wales's,"

there was command, presse concerning the

a tapestry representing Crosse in Chepeside (an ancient and “Elymas the Sorcerer struck with goodly monument), that forth with it blindness,” he was induced to go and might have bin repaired, and placed

nquire after it. againe as it formerly stood, but whe. In an apartment not usually shown ther it were his softenes or negligence, it was found as above directed. The or fancy, or opposition by some busie piece measures about 13 feet, includand undiscreete humorists, that gave ing a border elegantly designed, of impediment to the effecting of her about two feet three inches wide, and maiesties sayd pleasure (wherof we is in good preservation. While he can be content for the tyme past to

was examining it, the keeper of the take noe particuler notice), we meane apartments informed him that there not any longer to permit the continu- were many rolls of tapestry, of which ance of such a contempt. And, there- little was known, laid up in the storefore, we doe requier you by vertue of rooms of the palace (he also said there her highnes sayd former direction and was in that of St. James's a much commandment, that without any fur- larger quantity). The author there. ther delay you doe accomplish her fore asks the question, may not the Maiesties most princelie care therein, other six cartoons thus remain in respecting especially the antiquity and “ oblivious durance?” Is not the continuance of that monument, but question, like all that belongs to Ra. not aprooving the weaknes in many phael, worth attending to ? and may now that will take offence at the his- not the research be as successful as toricall and Civill use of such an an- one on a similar occasion was at Drestient ensigne of Christianity. In the den so late as the year 1814, when discharge of your duty herein, we are six in the same neglected condition of opinion that the lesse alteration you

were found? These had been woven make the better it is, and so not doubt. at Arras (p. 39). ing of your readines to performe the The Elymas was perhaps also woven premises, we bid you right heartily at Mortlake, as may be another of the farewell. From the Court at White- same subject now in Chester Cathehall, the 14 of Decemb. 1600.

dral. The latter is reported to him as Your loving friends,

in a decaying state, nor can he learn

whence it came.
John Cant: J. EGERTON, C.S.
NOTTINGHAM,
H. HUNSDON,

From the above work by Dodsley

(vol. III. p. 160), there is a relation T. BUCKHURST, Rob. CECILL, of a trial in Westminster Hall, reJohn FFORTESCUE, John Popham, specting a ruined cartoon. (p. 42.) HERBERT.

The subject, “ The Massacre of the To our very loving friend Mr. Alder

Innocents." Are any further particuman Rider, lord Maior of the City

lars of this transaction known? of London.

Yours, &c.

B. S.

1831.)

[ 321 ]

CLASSICAL LITERATURE.

MR, URBAN,

March 22. THE name of the unfortunate Kirke White is so intimately connected with Classical Literature, no less than with Poetry, that I have taken the liberty of sending you a translation of Byron's beautiful lines, addressed to his memory, by a young friend of mine, who is much devoted to the cultivation of Latin verse.

Yours, &c.

P. B. Byroni Carmen Elegiacum ad memoriam poetæ Kirke White, Latinè redditum.

Unhappy White ! while life was in its spring, Ah miserum juvenem! dum vita in vere rubebat, And thy young Muse just waved her joyous wing, Tentabatque novos alacris tua Musa volatus, The spoiler camc; and all thy promise fair Hostis adest. Spesque ante diem formosa sepulchro Hlas sought the grave, to sleep for ever there. Datur, et æternum dormit prærepta soporem. Oh! what a noble heart was here undone, Mens eversa fuit quàm nobilis, ipsa ubi natum When Science 'self destroyed her favourite son! Dilectum Doctrina, parens incauta, peremit! Yes ! she too much indulged thy fond pursuit, Accensas aluit nimia indulgentia flammas, She sowed the seeds, but Death has reaped the Hæc posuit semen, Mors abstulit invida fruges! fruit.

Ingenium suprema tuum tibi vulnera secit, 'Twas thine own genius gave the final blow, Direxitque aciem, quæ solvit funere membra. And helped to plant the wound that laid thee low, Haud aliter, quam stravit humi letalis arundo, So the struck eagle, stretch'd upon the plain, Non aquila ætherei reditura in luminis oras, No more through rolling clouds to soar again, Tam moritura oculos teli convertit ad alam, Viewed his own feather on the fatal dart, Agnovitque suam, quæ rupto in corde tremebat, And winged the shaft that quiver'd in his heart, Ah! grave vulous erat, gravior sed cura moKeen were his pangs, but keener far to feel

mordit, He nursed the pinion which impelled the steel: Namque aluit plumam, quâ læsit adacta sagitta; While the same plumage that had warm'd his nest Quæque pio nidos modò penna calorc fovebat, Drank the last life-drop of his bleeding breast." Ipsa bibit calidum vitæ de pectore flumen.

(English Burds and Scotch Reviewers, lines 810 to 828).

Mr. Urban, Thetford, April 14. their authority, as too recent, carries IN reply to your intelligent contri. no weight. The Schol. Aristoph, disbutor, T. E. (p. 122), allow me to tinguishes between káunhos, “the anistate, that, after a very extensive and mal,” and káullos, a cable,” but he careful search, I can find in no ancient gives no authority, and adduces no Greek writer, and in no ancient Greek examples to prove the propriety of this grammarian, lexicographer, or philolo- distinction. He does, however, seem gist, except the Schol. Aristoph., any to have been aware that there was an mention of κάμηλος Or κάμιλος in the oriental word, (Arabic,) κάμιλος, which sense of “a cable” or “rope.

signified “a cable,” and which he The passage in this Scholiast may supposed to differ from káundos, be with great probability deemed an camel,” only in one letter, 1 for n. interpolation ; and at all events it is Some Hellenists in his day might have posterior to the time of Christ. The introduced the word in the sense of a ophylact, the Codex Coislinianus, Sui. " rope.” Theophylact, and others das, Zonaras, Phavorinus, &c. refer to who refer to the words of Scripture, the New Testament, and therefore either recognise this distinction, for

a

This opinion is supported by another communication with which we liave been favoured, signed Jonas Holm; that correspondent also remarks—"" I cannot believe that Origen ever wrote the passage in the Codex Coislinianus; for, besides that it is not to be found in his extant works, and the fact that it was written by him depends therefore solely upon this manuscript which belongs to the 11th century, a most conclusive proof to the contrary is to be had from his commentary upon the verse in St. Matthew, where he saysέν ή παραβολή ο μεν ύσιος παραβάλλεται καμήλω ου διά το ακάθαρτον του ζώου μόνον, ώς ο νόμος εδίδαξεν, αλλά και την όλην αυτού σκολιότητα. Now, if any other interpretation had been known in the writer's time, would he have let such an opportunity slip without noticing it? but here not a single hint of the kind is given-not the least doubt is expressed." Gent. Mag. April, 1831.

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