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PRIMITIVE CIVILIZATIONS

OR

OUTLINES OF THE HISTORY OF OWNERSHIP IN

ARCHAIC COMMUNITIES

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CONTENTS.

PAGE

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BOOK IV,

OWNERSHIP IN CHINA.

CHAPTER

1. THE LAND AND ITS HISTORY . . . . . . . 3

II. THE ANCIENT MONARCHY .

III. POLITICAL ETHICS AND POLITICAL ECONOMY . . . 30

IV. THE RURAL ECONOMY OF THE CHOW , .

V. INDUSTRY AND TRADE IN THE MIDDLE ANTIQUITY OF CHINA 54

VI. SOCIAL AND DOMESTIC RELATIONS IN MEDIÆVAL CHINA . 65

VII. FEUDALISM AND THE FALL OF CHow . . . . . 78

VIII. THE PHILOSOPHERS OF THE HUNDRED SCHOOLS . .

IX. THE USURPATION OF T'SIN AND THE BURNING OF THE BOOKS 97

X. REIGN OF THE HAN DYNASTY (206 B.C.-229 A.D.). . . 108

XI. FROM THE THREE KINGDOMS TO THE SOUY DYNASTY (221-

620 A.D.) . . .

. . . . . 123

XI. The Tang DYNASTY (620-907 A.D.). .

132

Historical Sketch . . . . . . . . 132

Intercourse with Foreigners . .

138

Literature, Orthodoxy, and Buddhism .

142

Agrarian Economy of the Tang .

XIII. CHINESE FINANCE FROM THE HAN TO THE TANG DYNASTY. 155

XIV. POSTERIOR DYNASTIES AND THE SUNG (907-1280 A.D.). , 165

XV. AGRARIAN ECONOMY AND THE INNOVATOR'S LAWS . . 179

XVI. TAXATION AND FINANCE UNDER THE SUNG . . . . 192

XVII. Two LITERARY STATESMEN OF THE SUNG DYNASTY . . 200

XVIII. CONTROVERSIES, THE SCHOOLS AND THE EXAMINATIONS : 206

XIX. FOREIGN ACCOUNTS OF CHINA UNDER THE SUNG AND THE

FIRST MONGOLS . . . .

. . 215

XX. THE MONGOLS AFTER KUBLA .

229

XXI. THE MING DYNASTY (1368–1649 A.D.) .

237

XXII. EDUCATION, ART, AND SOCIAL CHANGES UNDER THE MING 252

XXIII. FOREIGN ACCOUNTS OF CHINA UNDER THE MING. .. 260

XXIV. THE MANTCHU DYNASTY, CALLED TSING, 1644-**** .. 274

XXV. CONTEMPORARY CHINA . . . . . . . . 290

XXVI. LIFE IN CHINESE VILLAGES ..

298

XXVII. THE WAGES AND ORGANIZATION OF INDUSTRY.

XXVIII. COMMERCE AND TRADE . . . .

323

Chinese Moralists on Interest and Profits . . . . 323

Chinese Merchants of the Present Day . . . . 334

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