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I view'd the glittering gems of earth,

And knew not which to choose,
Mortality entwined their birth-

They perish, while we use.
I gazed upon the works of art,

Useful and useless too,
Decay, was cyphered on each part,

Though now, so fair and new.

I then review'd the classics o'er,

Ancient and modern wit,
The works enrich'd with years of lore,

The names which fame has lit.

I ponder'd through the sage's stores,

That tell of Time's undoing, The manners, history, and laws,

Of nations now in ruin.

I thought of proud philosophy,

Epic and Stoic schoolsThe morals of a Seneca

And famous Plato's rules.

But as I turned my anxious eye

The Bible caught my view; The Bible! fairest noblest prize,

Whose records all are true.

The Bible! Sacred Book, I cried,

Why should I further rove;
The Bible’s sign-post, chart, and guide

To bliss and joy above.

The Bible ! pray accept, dear girl,

The mine of wealth untold-
The brightest diamond-largest pearl,
The universe doth hold.


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In some countries the cold is much greater and the winters much longer, than in Great Britain. In the northern parts of England, and Scotland, the cold is more intense than in the more southern parts of the kingdom. This winter we have had, in this kingdom, more frost, than we have had for many preceding years; and if the frost had been continued, even for only two or three weeks longer, it would have caused very great inconvenience and suffering to many persons; especially to the poor.

When we have severe frost our canals and rivers become frozen. Running water does not freeze so soon as water that is still; therefore rivers do not freeze so canals, in which the water has little motion ; and salt water is much less liable to freeze than fresh. Hence, it very rarely is the case that our large rivers become frozen near the sea, or even as far as the tides flow. In consequence of the severity of the weather at the commencement of this year, it was expected, that the river Thames, which runs through the metropolis, would become frozen over at London. We remember that forty years since we had a very severe winter, and the Thames at London was frozer.




History records, as remarkable crents, the freezing over of the Thames, many times, when the river was made the scene of diversions and amusements.

On the 21st of December 1564, there commenced a very severe frost, and before the end of the month the Thames was frozen over, and various diversions and amusements were practised on the river, between Westminster and London-bridge. On the third of January the frost ceased, and the amusements on the river were ended.

In the year 1608, the river Thames was nearly frozen over, and booths were erected on the frozen part of the river, for the sale of various articles, to crowds of people who went to walk on the ice, and to engage in, or witness the amusements that were there practised.

Again there was a severe frost in the winter at the end of 1683, and beginning of 1684. It commenced in the early part of December 1683, and continued until the 5th of

February 1684. Booths, shops, and stalls, were erected on the ice; various articles were exhibited for sale; games were played; a printing press set up and worked ; and, near Whitehall, an ox was roasted-King Charles the Second, liis queen, and several other members of the royal family visited the Fair held on the river.

In the winter of 1715-16 there was a long frost, which commenced at the end of November and lasted until the 9th of February. There was then a fair held on the river Thames. Again, in January 1740, tents and printingpresses were erected on the ice which covered the river, and a whole ox was roasted on the river. In the years 1789, another fair was held on the ice of the River Thames.

In the commencement of the year 1814, the last fair was held upon the River Thames. The frost began on the 27th of December, 1813. A thick fog lasted for several days; then snow fell heavily for two days. The cold was intense; large masses of snow and ice floated on the river. After the frost had lasted for a month, there was a thaw for four days, and large quantities of ice floated down the river to London ; so that between Blackfriars, and London bridges, the river was almost covered with floating ice. The weather then again changed to frost, and very soon the floating ice was congealed into one mass, and on the 31st of January, 1814, the river wos frozen over, and crowds flocked to the river to walk across upon the ice.

Mr. R. Thomson, in his “ Chronicles of London Bridge,says— The standing amusements of an English frost-fair now commenced, and many cheerfully paid to see and partake of that upon the frozen Thames, which at any other time they would not have deigned to look upon. Besides the roughly formed paths leading from shore to shore, there was a street of tents called “City Road," in which gay flags, inviting signs, music and dancing, evinced what entertainment was to be found there. That ancient wonder, the roasting of a small sheep, was exhibited, and the meat was sold, under the name of Lapland Mutton, at one shilling a slice! Several printing-presses were also erected, to furnish memorials of the frost, in verse and


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prose. The following is a copy of one of the papers printed on the river. It is an eulogy on the art of printing

“OMNIPOTENT PRESS! Tyrant Winter has enchained the noblest torrent that flows to the main; but summer will return and set the captive free. So tyranny may for a time • freeze the great current of the soul;' but a free press, like the great source of light and heat, will ere long dissolve the tyranny of the mightiest. Greatest of the arts, what do not we owe to thee? The knowledge which directs industry, the liberty which encourages it, the security which protects it, and of industry, how precious are its fruits! ... But for industry, but for printing, you might now have been content, like the Russ and Laplander, to bury yourselves under that snow which you now tread with mirth and glee.

“ Printed on the River Thames, and in commemoration of a great fair held upon it on the 31st of January, 1814, when it was completely frozen over from shore to shore.”

On the evening of the 5th of February, the frost terminated; rain fell; the ice cracked; and the frost-fair speedily disappeared.

We have reason to be thankful, that the frost this year was only of short duration—that we have not had a fair upon the Thames. We believe that fairs generally are bad things. Bad characters flock to them, and drinking of intoxicating drinks, and other bad practices, are encouraged by them.

Although frost is beneficial to the earth, in rendering it better adapted to agricultural purposes, when it is severe and long continued, it occasions great suffering to many poor persons, who cannot then follow their ordinary occupations, and are thus deprived of the means of obtaining food and other needful comforts. In frost and snow, we see some of the wonderful works of God. The Psalmist says of God, “He giveth snow like wool: he scattereth the hoar frost like ashes. He casteth forth his ice like morsels: who can stand before his cold ? He sendeth out his word, and melteth them : he causeth his wind to blow,

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